Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
A study on the role of dental Hygienist for revitalization of Dental Health class in Community Health Center
Kwun, Hyeon-Sook ; Jo, Gab-Suk ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 263~282
The purpose of study was to offer devices to activate the dental health class of community health center and to evaluate the present programs and to propose adequate guidelines for future public dental health program of dental health care in health center. For this study, the mail quastionnaire survey was carried out from the 116 dental hygienists who are working in community health center. Present condition and direction of public dental health service are as follows: dentist's office was 90% by area and work department. Dental health department was equipped in 91.7% of 'public health center', but 'health branch office' was 57.9%. Dental hygienist education condition of Public health center was the most frequency in 'At large city'. 'Have no entirely' of dental health education number of times was 35.8% in 3 years. That is 44.5% in supplement insturction. Most Dental hygienist's business was most 'teeth-sealant' and 'Old man false teeth prosthetic dentistry business'. Therefor, The Obstacle factors of dental health service activity were 'manpower tribe(average 3.92)', and next 'lack of understanding and support insufficiency of law(average 3.47)'. Curriculum for educational practice should be also designed for brightening the dental health service business. The most important thing for dental health service is 'expanding and improving the facilities Legal system' and next 'Opportunity enlargement and activation that can take dental hygienist's residency'.
The Realities of Smoking among Some College Students and Their Relevant Knowledge
Kim, Jin ; Lim, Sun-A ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 283~294
The purpose of this study was to examine the state of smoking among some college students, the smoking motivation of smoker students, what made them quit smoking and how they got ready for giving up smoking, as smoking had a huge impact on national health and there was a desperate necessity for preventive antismoking education programs to let students keep away from smoking. After a survey was conducted with self-administered questionnaires from October 1 through November 1, 2006, the responses from 400 students were gathered, and 384 answer sheets were analyzed except 16 incomplete ones. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. By gender, 62.4% of the male students and 28.6% of the female students were smokers, and the state of smoking was statistically significantly different according to their gender(p<0.05). 2. The largest number of the male students, which accounted 44.1%, started smoking in their high school days, and 39.5% of the females did that in middle school. As for a daily mean amount of smoking, 41.8% of the male students, the greatest percentage, smoked 10 to 19 cigarettes a day, and one to nine cigarettes were most common among the females, which represented 57.9 %. But the gap between the two was insignificant(p>0.05). As many as 83.6% of the males and 86.8% of the females had ever attempted to quit it. 3. Concerning awareness of antismoking policies, they felt that a raise in cigarette price would lead to less smoking, and that antismoking advertisement or posters through television or newspaper would deliver the same results as well. There was a statistically significant difference among their awareness(p<0.05). 4. Regarding preparation stage for quitting smoking, 31.3% of the male smokers had no intention to give it up, and 23.2% considered it. 36.7%, the largest percentage, got ready to refrain from it. Among the female smokers, 34.2% had no plans to abstain from smoking, and 36.8% took it into consideration. 23.7% got ready to do that. The females who got ready for that were outnumbered the males who did. 5. As to connections between the state of smoking and relevant knowledge, the students didn't have a good knowledge on that, and a statistically significant difference existed between the smokers and nonsmokers in smoking knowledge. 6. As for knowledge about oral diseases, they were highly cognizant of the relationship of smoking to tooth discoloration, nicotine stomatitis and bad breath, but they didn't know well about its relationship to delayed recovery from dental treatment, implant failure and ozena. Their smoking condition made a statistically significant difference to their knowledge(p<0.05). In the future, sustained research efforts should be channeled into determining how much smoking affects health and concerns oral diseases, and antismoking counseling programs should be prepared to bolster people's awareness of oral health.
