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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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Journal DOI :
CNU Journal of Agricultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Dec 2008
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
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Botanical Characteristics and Effect of Weed Control by Herbicide in Barley
Hong, Bum-Yong ; Choi, Yun-Pyo ; Cha, Hui-Jung ; Ju, Jung-Il ; Lee, Hee-Bong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 119~126
This study was carried out to find the botanical characters and effect of weed control for herbicides treatment after barley sowing. Barley variety used in study was "Yuyeon", hood-type awn for whole crop forage use, which developed at RDA in 2004. Sowing date was on 10th October, 2007, and was drilled as
. Herbicides were treated on 2th day after barley sowing. Measured items were number and kinds of weeds at each treatment and growth characteristics and grain yield in barley. Cerastium holosteoides var. hallaisanense among weeds surveyed at tillering stages in Butachlor treatment were highly appeared, but Alopecurus aequalis var. amurensis did not appeared while Alopecurus aequalis var. amurensis was 39 plants and Capeslla bursa-pastoris was 37 plants in check. Occurrence of the Capeslla bursa-pastoris at primary survey and Cerastium holosteoides var. hallaisanense in ripening stage were high, while Alopecurus aequalis var. amurensis did not emerged. Botanical characteristics of barley each as plant height, number of tillers and spiklets per plant. surveyed at ripening stage were higher than check. Grain yield per 10a was the highest at Alachlor among treatments, while dry matter of leaf and culm were similar among treatments. Therefore, effect of yield increasing of barley by herbicide after sowing was reconfirmed through this study. Especially, effect of Alachlor was lightly high compared with others.
The Effects of Controlling the Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera, Aphididae) on Cucumber of Entomopahtogenic Fungus, Beauveria bassiana
Kang, Min-Ah ; Youn, Young-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 127~136
Beauveria bassiana can be used as a biological insecticide to control a number of pests. It has been known as that B. bassiana TBI-1 have a insecticidal effect on the twospotted spider mite (Teranychus urticae) and the greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) these days. The biological pest control agent, B. bassiana, showed somewhat insecticidal activities against the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, too. After treatment with biological insecticide, the mean of increasing rate of aphids was at around recorded at around 0.21 while at around 0.24 in non-treated TBI-1 biological insecticide condition during 1 week. Consequently, it was found that treatment of Beauveria bassiana reduced an increasing rate of aphid population. Also, we could visually observe dead aphids changed as a reddish mold due to this insecticidal fungus. B. bassiana TBI-1 can significantly reduce an increasing rate of aphid population, so effective biological control against the cotton aphid are possible.
Effects of Corn Distiller's Dried Grains with Solubles on Production Performance, Nutrient Digestibilities and Fecal Ammonia Emission in Laying Hens
Shin, M.H. ; Rew, H.J. ; Lee, H.R. ; Lee, S.K. ; Lee, B.D. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 137~145
A layer feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of high quality corn distiller's dried grains with solubles(DDGS) on laying performance and nutrient metabolizabilities. A total of 216 Hy-line Brown layers, 23-wk of age, were employed in a 10-wk feeding trial consisting of three dietary treatments(0%, 10%, and 20% DDGS), and six replicates per treatment. All experimental diets were prepared as iso-protein(17%) and iso-calorie(2,780 kcal/kg). At the end of the trial, the effect of DDGS on fecal ammonia emission was also estimated. The use of DDGS up to 20% in layer diets did not affect the feed intake, laying rate, egg weight, and feed conversion ratio(P>0.05). The DM metabolizability decreased significantly(P<0.05) by the DDGS supplementation(P<0.05). The NFE metabolizability decreased gradually as the level of DDGS increased(P<0.05). The fecal ammonia emission from DDGS-fed birds tended to decrease as the storage days extended. In conclusion, albeit DDGS has some unfavorable effects on DM and NFE metabolizabilities, it could be included in layer diets up to 20% level without any harmful effects on laying performance.
