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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on Oral Health Projects for the Disabled in public health center
Woo, Seung-Hee ; Kim, Youn-Jung ; Gkuk, Jung-Suk ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 1~11
Oral health projects that cater to the disabled should be more prevailing in order to ensure the maintenance and successful promotion of the oral health of disabled people. 70 public dental clinics that conducted oral health projects geared toward the disabled were examined to get a precise grip on their oral health projects. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. 31 out of 70 public dental clinics investigated(44.3%) were equipped with two or more dental hygienists who were professional human resources in charge of the oral health projects for the disabled. As for the age and disability type of the beneficiaries of the oral health projects, adolescents(74.3%) and people with mental retardation(87.1%) benefited most from the oral health projects. Concerning the most common implementation frequency of the projects, the projects were carried out once to three times a week(62.9%). 2. The most dominant oral disease treatment provided to disabled people was amalgam treatment and resin treatment(68.6%), which were the early dental caries treatment. The most common preventive treatment that was offered to improve their oral health was oral prophylaxis(82.9%). As for reform measures for the oral health projects, education of personnels in charge of the projects and their specialization(58.6%) were most emphasized. 3. Regarding factors related to the preventive oral health projects for the disabled, the implementation of oral prophylaxis and toothbrushing education was linked to the age of the beneficiaries. More oral prophylaxis was offered to teens, and more toothbrushing education was provided to preschoolers and adolescents. The age of the beneficiaries and the number of dental hygienists responsible for the projects had something to do with the application of fluorides. 4. Concerning the relationship of the preventive oral health projects for the disabled to the number of dental hygienists, one of the personnels in charge of the projects, the application of fluorides( 54.4%) and pit & fissure sealing(56.8%) were more prevalent when there were two or more dental hygienists. There was a statistically significant disparity in that regard(p<0.05). The above-mentioned findings illustrated that in order to boost the oral health of the disabled, dental hygienists who are responsible for the oral health projects for the disabled should put ceaseless efforts into fostering their professional knowledge and ability and offering quality service to disabled patients. Every public dental clinic should be equipped with plenty of professional personnels to enlarge the scope of treatment and ensure the efficiency of treatment and the preventive projects.
Influence of soft drinks supplemented calcium to enamel remineralization
Kim, Min-Young ; Lee, Hye-Jin ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 13~22
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation between calcium in soft drinks and enamel remineralization. Method: Six soft drinks were used in this study. These were calcium milk, normal milk, calcium yoghurt, normal yoghurt, calcium orange juice, and orange juice. Enamel specimens which 300- 400Vickers Hardness Number (VHN) were selected. These samples were immersed in each soft drink for 12 hours in an in vitro remineralization model. All specimens were processed for SEM image of the enamel surface. Results were analyzed by SPSS 13.0 package program. Results: Calcium milk was the most influential and normal yoghurt was the least to enamel surface. There was not significant difference according to calcium supplement in milk although the difference of enamel hardness was
in calcium milk, and
in normal milk (P>0.05). Other soft drinks showed a little change about calcium but they were insignificant. Demineralization effect was remarkably observed in calcium yoghurt (
) and this effect was confirmed by SEM images. In conclusion, calcium supplemented soft drinks had little influences to hardness of enamel surface.
A study of images of the elderly perceived by dental hygienists and their behaviors
Ji, Min-Gyeong ; Ahn, Kwon-Suk ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 23~36
This study lays its purpose on providing basic material for managing dental hygiene care programs by grasping images of the elderly perceived by dental hygienists and their behaviors toward the elderly, who have an important role in improving the elderly's dental health in the aging society. For these purposes, the researcher conducted a self-administrative questionnaire survey of 370 dental hygienists working in dental clinics or offices located in the Seoul and Daejeon areas from June 2 to 21 in 2008 and collected data, statistical analysis of the
-test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson Correlation used. resulting in the following findings. 1. In perceived images of the elderly according to their general characteristics, a subject group with under 8-year career showed 85.38 points, indicating the statistically significant difference (p=0.001). 2. When we look at perceived images of the elderly and behaviors toward them according their characteristics, in images of the elderly, a subject group with positive perceptions of the elderly showed 85.51 points (p=0.000), a subject group with meaningful old person(s), 84.66 points (p=0.000), a subject group living with old person(s), 86.04 points (p=0.001), and a subject group with experience in volunteer service activities, 84.11 points (p=0.001), and in behaviors toward the elderly, a subject group with positive perceptions of the elderly and with meaningful old person(s) showed 56.46 (p=0.036) and 55.91 points respectively, indicating the statistically significant difference (p=0.040). 3. Images of the elderly and behaviors toward them showed a positive correlation, indicating that the more positive images of the elderly, the more positive behaviors toward them (r=0.317). Putting these results together, it is thought that it is time to need continuous education and efforts regarding the formation of desirable relationships with and images of the elderly and behaviors toward them, for dental hygienists who have an important role in managing and enhancing the elderly's dental health in the aging society.