Relationship between Quality of Life and Industrial Workers' Oral Health Evaluation
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Park, Chun-Man ; Lee, Jong-Youl ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 295~309
This study was conducted among 831 industrial workers in Gumi City in Gyung-Sang-Buk Do for the purpose of acquiring knowledge to improve quality of life though industrial workers' oral health promotion. Oral examination and questionnaire surveying were used to evaluate workers' oral health state and subjective health state and analyze their effect on quality of life. 1. The number of workers in the study were 831 in all; there were more males who accounted for 74.6%. 43.7% of the subject were 29 years old, accounting for the largest age group. Their academic backgrounds are 53.6% workers who graduated from high schools or lower educational institutions, and 46.4% workers who graduated from college or higher educational institutions. 80.7% of the subjects replied that their economic state belonged to the middle class. Their job classification indicates that 70.2% were working in production and engineering fields and that the seniority of 55.3% workers was less than 55.3%. 2. The result of evaluating the effects of oral health state on individual well-being and quality of life using OHIP indicates that younger people, singles(p<0.01) than the married, those in worse economic situation and those with shorter seniority(p<0.01) had higher effect of oral health state on quality of life. In addition, those whose health or oral health was not good (p<0.01), those with liked tough texture of food and snacks(p<0.05), those with more frequency of drinking(p<0.01) and those with more smoking tended to have higher effect of oral health state on daily life or quality of life. Besides, OHIP confirmed that oral health state is a measurement tool that can evaluate its effect on individual well-being and quality of life. The suggestion for future studies is to develop Korean style OHIP that can be used conveniently and efficiently by expanding the subject area up to the whole country and validating the samples gained from random sampling.
Identification of Fusobacterium nucleatum isolated from Korean by F. nucleatum subspecies-specific DNA probes
Kim, Hwa-Sook ; Kook, Joong-Ki ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 311~324
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate of the specificity of Fusobacterium nucleatum subspecies-specific DNA probes using dot blot hybridization. To confirm whether the clinical isolates were F. nucleatum or not, 16S rDNA of them were cloned and sequenced. The sequencing data were used in homology search with database of GenBank. When the homology was above 98% compared with the nucleotide sequence of a certain bacteria, it was judged as the same species with the bacteria. 23 strains of F. nucleatum were isolates from subgingival plaque of periodontitis patient. The clinical isolates of F. nucleatum were classified into 10 groups using phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA sequence. F. nucleatum subspecies nucleatum-specific DNA probe Fu4(1.3 kb) reacted with genomic DNAs from 8 type strains of F. nucleatum and it reacted strongly with those from 8 clinical isolates. The Fp4(0.8 kb) reacted with F. nucleatum subsp. polymorphum ATCC 10953 and one clinical isolates. Fv35(1.9 kb) and Fs17(8.2 kb) probes reacted with genomic DNAs from F. nucleatum subsp. vincentii ATCC 49256 and F. nucleatum subsp. fusiform ATCC 51190, respectively. Our results showed that it is not enough to evaluate the specificity of F. nucleatum subspecies-specific DNA probes with only dot blot hybridization. Therefore, Southern blot analysis will be necessary to confirm the specificity of F. nucleatum subspecies-specific DNA probes.
A study on the oral health awareness of the elderly for dental health project planning
Nam, Yong-Ok ; Park, Cheol-Eung ; Park, Jin-Hyeon ; Ju, On-Ju ; Kim, Young Im ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 325~337
The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health state of the elderly in an effort to pave the way for dental health project planning for the elderly for the city of Jeonju and to help promote the oral health of the elderly population to which health care services weren't accessible a lot. The subjects in this study were 300 elderly people who were in their 60s and up and used 10 different welfare establishments for the elderly in Jeonju. A survey was conducted from May 3 through 13, 2005, by interviewing them in person, and the collected data were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. In terms of the period of oral health examination, 44.1 percent of the 66-70 age group, 48.1 percent of the elementary school graduates and 39.4 percent of the house owners had their teeth examined whenever they had a toothache. So their cycle of oral health examination was statistically significantly different according to age(p<.05), education(p<0.001) and form of residence(p<0.001). 2. Regarding the necessity of prosthesis, prosthesis was needed by 52.1 percent of the age group from 71 to 80, 44.3 percent of the women, 48.9 percent of the men, 60.0 percent of the community college graduates and 55.9 percent who rent a house on a deposit or monthly basis. But there was no statistically significant gap among the groups. 3. As for the necessity of oral health education, the necessity of it was absolutely supported by 89.7 percent of the 66-70 age group, 76.0 percent of the women, 87.2 percent of the men, 95.3 percent of the middle school graduates and 87.7 percent of the house owners. Their age(p<.0.01), gender(p<0.05) education(p<0.05) and form of residence(p<0.01) made a statistically significant difference to that. 4. Concerning oral health education experience, 79.3 percent of the high school graduates and 79.8 percent of the house owners had never received oral health education, and that experience statistically significantly varied with education(p<0.001) and form of residence (p<0.001). 5. As to the biggest reason for oral health care, 50.0 percent found it necessary to take care of their teeth to ensure their own perpetual oral health, and 33.7 percent felt the need for that because they had a toothache. The above-mentioned findings indicated that the elderly people were definitely in want of oral health education. Dental hygienists in public dental clinics should serve as dental health educators to address their needs, and regular oral health care programs should be prepared to spread awareness about the importance of oral health among elderly locals.