Utilization of Phellinus linteus Meal as a Feed
Jang, Suk-Hun ; Kim, Sung-Bok ; Lee, Bong-Duk ; Lee, Soo-Kee ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 147~153
This experiment was conducted to investigate the feed value of Phellinus linteus meal. The chemical composition and particle size of Phellinus linteus meal was determined, and investigated the effect of partial substitution(0, 5, 10 and 20%) of dried Phellinus linteus meal on metabolizability and serum IgG concentration of layers. Crude fiber content of Phellinus linteus meal was higher, and crude protein and crude fat contents were similar level compare to corn, barley, and wheat. Dry matter metabolizability of Phellinus linteus meal was lower in 10 and 20% treatment than those of 0 and 5% treatment significantly(p<0.05). But, Phellinus linteus meal did not affect concentration of serum IgG.
Microbiological and Sensory Characteristics of Electron Beam Irradiated Squid Jeotkal and Its Ingredients
Kim, Bin-Na ; Jung, Samooel ; Choe, Jun-Ho ; Liu, Xian De ; Jo, Cheo-Run ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 155~165
A seasoned squid Jeotkal, Korean traditional fermented seafood, and its ingredients for manufacturing, including red hot pepper powder, ground garlic, sesame seeds, were irradiated with 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 5 kGy by electron beam and stored at
for 4 weeks to determine the changes in microbiological and sensory characteristics. The initial contamination of squid Jeotkal such as total aerobic bacteria, yeast & mold, and coliform bacteria were at the levels of 2.88, 3.04, and 4.20 log CFU/g, respectively. However, electron beam irradiation with does at 5 kGy reduced the total aerobic bacteria to about 1 log CFU/g. Yeast & mold and coliform bacteria were reduced to 1-2 log CFU/g after 2 kGy of irradiation and reached to undetected level when the sample was irradiated at 5 kGy and following storage at
for 4 weeks. Sensory characteristics showed that electron beam irradiation of up to 5 kGy did not adversely affect overall acceptability of squid Jeotkal and its ingredients during cold storage. Therefore, electron beam irradiation is one of the possible means to improve storage stability of seasoned squid jeotkal, which has limited alternative sterilization methods due to the temperature characteristics of the products.
Influence of Reproductive Status, Serum Type and Estradiol-17β Supplementation on the in vitro Maturation of Canine Oocytes
Heru, Fibrianto Yuda ; Kim, Min-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 167~176
Supplementation of serum and estrogen in in vitro maturation(IVM) medium was shown to improve embryo development and quality in several species. This study investigates the effect of ovarian estrus stage on canine oocyte quality and supplementation of medium with canine serum or estrogen on IVM of canine oocytes. As results, in experimental 1, IVM oocytes collected from follicular stage ovaries to MII stages(
) was higher (p<0.05) with 10% canine estrus stage serum than control(
), anoestrus stage serum(
), luteal stage serum(
) and 10% FBS(
). In experimental 2, 10% canine estrus stage serum supplementation has highest maturation rate to MII stages(
) and there were significant differences(P<0.05) with another treatment in follicular stages group. In order to investigate the synergic effect of estrous serum and estrogen supplementation, different estrous stage groups of oocytes were cultured with 2 ug/ml estrogen plus various concentrations of different reproductive stage serum and FBS(experimental 3). As results, the rate of maturation to metaphase II(MII) stage was significantly higher(p<0.05) in oocytes from the follicular stage supplemented with estrogen and 10% canine estrus stage serum(11.5%) compared to the other groups(6.0 - 8.8%). The present study was demonstrated that canine serum and the estrus cycle of the bitch affect the meiotic competence of oocytes. Hormonal influences within the follicle may be one of the factors responsible for the greater proportion of maturation of oocyte to MII from bitches at the follicular phase.
