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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
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Research on the Actual Condition of Consciousness that the Students in Dept. of dental hygiene have about Clinical Training
Kang, Yong-Ju ; Jang, Gye-Won ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~17
The purpose of this study is to investigate the actual condition of consciousness that the students in Dept. of dental hygiene who will be engaged in dental hygiene at a dental office in the future have about a clinical training, to see whether there is any difference between the results, and then to provide fundamental data which can be helpful to develop more effective clinical training programs. For this, we investigated consciousness, that 114 daytime school students and evening school students(76 daytime school students and 38 evening school students) in Dept. of dental hygiene in J college have, using questionnaires on clinical training with Self-Administrated Method. SPSS 12.0 for Windows was used to analyze all of the questionnaires, and the results analyzed at meaningful level a=.05 are like followings: 1. The degree of satisfaction on clinical training was high as average 3.30 ; it was high in case of night training as 3.34, and of a dental office in a general hospital and an university hospital as 3.83. The degree of stress caused by clinical training was high as average 3.30, and it means that they are under relatively heavy pressure ; it was shown they got the most heavy stress as 3.39 at night, as 3.68 at a dental clinic 2. The students showed the highest tendency to recognize that clinical training is needed "for learning various clinical case experiences" as average 3.54 ; the students trained at daytime showed the highest average 3.55, and at a clinical hospital, the highest average 3.64. 3. In the study on an actual condition of consciousness about clinical training according to class difference by time(at day time and at night), there is meaningful difference between two kinds of class ; the students trained at day time showed average 2.68 that they don't like to attend, on the other hand the students at night showed higher average 2.84(p<.05). In the study on an actual condition of consciousness about clinical training according to the institutions they are trained, there is meaningful difference at satisfaction on learning method and amount of assignment : they show the highest degree of satisfaction on the learning method in case of working at a dental office in a general hospital and an university hospital as average 3.3(p<.0.1) ; the amount of assignment was shown most high at a dental clinic and a dental office in a general hospital and an university hospital as average 3.00 each(p<.05). 4. In the study of the degree of satisfaction on the clinical training, it has relatively high connections with learning contents(r=.656), learning methods(r=.497), special lessons and supplementary lessons(r=.472), the case they don't like attend at work (r=-.439), discriminatory treatment(r=-.25l), respectability on the senior dental hygienists(r=.464), a social status of a dental hygienist(r=.213), the degree of satisfaction from the relationship with other dental hygienists(r=.274), the degree of understanding which clinical training institutions have on the trained students(r=.494), trainers' ability to teach the students(r=.499). enthusiasm on guiding (r=.523), the amount of assignment(r=.333). 5. In the study on stress they got from a clinical training, it has relatively high connections with learning contents(r=-.399). learning methods(r=-.536), comprehension on training program(r=-.208), special lessons and supplementary lessons(r=-.306), the case they don't like attend at work(r=.467), discriminatory treatment(r=.366), respectability on the senior dental hygienists(r=-.341), a social status of a dental hygienist(r=-.l97), the degree of satisfaction from the relationship with another dental hygienists(r=-.289), the degree of understanding which clinical training institutions have on the trained students(r=-.430), trainers' ability to teach the students(r=-.396), enthusiasm on guiding(r=-.495).