The Relationship Between Dental Anxiety and Main Colors of Dentists which Students of the Lower Class Elementary School draw
Park, Eui-Jung ; Lee, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 339~348
The present paper described the relationship between dental anxiety and main colors of elementary student's drawing of dentists. This paper is based on the survey with 555 samples were chosen from a first, second and third grade students of the elementary school located in Chilgok-gun Gyeongsangbuk-do. During the survey, students were asked to picture a dentist by using 12 colors crayon randomly. And the survey result was summarized in three categories. Those are the main color(most frequently used color) distribution in the children's drawings, ratio differences of the main color in terms of gender and the anxiety score for the each color. 1. The order of main colors was blue, white, green, gray, yellow, purple, ocher yellow, orange, pink, red, black and brown from the top to bottom. 2. The main colors distribution in terms of gender, male mostly used green and black compare to female, and female mostly used pink, yellow and white compare to male(p<0.01). 3. The order of the anxiety score for main colors is black, brown, red, yellow, pink, orange, green, white, gray, blue, purple and ocher yellow form the top to bottom(p<0.01).
A Study on Post-Admission Satisfaction Level among Dental Hygiene Students in Colleges
Park, Il-Soon ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 349~359
The purpose of this study was to help improve the quality of education to keep up with fast-changing environments in educating sector. Relevant literature and data were reviewed, and the subjects in this study were dental hygiene juniors at seven two-year colleges in the Seoul metropolitan area and other regions, on whom a survey was conducted for about three months from August through October, 2004, to assess their satisfaction level with their major and educational environments. And it's concluded that in order to attract more new students and foster qualified students, dental hygiene practice labs should be improved on a large scale, and that there should be a great deal of investment in teaching facilities. The major findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for satisfaction with major choice, 57.5% of the students investigated, the largest percentage, expressed satisfaction with their major. 27.8%, the second largest group, found their choice not to be bad. 2. Regarding satisfaction with the state of practice labs, 41.9% were pleased with practice labs. This rate was quite lower than that of nursing students, as 64.2% of nursing students were pleased with their practice labs.7) 3. As to satisfaction with individual practice labs, oral prophylaxis labs were considered most satisfactory, as 53.9% were satisfied with them. Digital radiation labs appeared to be satisfactory the least, which made 77.0% dissatisfied. 4. Whether there were any connections between their working experience as a clinical worker and satisfaction level was investigated. In terms of their satisfaction with major choice and the state of practice labs, the students who had ever worked as a clinical worker were relatively pleased with the state of practice labs. As for satisfaction with each practice lab, those who had ever served as a clinical worker before being admitted into college expressed more satisfaction with radiation practice labs(p<0.05) and digital radiation labs(p<.05) than the others who hadn't. The gap between the two was statistically significant. 5. In regard to the causes of dissatisfaction with practice labs, 93.7 and 80.0% were respectively dissatisfied with digital radiation labs and basic dental hygiene labs because their colleges were devoid of those labs. 51.6%, the largest group, found oral prophylaxis labs unsatisfactory because of their frequent breakdown. In the event of most of the other practice labs, the greatest percentage were discontented due to a shortage of equipment.