Host Cell-Intrinsic Antiviral Defense Induced by Type I Interferons
Asano, Atsushi ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 177~182
Type I Interferons (IFNs) are potent antiviral cytokines that modulate both innate immunity and adaptive immunity. Type I IFNs are immediately induced by viral infection, and stimulate production of a broad range of gene products such as double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR), 2' 5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS)/RNaseL and Mx GTPases. These proteins inhibit viral replication in host cells. Type I IFNs, in turn, lead to antiviral state at early phase of viral infection. We provide an overview of the knowledge of IFN-inducible antiviral proteins conserved in vertebrates.
Changes in Quality Characteristics of Garlic Jam during Storage
Park, Hye-Min ; Kwak, Hyo-Soon ; Kim, So-Hee ; Moon, Mi-A ; Oh, Man-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 183~191
In order to make a functional jam containing garlic, sugar, acid and pectin were mixed with garlic and concentrated by heating the mixture under atmosphere or vacuum conditions. And changes of some physico-chemical properties of the garlic jam(i.e., color, textural properties, vitamin C) were investigated during storage at
. It was found that lightness(L) was higher in sample of vacuum concentration than that in atmosphere concentration and redness(a) and yellowness(b) were higher in sample of atmosphere concentration. During the storage lightness was found to decrease for all samples with more drastic decrease in sample of atmosphere concentration where browning was more severely observed after 8 weeks of storage. In terms of textural properties, hardness, chewiness and gumminess were higher in sample of atmosphere concentration than that in vacuum concentration. And springiness and cohesiveness were higher in sample of vacuum concentration. Although sensory score for garlic jam found to be lower than that for the existing strawberry jam, the present garlic jam might have high marketability if considering its physiological value.
Effects of Feeding Japanese Apricot, Carrot, or Tangerine By-products on Contents of Vitamins E and K in Chicken Egg Yolks
Choi, Seung-Hyun ; Na, Jae-Cheon ; Kwon, O-Sang ; Park, Sang-Mee ; Lee, Bong-Duk ; Ahn, Gil-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 193~198
This experiment is a quantitative experiment where insoluble Vitamins E and K are extracted from the yolk of the spawning which was fed by by-products of tangerine, carrot, or Japanese apricot. Finally the purpose is to raise contents of the insoluble Vitamins E and K inside the yolk of the spawning. The saponification method through
- dipyridyl was used to determine the content of Vitamin E. Diethyl dithiocarbamate assay was used to examine the content of Vitamin K. The contents of Vitamin E in egg yolks of chicken fed by by-products of tangerine, carrot, or Japanese apricot increased 2 - 3 times compared to control egg, while the contents of Vitamin K almost no changed.
Characteristic for Growth and Fruit Body Polysaccharide of Caterpillar Fungi, Cordyceps sobolifera(Hill.) Berk. et Br.
Ohga, Shoji ; Yoshimoto, Hiroaki ; Pokhrel, Chandra ; Yang, Bai-Song ; Miyazawa, Noriko ; Meng, Tianxiao ; Hosoda, Shun ; Mae, Masuo ; Sun, Zhu ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 199~212
Mycelial expansion and fruit body development of caterpillar fungi, Cordyceps sobolifera(Hill.) Berk. et Br. was examined on various carbon and nitrogen sources, some substrates with various supplements. Best temperature for the mycelial expansion was
, while optimal pH was 7. Glucose and polypeptone were the best sources of carbon and nitrogen, respectively, as well as 1:1 was the best ratio of carbon and nitrogen. The unpolish rice and bean curd lees were used as core substrates combined individually with five various supplements. In substrates based, all the supplements with all combinations were found to exhibit the mycelial growth and fruit body formation. Likewise, yolk was found as a superior supplement and also clarified quite high polysaccharide content in the fruit body.
Evaluation of the Applicability of FRP Grouted Reinforcing Method for Rock Slopes
Kim, Seong-Chan ; Lee, Dal-Won ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 213~223
The instability of rock slopes caused by heavy rainfall and soil mass sliding needs the preventable and reinforcing method. The most important factor for the stability is the shear strength available in the planar part of the failure surface, which shows that a progressive failure takes place and a reinforcing of rock slope using FRP grout is effectively available. In this study, a grouting bolting interval predictions by limit equilibrium analysis and Matlab mathematical computer codes in several cases is presented for FRP reinforced rock slope. The proposed mathematical computer code can be easily applied for seeking properly FRP grout intervals prior to design and execute a reinforcement of a rock slope in practice.
