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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
Selecting the target year
A study on AIDS-related knowledge and attitude among dental-hygiene students
Kang, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 135~151
The purpose of this study was to examine how much knowledge dental-hygiene students had about AIDS and how they looked at that. The subjects in this study were 370 freshmen, sophomores and juniors who were majoring in dental hygiene. The findings of this study were as follows : The rate of the students who were accurately aware of AIDS dissemination ranged from 59 to 92 percent. Those who knew that the disease didn't spread through routine daily contacts stood at 63 to 91 percent, and the students who were correctly cognizant of the cause of AIDS numbered 41 to 77 percent. Those who grasped the seriousness of that disease stood at 45 to 83 percent. The students weren't properly aware of how to prevent AIDS, as just 33 to 68 percent knew about that. Concerning connections between school year and AIDS knowledge, the sophomores had a better knowledge on its dissemination, cause and AIDS itself than the freshmen and juniors. As for attitude toward AIDS, 72.4 percent considered themselves not to be susceptible to that disease, but 361 percent felt that they were likely to develop it. 44.6 percent weren't afraid of being attacked by that disease, but more students feared about that possibility. Most of the students, who ranged from 77 to 88 percent, hoped to continue to be educated about that, and as many as 92 percent believed that AIDS patients should separatedly be treated. A lot of the students, which accounted for 90 percent, felt fear in the course of treatment, but 44 percent believed that AIDS patients should equally be treated, which indicated that they had a sense of responsibility. As to the relationship of school year to altitude toward AIDS, when their ideas about the danger of AIDS were asked, the freshmen and juniors considered themselves not to be susceptible to that disease more than the sophomores did, and the former group felt, more than the latter, that AIDS infection should be more thoroughly prevented than hepatitis in dental clinic. The juniors had a stronger tendency to find themselves to be exposed to AIDS as equally as most other people, compared to the freshmen and sophomores. The sophomores felt higher need for AIDS - related education, and had a stronger sense of duty about treating AIDS patients, and were more apprehensive of the disease in the course of treatment than the freshmen and juniors did. The above-mentioned findings suggested thai every individual should be cautious not to develop AIDS, as there is still no workable vaccine. Since the nation is not free from the horrible disease, the government should put more efforts into researching and preventing it. But what's most important is that dental-hygiene students, who will be committed to dental treatment in the future, should precisely be cognizant of the seriousness of that disease, and try to stay away from it by using protective devices and handling dental supplies properly. And the type of treatment system thai could prevent AIDS infection should be established.
Isolation and identification of Lactobacillus inhibiting the production of halitosis by anaerobic bacteria
Kim, Mi-Hyung ; Kim, Seon-Mi ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 153~163
There are normal inhabitants doing medically useful functions in the body. There are many kinds of bacteria performing specific functions in the oral cavity. Two strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from normal inhabitants of children 's oral cavity, which inhibited the the production of halitosis by anaerobic bacteria. The authors identified the isolates by the lest using API 50 CHL medium kit. 1. Two isolates were Gram-positive bacilli and produced hydrogen peroxide. 2. The optical density was 1.286 in the supernatant of Fusobacterium nucleatum after vortexing for 30 minutes, whereas in the supernatant of combined Fusobacterium nucleatum and each isolate, they were reduced to 0.628 and 0.497, which the percentages of coaggregation between them were 29.4% and 57.8%, respectively. 3. The optical density of Fusobacterium nucleatum precipitate was 1.794 in the culture media containing cysteine and
, being reduced to 1.144 and 0.915 in the coaggregated precipitates of Fusobacterium nucleatum and each isolate. 4. The optical density of Porphyromonas gingivalis precipitate was 1.932 in the culture media, being reduced to 1.170 and 1.266 in the coaggregated precipitates of Porphyromonas gingivalis and each isolate. 5. When two isolates were tested with API 50 CHL medium kit, those were identified as Lactobaciallius salivarius and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis.
