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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Applied Superconductivity and Cryogenics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Nov 2001
Volume 3, Issue 1 - May 2001
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Evaluation of Mechanical Properties in Bi-2223 Composite Superconducting Tapes
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 1~4
For the practical use of a superconducting wire to magnet application, it is important to assess the Young modulus and other mechanical properties of HTS tapes. In order to establish a test method of mechanical properties for oxide composite superconductors. tensile tests of Bi-2223 multi- filamentary tapes were carried out at room temperature, as an activity of the International round robin test proposed by the committee of VAMAS/TWA 16-Subrgroup. The tapes consisting of mutli-filamentary showed a three stage tensile behavior. At the initial stage of the stress-streain curve. The elastic deformation existed in a quite nattrow strain region. But the plastic deformation was observed in a wide strain region due to the platic flow of the Ag alloy matrix. The results of RRT were also reported and discussed.
Quench Characteristic of the Model Coil for a
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 5~9
For the development of a small-sized superconducting magnetic energy storage(
SMES) system we designed, fabricated and tested a model coil consisting of five coils with different features. e.g. winding tensions. bore diameters and materials. cooling channels. The results show that even in the highly pre-stressed small coil the quench currents of the coils are degraded to about 70% of their coils critical current. The quench currents of the coils with natrow cooling channels are two times as high as that of the coil without spacers. The test results also indicate that the usual training effect depends on the winding tensions of the coils according to materials of the bobbin.
Effect of compact HTS superconduction 7ower cable and evaluation of its economical efficiency
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 10~14
This paper presents the possible application of a HTS superconducting power cable fro transmitting electric power in metropolitan areas, reflecting its important distinction such as compactness for installa-tion in underground ducts and considerable efficiency improvement comparable to present underground cables. In this paper, we investigated characteristic and market scale compact HTS transmission cable which is possible to install in under-ground ducts. and reviewed its economical efficiency comparing to present existed CV cable construction and duct or tunnel installation
Experiment of Flux pump for High Temperature Superconductor Insert coils of NMR magnets
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 15~20
This paper describes a model flux pump experiment recently performed at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. The results of the model flux pump will be used in the development of a prototype flux pump that will be couple to a high-temperature superconductor (HTS) insert coil of a high-field NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) magnet, Such an HTS insert is unlikely to operate in persistent model because of the conductors low index(n) The flux pump can compensate fro field decay in the HTS insert coil and make the insert operate effectively in persistent mode . The flux pump, comprised essentially of a transformer an two switches. all made of superconductor, transfers into the insert coil a fraction of a magnetic energy that is first introduced in the secondary circuit of the transformer by a current supplied to the primary circuit. A model flux pump has been designed. fabricated, and operated to demonstrate that a flux pump can indeed supply a small metered current into a load superconducting magnet. A current increment in the range of microamperes has been measured in the magnet after each pumping action. The superconducting model flux pump is made of Nb
Sn tape, The pump is placed in a gaseous environment above the liquid helium level to keep its heat dissipation from directly discharged in the liquid: the effluent helium vapor maintains the thermal stability of the flux pump.
Superconducting Synchronous Motor Design considering Machine Losses
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 21~26
Superconducting synchronous generators and motors are designed based on 2 dimensional electro-magnetic approach. In the case of generator, if the machine output rating and terminal voltage are decided the armature rating current will be decided automatically according to its power factor. However, in the case of motor, if the output rating is given with [hp] or [kw] units, the armature terminal voltage and current are not decided directly because the machines armature input power and mechanical output are different by way of losses. So in order to calculate the armature current more accurately. the machine losses must be included in the design procedure. In this paper the machine loss of superconducting motor are analyzed and used for decision of the armature input power and current. Moreover, the differences of voltage equations between superconducting synchronous generator and motor are considered.
Estimation of Bubble Behavior and PD Initiation Voltage in the Simulated Electrode System of High Temperature Superconducting Coil
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 27~31
This paper deals with the numerical estimation of the bubble behavior and the partial discharge (PD) initiation voltage on the basis of electric field calculation with the coaxial coil layer-to-cylindrical electrode system for the simulation of high temperature superconducting coils. The theoretical results of bubble behavior and the PD initiation voltages show fairly good agreement with the experimental results
Fabrication and Characteristics of 30〔kVA〕 Superconducting Generator
;;;;;;;I. Muta;I. Hoshino;
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 32~38
A 30[kVA] superconducting generator (SCG) is built and tested at Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI) in Korea. This superconducting generator has an air-gap winding instead of the typical steel teeth structure. The rotor has 4 field coils of race-track type with NbTi superconducting wired. The rotor is composed of two dampers and a liquid helium composed of two dampers and a liquid helium container in which the field poles reside. The space between the outermost damper and the container is vacuum insulated. A ferrofluid seal is used between the stationary part connected to the couping and the rotor. A helium transfer coupling(HTC) has 3 passages of the recovered heilum gas and a gas flow control system. The open circuit test and sustained short circuit test are preformed to obtain the open circuit characteristics (OCC) and short circuit characteristics (SCC) Also. the test results usder the light load (up to 3.6[kW]) are given. The structure, manufacturing and basis test of the 30[kVA]SCG are discussed.
