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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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The Korean Astronomical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Dec 1996
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DEVELOPMENT OF AN ASTRONOMICAL INFRARED PtSi CAMERA
Hong, Seung-Su ; ; Gu, Bon-Cheol ; Kim, Kwang-Tae ; Kim, Chil-Yeong ; Oh, Gap-Su ; Lee, Myeong-Gyun ; Lee, Hyeong-Mok ; Kang, Yong-Woo ; Park, Won-Gi ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~26
We have built a near-infrared imaging camera with a PtSi array detector manufactured by the Mitsubishi Company. The PtSi detector is sensitive in the wavelength range 1 to
. Quantum efficiency of PtSi is much lower than that of InSb and HgCdTe types. However, the PtSi array has advantages over the latter ones: (i)The read-out noise is very low; (ii)the characteristics of the array elements arc uniform and stable; (iii)it is not difficult to make a large PtSi array; and (iv) consequently the price is affordably low. The array used consists of
pixels and its size is
. The filter wheel of the camera is equipped with J, H, K filters, and an aluminum plate for measuring the dark noise. The dewar is cooled with liquid nitrogen. We have adopted a method of installing the clock pattern and the observing softwares in the RAM, which Gill he easily used for other systems. We have developed a software with a pull-down menu for operating the camera and data acquisition. The camera has been tested by observing
DYNAMICAL INTERACTION OF SUPERNOVA REMNANT WITH PRE-EXISTING WIND BUBBLE
Choi, Seung-Eon ; Cha, Seung-Hun ; Gu, Bon-Cheol ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 27~47
We have performed the high resolution computer simulation with 1D spherical hydrodynamic code in order to study the dynamical evolution of supernova ejecta interacting with a pre-existing fast wind structure. The fast wind structure has been calculated with
, which velocity is higher than the critical velocity relating to the initial radiative cooling. The fast wind becomes initially adiabatic. After a shell formation time of
, the wind becomes radiative cooling at the shell zone, forming a thin dense radiative shell and an adiabatic wind bubble afterward. When supernova explodes in the wind center at 20,000yrs after the wind evolves, the supernova ejecta, which has a dense distribution of
(here we have n = 9), interacts initially with, the understood wind zone, producing forward and reverse shocks. The reverse shock heats the supernova ejecta and its temperature increases. In this study, as the mass of the supernova ejecta is larger than that of the wind shell (
), we can conform two shell structures: an outer shell by the supernova ejecta and a secondarily shocked wind shell by it. The secondarily shocked wind shell should accelerates in this case to be R-T unstable, consequently producing the knots.
SURVEY OF EMISSION-LINE GALAXIES BY OBJECTIVE PRISM OBSERVATIONS
Kim, Cheol-Hui ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 49~55
In order to discover the candidates of emission-line galaxies towards Hydra Void, objective-prism observations using U.K. Schmidt Telescope were carried out. To search the emission feature of [0III]
for all objects on the plate, all observed prism plates were scanned with APM at the Royal Observatory and the copied direct R plates were scanned with PDS Microdensitometer operating in the Inter- University Center for National Science Research Facilities. By utilizing the "XIMTOOL" package, both spectral and direct images for the same field were displayed simultaneously on up and down windows separately. In case of distinct emission features for a certain object, corresponding direct object on the other window was examined through eyeballing to see whether this object is a galaxy. Through this procedure, we discovered in total 33 candidates of emission-line galaxies in a single field.
AUTOMATION OF ASTRONOMICAL TELESCOPE: II. DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES, EQUIPMENTS AND SOFTWARES FOR REMOTE CONTROL OF TELESCOPE
Kang, Yong-Woo ; Lee, Hyeong-Mok ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 57~73
As a continuing effort to develop an automatic control system for small telescope, we developed the software for telescope control and CCD observations under DOS operating system. For accurate pointing of the telescope in short amount of time, we modelled the angular speed of the telescope by aquadratic function of time (constant acceleration) for the first 15 second and then linear function of time (zero acceleration) aftwewards. By changing the telescope speed from 'slew' to 'fine' before the telescope reaches the desired position, we could achieve the accuracy of a few arcsecond. The CCD control software was written for model CCD-10 of CCD Technology. This CCD can be used for guiding purposes. We also conducted the study for remote control of the telescope using telephone line. Although it cannot be used for real observations at the present form, we succeded in remotely pointing the telescope to desired direction. As faster communication technologies become widely available, simple observations can be made remotely in the near future. Finally we report some observational results made with the present control system.
VERTICAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF NITRILES OVER TITAN'S NORTH POLAR REGION
Kim, Sang-Joon ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 75~90
The vertical distribution of HCN,
have been determined from a sequence of Voyager 1 IRIS limb tangent measurements over Titan's north polar region. This sequence yields gas distributions with
altitude resolution over the 50-400 km range. The derived mixing ratios of HCN,
, respectively, at 120 km with a factor of 3 uncertainty.
THIN SHELL FORMATION TIME AND [OIII] LINE IN FAST WIND BUBBLE
Choi, Seung-Eon ; Lee, Yeong-Jin ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 91~107
We determine analytically the onset of thin-shell formation time of fast wind bubble with power-law energy injection
, and power-law ambient density structure,
. Thin-shell formation time,
can be estimated by minimizing the total time elapsed before the complete cooling of shocked gas. For uniform medium (
) and constant energy injection (s = 1), the onset of shell formation is found to be at
, which agrees Quite well with the results of FCT 1D numerical calculation. We solve the line transfer problem with previous result derived by numerical calculation in order to calculate line profile of [OIII] (
) forbidden line. In general, radiative outer shell causes the formation of double peaked line profile. Each peak corresponds to approaching and receeding shells with large velocities. Our line profiles show good agreements with observation of expanding shell structure.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE 5GHZ CONTINUUM RECEIVER SYSTEM
Byeon, Do-Yeong ; Choi, Han-Gyu ; Lee, Jeong-Won ; Gu, Bon-Cheol ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 109~123
We have developed a 5GHz continuum receiver system. The receiver is a direct type receiver. In order to reduce the noise due to the fluctuation of the gain in the amplifiers, the system employs the Dicke switching method. We made the 5GHz low-noise amplifier and the bandpass filter. The low-noise amplifier gives
gain and has
noise temperature. The bandpass filter has a passband between 4.3 and 5.4GHz. We also made switch driver, video amplifiers, phase detector, and integrator. Using a 1.8 meter offset parabolic antenna, we measured the efficiency of the system. Since the antenna does not have a driver to track objects, observations were performed with the antenna fixed. The measured noise temperature of the system is
. From the observation of the blank sky, noise level was measured. It was found that the systematic noise(
: peak to peak value) is much larger than the thermal noise. The systematic noise is possibly related to the stability of the DC power supplied to the receiver system. Besides the noise of the system, it was found that the airplanes are the very serious noise sources. We measured the radio flux of the Sun using the developed system. The observed radio flux of the Sun is
, which is close to the known value of the quiet Sun. The test observation of the Sun shows that the angular beam size of the antenna is
THE COLLISION EFFECTS OF THE PARTICLES IN THE ACCRETION DISK
Yoo, K.H. ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 125~137
The collision of two particles in the accretion disk may lead to be a mechanism of heat generation. By using hydrodynamic equations, the mean free path, the collision frequency and the deflection angle due to the collision of the particles are derived as a function of the mass accretion rate. The mean free path seems to be a smaller fraction compared to the dimension parameter of the system. The radiative flux in the disk is obtained under the influence of the collision of the particles.
UBV CCD PHOTOMETRY OF OPEN CLUSTER NGC 1907 AND NGC 1912
Lee, Sang-Hyeon ; Lee, Si-Woo ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 139~146
Galactic open clusters NGC 1907 and NGC 1912 are known as a binary cluster candidate by Subramaniam et al.(1995). With the SNUO 0.6m telescope, UBV CCD photometric observations were performed for 62 stars in NGC 1907 within the area of
and 203 stars in NGC 1912 within the area of
area. We obtained C-M and C-C diagrams. Their mean reddenings are E(B-V) =
for NGC 1907 and
for NGC 1912. The distance moduli are estimated as
for NGC 1907 and NGC 1912, respectively. The ages for these clusters are
for NGC 1907 and
for NGC 1912. The distance difference of the two clusters is 300pc and the age difference is 150Myr. These results imply that the two clusters are not physically connected.