Effect of mother's oral health knowledge and behaviour on dental caries in their preschool children
Kim, Soo-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 165~177
The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of child's general property, mother's social and economic property, mother's knowledge and behavior in oral hygiene upon the appearance and treatment of child's primary tooth decay. For the purpose, oral examination was applied to one hundred three(103) small children who were at the age between four(4) and seven(7) and went to two(2) places of day care centers located in Seoul, and questionnaire was done to their mothers. The results of the study are as follows. 1. The number of children's dt is 1.55, the number of their ft is 1.42, dft index for primary tooth is 2,98, ft rate is 45.61%, and the higher child's age is, the higher their value is. 2. Mother's age, educational background, and occupation does not show significant difference with dft index for primary tooth. The higher mother's monthly average income is, the higher child's ft rate is. 3. dft index for primary tooth does not show significant difference according 10 mother's knowledge in oral hygiene. And, the child of mother using dental floss does show higher it rate in comparison with the one of mother who does not use dental floss, 4. Experience using dental clinic to treatment tooth decay does show significant difference with dft index for primary tooth. And experience using dental clinic for the purpose of oral examination and preventive treatment does show significant difference with ft rate. 5. From the result of multiple regression with dependent variable of dft index for primary tooth, there is no variable having significant influence. From the result of multiple regression with dependent variable of ft rate, explanatory variable is 43%, child's age, mother's occupation, mother's monthly average income, and experience using dental clinic to prevent tooth decay are significant explanatory elements. Through the above results, we can know that mother should practice positive behavior in oral hygiene for child to improve oral health. Under the reason, oral health education should be applied toward mothers as soon as possible, and governmental support should be followed so that mothers can participate in the education.
A Study on the Antibiosis and Physical & Mechanical Characteristics of Dental Resin
Kim, Ju-Won ; Choi, Sung-Suk ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 179~191
A series of experiments were conducted on dental denture base resins for their antibiosis. They were also compared in terms of physical and mechanical characteristics, which led to the following results: 1. As for bacterial deposition, the old products showed a wide range of distribution, while those products containing C. S. had restraints. 2. Among the products containing C. S., those ones of 7, 12 and 20% all had restraints of similar size to slop further bacterial growth. In the meanwhile, the old products had only small-size restraints for bacterial growth. 3. The following changes were observed in the aspect physical characteristics: There were no significance between the old products and the C. S. products. Thus, as for compressive force, the average
standard deviation of the old products was
, and those C. S. products of 20% showed the similar
. In addition, there were no significance between the old products and those ones containing C. S. in terms of tensile force. The tensile force of the old products was
standard deviation, while there was no differences among the C. S. products of 7, 12, and 20% in that matter.
A Study on Curriculum of Dental Hygienists
Park, II-Soon ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 193~207
The aims of the study are as following : First, define and clarify the role and function of the dental hygienist. Second, based on thai definition, present an improved dental hygienist curriculum, improving their special competence. This study seeks to present a way for promoting role of dental hygienists as independent specialists, rather than as auxiliaries, contributing to better dental service in the process. The research was pursued by surveying by questionnaire those directly related to dental hygiene. They are 58 professors of dental hygiene, 164 dentists, 253 dental hygienists and 496 dental hygiene students, selected by the method of simple random sampling. Due to the small size of the sample, professors' group was analysed only through frequency and probabilities. For groups with larger samples(dentists, dental hygienists, dental hygiene students), methods of chi square(
) tests, frequency analysis and one-way ANOVA were used in their analysis. Conclusions of the study are as following : First, role and function of the dental hygienist was defined and clarified. According to the analysis of the survey, main role of the dental hygienists as perceived by 62.9% of dentists was supporting treatments and managing patients and facility. This perception by dentists differs significantly to perception of other groups, which saw main role of dental hygienists as preventive dental treatment and dental hygiene education. Also, only 20.2% of dental hygienists perceived patients and facility management as their main role. This divergence of perception between groups weakens speciality competence of dental hygienists. To strengthen dental hygienists' speciality competence, preventive dental treatment and dental hygiene education must be defined as main role of dental hygienists. Furthermore, role of dental hygienists can be categorized into cooperative and auxiliary role. Second, in order to strengthen speciality competence of dental hygienists, their education must be augmented with curriculum emphasizing cooperative role. Specifically, courses on preventive dental treatment, dental hygiene education and dental X-ray photography must become compulsory, as well as becoming more comprehensive and organized. Also, training in schools and hospitals must be focused on those subjects. In addition, courses concerning auxiliary role must be incorporated into optional courses and more pedagogical courses are needed to widen students' career choices. Third, practical relevance of national dental hygienist certification examination must be heightened. In the survey, all groups gave negative response to questions concerning practical relevance of national dental hygienist certification test. Specifically, contents of the tests must be changed to test participants' competence in the cooperative area. Also, the test itself must be strengthened by adding practical examination to the certification scheme, as well as having more difficult examinations.