A study on the oral health status at disabilities children in Ulju-gun Ulsan
Lee, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 361~374
The purpose of this study was to obtain basic data for development of oral health educational program on the control of handicapped children at social welfare facilities. For this research, it was investigated by a survey on the actual condition of dental health of handicapped children, and simultaneously by analyzing the relationships between the realities of child's dental condition and parents and guardian's acknowledgments and managements with regard to the dental health of children. This survey was conducted 135 children and their guardians being 4 social welfare facilities in Ulsan metropolitan city. 1. The average of DT, MT, FT and DMFT index were 1.82, 0.01, 0.98 and 2.84 respectively. 2. Rolling Toothbrushing method was the highest response(58.5%) and 3 times per a day(77.0%). A proxy of toothbrushing was parents(39.2%) and teacher(60.8%). 3. Recognition routes of toothbrushing method were family(13.3%), school(43.7%) and dental chinic(42.2%). 4. The numer of times electromotion tooth brushing was the highest response in more than 4 times per a day. Toothbrushing after eating between meals was higher negative response(50.4%). The number of times visiting dental clinic was the highest response in more than 5 times during a year(51.9%).
An Influence of Attitude toward Dental Health by Mothers on Their Children with Respect to Dental Caries
Lee, Jung-Hwa ; Park, Eui-Jung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 375~385
The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of attitude of mothers on the dental health and behavior of dental health management on children on the dental caries of their children, and the questionnaire survey was implemented and analyzed for 202 children in fifth and sixth grades of two elementary schools in Ulsan City along with their mothers with the following outcome. 1. 80 students from entire subject students(39.6%) are subjects of dental caries with the average DT index shown to be
and tended to have higher in the upper level of grade. 2. In the attitude of dental health management for mother, 95 students(47.0%) visited the dental clinic within 6 months with the main purpose of treatment, rather than preventive work, for 141 students(69.8%), and hey have high level of interests on the teeth condition of their children but they rarely take a close look at the dental condition for their children. 3. The efforts of mothers on preventing the dental caries by mothers showed in the sequence of regular instructions for brushing, limiting the sugar intake, fluorine coating, sealant, regular examination and the like and DT rate will be decreased by these kinds(p<0.05). 4. The number of dental caries of children with the attitude of mother in dental health showed noticeable differences statistically with respect to the brushing method, use of dental sanitation goods, scaling, visit to dental office and others(p<0.05). With the above conclusion, the attitude and behavior of mothers on dental care influences greatly on the dental health of children. Therefore, in order to improve the dental health of children, it would be important to recognize the importance of attitude and behavior of dental health for mothers for positive dental care with the support in policies.
Relation Factors of Oral Health Behavior of Junior College in Jeollanamdo
Jang, Yoon-Jung ; Jung, Jin-A ; Jeon, Eun-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 387~402
This research carried out a survey for 569 students in a junior college of jeollanamdo to provide a needful basic data in developing suitable health promotion program and creating a direction of the oral hygiene education process to intial adult population after holding the oral cavity health action and a affecting factors to it. A collected data obtained the following conclusion. According to school grade, a difference of action factor is Chi-square and Pearson's correlation coeficient in actionfactor and acknowledgement-perception factor and a step-by-step recurrence analysis processed a related factor of the oral health action. 1. A related action factor of the oral health appeared meaningful difference of the oral cavity medical examination, the oral cavity clean device use or not, dental surgery prevention cure or not among the third grade who had the most experience of the oral hygiene education within one year recently. 2. A significant of the oral cavity health acknowledged and perceived and a concern of the oral cavity health, acknowledged the oral cavity health state distribution are the highest in the third grade. 3. According to monthly income, a large income is higher than a small income about self-effects in a relation between the oral cavity health action and acknowledgement-perception factor. the average of a large income is 30.59(
). The obstacle of the oral cavity health action is 12.51(
). a large income is highest. according to school career, under middle school layer obtained the highest average 16.33(
). according to a school year, acknowledge-perception factor of the oral cavity health control of the third grade is the highest(38.81(
). 4. In mutual relation between acknowledge-perception factor and the oral cavity health action, a variable constants of meaningful mutual relation are the oral cavity health perception, self-effects, the oral cavity health action obstacle, the oral cavity health action benefit, the oral health action control, aggressive. and they are self-effects, the oral cavity health action in the oral cavity health perception. A significant of the oral cavity health and the oral cavity health action obstacle are the oral cavity health action benefit and the oral cavity health action control. 5. The affecting factors to the oral health action are self-effects, action factor, acknowledged the oral health control.