ON THE ALGORITHM FOR BOAO CCD CAMERA CONTROL SOFTWARE
Yuk, In-Su ; Park, Byeong-Gon ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 147~161
The development of universal CCD camera control software for all BOAO CCD camera systems is proposed. The new software, running under Sun SPARCstation and motif based X window system with SunOS 4.1.3 operating system, replaces existing control software based on NeXTstation color and NeXTstep 2.1 operating system which is no more produced now. Several new features of the new software is introduced, some of which are 1) the image contrast is enhanced by color manipulation and display, 2) image zooming and trimming, 3) any size of image can be displayed in the scrolled window, and 4) the offset between telescope pointing position and CCD center is easily calculated by alt-azi map. Along with the above new features, the new software has advantages including ease of maintenance and upgrading and elimination of risk caused by hardware damage. Since September 1, the software beta version is being used by observers and there is not seen severe problem regarding the software itself, but several requests to equip more features to the software will be mirrored to future release.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE OPTICAL ALIGNMENT SYSTEM FOR FIB SECONDARY OF THE 1.8M OPTICAL TELESCOPE
Yuk, In-Su ; Jang, Jeong-Gyun ; Seong, Hyeon-Cheol ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 163~175
We propose the development and test result of new optical axis alignment system for the interchangeable F/8 secondary mirror of the BOAO 1.8m telescope system. Since the original system was not equipped with a suitable optical alignment facility, the whole alignment process was performed by hand. It was necessary at least three persons working more than 2 nights and the altitude of the telescope could not exceed 10 degrees, in such altitude the alignment quality was not so good by atmospheric effect. The new system adopts position readable motorized system and remote control operation by the computer installed in observation room, which reduces the number of workers to only one and eliminates the altitude restriction. The defocused CCD image pair obtained at higher altitude makes the aberration estimates more accurately and the number of required alignment loops is reduced from 10 to 4. The system has been installed on September 1, and performed alignment three times. The test results show that the system is stable and accurate, gives better optical performance of the telescope under F/8 focus. We hope to emphasize the fact that the new system will increase observation time of the telescope by about 20 nights per year assuming one alignment in every month.
A STUDY ON THE ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS AT THE CHOEJUNG-SAN GEODSS SITE: I. SEEING AND NIGHT SKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS AND UTILIZING PLAN FOR THE GEODSS SITE
Kang, Yong-Hui ; Yun, Tae-Seok ; Park, Byeong-Gon ; Lee, Gi-Won ; Choi, Yeong-Jun ; Choi, Eun-Woo ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 177~196
We have investigated the astronomical observational environments at the Choejung-san GEODSS site which is located at the south of Taegu, Korea. As a part of the investigation, seeing and night sky brightness were measured outside nearby the GEODSS site using the Celestron 8-inch portable reflector with
pixels Lynxx CCD camera during the period of December 1994 to April 1996. The average seeing values of 4.8 arcsecond in B filter and 5.1 arcsecond in V filter were determined using the IRAF software. These values might be overestimated and would be reduced by at least 1 arc second in both filters if they were measured by more stable telescope system with solid mount and under a dome. We also compare the average seeing value at the GEODSS site with those at three other observatories, the Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory, the Sobaeksan Optical Astronomy Observatory, and the Seoul National University Observatory, for justification of the above guess. Unfortunately the night sky brightness measurement was not successful mainly due to the short exposure time. The utilizing plan of the GEOSS site is discussed based on the average seeing value, naked-eye sky brightness measurement, analysis of the existing thirty-year weather data and twenty-year urban planning of the metropolitan Taegu city for the year of 2016.
