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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 2005
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Importance of Job Tasks, Job Training Requirement and Work Satisfaction felt by Dental Hygienists
Kang, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~13
The study aimed to estimate the importance of job tasks, job training requirement and work satisfaction felt by dental hygienists to help dental hygienists work efficiently and effectively. A total of 142 dental hygienists working in dental hospitals located in J participated in the study. A SPSS 10.10 for Windows was used for statistical analysis. The statistical significance was defined as
=.05. The results of the study are summarized as follows: 1. The mean score for the importance of job tasks was 4.09. The respondents considered dental clinic management and assistance to dentists the most important among their job descriptions showing the mean score of 4.44. The need for job training was 4.15 in average. The respondents wanted to have training on how to make a dental health insurance claim to receive payment other than any training with the mean score of 4.42. The work satisfaction of the respondents was 3.65 in average. The respondents were most satisfied with their work in dental assistance. 2. By the category of job tasks, the levels of importance of job tasks, job training requirement and work satisfaction were higher in plague removal with an ultrasonic scaler related to clinical oral prophylaxis, pit and fissure sealants related to preventive dental treatment and instruction in the correct usage of toothbrush related to public dental health education 3. In dealing with dental radiation machines, the radiation protection was considered the most important. While the training for periapical radiography was most needed, the respondents were satisfied with working in the same area. The levels of job importance, training requirement and work satisfaction were high in preventive dental care in the community performed in relation to the public dental health care. 4. In the dental health insurance claim category, the levels of importance of job task, training requirement and work satisfaction were higher in insurance claiming. The levels of job importance and training requirement were high in dental clinic management and assistance to dentists performed for preventive dental treatment. The work satisfaction was higher in maintaining medical chart records. The levels of job importance, training requirement and work satisfaction were higher in dental assistance in relation to dental protection. 5. There was significant relationship between the level of importance and work experience. Those with a longer period of work experience had higher levels of job importance in dental health insurance claim, dental clinic management and assistance to dentists and the overall task(pE0.05). 6. A significant relationship was observed between the need for job training in dental cleaning and preventive dental treatment and work experience. Those with more than 8 years of work experience demonstrated that job training is most needed(pE0.05). 7. The work satisfaction level was higher in the group with more than 8 years of work experience, compared with those in other work experience periods(pE0.05). 8. A positive correlation was seen between the level of importance and the need for job training among three variables.
Effect of Mothers' Oral Health Knowledge and Behaviour on Oral health status in their Preschool Children
Kim, Youn-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 15~27
The purpose of this study was to assess how mothers' oral health behaviour, knowledge, and socio-demographic characteristics influence on dental caries status of their children. The 142 children and their mothers were selected for this study. The children were 5 and 6 years old in the three day care centers in Ulsan, Korea. Date were collected by oral examination on children and self-administrated questionnaire on their mothers. The questionnaire was surveyed mothers' behaviour and know ledge of oral health and their socio-demographic characteristics. The findings of this study were summarized as follows: 1. The higher mother's educational level and the greater children members, the higher degree of oral health knowledge, but there was no significant relation. 2. There was significant relationship between working mothers and correct toothbrushing, between monthly mean income and important for oral health. 3. The dft index was lower when the higher mother's oral health knowledge, the larger toothbrushing frequency, preventive dental visit.
An Effect of Incremental Dental Health Care Program in School Dental Clinic
Yang, Jung-Seung ; Shim, Hyung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 29~38
In 2001, as a subject of this study, the first grade 165 kids in Yomju elementary school had been guided in pit and fissure sealant, fluoride rinse, group tooth brushing, and Dental health education as a part of oral disease preventive program. From the data, this author has estimated incremental dental health care program in school dental clinic in order to make it more effective and enlarge it. For that purpose, the program has been continued at six month intervals for two years. The retention condition of pit and fissure sealant in first molar and DMF rate had been investigated. The conclusions are as follows: 1. Full and partial retention of pit and fissure sealant was measured as 80.69% in maxillary right first molar, 83.20% in maxillary left first molar, and 86.72% in mandibular right first molar, and 86.28% in mandibular left first molar. 2. Retention of pit and fissure sealant in first molar was measured as 76.55% in maxillary right first molar, 81.03% in maxillary left first molar, 80.65% in mandibular left first molar, and 82.03% in mandibular right first molar. 3. Among Yomju elementary school students, DMF rate was measured as 8.7%, and DMFT index as 1.03. However, in Yangdong elementary school students the former was measured as 13.8% and the latter as 1.76. When the DMF rate difference between Yomju and Yangdong elementary school kids was considered, the oral health condition of the former was much better than that of the latter because the former had received incremental dental health care program for two years and on the other hand, the latter had not. So it is necessary that we should enlarge school dental clinic, improve and keep students' oral health.