Cognition and perception of community members about dental hygienist's job
Chung, Won-Gyun ; Son, A-Ran ; Jung, Hye-Ryung ; Kim, Jung-Ye ; Ha, Jung-Eun ; Heo, Seung-Hee ; Kim, Nam-Hee ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 403~417
The purpose of this study is that level of community members about dental hygienist's job of cognition and perception. The subjects of this survey were 500 of community members located in Gumi, Seoul, Incheon, Wonju.(response rate 92%) The results of study could be summarized as follows: 1. Women, 30 age group, officer and house keeper who had were experienced scaling higher level cognition of dental hygienist than another groups. 2. The group that had experienced oral examination, oral health consult, and the young group who had not experienced prosthodontic treatment had higher perception that dental hygienist main role is oral health care education. 3. The student who had experienced scaling had higher perception that dental hygienist's main role is oral disease prevention. 4. Over 30 age, women group who had experienced dental treatment between 6 month and 2 years had higher perception that dental hygienist main role is dental assistance At the conclusion of this investigation, We investigated that person's perception and cognition is promoted through scaling. Therefore we have to increase opportunity of oral health prevention and education role. In addition, we should notify dental hygienist with uniform, name tag and information about dental hygienist.
Dental Hygiene Treatment Fear, Anxiety and Related Factors in Dental Patients
Cho, Myung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 419~436
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygiene treatment fear and anxiety in dental patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 466 dental patients who had received the dental hygiene treatment at 8 Dental Hospitals and Clinics in Daegu city between March and August 2006 studied. Dental hygienists recruited a questionnaire, which includes generalized anxiety sub-scale(4 items), specific fear sub-scale(5 items), distrust sub-scale(5 items), and catastrophic anxiety sub-scale(4 items). Minimum score is 1, and maximum score is 5. The research was designed to be a cross-sectional measured study. SAS statistical software was used for the analysis. The characteristics of the study sample were described by mean and standard deviation(SD) for continuous variables and by frequency and percentage for categorical variables. The Student's t-test and analysis of variance(ANOVA) were used to compare fear and anxiety score in demographic variables. A Pearson's correlation analysis was conducted for relationship among values of fear and anxiety for dental hygiene. Multiple regression analysis was performed to determine the factors associated with fear and anxiety related with dental hygiene. RESULTS: A total of 466 dental patients were analyzed, their average age
years(range: 15-79 yr). The mean value for dental hygiene fear and anxiety was 2.70(generalized anxiety 2.65, specific fear 2.93, distrust anxiety 2.72, and catastrophic anxiety 2.42, respectively). There was a statistically significant difference in gender(p<0.05), 2.81 for women was higher than 2.55 for men(p=.0000). The older we are, the higher fear and anxiety for dental hygiene treatment were. that is, under age of 20 years 2.49, 20 years 2.59, 30 years 2.69, 40 years 2.77, 50 years 2.88, 60 years 2.69, and over age of 70 2.45, respectively(p=.0321). Factors related to dental hygiene treatment fear and anxiety by multiple regressions were gender(
=0.18, p=0.0001), age(
=.07, p=.0058), and the time when visits dentist recently(
=.07, p=.0058). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, gender, age and the time when visits dentist recently were significantly associated with dental hygiene treatment fear and anxiety. We recommend that further research should investigate a dental hygiene treatment fear and anxiety by using more follow-up study.