A study on usage status of auxiliary oral hygiene devices in service workers behavior
Kim, Myung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 37~52
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for oral health promotion of service worker and their effective interpersonal relationships forming through the evaluation about service workers' awareness of the auxiliary oral hygiene devices and using behavior of it. The survey was carried out questionnaire research targeting 400(service group 200, non-service group 200) and compared the two groups. The obtained results were as follow: 1. brushing behavior showed the highest ratio of 3~4 times/day(53.4%) in brushing frequency, up-down method(50.8%) in brushing method, after 5 minutes after the meals(45.0%) in brushing time, shape brush(56.6%) in brush change time. 2. service group used a lot more auxiliary oral hygiene devices than non-service group(50.9%). the frequency of use was toothpick(30.9%), gargle(29.9%), floss(13.5%), tongue cleaner(10.1%). 3. In comparison of two group about state of use, service group showed more higher ratio of floss(66.1%), tongue cleaner(64.4%), gargle(56.6%) than non-service group. non-service group showed more higher ratio of toothpick(54.6%) than service group 4. Service group used auxiliary oral hygiene devices by suggestions of dental clinic(53.6%) and didn't use them because of uncomfortable to use(45.4%) or didn't know how to use(21.6%). 5. As result of the awareness-related using rate of auxiliary oral hygiene devices, service group showed higher using ratio except toothpick than non-service group. especially gargle(54.8%), tongue cleaner(43.3%), floss(35.8%) were showed high. 6. service group took a regular checkups more than non-service group and showed the highest ratio of each 1 year(43.5%) in checkup period.
A study on the awareness and practice of the pregnant women about oral health care
Park, Young-Nam ; Shim, Chung-Sin ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 53~64
The purpose of this study examines the level of awareness and practice for the oral health care of the pregnant women, finding problems and proposing the problem point regarding hereupon and an improvement point by analyzing the result. Data for this study are collected by the questionnaire method from pregnant women who attend gynecology clinic located Gwangju provide for the period between December, 2007 and January, 2008. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The experience of oral health education for pregnant women were 'none' 94.8%, 'yes' 5.2%, the majority no received oral health education. 2. The awareness score of dietary treatment was 34.09 and practice score was 29.73, the awareness score of periodontitis prevention was 33.31 and practice score was 29.04. The awareness score of subsidiary oral hygiene articles was 32.19, practice score was 17.95. The awareness score was higher than practice score. 3. The relationship between the awareness and practice of oral health care was positively correlated: dietary treatment(r=0.483, p<0.01), periodontitis prevention (r=0.531, p<0.01), subsidiary oral hygiene articles (r=0.515, p<0.01), oral health care (r=0.531, p<0.01). Conclusion of these survey showed that it is crucial to increase the level of practice of oral health care. It is also necessarily to increase the level of awareness of the oral health care.
A study on perceived value of work having effect on organizational attitude of dental hygienists
Yoon, Hee-Suk ; Kim, Young-Sun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 65~72
This study has collected 322 clinical dental hygienists working in Daegu and around Daegu, in order to investigate perceived value of work among dental hygienists and extent of organizational attitude and find relationship between these, and we can finds these conclusions as follows; 1. The total average point of perceived value of work is 3.36(5 is a full mark), and we could gain each points as follows; vision realizability 3.53, process efficiency 3.42, product usefulness 3.32, job significance 3.31, social recognition 3.23. 2. The total average point of organizational attitude is 3.13, and job satisfaction, organizational commitment are 3.14, 3.12 respectively. 3. Variables of perceived value of work related job satisfaction are social recognition, vision realizability, process efficiency,(Social recognition is the most effective variable, and next vision realizability, process efficiency are effective in the order named.)(
=.24) and we could find that job satisfaction is proportion to perceived value of work, according to relationship of these variables. Variables of perceived value of work related to organizational commitment are also vision realizability, social recognition, process efficiency,(Vision realizability is the most effective variable, and next social recognition, process efficiency are effective in the order named.)(
=.32) and we could find that organizational commitment is proportion to perceived value of work, according to relationship of these variables. According to these result, perceived value of work and organization attitude(job satisfaction, organizational commitment) of dental hygienists are affirmative. but to make their attitudes be more affirmative, the research about improving perceived value of work is needed. Especially, vision realizability and social satisfaction are very important variables at perceived value of work of dental hygienists.