A study on dental health and physical & psychological health status of the aged
Yoon, Young-Suk ; Jung, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 39~51
This study was conducted to investigate the dental health and physical & psychological health status of the aged. The subjects were 61 old persons, women who were over 65, living at Sahagu in Pusan. The data for this study were collected by using direct interviewing method from October 22th, 2004. The data were analysed by using a computerized program named statistical package for social science including frequency, percentage, ANOVA. The results of the study were summarized as follows: 1. The dental status and the use of dental care institute 1) In status of denture use, it was found to be no denture(45.2%), full denture(35.5%), partial denture(19.4%). 2) In the questionaire of "when did you go to the dental care institute recently?", it was found to be uncertain(41.9%), less than one year(38.8%), 2~3years(16.1%), 1~2years(3.2%). 3) In the questionaire of "what type of the dental care institute did you use?", it was found to be in the dental clinic(80.6%), others(9.7%), dental hospital(6.5%), department of dentistry in general hospital(3.2%). 4) In the questionaire of "why did you select the dental care institute?", it was found to be in the nearly distance(80.6%), relative advice(16.1%), advertisement(3.2%). 5) In the questionaire of "how did you go to the dental care institute?", it was found to be walking(71.0%), bus & subway(22.6%), car(3.2%) and others(3.2%). 6) In the questionaire of "how long did it take to the dental care institute?", it was found to be 10~30min(48.4%), less than 10min(38.7%), 30min~1h(6.5%), 1~2h(3.2%), more than 2h(3.2%). 7) In the questionaire of "what kind of dental care did you take?", it was found to be denture making(45.2%), extraction of tooth, dental surgery, general exam(12.9%), caries(9.7%), denture repair(6.5%), others(3.2%). 8) In the questionaire of "how much did you pay for dental care recently?", it was found to be less than 5,000won(35.5%), 20,000~100,000won(19.4%), 1~3million won(16.1%), 5,000~20,000won, 100,000~300,000won, 500,000~1million won, more than 3million(6.5%), 300,000~500,000won(3.2%). 9) Average score of the subject's physical health status was 4.11 and psychological health status, 4.01 in a 5 point Likert scale. 10) The physical and psychological health status showed the significant differences according to the frequency of eating snack(pE0.05) and snack type(pE0.01). Above findings suggest that geriatric oral health program is necessary in improving the dental health & health status of the aged.
A study on the recognition of oral health care: high school students in Ulsan city
Lee, Ga-Ryeong ; Kim, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 53~62
To prepare basic data for oral health promotion of high school students through the survey of the recognition of oral health care, a questionnaire survey was conducted for 268 students. Statistical analysis was conducted using the SPSS 11.5 with
-test, fisher's exact test, t-test and logistic regression. The obtained results were as follows 1. The average of the high school student's oral health knowledge was
. Statistically school girls were higher(pE0.05) than school boy's oral health knowledge(male: 12.91, female: 13.35), tooth brushing frequency(male: 4times or more-15.4%, female: 4times or more-29.8%), and preventive dental visit(male: 8.1%, female: 17.5%). 2. More than 70% of high school students was concerned about oral health. According to the self-judgement of oral health, more than 50% of them was answered that they wasn't sure of oral health. 3. Only 13% of high school students received oral health education and 80% of them recognized oral health manpower's education needs. 4. The logistic regression analysis illustrated that high school student's preventive dental visit was independently associated with the self-judgement of oral health. The odds ratio was 3.0 and statistically significant.
A Study on the Outlook of Mothers with Five-Year-Old Children in the City of Seongnam on Dental Health and Their Relevant Behavior
Lee, Kyung-Hee ; Shin, Myung-Mi ; Heo, Sung-Yun ; Ahn, Yong-Soon ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 63~75
The purpose of this study was to examine mothers' perception of dental health and their relevant behaviors. The subjects in this study were 878 mothers who had five-year-old children in the city of Seongnam. After a survey was conducted to find out their dental health awareness and behavior, the following findings were acquired; 1. 44.9 percent of the mothers investigated ever paid a visit to dental institutes over the last year, and 23.3 percent visited them to prevent any possible dental diseases. 56.1 percent ever received oral health education, and 30.0 percent, the largest group, received that in their school days. 69.0 percent ever had their teeth scaled. 2. As for their oral health knowledge, the right answer rate was 6.95 out of 10. Concerning what they knew the best about, 91.7 percent knew that sweet food including sugar caused dental caries, and regarding the most incorrect idea, 31.6 percent believed that aging made tooth come out. 3. In regard to oral health attitude, the right answer rate was 7.33 out of 10. As to the best attitude, 87.1 percent felt that it made them unpleasant to go to bed without doing toothbrushing, and concerning the worst case, 24.0 percent believed that teeth could be clean without using toothpaste. 4. As to oral health behavior, the right answer rate was 5.37 out of 10. Regarding the most common oral health behavior, 89.9 percent brushed their teeth before going to bed, and the least common one, 15.8 percent made a regular visit to dental institutes to examine their teeth. 5. Concerning self-evaluation of oral health, the right answer rate was 6.77 out of 10. 90.0 percent found themselves not to have a toothache, and regarding the worst case, 38.1 percent considered their oral health to be better than that of others of the same age group.