A Research on Service and Awareness of Dental Coordinators by Manpower at Dental Care Service Institutions - Centering on Manpower Other than Dentists
Choi, Boo-Keun ; Han, Su-Jin ; Kwon, Soon-Bok ; Jung, Jae-Yeon ; Cho, Myung-Sook ; Hwang, Yoon-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 437~453
To analyze dental hygienists and other manpower at dental care service institutions where a dental coordinator was working among about 200 dental care service institutions in Seoul, Gyeonggi Province, and Incheon as of June 2005 for contents of training for dental coordinators, opinions of qualification of dental coordinators, present and future services provided by dental coordinators, and awareness of dental coordinators and to provide basic data about future services, roles, and cultivation of dental coordinators, a survey was conducted and 216 copies returned were analyzed, obtaining the following results. 1. 83.8 percent needed an educational program for dental coordinators as an educational content; 41.7% had awareness of the educational content; and 83.8 percent insisted that over the intermediate level of curricula should be taken. Dental coordinator cultivation institutions identified included the institution under the control of the Korean Dental Hygienists Association and the education center for the department of dental hygiene; 76.9% insisted that an appropriate qualifying examination should be necessary. They suggested the central government department and the local government as a certification institution; 39.4% insisted that financial support for the education should be provided by financing education alone. Only 28.7% experienced dental coordinator education and 73.1% hoped to serve as a dental coordinator. They were found to expect a rise in payment(64.4%) and in the title(46.8%) after completion of the educational program. 2. 66.2% saw a dental hygienist as the most appropriate for a dental coordinator; clinical career (39.4%) and practical capacity(29.2%) were suggested as requirements for a dental coordinator; and a period of over three years(47.2%) was suggested for appropriate dental career. 3. Dental coordinators' present services included 'reservation management' for customer management, 'staff service training' for organization management, 'understanding of customer reception attitudes and actions' for self-management, 'hospital information management' for hospital marketing, 'acceptance' for hospital affairs management, and 'hospital environment management' for hospital facilities management; their future services included 'acquisition of ability to use a foreign language' for self-management, followed by 'staff service training' for organization management, 'training and counseling' for customer management, 'acquisition of counseling capacity' for self-management, 'complaining customer reception' for customer management, and 'marketing strategy implementation' for hospital marketing. 4. After comparing dental hygienists and other manpower in terms of dental coordinators' future services, dental hygienists showed interest in 'acquisition of ability to use a foreign language,' 'staff service training,' 'complaining customer reception,' and 'acquisition of counseling capacity' while other manpower showed interest in 'acquisition of ability to use a foreign language,' 'document data management,' 'acquisition of basic service manner,' 'acquisition of counseling capacity,' 'manpower management,' 'establishment and evaluation of a marketing strategy,' and 'education and counseling.' 5. As for awareness of dental coordinators, they were thought of as helpful in improving image of a dental clinic; it was found that continuous training should be necessary to develop dental coordinators' capacity; dental coordinators' services should be important and contribute to patients' qualitative satisfaction.
Effects of School-Based Oral Health Programs among Schoolchildren : Focus on the Oral Health Knowledge and Behaviors
Choi, Soon-Lye ; Kwun, Hyeon-Sook ; Song, Keun-Bae ; Lee, Jung-Hwa ; Kang, Hyun-Kyung ; Choi, Jung-Mi ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 455~467
Demand for appropriate health care has gradually increased in Korea. In addition, developments of community- and school-based oral health programs have also focused oral health care for the oral health promotion. Especially, school-based oral health programs are the underpinnings of promoting oral health and preventing oral diseases among schoolchildren. School-based oral health programs have had three major components: oral health education, oral health services, and a healthful environments. These included oral health education(one-to-one communication, group communication, and use of mass communication), oral examination, fluoride mouthrinsing, pit-and-fissure sealants, fluoride gel application, mechanical plaque control, and chewing xylitol candy. In this study, we evaluate the effects of oral health programs among primary schoolchildren by comparing the oral health knowledge, oral health behaviors, and perception of caries prevention procedures. Data for this study were obtained from 699 primary schoolchildren at the two primary school in Daegu, Korea. One is experimental group, N primary school, that was established school-based oral health center under supervision of Nam-gu Public Health Center, the other is control group, N' primary school, that was yet to establish school-based oral health center. We surveyed children's oral health knowledge and behaviors, and perception of caries prevention procedures using self-administrated questionnaire and then analyzed differences of each item among two groups. The brief findings of this study were summarized as follows. There are several advantage to a comprehensive school-based oral health program. (1) School-based oral health programs facilitate and increase the effectiveness of teaching oral health subjects. (2) Schoolchildren are available for prevention or treatment procedure. (3) School-based oral health center may be less threating than private dental clinic. (4) With comprehensive school-based oral health programs the decayed, missing, and filled teeth(DMFT) of schoolchildren should demonstrate a substantial and steady decrease over time(Choi et al, 2004). In conclusion, treatment is not the answer to solving children's oral health programs; rather primary prevention is the key. Many countries and communities are focusing on hoe millions of underprivileged children can be provided with health care. Schoolchildren gain the knowledge and behaviors to attain and maintain good oral health in schools. For these reasons, the role of school-based oral health center is not only important but also a necessity.
