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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Applied Superconductivity and Cryogenics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Nov 2001
Volume 3, Issue 1 - May 2001
Selecting the target year
RRR Behavior due to Fatigue Damage in NbTi Superconductor Cable
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~5
In order to investigate the effect of fatigue damage on the properties of RRR in this study. fatigue tests at room temperature and residual resistivity measurement tests at 12K were carried out using annealed 9 strand Cu-Ni/NbTi/Cu composite cables Through fatigue tests of NbTi composite cables. a conventional S-N curve could be obtained even though there existed a possibility of fretting among strands, From the resistivity measurement of a NbTi strand after fatigue test, it was found that the RRR of xii·gin strand for annealed cables was 3 times more than that for as-received one. With increasing of fatigue cycles at a sress amplitude level. the RRR decreased. which was resulted from the accumulation of damage such as lattice defects and dislocation within the Cu stabilizer.
Effect of External Reinforcement on Stress/strain Characteristics of Critical Current in Ag Alloy Sheathed Bi-2212 Superconducting Tapes
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 6~10
Stress/stram dependencies of the critical current
in AgMgNi sheathed multifilamentary Bi(2212) superconducting tapes were evaluated at 77K, 0T. The external reinforcement was accomplished by soldering Ag-Mg tapes to sin91e side or both sides of the sample. With the external reinforcement. the strength of tapes increased but
, decreased The
, degradation characteristic according to the external reinforcement was improved markedly in terms of the stress although it appeared less rectal.table on the basis of the strain. Effects of external reinforcement were discussed in a viewpoint of monitoring sensitivity of cracking in superconducting filaments by considering n-value representing the transport behavior of the current. It is closely associated with the location of them relative to the voltage-monitoring region in the tape.
Analysis of normal Bone propagation characteristics in a high-temperature superconducting tape
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 11~15
Stability of a Bi-2223/Ag tape was studied by using a numerical model considering the temperature distribution of cross-sectional area. The dynamic evolution of normal zone of a HTS tape can be shown by the developed two-dimensional Program using finite difference method. Two kinds of analyses are compared to quantify the critical disturbance energy for quenching HTS tapes. One is the length-thickness(x-r) side and the other is the length-width(x-z) side. For each case. the governing energy balance equations and corresponding boundary conditions are formulated. The results of analyses shows that the critical disturbance energies for each cases seem to be very close for considered Bi-2223/Ag tape .
Study on Bubble Behavior with the Simulated Electrode System of High Temperature Superconducting Coils for Electric Power System
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 16~21
Bubble behavior is studied with an electrode system which consists of coaxial spiral coil-to-cylindrical electrode with an insulation barrier and spacers and is immersed in liquid nitrogen for simulation of insulation environments in high temperature superconducting(HTS) coils The results show that the bubble behavior Is affected severely by electric field: (1) under low applied voltage bubbles rise by buoyancy, but at higher applied voltage they are trapped in a lower electric field region below the coil electrode, and (2) the trapped bubble flows along the downside of coil electrode if no obstruction is in a groove between coil turns. but it splashes out of the groove after its growing if the obstruction such as spacer-exists
Design of Hybrid Superconductor Bearing Set for a Flywheel System with Vertical Axis
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 22~28
A vortical axis flywheel system was conceptualized, which uses a hybrid superconductor bearing set to carry the wheel part load. The multiple designs of magnetic bearing and superconductor bearing were analyzed by using conventional numerical magnetostatic analysis method The best medels were selected among four different types of Permanent magnet bearings for upper bearing and two types of superconductor bearing for lower bearing, respectively These results were discussed in regard of application to the flywheel system with a Passive hybrid magnetic bearing set.
Fault Current Characteristics of a Bi-2223 Tape
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 29~34
A Bi-2223 tape has been developed for low-field Power applications such as Power cables or transformers working at liquid nitrogen temperature For such applications it is required to understand fault current characteristics of the Bi-2223 tape. In this paper we report fault current characteristics using two types of samples, straight sample and pancake coil sample. It was found that the fault current characteristics of the Bi-2223 tape are independent of external fields and frequencies . However they depend on electrical insulations and fault durations strong1y Also it was shown that the fault current characteristics in the insulated straight sample are similar to those in the pancake sample with a conductor insulation. Finally. it was shown that the Pancake sample with a layer insulation has better characteristics than that with a conductor insulation fur fault currents.
Optimum Design of Multi-Stacking Current Lead Using HTS Tapes
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 35~39
The optimum cross-sectional area profile of gas-cooled high-temperature superconductor(HTS) current lead is analyzed to have minimum helium boil-off rate. The conventional constant area HTS lead has much higher helium consumption than the optimum HTS lead considered in this study. The optimum HTS lead has variable cross-sectional area to have constant satiety factor. An analytical formula of optimum shape of lead and temperature profile are obtained. For multi-stacking HTS current leads, the optimum tape lengths and minimum heat dissipation rate are also formulated. The developed formulations are applied to the Bi-2223 material, and the differences between constant area, constant safety-factor, and multi-stacking current leads are discussed.
