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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Dec 1998
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Aug 1998
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Apr 1998
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A Study on the Plasma Characterization of Semiconductor Bridge
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 1~13
When driven with a short (less than 30
) low-energy pulse, the semiconductor bridge(SCB) produces a hot plasma that ignites explosive. The shape of plasma was observed using ultra high speed camera, the generation and the duration time of plasma were estimated by analyzing the ultra high speed camera image. The more energy supplied, the sooner the formation of the plasma was, and the size of the plasma was increased in proportion. The voltage variation of the bridge was measured and analyzed by comparing with the ultra high speed camera image.
Analysis of Particle Laden Flow and Erosion Rate Around Turbine Cascade
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 14~23
The present study investigates numerically particle laden flow through compressor cascade. In general, a lot of turbine engines are affected by various particles which are suspending in the atmosphere. Especially in the case of aircraft aviating in volcanic, industrial and desert region including many particles, each components of engine system are damaged severely. That damage modes are erosion of compressor binding and rotor path components, partial or total blockage of cooling passage and engine control system degradation.. Initial damages can not be serious but cumulation of damages influences on safety of aircraft control and economical maintenance cost of engine system can be increased. When dust, materials and volcanic particles in the atmosphere flow in the compressor, it is necessary to predict damaged and deposited region of compressor blades. To the various flow inlet angle, predictions of particles trajectory in compressor cascade by Lagrangian method are presented and impulses by impaction of particles at blade surface are calculated. By the definition of particle deposition efficiency, characteristics of particles impact are considered quantitatively. With these prediction and experimental data, erosion rates are predicted for two materials - ceramic, soft metal - on compressor blade surface. Improvements like coating of blade surface could be found, by above prediction.
An experimental study on the characteristics of spray pattern by the Airblast Atomizer
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 24~29
An experimental study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of spray pattern such as discharge coefficient, spray angle, and mass distribution for two-fluid airblast swirl injector, within the range of fluid supply pressure 0~13kg/
. In general atomization is promoted with increasing total gas mass flow and performance of the splay pattern was more stable when radial mass flow was greater than axial mass flow, radial swirler was better than Axial swirler for atomization. Equivalent spray angle did not change with water mass flow except for the condition of 3kg/
and showed the same for the gas mass flow. Mass distribution from the patternator shows that maximum value of the distribution were lowered but distributed larger area when gas flow rate increased. Center of mass position did not change with increasing water mass flow.
Stability Analysis of Wakes with Chemical Reaction
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 30~37
This paper investigates the linear stability of wakes with special emphasis on the effect of chemical reaction. Velocity and density profiles for laminar flows are obtained from analytic profiles as well as from simulation. Wakes have two generalized inflection points and two unstable modes-sinuous and varicose modes. For analytical laminar profiles, sinuous modes are more unstable than varicose modes irrespective of density variation, which shows wakes will be destabilized by sinuous modes. Large velocity difference and density difference lead to more unstable wakes due to large momentum difference. For simulated laminar profiles, chemical reaction with stoichiometric chemistry increases temperature and stabilizes the flow due to increase in compressible reacting wades, flow becomes stable as velocity increases due to viscous dissipation.
Design of Robust Feedback Controller for Turbo let Engine : Time Domain Approach
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 38~46
A theoretical and an empirical application of the speed control of a single-shaft turbo-jet engine was done using an observer for Linear Quadratic Gausian(LQG) that is one of the robust control fields. Based on a general controller design with state feedback, a controller with output feedback was designed to find out a sufficient condition in finding an Asymptotic Stability After defining of the total system through the modeling of a real turbo-jet engine, a Tracking Control was carried out. Furthermore, a saturation of the control input was theoretically considered in the output feedback controller to simulate more similar real condition.
A Study on Steady-State Performance Analysis and Dynamic Simulation for Medium Scale Civil Aircraft Turbofan Engine (I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 47~55
Steady-state and transient performance for the medium scale civil aircraft turbofan engine was analyzed. Steady-state performance was analyzed on maximum take-off condition, maximum climb condition, and cruise condition. At 90％RPM of the low pressure compressor, the partload performance was economized. The transient performance was analyzed with cases of the step increase, the ramp increase, the ramp decrease, and the step increase and ramp decrease for the input fuel flow. For the transient performance analysis, work matching between compressor and turbine was needed. Modified Euler method was used the integration of residual torque in work matching equation. At all flight condition, the overshoot of the high pressure turbine inlet temperature was appeared in the step and ramp increase case, and the surge of high pressure compressor was appeared in the step increase case and the ramp increase case within 5.5 seconds of maximum climb condition.
Effect of Free Stream Turbulence Intensity on Heat/Mass Transfer Characteristics Around a Film Cooling Hole
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 56~63
The present study investigated local heat transfer characteristics around a film cooling hole with variations of free stream turbulence intensity The film cooling jet is injected through a single hole inclined at
to the surface and laterally at
for the blowing rates of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0. Turbulence generating grids are used at upstream of the film cooling hole to change the turbulence intensity of free stream. Free stream turbulence intensity without grids is 0.5%. Two different turbulence generating grid is installed at different at locations upstream of the film cooling hole so that turbulence intensity of free stream varies from 3% to 10%. The naphthalene sublimation technique has been employed to determine local heat/ mass transfer coefficients. With low free stream turbulence intensity, heat/mass transfer augmented area by coolant or free stream is distinguished evidently. However, when free stream turbulence intensity is high, heat transfer is enhanced in all region and heat transfer enhanced regions are not clearly divided due to vigorous mixing of coolant and free stream. The peak values of heat/mass coefficients are decreased and the distributions of heat/mass transfer coefficients are more uniform with high turbulence intensity. The effect of turbulence intensity on heat transfer characteristics is more evident as blowing rate is higher.