An inquiry into dental personnel's Knowledge, attitude and behavior about the defense against dental radiation
Kim, Sun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 15~29
The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship among knowledge, attitude, and behavior of dental personnel about the defense against dental radiation according to general features, and help them recognize the importance of defense against dental radiation. A questionnaire survey of 187 dental personnel who were working in 121 medical institutions such as university hospitals, general hospitals, hospitals, clinics, and public health centers in Seoul area was conducted from December 2002 to January 2003. Study findings are as follows: 1. The average knowledge score for the defense of radiation was 9.51(full score=14): By the demographic features, the know level for the defense of radiation was appeared to be different with the occupational category, age, academic background, workplace, year of working, and whether having the education of radiation or not. By questionnaire items, the knowledge for the defense of radiation was high in general, but for the item. 'the average amount of being bombed with radiation according occupations cannot be over 20mSv in a year for prescribed 5 years'. it was 18.7%: and for the item. 'the longer the length between focus and film. the less the amount of skin exposure', it was 40.6%. showing less knowledge for these two items. 2. The average attitude score for the defense of radiation was 64.24 (full score=75): By the demographic features, the attitude score was higher with respondents who were 31-35 years old. 11-15 years of working. and having radiation education. The attitude score by questionnaire items was generally high for all the items. 3. The average behavior score for the defense of radiation was 45.43: (a) By the demographic features, the behavior score for the defense of radiation was appeared to be higher with respondents who were dentists for occupational category, the aged for age, holding higher diploma for academic background, working in the university hospitals for workplace, and having longer occupational career for the year of working. (b) The behavior score for the defense of radiation by questionnaire items was lower than that of the attitude score for all the items. For the item, 'the amount of X-ray radiation is adjusted according to such conditions as patients' age, radiating areas, and kind of films', the score was 4.03; and for the item, 'Must receive the education of safety management of radiation periodically', the score was 1.73 and it was the lowest one. 4. As for the correlation among the knowledge, attitude, and behavior for the defense of radiation, the higher the level of knowledge and attitude, the higher the level of behavior.
The effect of weight length index and blood components on dental caries of preschool children
Kim, Song-Jeon ; Lim, Soon-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 31~48
Dental caries taking place with milk teeth affects eruption of permanent teeth adversely, and thus, it is very important to prevent dental caries from taking place with a child in maintaining his/her physical, mental and emotional health. In this study as conducted to obtain basic data to be required for development of a program for letting preschool children form a habitual life for oral health and right dietary life, a total 172 children aged 5 years and 6 years were selected from children who lived in Hwasung-si, Kyunggi-do and attended preschools (childrens houses) located there with the consent of their guardians. Then, the weight length index (WLI) and blood components of each child were analyzed, and each relation between the weight length index (WLI) and dental caries of milk teeth and between blood components and dental caries of milk teeth was comparatively examined, and thereby, the following results were obtained. When the dmf rate of each group according to the obesity was examined, it was found to be 87.50% in the under-weight group, 71.20% in the normal weight group and 83.87% in the overweight group. And when the dmft rate of each group was examined, it was found to be 48.43% in the under-weight group, 37.10% in the normal weight group and 47.17% in the overweight group. Also, when the dmft index of each group was examined, it was found to be 3.9 in the under-weight group, 3.0 in the normal weight group and 3.8 in the overweight group. That is to say, the under-weight group and the overweight group having an abnormal weight were found to be higher in all of the dmf rate, the dmft rate and the dmft index than the normal weight group. It could be, therefore, known that normal weight should be maintained in order to prevent dental caries of milk teeth. And, it is thought that a right dietary life habit ensuring intake of balanced nutrients should be formed for maintenance of a normal weight. As a result of examining the relation between nutrient components in blood and dental caries of milk teeth, in the case of children with no dental caries, inorganic nutrient components of blood had a tendency to be a little higher, but no statistical significance was observed therein. Meanwhile, it was found that there was a relation between blood type and the dmft index.