The Study on relation of dental hygienist's job-stress and self-conception
Bae, Ji-Young ; Eun, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 209~223
The purpose of this study is to help dental hygienist's efficient work and 10 use this data as basic material for quality improvement of medical treatment by identify and analyze dental hygienist's job-stress and self-conception. This data was surveyed by 197 dental hygienists who working at Dental Clinic, Dentist's office, and Dental Dept on the General hospital in Daegu area. The result as follow. 1. General characters of dental hygienist who participated this survey was mostly less than 25years old and works in the Dentist's office. 2. The dental hygienist's job stress average 259, self-conception was average 3.06. 3. A stress degree by the primary factors appeared that the stress related to Role-conflict was the hygienist. On the other hand, stress related to employees was the lowest. 4. Concerning the stress of respondent's expert knowledge or technique, there exist statistically significant relations in age(p=0.000). Total period of work(p=0.000)), marriage(yes or no)(p=0.012), number of job movement(p=0.024). 5. Concerning the mutual analyze between stress by the primary factors and self-conception, there exist statistically significant relations in stress from expert knowledge or technique(p<0.05, r=0.l53), conflict with patient(p<0.001, r=0.347), conflict between dentist and patient(p<0.05, r=0.159), relationship with employee(p<0.05, r=0.l83). In conclusion, there were significant relations between job-stress and conception. The study of program development for the self-conceit, positive attitude and self-conception are highly required to help dental hygienist's efficient work.
The study on the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome by dental hygienists at Gwangju·Jeonnam Area
Shim, Hyung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 225~236
It has been suggested in research results thai dental hygienists have high risk of carpal tunnel syndrome, mainly caused by the repeated motion of extensor and flexor or the use of vibration tools, compared to other occupations. To find out the situation of the carpal tunnel syndrome of dental hygienists, who are exposed to work-related musculoskeletal disorders, this study used 132 questionnaires given on May 22, 2004, the period of continuing education of the first half year in the Gwangju Jeonnam area, and obtained the following results. 1. Subjects worked at a dental ciinic(32.6%), a hospital(31.8%), and a public health center(35.6%). Age by work was under 24 in a clinic(17.4%) and a hospital(15.9%), and over 30 in a public health center(35.6%). 2. In practice conducted over one time a day, a scaling accounted for 90.7% in a doctor's office; 595% in a hospital; and 3.0% in a public health center, suggesting significant difference(p<0.01). Pit and fissure sealant accounted for 53.5% in a clinic; 53.2% in a hospital; and 95% in a public health center, also suggesting significant difference(p0.01). 3. Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome appeared in a wrist(12.1%), a right hand(14.4%), and a left hand(5.3%). 4. In case of temporary crown practice, symptoms appeared in a wrist(22.0%), a right hand(14.0%), and a left hand(4.0%), suggesting significant difference(p<0.01). The above results showed that 12.1% of dental hygienists was exposed to carpal tunnel syndrome. Thus, it is considered very important that dental hygienists should be given education of the danger of continuous work in certain motions and prevention education of improving repeated position, and make efforts to reinforce self-control ability.
An Investigation of a Motive for Dental Implant Treatment in Clinical Cases
Lee, Gar-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 237~253
This study was to find a patient's motive for receiving implant treatment by age and gender using a self-reporting questionnaire survey with adults(men & women) in Woolsan. The result was as follows: 1. As a result of questionnaire survey with 155 patients in total(86 men, 69 women), 24 of 86 men(27.9%) valued the natural mastication feature of dental implant most, that is as similar as natural teeth, while 18 of 69 women(26.1%) had the most priority over the longer life of implant than common dental prostheses. By age, those in their 20s and 30s had a preference to implant treatment because it does not need to pulling out teeth for prostheses, while those in their 40s and over had a priority to the natural mastication feature of implant that is similar as much as natural teeth. By dental treatment, all of respondents said that the natural mastication feature is the most important in getting dental implant. It was founded that whether one can taste food as it is or not is less important, regardless of age or gender. 2. The greatest obstacle to implant surgery was expensive medical fees, 88 of 155 respondents(56.8%), with a fear of surgery itself being the least obstacle. 3. 90.2% of the total respondents said that they will want to receive dental implant treatment if their economy allow.
Bacteriological contamination of toothbrushes by dental plaque acidogenicity and related behaviors to toothbrush use
Lee, Mi-Oak ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 255~263
One of the best way to prevent dental caries and periodontal disease is removing dental plaque. Toothbrushing is also one of the crucial ways to gel rid of dental plaque and improve dental hygiene. The purpose of th is study was to examine how many bacteria were attached to toothbrushes used by dental palque acidogenecity and related behaviors to toothbrush use. Subjects in this study were 30 college students in their twenties, on whom a survey was conducted to find out how they cleansed their toothbrushes, how long they cleaned toothbrushes after brushing, and how to keep them. And then dental palque acidogenecity by caries activity test was implemented and the number of bacteria attached to their toothbrushes was tested. The findings of the study were as follows : 1. Concerning correlations between dental palque acidogenecity and the number of remaining bacteria in the toothbrushes used by students, the number of bacteria was lower in the group of students with no caries activity than in the group with mild caries activity. 2. As for relations between the way of cleansing toothbrushes and the number of bacteria, there was no statistically significant gap between the group of students who wetted their toothbrushes with water and rubbed the heads of them and the group of students who just only wetted their toothbrushes with no further actions. 3. Regarding the relationship of toothbrush cleansing time to the number of bacteria, the number of bacteria was lower in the group of students who cleansed their toothbrushes for 15 seconds or more. 4. As to the influence of the number of toothbrush used by students, there was no significant difference between the group using just one toothbrush and the other group using two or more toothbrushes. 5. As for correlations between the way of keeping toothbrushes and the number of bacteria, no significant gap existed between the group thai kept their toothbrushes separately and the other that didn't.