Hydrological Feasibility for Heightening Dae-ah Reservoir
Noh, Jae-Kyoung ; Lee, Jae-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 225~235
The objective of this study is to evaluate the hydrological feasibility of heightening the Dae-ah reservoir in order to save instream flow at the Bong-dong station situated in the Mankyoung river. The results are summarized as follows. Firstly, from the Dong-sang and Dae-ah cascaded reservoir's water balance analysis, water supply indexes of the Dae-ah reservoir were analyzed to have the rate of water supply divided by watershed area of 1207.4 mm, the rate of water supply divided by rainfall of 95.8%, the rate of water supply divided by inflow of 153.1%, the rate of water supply divided by storage capacity of 236.1%, and the rate of inflow divided by storage capacity of 200.6%. Secondly, from the Dae-ah and Kyoung-cheon paralleled reservoir's water balance analysis, flow durations at the Bong-dong station were analyzed to have the Q95 (the 95th high flow) of
, the Q185 (the 185th high flow) of
, the Q275 (the 275th high flow) of
, and the Q355 (the 355th high flow) of
. Thirdly, in case of heightening the full water level of the Dae-ah reservoir of 10m, from the Dong-sang and Dae-ah cascaded reservoir's water balance analysis, water supply indexes of the Dae-ah reservoir were analyzed to have the rate of water supply divided by watershed area of 1220.7 mm, the rate of water supply divided by rainfall of 96.8%, the rate of water supply divided by inflow of 154.6%, the rate of water supply divided by storage capacity of 160.0%, and the rate of inflow divided by storage capacity of 137.0%. Fourthly, in case of heightening the full water level of the Dae-ah reservoir of 10m, from the Dae-ah and Kyoung-cheon paralleled reservoir's water balance analysis, flow durations at the Bong-dong station were analyzed to have the Q95 of
, the Q185 of
, the Q275 of
, and the Q355 of
. The conclusion appeared not to have the hydrological feasibility of heightening the Dae-ah reservoir from the reason that increased storage capacity does not increase water supply amount any more because of the high rate of the water supply divided by inflow.
A Study on the Labor Utilization of the Orange Farming Farmhouseholds in China
Kim, Jai-Hong ; Pan, Li ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 237~245
China's agriculture is changing now, especially in terms of cash farming. Orange farming is one of the main cash crops. This study is to identify the labor utilization of orange farming of farm households in China. The Results are as follows. First, farm size increasing is an essential measure to save labor. Big farm requires less than 20% of labor inputs than that of average size farm. Second, in the aspect of the employment labor, while male labor accounted for the 5% of total labor, female employment labor took up much more, which amounts to almost half of family labor. Third, the average wage of men is almost twice as much as that of women's wage, and it is sharply increasing. Fourth, Chinese farm households put more labor input than Korean farm households in orange production, which is due to the substitution of capital for labor.
Evaluation of the Current Direct Payment Schemes and Direction : based on farmers' survey data
Gim, Uhn-Soon ; Jang, Hyo-Sun ; Um, Dae-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 35, issue 2, 2008, Pages 247~262
The purpose of this study is to evaluate farmer's general contents on the current direct payment schemes and to derive some improvement measures, based on the survey data for the three types of direct payment schemes currently executed in Korea; Rice Farmer's Income Support, Early Retirement Aged Farmer's Support and Less Favored Area Direct Payment. In recent years we have introduced diverse direct payment schemes that are expected to have immediate effects in a short term period without enough preparation of the policy, which raises some contradiction between the agricultural policy and the original purpose of the direct payments. The result shows some important revisions should be made related the direct payment schemes, such as farmer's income stability through the improvement of unit payment and the payment length jointed with criteria of the payment, in addition to keeping up multifunctionality of agriculture and enhancing the effect of structural adjustment in agriculture.