A Study on the Relationship of Power and Empowerment, Self-Efficacy of Dental Hygienists
Lee, Sun-Mi ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 77~88
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of power and empowerment, self-efficacy of dental hygienists. Date were obtained from 203 dental hygienists who were working at dental clinics, hospitals located in Seoul. The results were analyzed with spsswin 12.0 and the conclusion is as follows: 1. The level of dental hygienists formal power was 3.19, informal power was 3.41, empowerment was 3.12, self-efficacy was 3.67. 2. Formal power showed significant a positive correlation with informal power and informal power showed significant a positive correlation with empowerment 3. According to the position, there were significant differences in formal power(pE0.05). 4. According to the working place, age, experienced-years, position, marriage and turnover experience there were significant differences in informal power(pE0.05). S. According to the working place, position, and marriage there were significant differences in empowerment(pE0.05). 6. According to the age, experienced-years, position, marriage and turnover experience there were significant differences in self-efficacy(pE0.05). 7. Informal power and information structure accounted significantly for the self-efficacy.
Oral health related quality of life of women college students
Lee, Hyang-Nim ; Kim, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 89~99
The purpose of this study was conducted to evaluated the effects of oral health related quality of life and impacts of oral health related quality of life of early adult group through a questionnaire OHRQoL(Oral health related quality of life). The study subjects were 224 women college students. The results of this study were as follow; 1. Physical aspects score was
, social aspects score was
, psychological aspects score was
in effects of oral health related quality of life. 2. Physical aspects score was
, social aspects score was
, psychological aspects score was
in impacts of oral health related quality of life. 3. The better oral health was the higher effects of oral health related quality of life(pE0.05). No missing tooth(pE0.01), use of oral health device(pE0.05), no experience oral health education(pE0.05) group was higher impacts score of oral health related quality of life. 4. The significantly correlated among all items on effects of oral health related quality of life. Therefore it suggested that college students oral health program, need precision oral exam and oral health education.
Satisfaction and the frequency of observation and clinical practice in dental hygiene students
Jang, Gye-Won ; Cho, Pyeong-Kyu ; Lee, Mi-Ok ; Seo, Eun-Ju ; Kang, Yong-Ju ; Yun, Eun-Kyung ; No, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 101~121
The frequency of clinical observation and clinical practice and satisfaction among dental hygiene students were investigated during the clinical practice process. The results were analyzed to come up with a more effective clinical practice program and provide basic data that would aid in actual operation of clinical practice. The tool used in this study was a survey composed of 11 areas with a total of 55 questions. It was distributed to 471 graduating dental hygiene students at 5 different universities. The Cronbach's Alpha coefficient was .975. The data were analyzed using SPSS 10.0 for Windows. Significance was determined at
=0.05. The results were as follows. 1. The results of analyzing the frequency of clinical observation according to the different clinical areas showed that the score was the highest in the area of basic diagnosis, followed by prosthodontics, operative dentistry, hospital service management, oral surgery, oral radiology, periodontics, preventive dentistry, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, and oral medicine. 2. The results of analyzing the frequency of clinical performance according to different clinical areas showed that the score was the highest in the area of basic diagnosis, followed by operative dentistry, oral surgery, prosthodontics, oral radiology, pediatric dentistry, orthodontics, oral medicine, preventive dentistry, endodontics and hospital service management 3. The area that showed most significance difference between the frequency of clinical observation and the frequency of clinical performance was the area of hospital service management, followed by prosthodontics, periodontics, preventive dentistry, oral radiology, oral medicine/oral surgery, orthodontics, operative dentistry, and pediatric dentistry. 4. When satisfaction in dental hygiene students was analysed according to different clinical areas, they were most satisfied practicing in basic diagnosis, followed by operative dentistry, prosthodontics, oral surgery, oral radiology, pediatric dentistry, orthodontics, preventive dentistry, hospital service management, periodontics, and oral medicine.
Antimicrobial activity and inhibition effect on the artificial dental plaque formation of herbal medicine extract
Cho, Min-Jung ; Lee, Hyang-Nim ; Kim, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 5, issue 1, 2005, Pages 123~130
This study was executed to evaluate the effects of natural herbal medicine extract on the antimicrobial activity and the artificial plaque formation. Schisandra chinensis, Sophora flavescens, Dryopteris crassirhizoma and Aristolochia contorta were extracted by 80% MeOH respectively and each concentration(5mg, 10mg, 20mg) of herbal medicine extract was tested to show the antimicrobial activity against S. mutans. To show the inhibition effect of herbal medicine extract on the artificial dental plaque formation each extract of 0.4% concentration was added into M 17 broth and inoculated with
of S. mutans. After 24 hour incubation each weight of artificial dental plaque was measured and compared with each other. Results obtained are as follows: 1. Dryopteris crassirhizoma showed very intense antimicrobial effect but Schisandra chinensis, Sophora flavescens and Aristolochia contorta showed a little difference against control. 2. Regarding artificial plaque formation inhibiting activity by each herbal extract at 0.4% concentration, Dryopteris crassirhizoma showed the perfect inhibition effect. Schisandra chinensis and Aristolochia contorta followed in order but Sophora flavescens showed the worst value. In conclusion, Dryopteris crassirhizoma showed strong antimicrobial effect against S. mutans and significant inhibiting effect on the artificial dental plaque formation.