The Study of behavior on the awareness of oral health aimed at the residents who lives in Yeoungdong-gun
Choe, Ok-Seon ; Lee, Seong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 469~479
The purpose of this study is to prevent the oral disease and to improve the oral sanitation by investigating the behavior on the awareness of oral health aimed at the residents who lives in the Yeongdong-gun, Choongbuk, Korea. This study was carried out from September 26th to September 27th of 2006 and surveyed aim at 176 persons of residents of Yeongdong-gun. The results of this study can be utilized as a base data of program development on the oral health education of sectional residents and can be reached at the following conclusions. 1. The number of residents who have not experienced oral health education takes possession of 67.5% for men and 48.4% for women, the path how to learn of oral health education holds 67.7% for men and 51.6% for women(p<0.001). In case of the content of oral health education, prothodontics treatment is predominantly showed up as 60.2% for men and 44.2% for women(p<0.01). 2. The number of residents who has visited the dental clinics within 6 months holds 52.4% for men and 27.3% for women(p<0.01). With regard to the number of residents who has visited the dental clinics on the purpose of prevention(examination) of oral disease within 1 year, 'not experienced' showed up no differences as 52.4% for men and 57.6% for women. In case of the number of residents who has experienced prothodontic and conservative treatment, scaling is extremely much as 37.6% for men and 52.6% for women(p<0.05). 3. In case of brushing teeth, 2 times a day is the first rank of 52.3% on the frequency of toothbrushing and the time when brush your teeth after breakfast, lunch and dinner is 22.2%, 16.5% and 20.3% respectively. Below 2 minutes is 64.7% and over 3 minutes is 10.3% on how long do you brush your teeth. With regard to the method on how to brush teeth, `up, down & across' is the first rank of 35.2%. In case of utilization of oral hygiene utensils, the number of resident who is `not used' occupies 62.5%. 4. In the knowledge of oral health, 60.7% of residents replied that the cause of dental carious is the infection by the bacteria. The relationship between the smoking and oral health, 50.5% of them replied `Not relevant' and 33.6% of them replied `Relevant'. The average point of the correct response rate of 9 items related with the knowledge of oral health is merely showed up as 3.39 point. Therefore, it shows up that the knowledge and education related with the prevention of oral disease is much deficient.
Effect of bleaching on human teeth and reduced treatment on negative influence -Review
Choi, Jae-Yoon ; Shim, Youn-Soo ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 481~493
The purpose of the review article was to summarize and discuss the available information concerning the effect of bleaching on human teeth and reduced treatment on negative influence. Tooth bleaching effect was differ from extent of concentration and application period of a tooth bleaching agent, certainly full knowledge prior treatment about adverse effect possible appearance and follow clinical treatment for the least reduce. It remains unclear in how far those observation may result in significant adverse effect under clinical conditions. Nevertheless, further investigation are necessary to elucidate these aspect more precisely. The findings of the study were as follows : 1. It is recommended to delay placement of restorations after termination of bleaching therapy for at least 1-3 weeks. 2. Reduced negative influence that is clinical feasibility of catalase in protecting bleached surface against Oxygen radical. 3. The residual peroxide in tooth after bleaching seems to be removed by gradual diffusion and it may be possible to eliminate the adverse effect on tooth by using water displacement solution, ethylalcohol and aceton including it for effective removal of free radical oxygen.
A Study on the Bad Breath of Some Dental Students and Other Students
Choi, Jung Mi ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 6, issue 4, 2006, Pages 495~503
This study investigated the awareness of bad breath, using the self administered questionnaires, in order to get to the bottom of the bad breath problem among dental students and other students in some region. A total of 121 questionnaires were collected out of 128 questionnaires. Moreover, Oralchroma which can measure the degree of bad breath based on the pinpointed distinction of volatile sulphur compound was used, and the following conclusion was drawn. 1. 89.6% of respondents said that they thought that had the bad breath, whereas 7.8% said that they did not think that they had any bad breath. but the truth of the matter was that all of the respondents was confirmed they had any bad breath. 2. 95.6% of respondents said that they felt that they had the most serious bad breath right after they got up, and 61.1% said that they felt that the bad breath was mostly from the tongue. 3. Generally, it turned out that bad breath causing factors were found to have high correlation except H2S and