A STUDY ON THE ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS AT THE CHOEJUNG-SAN GEODSS SITE: II. METEOROLOGICAL STUDY
Yun, Il-Hui ; An, Byeong-Ho ; Kang, Yong-Hui ; Yun, Tae-Seok ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 197~220
The climatological characteristics at the Choejung-san site were statistically analyzed using monthly normals for the various meteorological elements at Taegu meteorological station for 30 years from January 1960 to December 1990. Various synoptic weather conditions were classified by the estimated geostrophic wind speeds and direction determined using the 850 hPa geopotential height field for 10 years from December 1980 to November 1989. Also the analysis of number of clear days were monthly and seasonally performed using the satellite infrared image data which were obtained from GMS 5 for 5 years from December 1990 to November 1995. The results reveal that the meteorological environments of astronomical observation at Choejung-san site were very good conditions during three hours after midnight except for summer season.
DEVELOPMENT OF A RADIO-NOISE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM
Park, Yong-Seon ; Nam, Uk-Won ; Gong, Gyeong-Nam ; Seong, Hyeon-Il ; Jeong, Jae-Hun ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 221~229
We have developed a measurement system with which harmful radio noise can be detected. It was designed to cover 1GHz band width centered at l.5GHz and 22.2GHz (
line).The system consists of pyramid horn antennas, receivers, equatorial tracking system, spectrum analyzer, and PC for the control of the servo and data taking. As a test of the system, the site of Taeduk Radio Astronomy Observatory (TRAO) was investigated to see if there is any harmful radio interference. It is found that in 22GHz band there is no significant radio noise, but there are identified and unidentified artificial radio signals in 1-2GHz range. However a simple calculation of radiation power shows that it is week enough not to affect the observations in TRAO.
CONSTRUCTION OF 250KHZ FILTER BANK SPECTROMETER
Kim, Kwang-Dong ; Jeong, Jae-Hun ; Kim, Hyo-Ryeong ; Kim, Tae-Seong ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 231~242
We made 250 kHz filter bank based on FBS250 model designed by Millitech. It consists of 256 channels centered at 1391 MHz. The minimum detectable input level is -56 dBm/channel, and the maximum continuous integration time is about 1.3 seconds. This spectrometer can be operated in parallel or series mode with other spectrometers.
DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM OF THE SOFT
Moon, Yong-Jae ; Park, Young-Deuk ; Jang, Be-Ho ; Sim, Kyung-Jin ; Yun, Hong-Sik ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 243~250
Data acquisition system mounted on the Solar Flare Telescope at Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory is briefly described. The system is made up with CCD cameras, an image processor, a PCI-type PC and a SUN workstation. The image processor, MVC 150/40 comprises a variable scan acquisition module, an image manager and a binary correlator computational module. A typical polarization image of a sunspot is presented to demonstrate performance of the system.
THE RELATIVE SUNSPOT NUMBERS IN 1995
Sim, Gyeong-Jin ; Mun, Heung-Gyu ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 251~261
We analyze 280 data of the daily sunspot observations during the period of January 1 to December 31 in 1995 and present the daily relative sunspot numbers. During the 1995, the preliminary annual average of the relative sunspot numbers is found to be 20.1 based on 7.9 distinct spots in a single group for 1.3 spot groups. According to the appearance of 366 spot groups, our analysis shows that the mean life time of spot group is about 5 day and 10.1 hours.
THE PREDICTION OF FLARE PRODUCTION USING SOLAR ACTIVITY DATA
Lee, Jin-Lee ; Kim, Gap-Seong ;
Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society, volume 11, issue 1, 1996, Pages 263~277
We have intensively carried out numerical calculations on flare predictions from the solar activity data for photospheric sunspots, chromospheric flare and plages, coronal X-ray intensities and 2800MHz radio fluxes, by using multilinear regression method. Intensities of solar flares for the next day have been predicted from the solar data between 1977-1982 and 1993-1996. Firstly, we have calculated flare predictions with the multilinear regression method, by using separate solar data in growth and decay phase of sunspot area and magnetic field strength from the whole data on solar activities. Secondly, the same operations as above have been made for the remaining data after removal of the data with large deviation from the mean calculated by the above prediction method. we have reached a conclusion that average hit ratio of correct predictions to total predictions of flares with class of M5 over has been as high as 70% for the first case and that of correct prediction number to total observation number has been shown as 61%.