Fabrication and Test of a 1 MJ Superconducting Energy Storage System for the Sensitive Load
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 39~43
For several decades researches and development on superconducting magnetic energy storage(SMES) system have been done for efficient electric power management. Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI) have developed of a 1MJ , 300kVA SMES System for improving power quality in sensitive electric loads. It consists of an IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) based power conversion module. NbTi mixed matrix conductor superconducting magnet and a cryostat with HTS current leads. We developed the code fro design of a SMES magnet. Which could find the parameters of the SMES magnet having minimum amount of superconductors for the same store denerby. and designed the 1 MJ SMES magnet by using it . And we have design and fabricated cryostat with kA class HTS current leads for a 1 MJ SMES System. This paper describes the design fabrication and test results for a 1MJ SMES System.
Manufacture and Tests of Cryostat for Micro SMES
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 44~48
SMES consists of Superconducting magnet, a power converter, a cryostat and HTS current leads The prototype cryostat with HTS current leads and refrigerators was designed and manufactured for developing micro SMES. The temperature rise under dc current in HTS current leads was measured. The performances of helium boil-off and mechanical stress were evaluated during transfer and vibration tests. The results will be used to develope the micro-SMES system.
Study of the Linear Compressor Characteristics of The Stirring Refrigerator
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 49~54
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of the linear compressor for Stirling refrigerator. To ensure high performance and long life of the FPFD(Free Piston. Free Displacer) type Stirling refrigerator, the operating parameters of the linear compressor should be optimized. The experimental results show that the operating frequency of the linear compressor has significant effect on the input power characteristics. and that the compressor with higher charging pressure of working fluid has high pressure ratio. For the high performance of the linear compressor. compressor should be operated at the resonance frequency with respect to the given charging pressure.
The effect of the operating frequency and the length of the split tube on the performance for the Stirling cryocooler
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 55~61
A free piston and free displacer (FPFD) Stirling cryocooler for cooling infrared and cryo-sensor is currently under development at korea Institute of Machinery & Materials. The FPFD Stirling cryocooler consists of two compressor pistons driven by linear motors which make pressure waves and a pneumatically driven displacer piston with regenerator. It is the most suitable design for a mechanical cryocooler utilized in night vision environment In this study, performance test of the Stirling cryocooler with different length of the split tube and operating frequency were performed to get characteristics of the cryocooler.
The effect of the charging pressure and operating frequency in the Stirling Cryocooler
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 62~68
This paper presents manufacturing process and test results in the optimum pressure and operating frequency for the free piston free displacer(FPFD) Stirling cryocooler designed and manufactured by Korea Institute of Machinery &Materials (KIMM). FPFD Stirling cryocooler is currently under development uses opposed linear motors to drive opposed pistons . The performance of FPFD Stirling cryocooler is evaluated as a function fo charging pressure and operating frequency. In general as the operating frequency of the compressor is increaed but natural frequency of the displacer is almost constant. The prototype has achieved no load temperature of 49K and cooling capacity of 0.5W at 7.2K.
Unsteady Components of Second-order Velocity and Temperature in a Pulse Tube
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 69~76
Unsteady components of the second-order axial velocity and temperature within a tapered pulse tube were obtained by using a novel hybrid method of solution which combines an analytical solution with a numerical solution. The effects of operating frequency, taper angle and cold eng temperature on the unsteady components of the second-order axial velocity and temperature were shown. The unsteady component of the second-order mass flux had the amplitude of the same order as the steady component when the velocities at the ends of the pulse tube have only first-order components
Analysis and Experiment on Cryogenic Refrigeration Using Solid Nitrogen
Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 77~83
The thermal characteristics of solid nitrogen are investigated by experiment and analysis for the purpose of evaluating its feasibility as a cooling medium for HTS (high T
superconductor) magnets. A cryostat to refrigerate a liquid-nitrogen container well below its freezing temperature with a 2-stage GM cryocooler is designed and constructed. The spatial distribution of temperature is measure as a function of time during the freezing and melting processes. from which the thermal diffusivity of solid nitrogen can be approximately calculated. the freezing process is formulated and solved by the integral method with an assumption of phase equilibrium at the solid-liquid interface and experimental observation. It may be concluded that the thermal diffusion in solid phase is much slower than in liquid and the degree of super-saturation is quite severe in the solidification of nitrogen.n.