A Study of Factors of Oral Health Diseases among the Elderly
Ahn, Kwon-Suk ; Ji, Min-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 73~84
This study conducted an interview questionnaire survey of 245 old people in some halls for the aged in the Daejeon Metropolitan City from June 1 to 31, 2008. on their attitudes toward and practice items for oral health, resulting in the following findings. 1. In terms of socio-demographic characteristics of the subjects, males females were 48.2% and 51.8% respectively, and in the educational level, no-education, elementary school graduation, middle school graduation, and high school graduation and higher were 27.8%, 33.9%, 26.5%, and 11.8%, respectively, showing the statistically significant difference (p=0.009). 2. In terms of attitudes toward oral health management by oral health care education, regarding questions of use of oral and dental hygiene products (p=0.016), experience in scaling, and whether or not they wear false teeth (p=0.018), a group having received the education rather than a group not having received it showed more positive oral health management attitudes, indicating the statistically significant difference. 3. In daily living inconvenience of acute oral health diseases according to oral health care education, acute oral diseases presents in a group with the education (
) lower than in a group without the education (
), indicating the statistically significant difference(p=0.031). 4. Factors of oral health diseases showed the significant relation with types of health insurance, subjective systemic health status, acute diseases and subjective oral health status (p<0.01), and the explanatory power or the final model was 38%. Accordingly it is thought that there is the indicated need for analyzing and grasping factors related to oral health diseases among the elderly through considering their attitudes toward and practice for oral health, and developing programs of enhancing the oral health of the elderly in order for them to change their attitudes and habits, and also reinforcing oral health care education for the elderly focused on making them perform oral health behaviors in a right way.
Study of necessity of teenagers' drinking, mouth knowledge estimation by smoking and dental health education
Choi, Yun-Hwa ; Jee, Yun-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 85~98
This study is to enforce to ready basic data of effective dental education program and no smoking and no drinking program for high school students who do smoking and drinking, executed investigation by own recording way using smoking and questionnaire consisted of actual conditions and caries prevention awareness and dental health knowledge degree of drinking to some man high school. Analyzes result that total 487 people respond in SPSS WIN 13.0 programs and got following sequence. Result of this study is as following. 1. Mans high school students had more students who do not than a drinking student and main current received most soju. Third-year student appeared by thing which receive a lot of soju than 1 or 2 class student but different other difference was not seen by class. 2. Mans high school students had more students who do not than a smoking student and a student who smoke more than 3 years was the most. I can know was old since third-year student smokes than 1 or 2 class student. 3. It was not difference that keep in mind by drinking, smoking availability although there were many students who recognize that all of the on-time dental medical examination, sugar intake limitation, fluorine inclusion toothpaste, teeth fluorine application are seldom effective on caries prevention. 4. Recognized that right brushing is effective relatively on caries prevention. I was shown difference that recognized that righter brushing is effective on bad tooth courtesy call than a student who a student who do not smoke does, and keeps in mind according to smoking availability (
=6.78, p<0.05). 5. I knew best about question of 'A caries may not treat if is painless' among that question ask knowledge for a caries, and appeared by thing which do not know best about question of 'Know that method that supply fluorine in water'. 6. A student who do not drink general dental know-how for a caries was high knowledge degree for a caries than a drunk student but it was no difference that keep in mind by drinking availability. Also, a student who do not smoke by smoking availability was high knowledge degree for a caries than a done student but difference that keep in mind statistically was not seen. 7. It was no difference that keep in mind by drinking availability, but a student who do not smoke by smoking availability was high relation knowledge degree with food and a caries than a smoked student, and I was shown difference that keep in mind according to smoking availability(t=-2.03, p<0.05). 8. Awareness and synthetic estimation degree of knowledge degree a student who do not smoke than a smoked student mouth knowledge degree high, and I was shown difference that keep in mind according to smoking availability(t=-2.03, p<0.05). When see as result such as singularity, family, school, all social institutions may have to help by national business coming and try so that can become national business based on special know-how for development of effective and epoch-making education program as quickly as possible.