A Study on the Environmental Condition and Safety in Dental Radiography Room
Park, Il-Soon ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 49~64
This study is designed to conduct a questionnaire research into the safety control and the actual condition of radiography by working with dentistry belonging to university hospitals, dental hospitals and dental clinics for three months ranging from August, 2003 to October, 2003. The researcher came to the following conclusions. 1. The research on the current condition of possessed radiational equipment shows that 61.2 percent of the subjects had one intraoral radiation medicine and that 70.1 percent of the subjects had more than one extraoral radiation medicine and that 37.3 percent of the subjects had more than one digital radiation medicine. 2. Most of intraoral radiography (82.1%) was conducted by dental hygienists, and 7.5 percent of intraoral radiography was conducted by nurse aids. On the other hand, most of extraoral radiography (76.6%) was conducted by dental hygienists and digital radiography was conducted by dental hygienists(60.6%), dentists(32.0%) and radiographer(80.0%). 3. The less-than 1-meter-long distance between cone and the radiographer accounted for 44.8 percent. And the more-than 1.6-meter-long distance accounted for no more than 13.4 percent. The exposure time per standard film which was adjusted to each part accounted for 71.6 percent. Fixing the film on the part of healthy patients accounted for 76.1 percent. Fixing the film of elderly patients and children patients by the radiographer accounted for 43.3 percent. 4. The average daily photographing frequency of standard films stood at six to ten pieces(31.3%), and the average weekly photographing frequency of bitewing films stood at less than one piece(47.8%), and the dentistries where bitewing films were not employed accounted for 25.4%. The subjects whose average weekly photographing freqeuncy of occlusal films stood at less than a piece accounted for 59.7 percent. The dentistries whose average weekly photographing frequency of pediatric films stood at one to five pieces accounted for 41.8 percent. In case of panorama & cephalo, one to five pieces on a weekly average accounted for 36.2 percent. The dentistries whose average daily photographing frequency of digital radiation medicine stood at less than 1 piece accounted for 40.0 percent. 5. The research on the use of protective clothes shows that pregnant ·women only accounted for 31.3 percent. In regard to the use of protective clothes in case of the radiographers fixing films, the cases where no protective clothes were employed accounted for 88.1 percent. The reason was said to he attributable to the trouble related to wearing the clothes(54.2%). 6. The survey on the measurement of exposure dose shows that the cases where no measurement was made accounted for 76.1 percent. As far as the measurement methods of exposure dose was concerned, the employment of film badge accounted for 68.8 percent. The subjects turned out to conduct measurement of exposure dose every third month, which accounted for 43.8 percent. The barriers to the measurement of measurement of exposure dose were attributable to the recognition that a little amount of exposure dose need not be measured(29.9%). 7. The survey on the distinction of radiation rooms and clinic rooms reveals that the cases where radiation rooms exclusively existed accounted for 67.2 percent. 43.3 percent of the subjects turned out to have only one protective garment, and 49.3 percent of the subjects proved to conduct a periodical checkup of radiational equipment. The survey on the examination certificates of radiational generators and protective facilities indicates that 80.6 percent of the subjects had the certificates. The research also shows that the subjects with the marks indicating the radiational areas accounted for 70.1 percent. And trustees turned out to handle developing solutions and fixing solutions.
A study on the patient's awareness of oral health in public health center
Yang, Jung-Seung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 65~79
There are two purposes in this study. The first one is to collect some oral health information through the investigations upon the oral health care of Korean adults. Referring to the result of the investigation. I wanted to furnish fundamental data with oral health education for each age and with a publicity booklet editing. That is the second purpose of this research. Among the people who visited Seo-gu Public Health Center in Kwang-ju, 207 people answered the questionnaires. There were 86 men and 121 women from the 20-aged to the 59- aged. The questionnaires covers knowledge aquisition path for dental caries prevention, the cognition degrees for the causes of dental caries and its prevention, the cognition degrees for the causes of periodontal disease and its prevention, the degrees for oral health methods, and the importance of oral health. The conclusions are as follows; 1. The cognition degree for dental caries prevention: The cognition for pit and fissure sealant was appeared most highly in thirties by 85.3%. but 62.1 % in fifties was answered, "Never heard". The cognition degree for fluoride application was appeared most highly in thirties by 73.5%. and the cognition degree for water fluoridation was most highly in forties by 54.2%. 2. The knowledge for pit and fissure sealant was acquired mostly through dental hospital in every age by 54.2%. 3. The knowledge for fluoride application was learned mostly through dental hospitals in twenties and thirties by 32.7%. and mostly through TV or radio health programs in forties and fiftieseach by 35.7% and 50.0%. 4. The knowledge for water fluoridation was acquired through TV or radio programs in all ages such as twenties. thirties. forties and fifties. Its rate was 57.8%. 5. The cognition degree of the cause of dental caries: 53.1 % of all ages think that dental caries can most frequently be caused by being lack of toothbrushing. 6. The cognition degree of the cause of periodontal disease: 58.5% people of all ages think that both dental plaque and calculus might be the main cause of periodontal disease. 7. The cognition degree of dental caries prevention: 72.8% people think that dental caries can be prevented by right tooth brushing method. and 8.7% people think that they can be prevented by scaling. However, 10.7% people of them were not interested in dental caries prevention. 8. The importance of oral health: 35.3% people think that teeth health is the most important, and 63.8% people think oral health is one of the most important health problems. Forties answered that tooth health was the most important thing, and fifties. thirties and twenties followed in the order. 9. The cognition for oral health maintenance: all ages(twenties. thirties. forties. and fifties) answered that right toothbrushing method was the best way to keep oral health by 69.1%.
