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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
CNU Journal of Agricultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Dec 2008
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
Selecting the target year
Effect of Fermentation Temperature on Quality of Doenjang
Kim, Moon-Seok ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Chang, Kyu-Seob ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~9
There were four types of Doenjang fermentation as following conditions for investigation ; 1) low temperature fermentation at
for 180 days, 2) low temperature at
for 7 days to room temperature at
for 10 days, to low temperature at
for 163 days, and for 173 days, 3) low temperature at
7 days to room temperature at
, 4) room temperature at
for 180 days. There were no changes of moisture, NaCl and total nitrogen content during fermentation period of four types conditions, but pH and amino type nitrogen decreased in room temperature at
for 180 days. It required 3 times more fermentation period until same quantity of the amino type nitrogen. The low temperature fermentation sample was lower than room temperature fermentation sample in pH and amino type nitrogen. The yeast decreased in low temperature fermentation sample taken 15 to 30 days longer than room temperature sample. The yeast is increased up to 30 days, and decreased little by little. After 60 days, it remained a few without effectiveness on the Doenjang quality. The low temperature fermentation sample showed brighter than room temperature fermentation sample. Different fermentation condition affected Doenjnag quality, especially, low temperature fermentation sample showed bright color in Doenjnag. So low temperature fermentation must be expected as good method for getting high quality Doenjnag.
Identification of the Polyacetylenes extracted from Acanthopanax Senticosus by Petroleum Ether
Yang, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Chang, Kyu-Seob ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 11~17
This study was conducted to isolate polyacetylenes from the Acanthopanax senticosus and to identify the chemical structure of the polyacetylenes by UV, IR,
-NMR. One of the liposoluble materials was extracted with petroleum ether. Polyacetylene compounds were collected through solvent fractionation at silica gel column chromatograph. The HPLC was used for the semi-preparative separation IR spectra of fraction 5 showed triple bonds at
and double bond at
-NMR spectra of Fraction 5 showed the double bond at 5.35-5.48 ppm. Triple bond at 64.0. 71.2, 74.2, 80.2 ppm and double bond at 121.89, 133.0 ppm were observed in the
A New Compressive Testing Specimen for Linerboard and Corrugating Medium
Youn, Seuk-Ki ; Seo, Yung-Bum ; Jeon, Yang ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~24
A new compressive strength test specimen for linerboard and medium was developed, and tested for its agreement with conventional testing methods such as RCT and STFI. The new specimen enables compressive testing under the changing humidity and temperature. Experimental results showed that the new specimen gave equivalent compressive strengths as the other conventional methods at a constant temperature and humidity. We'll apply the methods under the cyclic humidity and temperature conditions.
Evaluation of Compost Maturity during the Active Composting of Cow Manure and Castor Meal
Chang, Ki-Woon ; Hong, Joo-Hwa ; Lee, Jong-Jin ; Han, Ki-Pil ; Kim, Nam-Cheon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 25~32
This study was conducted to find an optimal combination rate of castor meal for the good qualitative compost and to estimate the humification grade by physico-chemical characterization and phyto-toxicity test during composting of the mixture with cow manure and castor meal. The material ratios of the compost which was mixed with cow manure(C), castor meal(C), and saw dust(S) were 5 : 1 : 4(CCS-1), 5 : 2.5 : 2.5(CCS-2) and 5 : 4 : 1(CCS-3) by volume to volume, and they were decomposed for 60 days. In the result, the changes of temperature in all treatments during composting radically increased more than
at the incipient stage, and gradually decreased around
. At the 60 days after the treatment, pH was slowly increased from 7.0 to 8.0, and the C/N ratio was 12.3~13.8 at the final composting stage. The low C/N ratio value was caused by the castor meal with high nitrogen level(T-N 5.7%). G.I.(germination index) showed in the range of 77.5 to 82.6 in all treatments. Among all treatments CCS-1 was appeared to be the best condition for composting. Therefore, the combination rate of castor meal which was used for compost humification improvement could be recommended 10% to manufacture the good qualitative cow manure compost.