Occurrence of Low Back Pains for Dental Hygienists
Lee, Sook-Jeung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 265~276
The purpose of this study,was to find out health status, characteristics related to working conditions, occurrence of low back pain and its related factors among dental hygienists working in dental clinics, and, thus, to provide basic information necessary to set up some plans for preventing the occurrence of low back pains and improving working conditions for dental hygienists. The data were collected from 310 dental hygienists working at dental clinics in Pusan and Kyungnam area, including Masan, Changwon, Jinhae and Jinju, with a self-administered questionnaire and were analyzed finally for 295 records with SPSS for Windows(7.52K) program. The results were as follows : Working condition was considered to be fair by 562% of dental hygienists were thought to threaten their health in the dental clinics. About seventy percent of dental hygienists worked over ten hours a day and 72.8% were standing while working over 7 hours, 65% considered working hours too long. Health status was thought be more than average for 82.3% while more than half perceived certain degree of stress frequently. The rate of complaining low back pains among dental hygienists was 87.8% with pains more than medium level for 39.3%. The variables significantly related to the degree of low back pains were height, uncomfortable postures, type of working postures and the height of working table, while some variables including height, hours of working on the feet, the presence of hazardous work environment, uncomfortable postures, the presence of hazardous works, the amount of working hours, type of working postures and work-associated stresses, were significantly related to the number of symptoms for low back pains. Multiple regression analysis showed that occurrence of low back pains was significantly influenced by 5 factors such as subjective status of health, work-related stresses, the degree of perception to work environment, the degree of perception to the amount of working hours and age. In conclusion, it might be necessary to manage working conditions effectively by reducing working hours, making good postures while working and removing stressful conditions in order to reduce risk factors for the occurrence of low back pains among dental hygienists. Therefore good working postures, assignment of appropriate rest time and some programs for early detection, care and education of low back pains should be provided for the dental hygienists.
An Analysis of the Job Performance in Operative Restoration by Dental Hygienists
Cho, Pyeong-Kyu ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 277~291
The purpose of this study is to analyze the dental hygienists' overall performance in operative restoration and the clinical performance in operative restoration according to dental hygienists' career and to provide basic data for establishing the appropriate range of dental hygienists' work. Subjects of this study are 339 dental hygienists working at dental clinic and hospital nationwide, selected by their working place, career, type of clinic, and location of clinical institution. The distribution of people who responded to the survey shows that 81 belong to beginner level(less than 2 years since entering clinic), 115 intermediate level(2 to 3 years since entering clinic), 81 higher level(4 to 5 years since entering clinic) and 62 advanced level(more than 6 years since their entering clinic). In terms of the types of clinical institution, 178 belong to dental clinics and 161 belong to dental hospitals. The survey used in this study are focused on perception about clinical performance in operative dentistry and adequacy of the work. Operative dentistry consists of operative restoration and endodontic therapy. The operative restoration consists of 15 categories such as patient welcoming, examination and diagnosis, planning of treatment, anesthesia, control of moisture, cavity preparation, pulp protection, matrix band application, amalgam filling, resin filling, glass ionomer cement filling, abrasive strip removal, rubber dam removal, bite check and polishing, patient education, and arrangement. The reliability was Cronbach's Alpha .9453. SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used to analyze the responses. One way ANOVA was utilized to verify the differences in the dental hygienists' job performance in operative restoration and their job performance according to career. When significant difference was found. Duncan multi comparison post hoc was done. To sum up the results of this study, patient welcoming look the first place in the operative restoration. It was followed by patient education, examination and diagnosis, introducing treatment plan, resin filling, glass ionomer cement filling, amalgam filling, bite check and polishing, anesthesia, pulp protection, control of moisture, abrasive strip removal, cavity preparation, matrix band application, rubber dam removal, and anesthesia. In terms of the clinical performance by career, there were significant differences in 19 activities such as medical eraluation, oral examination, patient charting, intra oral readio graphs, firm developing fixing mounting, curing light gun, education of attention content after operation. Based on the results of this study, the specific range of operative restoration for dental hygienists should be focused on providing basic data for dentists' diagnosis, alleviation of fear and aching accompanied by injection and anesthesia, data providing for dentists' decision of anesthesia degree, and maximization of control of moisture.