A study of the correlation between body image and self-respect of patients who have teeth braces
Yoon, Young-Suk ; Jung, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 81~91
The ultimate purpose of this study is to provide the basic data for effective intervention of the patients complaining of their aspects and themselves and to help dental hygienists of keep them remaining healthy effectively. The data was collected by questions from 269 people including the outpatients requiring regular care from dental clinic from December 10, 2003 to January 10, 2004. Secord & Jourard's apparatus which measures the degree of self-satisfaction to the body image and Rosenberg's equipment measuring the degree of self-respect were used for this study. The data were analysed using a computerized program named statistical package for social science including t-test, ANOVA and Pearson-correlation coefficient. The result's of this study were summarized as follows: 1. The body image and the sense of self-respect were decided by the various characters of the inquired person. Comparing the inquired person's body image in terms of general background, they showed a big difference in sociability(p=0.004), age(p=0.003), sex(p=0.043). However the experience accident any and the frequency of visiting dental clinic had little effect on deciding their body image. Comparing the self-respect. in terms of the general background, they showed a significant. difference in sociability(p=0.002), age(p=0.041), experience of any accident(p=0.012), whereas age, sex, religion, the frequency of having treatment didn't show any difference with them. 2. The relationship between the score of their body image and the sense of self-respect was positively correlated(r=0.391, p=0.000).
The effect of dental health education on dental health knowledge, dental health behavior of adult group
Lee, Hyang-Nim ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 93~103
This study was conducted to evaluated the effects of improvement on dental health behavior and dental health knowledge of adult group through dental health education program, the study subjects were 75, education group being 37(male 19, female 18) and non-education group being 38(male 19, female 19). who being in 2 office. The results of this study were as follow: 1. In the primary survey, the education group and non-education group showed no differences in sex, age, job year, income, smoking, self-rated dental health statues, DMFT index, a number of cervical abrasion tooth, dental health behavior, dental health knowledge. 2. before education program the use of tooth brushing method of horizontal+vertical was 40.6%, after education program the use of tooth brushing method of rolling was 89.2% in education group. 3. after education program the tooth brushing times was increased after-meal brushing, especially increased from 40.5% to 93.8% at after midday meal brushing. 4. the difference of mean change of dental health knowledge score after oral health education program had been studied. dental health knowledge score increased in 9.8 in the education group and non-education group in 1.6(pE0.001). 5. the difference of mean change of oral health promotion behavior after oral health education program had been studied, the frequence of tooth brushing(pE0.05), flossing(pE0.001), tongue brushing(pE0.001) was significantly increased in education group compare to non-education group. Above findings suggest that dental health education program was effective in improving the dental health behavior, dental health knowledge of the adult group.