The Structural Chracteristics That Influence on the fungicidal activity of N-Phenylbenzenesulfonamide Derivatives against Dapping-off (Pythium ultimum)
Cho, Yun-Gi ; Chang, Ki-Woon ; Sung, Nack-Do ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 33~40
The structural characteristics that influence on the fungicidal activities of N-phenylbenzenesulfonamide (1~24) and N-phenyltheinylsulfonamide (25~30) derivatives against Dampping-off (Pythium ultimum) were discussed quantitatively using the models of molecular holographic quantitative structure-activity relationships (HQSAR). From the based on these findings, the statistical results of the optimized HQSAR F-3 model showed better predictablity (
) and correlation coefficient (
). And, from the analytical results of the atomic contribution maps on the fungicidal activities, the most active compound is
substituent (4) and the most inactive one is
substituent (20). It was found that the 2-fluoro-4-chlorophenyl group as a
-group was an important structure and a characteristic factor not only for herbicidal activity but also for fungicidal activity.
Evaluation of Enteral Foods Prepared with Soybean Dietary Fiber for Patients with Diarrhea
Han, Jae-Heum ; Lee, Kyun-Hee ; Sohn, Heon-Soo ; Lee, Yoon-Bok ; Park, Jeom-Seon ; Oh, Man-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 41~51
In the development of enteral foods for the patients with diarrhea, soybean hull, by-products of soybean processing, was used to prepare crude dietary fiber extracts (soybean hull fiber, SHF). Total dietary fiber content of SHF is 85% and their composition are 86.1% cellulose, 8.1% hemi-cellulose, and 4.7% lignin. The effects of SHF on the prevention of diarrhea were studied in animal. Spraque-Dawley (SD) rats were fed AIN93G diets containing 5% dietary fiber for 3days simultaneously inducing diarrhea with the phenolphthalein Mg citrate solution. On day 4, feces were collected at different time point. Dietary fibers used for the animal study were SHF, soybean cotyledon fiber (SCF), psyllium husk fiber (PHF), and chicory fiber (CF).
-cellulose was used as a control. Body weight gain, calorie consumed and food efficiency ratio among the experimental groups were not different. However, water content in the feces of SHF group was significantly lower by 10%, compared with other groups at 24hrs. time point. This effect was even greater in the feces collected later than 24 hrs. time point. SHF seems to have a greater effects on slow the symptom of diarrhea. Based on the previous results, enteral food enriched with SHF were prepared and its effect was compared with other commercially available products from domestic or imported ones. Weight changes among experimental groups were not different, but the moisture content of feces consumed SHF enriched products were lower than that of other products. Approximately 10% decrease in water content was observed from feces collected at 24 hr time point. According to the sensory evaluation, overall acceptability of the enteral food enriched with SHF was 3.24 out of 5 indicating that taste of this product is acceptable.
Review of Management Methods and Criteria for Environmentally-Sound Soil
Ryu, Jin-Hee ; Lee, Kyo-S. ; Chung, Doug-Y. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~67
The principle goal of environmentally-friendly agriculture is to maintain and conserve water and agriculture environment including drinking water resources by properly using agricultural materials such as agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizers, and other agricultural materials according to act 19 of foster law of environmentally-friendly agriculture. To achieve these goals, we have to establish Integrated Nutrient Management(INM) and Integrated Pesticide Management(IPM) which are most important core technologies for environmentally-friendly rice cultivation. However, there are lack of criteria and technology for evaluation category according to soil management and its soil classes to practice an environmentally-friendly agriculture. Therefore, we should eatablish the standards to produce the safe agricultural products based on the soil physical and chemical characteristics which are basic properties of soil to accomplish the principle aims of environmentally-friendly agriculture.
Role of Chemical Fertilizer and Change of Agriculture in Korea
Chung, Doug-Y. ; Lee, Kyo-S. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 69~83
The self-supply rate of Korea in 2006 was approximately 27.3 % by importing 13.99Mt for 19.79Mt of demanded amount. Among the imported crops, wheat, corn, and soybean consumed 95 % for the total imported amount, and wheat, corn, and soybean were 3.5Mt(Table use : 0.22Mt; Feed stuff : 0.13Mt), 8.7Mt(Table use : 0.19Mt; Feed stuff : 0.68Mt), and 1.2Mt (Table use : 0.03Mt; Feed stuff : 0.09Mt), respectively. On the other hand, our government has prepared the strategies for a great fear of food according to sharp price rise of the international crops by maintaining the self-supply rate of 5 % excluding 5.23Mt of rice in Korea. Also concern for recycled energy known as future energy for era of high oil price and global warming due to green house gas is rapidly growing. Therefore, our country which has relied on import of the whole oil needed in Korea and has to keep Kyoto Agent to request reduction of green house gas fully support research and practical use for agricultural products as resource of alternate energy. At first, we have to develop the mass production technology in order to secure a program of self-supply of food for bioenergy production utilizing agricultural product in Korea. But we assume that this matter is difficult to achieve under the current agriculture system that more emphasizes the environment conservation such as environmentally-friendly agriculture than production of food.