An Evaluation of the level of moral development of dental hygiene students by ethics education in the province of Jeonnam
Kim, Yun-Jeong ; Lim, Kun-Ok ; Yu, Mi-Sun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 99~106
This study was conducted to evaluated the level of moral development of dental hygiene students in Korea. Data were collected through self reported questionnaires received from 197 dental hygiene students from May 6 to 28, 2008. The Korean version of the DIT(Defining issues Test) was adopted to evaluate levels of moral development that the score of P(%) and stage 4. The data were analyzed by a descriptive analyses and t-test. The mean score of P(%) and stage 4 was
respectively. The score of P(%) revealed significant difference by experience of ethical education, medical ethics education and work ethics education and necessity of medical and work ethics education, clinical practice exercise. The score of stage 4 revealed significant differences by necessity of work ethics education, participation of ethics education and importance of ethics education. In conclusion, for enhancing dental hygienists' moral development it is necessary to improve the curriculum and to develop the ethics education.
A analysis on the Patient's awareness of periodontal diseases
Kim, Young-Im ; Heo, Hee-Young ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 107~114
The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of adult patients visiting dental clinics about periodontal diseases. The subjects in this study were 204 patients who paid a visit to five dental clinics and a dental hospital in the region of Jeonju. After a survey was conducted, the results were obtained as follows: 1. With regard to toothbrushing method, the most of the male patients(43.8%) brushed their teeth by rolling the toothbrushes up and down, and the most of the female patients(46.1%) did that both up and down and right and left. As to the influence of smoking, the largest number of the smokers(50.0%) and nonsmokers(40.4%) brushed their teeth both up and down and right and left. statistically significant differences were shown by gender and smoking(p<0.05). 2. As for knowledge acquisition route on periodontal diseases by gender, there was no way for the men(38.2%) to get the information, and the largest number of the women (43.4%) acquired the information through the internet. With respect to smoking, the largest numbers of the smokers(38.2%) and nonsmokers(37.5%) got the information by the internet, and statistically significant differences were found (p<0.05). 3. Concerning treatment method of periodontal diseases provided by the dental clinic, the largest number of the men(33.7%) got their teeth scaled, and the greatest group of the women(29.6%) had their gums treated. The treatment method made statistically significant differences by gender (p<0.05). Regarding smoking, the largest group of the smokers(32.4%) had their teeth scaled, and the largest number of the nonsmokers(28.7%) got their gums treated. significant differences were made statistically by smoking (p<0.05). 4. As to instruction on the prevention of periodontal diseases, the largest group(63.2%) intended to take that. The second (23.0%) was eager to do it, and the third(13.8%) was unwilling to do it.
A research on the actual condition of children's toothbrushing
Lee, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Young-Im ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 115~126
Purpose : The research which sees width for a wide gain and loss is about brush qualitative management of the child about dental hygiene of the child is investigated the brush qualitative actual condition. Methods : The data which is collected used SPSS(Statistical Package for the Social Science) WIN 11.5 programs and analyzed, a frequency and a percentage with analytical technique, in order to grasp the general quality of the investigation object person produced to examine is about the brush quality control actual condition of the children opinion t-test (verification) frequency analyses and
(Chi-square) verifications, executed. Result : The followings are the findings of this research. First, the children about the reason which wipes this 83.4% the thing protection dental caries answer back, followed in grade and considers the difference which was visible(p<0.001). Second, wipes whether to experience is educated answer back 83.0% was educated, followed in sex and considers the difference which was visible(p<0.05). Third, when 1 time is brush quality of the children doing, in grade and the time when becomes disturbance was, most between 2~3 minutes followed considers the difference which was visible(p<0.01). Fourth, when 1 time is brush quality of the children doing, in grade and the time when becomes disturbance was, most between 2~3 minutes followed considers the difference which was visible(p<0.01). Fifth, when 1 time is brush quality of the children doing, in grade and the time when becomes disturbance was, most between 2~3 minutes followed considers the difference which was visible(p<0.05, p<.001). Sixth, Use duration of the toothbrush the child of most was 3~6 months, according to grade and sex was visible the difference which considers. Conclusion : Are oral healthily of the children is the knowledge which relates with a brush quality and practical degree important. Therefore this there must be dental health education program development will be able to improve, means must reflect the dental health education at the time of.