Operational Characteristics of a Superconducting Fault Current Limiter with an Open Core
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 40~44
Recently. the high-tc superconducting fault col-rent limiters (SFCL) are studied worldwide to be classified as a resistive type or an inductive type such as a magnetic shielding type and a inductive type. The high-tc SFCL wish an open core belongs to the magnetic shielding type SFCL. Unlike conventional magnetic shielding type SFCLS it uses the open core to reduce the mechanical vibrations and installation space, The high-tc SFCL with an open core was designed and manufactured by stacking three BSCCO 2212 tubes. It was tested in the maximum source voltage of 400 Vrms. The results such as the reduction of fault current and impedance of the SFCL are described in this paper. The results show that the fault current in the source voltage of 400 Vrms was reduced to be about 123 Apeak. about 3.9 times greater than the normal state current. Also, the impedance of the high-tc SFCL was about 9
about 9 times greater than the normal state impedance. The impedance of the SFCL appears just after the fault, and its size is dependent on the source voltage. From the impedance, the inductance of the SFCL was calculated
KSTAR Superconducting Magnet Supporting Post Prototype Manufacturing and Structural Load Test
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 45~49
A magnet supporting post installed between the lower TF coil tooled by 4.5 K supercritical helium and the cryostat base is one of the most important components of the superconducting magnet supporting structure for KSTAR Tokamak. This structure should be flexible to absorb thermal shrink of the magnet and also should be rigid to support the magnet weight and the Plasma disruptions load. The Post was designed with stainless steel 316LN and CFRP that have low thermal conductivity and high structural strength at low temperature. In order to verify the possibility of fabrication and the structural safety. a whole scale prototype of the KSTAR magnet supporting post was manufactured and tested. Static and compressive cyclic load tests under the maximum Plasma vertical disruption load and the magnet dead weight were performed. The teat results showed that the magnet supporting post of KSTAR Tokamak was possible to manufacture and structurally rigid
Superconductor Flywheel Energy Storage system with A Horizontal Axle
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 50~55
A new type of flywheel energy storage system that has a horizontal axle with High
, superconductor bearings using Y123 single-domained crystals was developed.The dynamic Properties, stiffness and damping of the high
, superconductor radial bearings were experimentally estimated using a imbalance excitation method. The imbalance excitation method applied to this rotor- bearing system identified the identified stiffness and damping of the high temperature superconductor beatings to be 2.8
Thermal stability of superconducting systems conduction-cooled by cryocooler
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 56~63
The thermal stability conditions are investigated for superconducting magnet systems cooled conductively by cryocooler without liquid cryogens. The worst scenario in the systems is that the heat generation in the resistive state exceeds the refrigeration. causing a rise in the temperature of the magnet winding and leading to the burnout. It is shown by an analytical solution that in the continuous resistive state, the temperature may increase indefinitely or a stable steady-state may be reached, depending upon the relative size of the magnet with respect to the refrigeration capacity of the cryocooler. The stability criteria include the temperature-dependent Properties of the magnet materials and the refrigeration characteristics of the cryocooler. A useful graphical scheme is Presented and discussed to demonstrate the physical importance of the results.
An Experimental Study of The J-T Cryocooler with Mixed Refrigerant
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 64~68
An experimental study on the Joule-Thomson cryocooler with the mixed refrigerant (MR) is described in this paper, J-T refrigeration experiment was performed with a single stage regular air-conditioning compressor The mixed refrigerant in the experiment was composed of 75% mol fraction of
. 30% moi fraction of CH
. 30% moi fraction of
. 10% mot fraction of
and 15% mot fraction of iso-C
. Oil mist in the MR stream could be eliminated completely by the glass microfiber filter. Since a single stage compressor that had been designed thor R22 is not appropriate for high Pressure ratio of the mixed refrigerant especially during the transient period. two modifications were incorporated to regular J-T refrigeration cycle. First. a Portion of the MR was by-passed at the inlet of the heat exchanger and transferred directly to 7he suction of the compressor in the modified system. Second, a buffer volume was Prepared to change the mass flow rate of refrigerant. The pressure ratio in J-T expansion device was relieved at the beginning of the operation due to the by-Pass scheme. but it gradually decreased during the transient Process as some of the MR component condensed at low temperature. The buffer volume at the suction side was used to increase the MR gas density in the system after the transient cool-down period. Form the experiment with the modified system, the refrigerator could reach the lowest temperature of -152
without cooling load. and about -15
with 5 W of cooling load . . . .
A Study on the Development of a Cryogenic Air Separation Unit to Produce High Purity Nitrogen
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 69~73
For developing the cryogenic air separation unit, it requires some technology such as basic process design. equipment design and manufacturing based on the cryogenic physical properties and separation theory. In this study, we developed a process and equipment for producing high purity nitrogen which has the production capacity of 1600N㎥/h under 1 ppm
. Also we found that the number of theoretical plate(NTP) of distillation column was 44 and maximum nitrogen recovery ration of this process was 42% from the process simulation. The performance test was also carried out for the nitrogen recovery ratio and equipment efficiency. The results showed that the optimum nitrogen recovery was 41% and the maximum equipment efficiency was attained.