The Economic Feasibility Analysis of Crop Cultivation Practice Project in Pirganj and Kurigram Districts, Bangladesh
Tabassum, Nazia ; Lim, Jae-Hwan ; Gim, Uhn-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 85~100
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) funded collaborative project on The Economic Feasibility Analysis of Crop Cultivation Practice Project in Pirganj and Kurigram Districts in Bangladesh will started during 2008-2012, for 4 years with total project cost of US$ 571,270. The project will be implemented in 6 villages; has 1,097 hectares areas which is divided into 948 hectares of agricultural land, 52 hectares of forest land and 345 hectares of other land, covered 1,059 households equal to 5,305 persons in Pirganj and Kurigram districts The project has proposed to be implemented in joint collaboration by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) and Rangpur Dinajpur Rural Service (RDRS) Bangladesh with full participation of the farmers' groups of respective project site. The specific objectives of the project are: (1) to estimate the productivity of paddy, wheat, maize, tobacco and sugarcane (2) to determine the cost of production and returns to the above mentioned crops (3) to study the interrelationship between inputs and output of the above mentioned crops and (4) to examine the resource utilization patterns at farm level. In this project analysis, the net incremental profit is US$33,028. The expected incremental project benefit and incremented production cost are estimated as US$ 219,959 and US$ 186,931 respectively. The financial decision making criteria would be followed in this crop cultivation practice project. After the project implementation, the expected project benefits are assumed to be continued for 15 years. The benefit cost ratio (B/C) of the project is estimated at 1.077 (table 11) when using discount rate of 10% as an opportunity cost of capital in Bangladesh. FIRR of project is estimated at 26.15% which is bigger than the opportunity cost by more than double. So this project is financially feasible and acceptable. Therefore, this project should be extended to other areas to increase the farm income and economic growth of marginal poor farmers in Bangladesh.
Prospects of Triticale as Fodder and Feed in Farming of Bangladesh
Tabassum, Nazia ; Uddin, Md. Romij ; Gim, Uhn-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 101~118
This paper reviews the present situation of Triticale cultivation and examines the potentiality of contribution to livestock as well as poultry sector in Bangladesh Agriculture. Triticale is a human-made cross between rye and durum wheat that has the ability to produce quality green fodder, and then re-grow after first and second cutting to produce grain. In Bangladesh, it is a non-traditional cereal that grows well during the cool and dry Rabi season (November-March) when fodder and feed scarcity is a major limiting factor for ruminant livestock. In Bangladesh Triticale was started to grow in the late Ninety's. The scientists of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) were first introduced triticale in Bangladesh. Still now the situation of Triticale is grown as fooder and feed in Bangladesh within the scientists under trial. High quality grass fodder was obtained by cutting green triticale plants twice, at 35 and 50 days after seeding, while later the ratooning tillers produced grain to a yield of 1.1-2.4 t/ha of grain for poultry feed or human food. Triticale straw was twice as nutritious as rice or wheat straw and its grain contained more protein than other cereals. Researchers and farmers have also successfully made triticale hay and silage from a mixture of triticale green cuttings, rice straw and molasses. A feeding trial at Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute(BLRI), Savar station showed a large(46%) increase in cow live weight gain and a 36% increase in milk yield (but no change in milk quality or dry matter intake) in cows fed triticale silage compared with those fed rice straw over a period of nine weeks. In another feeding trial, it was found that triticale grain was a good replacement for wheat in the feed blend for chickens in Bangladesh. So it will be a good chance to alive our livestock as well as poultry sector if triticale enters to our existing cropping system as fodder cum grain. The challenge in Bangladesh is to identify fodder technologies that match existing small-scale farmer cropping patterns without needing major inputs or increasing risks. Preliminary field experiments revealed that triticale is a crop with good potential to produce quality fodder and grain for small scale farmers in Bangladesh.