A Survey on Mothers' Awareness of Nursing Bottle Caries according to Infants' Age
Min, Hee-Hong ; Lee, Mi-Ra ; Ji, Min-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 127~138
Dental caries in infants is a representative oral disease causing the malocclusion of permanent dentition and developmental variations in the permanent teeth, so it is very important to manage caries in infants. Thus, in order to survey mothers who visited pediatric dentistry concerning their awareness of nursing bottle caries and to obtain data necessary for developing education materials to prevent nursing bottle caries, the present study conducted a survey using a self reporting questionnaire with 205 mothers who visited the Pediatric Dentistry of a dental hospital in Cheonan with a child aged below 5 during the period from June 7 to August 2 in 2008, and obtained results as follows. 1. The awareness of dental caries was highest in the group aged over 37 months 96.8%, and next in order of age 13~24 months 96.5%, 25~36 months 94.5%, and younger than 13 months 83.3%. 2. The awareness of nursing bottle caries was highest in infants aged over 37 months 58.7%, and next, in 13~24 months 57.9% and in 25~36 months 54.8%, and lowest in infants younger than 13 months 33.3%, suggesting the necessity of education on nursing bottle caries(p=0.423). 3. As to the time of the first visit to dental clinic, 50.0% of infants younger than 13 months, 52.6% of those aged 13~24 months, and 49.3% of those aged 25~36 months replied the completion of the eruption of primary teeth, and 36.5% of those aged over 37 months replied the occurrence of dental caries. Thus, the motives for visiting dental clinic were different among the age groups, and the differences were statistically significant(p=0.005). 4. The age of toothbrushing to be started by mother's opinion was 6 months in 0.5%, 12 months in 68.8%, 18 months in 22.9%, 24 months in 5.9%, and 25 months in 1.0%, and no statistically significant difference was observed according to age. 5. The number of toothbrushing was usually once a day after meal. and increased by in age was shown statistically significantly difference(p=0.035). 6. The most frequent method of preventing nursing bottle caries was regular toothbrushing in all the age groups, and next restriction of sugar intake, regular dental consultation, and fluoridation in order The most effective prevention of dental caries was regular visit to dental clinic and next, toothbrushing after meal.
Growth Inhibition of S.mutans by using fluorine and reproducing the test method by measuring the pH change in the culture solution
Jee, Yun-Jeong ; Choi, Yun-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 139~148
A fluorine solution was used to measure the growth of S.mutans and the pH changes were also measured in order to find an effective and preventative dentistry lab within a limited time for the dental hygiene department curriculum and the following results were obtained. 1. In the growth comparison of S.mutans, the culture medium of the experiment group with fluorine weighed 0.3g and the culture medium with no fluorine weighed 0.5g, which shows that the growth rate of S.mutans is significantly decreased in the culture medium with the fluorine. 2. The pH7.8 of the culture medium was not nearly changed; it became 7.0 after culturing with fluoride, however the pH was significantly decreased to 3 in the culture medium that had no fluorine. 3. Since it has been proven that the fluorine can control the growth of germs, it is believed that the effect of fluorine as a cavity preventative should be emphasized to students and in addition, it will help students transmit the effect of fluoride to their patients since this knowledge has been acquired through practice. 4. It is considered that this is a simple test protocol providing effective results in the microorganism and preventive dentistry lab within a limited time and furthermore, it will furnish the students of dental hygiene with comprehensive accessibility to dental hygiene curriculum.