A Study on the Effect of Aroma Therapy on Anxiety and Pain Before and After Tooth Extraction
Jeong, Mi-Ae ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 105~117
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of aroma therapy on anxiety and pain before and after tooth extraction. The subjects in this study were 60 patients who felt severe anxiety and pain due to tooth extraction. The experiment was conducted from January through March, 2004, by organizing an experimental group and a control group with 30 patients each. The experimental group was asked to keep wearing lavender-containing necklaces from two days before tooth extraction to inhale lavender, and no such an action was taken to the control group. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS 10.0 program to obtain statistical data. and
test and t-test were implemented. The findings of this study were as follows: 1. Regarding whether or not the experimental and control groups were homogeneous, men outnumbered women, and the largest number of the patients were in their 30s. Those who were married were more than the others who were unmarried in number, and those who lived with their spouses under the same roof together outnumbered the others who didn't, as the rate of the former stood at 65 percent in the experimental group and 86.4 percent in the control group. They expressed high satisfaction at their spouses, since 45 percent of the experimental group and 31 percent of the control group did it, but the difference between them and those who were unsatisfied was insignificant (pE0.347). By occupation, the largest number of people in the experimental group, which numbered 16.7 percent, were self-employed, and lots of patients in the control group were government workers. As for blood type, type A was most prevailing, which recorded 43.3 percent. By religion, 43 percent of the experimental group had no religion, whereas 36.7 percent of the control group were Christian. The most common monthly income ranged from 2 million to 2.5 million won. 2. There was little disparity in past pain experience between the two groups before aroma therapy was applied. The experimental group underwent more pain (6.15) than the control group (5.78), but the difference wasn't significant. The experimental group (90%) experienced more anxiety and fear than the control group(83%), but the difference was insignificant. This fact showed that there was little gap between the two groups in anxiety and fear caused by tooth extraction. Contrary to earlier expectation that pre-anxiety might not be the same. little significant difference was found. 3. After aroma therapy was applied, 50 percent of the experimental group and 23.3 percent of the control group suffered significantly less anxiety and fear about tooth extraction(
=4.59, pE.05). And the experimental group exposed to aroma therapy was less nervous(3.0) than the control group(4.39), and the gap between the two was significant (t=13.37, pE.001). Therefore, aroma therapy had a good effect on alleviating their anxiety. During tooth extraction. 73.3 percent of the experimental group and 93.3 percent of the control group felt pain. The former group suffered Significantly less pain(
=4.32, PE.05). Concerning the extent of pain, the experimental group(2.53) found it less painful to have their teeth extracted than the control group(5.50), and the gap between the two was significant(t=5.89, PE.05). 4. As to the effect of aroma therapy on alleviating anxiety or fear, the experimental group(33.3%) felt that aroma therapy let them more relieved. Every member of that group was willing to use aroma therapy again in the future, and 86.7 percent of that group perceived that aroma therapy made a difference to dental treatment. The experimental group responded to aroma therapy favorably, as every member of it had an intention to advise others to use that therapy.
Development of PBL Package - focusing on dental hygienist roles -
Jung, Young-Ran ; Hwang, Yoon-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 119~132
The purpose of this study was to introduce PBL to dental hygienist education in an effort to raise a question about the inauthentic and inappropriate curriculum. PBL is one of learning methods to enhance the problem-solving ability of learners, and it's attempted to develop a PBL package focusing on dental hygienist roles to lay the foundation for producing competent and expert dental hygienists with a good problem- solving ability. The literature concerned was reviewed from November 2002 through January 2003 to determine whether or not PBL was applicable to dental-hygienist course, and that turned out to be effective for dental hygienist education. And then a PBL package was developed to train students to be knowledgeable and have a knowhow and excellent problem-solving skills. The characteristics of the PBL package could be described as follows: First, that focused on dental hygienist roles to serve the purpose of this study to remedy the current unrealistic and improper curriculum and improve the problem-solving skills of learners. Second, time factor was taken into account. In this four-week course for two credits, there are four classes a week, and it's required to take six or eight weeks to apply the PBL package, which is expected to demotivate students. Therefore, it's planned to conduct more weekly classes to make a proper progress. Third, a wide variety of teaching aids were put to use, and learner would be encouraged to be more interactive and utilize teaching aids properly, and eventually, they could have an opportunity to better express themselves. Fourth, online real-time learner discussion would be attended by this researcher. Learners would have a discussion in real time in the Internet cafe chat room, and different discussion time would be allocated to each team. This researcher would take part in each team's discussion once or more. Fifth, learners would prepare one or more journal(s) about four-hour Internet cafe learning. They have to make it twice a week at least, and it would be a good opportunity for learners to look back on themselves and their teams, and their learning effect would be greater. Specific rules were presented to help them make a successful self-examination. Sixth, there are some spaces in the lower part of objective test sheets to have students describe why they make a particular answer choice. They would be asked to depict the reason of their prior evaluation and lecture assessment especially because their responses would be important for more successful discussion and feedback. Seventh, problem-solving approach was designed to attain learning objectives, stimulate the creative thinking of learners and help them share a more systematic discussion. That would serve as a secondhand guide not to make them digress when they discuss by using information they acquire from a scenario presented in class.