A Study on the Influence of S Shaped Annular Duct on the Centrifugal Compressor Performance
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 64~73
In twin spool aero-engine, there may be a S shaped annular duct between high pressure and low pressure spools. The flow passing this S shaped duct experiences the flow acceleration and deceleration due to the convex and concave surface of the duct as well as the increase of blockage according to the boundary layer growth along the surfaces. So, the high pressure compressor which is located behind the S shaped duct is influenced by the non-uniform flow field generated by the geometry of inlet duct. To study the influence of the S shaped duct on the centrifugal stage, performance tests were implemented for the compressor with straight cylindrical inlet duct and with S shaped inlet duct, respectively. The test results showed that the performance, such as pressure ratio and efficiency, of the compressor with S shaped duct was worse than that of the compressor with cylindrical duct. And the compressor with S shaped duct had reduced maximum flow rate around design speed. To investigate the cause of performance degradation, flow anlaysis was performed for the impeller in front of which is located S shaped annular duct. The result of CFD showed the strong acceleration of the flow in the axial direction around the inducer tip region which caused the increase of relative mach number and the decrease of incidence angle of the flow.
Performance Analysis of a 3 Pressured Combined Cycle Power Plant
Kim, S. Y. ; K. S. Oh ; Park, B. C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 74~82
Combined cycle power plant is a system where a gas turbine or a steam turbine is used to produce shaft power to drive a generator for producing electrical power and the steam from the HRSG is expanded in a steam turbine for additional shaft power. The temperature of the exhaust gases from a gas turbine ranges from
, and can be used effectively in a heat recovery steam generator to produce steam. Combined cycle can be classed as a topping and bottoming cycle. The first cycle, to which most of the heat is supplied, is a Brayton gas turbine cycle. The wasted heat it produces is then utilized in a second process which operates at a lower temperature level is a steam turbine cycle. The combined gas and steam turbine power plant have been widely accepted because, first, each separate system has already proven themselves in power plants as an independent cycle, therefore, the development costs are low. Secondly, using the air as a working medium, the operation is relatively non- problematic and inexpensive and can be used in gas turbines at an elevated temperature level over
. The steam process uses water, which is likewise inexpensive and widely available, but better suited for the medium and low temperature ranges. It therefore, is quite reasonable to use the steam process for the bottoming cycle. Recently gas turbine attained inlet temperature that make it possible to design a highly efficient combined cycle. In the present study, performance analysis of a 3 pressured combined cycle power plant is carried out to investigate the influence of topping cycle to combined cycle performance. Present calculation is compared with acceptance performance test data from SeoInchon combined cycle power plant. Present results is expected to shed some light to design and manufacture 150~200㎿ class heavy duty gas turbine whose conceptual design is already being undertaken.
An effect of design parameters of water injection silencer on the characteristics of noise generated by Liquid Rocket Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 83~87
To reduce the supersonic jet noise from the liquid rocket engine, water injetion silencers were designed and tested. Test variables were the mass flow rate of water jet, the length of primary pipe and the diameter of expansion pipe. Followings are the results of this study. 1. From the same mass flow rate of water, longer primary pipe was more effective to reduce the noise. 2. Noise level was significantly reduced with increasingly water flow rate. 3. The optimum water flow rate was 10～12 times of the propellant flow rate. 4. By installing expansion pipe, noise level was reduced approximately 30㏈ compared to without expansion pipe
Shock Waveform Synthesis for Shock Response Spectrum Test by Using Wavelets
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 88~98
A waveform for shock response spectrum test on a shaker is synthesized using wavelets such that a specified shock response spectrum of a test profile is achieved. The parameters of a wavelet are center frequency, amplitude, number of half cycles, delay and polarity. The amplitude of each wavelet component is iteratively adjusted so a specified shock response spectrum is matched. The waveform so synthesized is regarded as a reference acceleration waveform for a shaker shock response spectrum test. The author proposes the use of a long duration and low peak waveform. The usefulness of this approach is illustrated with some examples.
Test and Evaluation for the Mixing Quality in the Premixer of DLE Combustor
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 99~107
A test on venturi-type premixer of ASE120 engine combustor has been performed to evaluate its mixing performance. Cold air was supplied into the premixer through the fuel nozzle and mixed with the hot air from the compressor exit. The measured temperature of the mixed air was used to evaluate the mixedness. DOE(Design of Experiment) technique was utilized to make a test matrix of variables and to determine the optimum combination of variables, which was verified through a confirmation test.
Quality Assurance of Aircraft Engine Parts Using Accelerated Mission Test
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 108~117
Testing and evaluation was carried out to certify quality assurance of localized engine parts using accelerated mission test method, which has been used to verify qualification or substantiation of the developed engine, improved engine components and engineering changed parts since 1976. Because AMT is not a familiarized testing for quality assurance of engine and localized engine parts in korea, through this testing and evaluation, it is presented the concepts, test procedures and evaluation method of AMT and is proposed the possibility of execution AMT, as a tool for qualification or substantiation test of a development engine or components.
하이브리드 로켓 추진기관
Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers, volume 2, issue 2, 1998, Pages 118~121