Comparison study of oral health care and dental treatments about the use of oral hygiene devices among the patients
Lee, Hyung-Suk ; Kim, Young-Sun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 149~160
This study has been performed for patients who visited dental clinic in Daegu and kyungpook area. The oral health care, dental treatments about the use of oral hygiene devices were obtained through self-administering questionnaires from 1 to 30, August, 2006. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The average percent of using dental floss was 34.2%, followed by interproximal brush was 33.9%, mouthrinse was 33.5%, electric toothbrush was 19.6%, orthodontic brush was 10.6%, and tongue cleaner was 10.2%. 2. Poor to perceive oral health was 36.4% in the patients who perceived oral hygiene device, and there was statistically significant difference (p<0.05). Moderate to perceive oral health was 40.8% in the patients who using oral hygiene device, and there was also statistically significant difference (p<0.05). 3. In the patients who 3 or 4 times toothbrushing a day, the average percent of perceived oral hygiene device was 67.7%, and the average percent of using oral hygiene device was 59.8% (p<0.05). In the patients who had experience of toothbrush education, the average percent of perceived oral hygiene device was 81.8%, and the average percent of using oral hygiene device was 58.1% (p<0.05). 4. The average percent of perceived oral hygiene device was 67.9% in dental implant treated patient, and was 69.0% in patients with cold teeth (p<0.05). The average percent of using oral hygiene device was 64.2% in prosthesis treated patient, and was 83.3% in patients with cold teeth (p<0.05). The average percent of non-using oral hygiene device was 67.6% in orthodontic treated patient (p<0.05). 5. In patient with periodontal disease, the average percent of using interproximal brush was 44.3%, followed by dental floss was 35.4%, mouthrinse was 27.8%, and electric toothbrush was 21.5%. In prosthesis treated patient, the average percent of using interproximal brush was 31.6%, followed by dental floss was 28.9%, and mouthrinse was 23.7%. In orthodontic treated patient, the average percent of using orthodontic brush was 82.4%, followed by interproximal brush was 64.7%, and mouthrinse was 47.1%. In dental implant treated patient, the average percent of using interproximal brush was 50.0%, followed by mouthrinse was 46.4%, and dental floss was 25.0%.
A Study on the Current State and Weight of Dental Hygienists' Works
Kim, Young-Suk ; Shin, Min-Woo ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 8, issue 3, 2008, Pages 161~175
With the change of medical environment, people are taking interest not just in treatment but in the prevention of oral diseases. As people's interest in oral diseases increases, the number of dental institutions is increasing continuously and this is heightening the necessity and importance of professional dental hygienists equipped with expert knowledge of oral health. Thus the present study purposed to survey and analyze the current state and weight of works carried out by dental hygienists, and to propose dental hygienists' works desirable in the medical environment changing its focus from treatment to prevention. The results of this study are as follows; 1. In the results of dividing dental hygienists' works into oral examination and preliminary examination, preventive works, assistance to dental treatment, oral health education, hospital administration and management, and surveying the performance rate of these works, the work of the highest performance rate in preliminary examination was collection of patients' systemic history (87.6%). It was also scaling (96.9%) in preventive dental treatment, preparation for treatment (96.5%) in assistance to dental treatment, education on the toothbrushing method (92.3%) in oral health education, and tool disinfection and management (72.2%) in hospital administration and management. 2. When the performance rate was surveyed according to age, institution, and work experience, the performance rate by work area was highest in dental hygienists aged between 27~28, those working at a dental clinic, and those with 4~6 years' work experience. 3. The weight of dental hygienists' works was high in order of assistance to dental treatment (59.1%), observation of oral health condition and preliminary examination (12.4%), oral health education (12.4%), hospital administration and management (10.4%), and preventive dental treatment (5.8%), but in the results of surveying perception on the importance of works, the importance was high in order of oral health education (34.7%), preventive dental treatment (29.0%), observation of oral health condition and preliminary examination (19.3%), assistance to dental treatment (11.2%), and hospital administration and management (5.8%), showing that the weight of works carried out current was different from perception on the weight of works regarded as important. 4. To the question on parts to be developed in response to the change of medical environment, the most frequent answers were the establishment of their roles as preventive dental practitioners (75.7%), and the establishment of their roles as oral health educators (74.9%). This was consistent with the works that dental hygienists gave the highest weight to, and suggested that dental hygienists regarded preventive dental treatment as most important. Development of abilities to give counsel to patients was 55.2%, acquisition of theoretical knowledge of dental treatment 42.1%, improvement in quality as a hospital manager 28.2%, and acquisition of skills to assist dental treatment 23.2%. These show that, even with regard to the development of future oriented dental hygienists' capacities, assistance to dental treatment was perceived less important as it was with regard to the importance of work.