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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
CNU Journal of Agricultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Dec 2010
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Sep 2010
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
Selecting the target year
Effect of Rice Seedling Growth According to Wetting Agents and Growing Media
Kim, Sun-Taek ; Kim, Hong-Gi ; Chio, Yun-Pyo ; Cha, Hui-Jung ; Lee, Moon-Sub ; Bok, Tae-Gyu ; Lee, Hee-Bong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 171~175
This study was carried out to find the effect on growing media and proper time for water supply in rice seedling stages. Plant height of rice seedling for SIPAN-BRL among current several growing medias was higher in Chuchungbyeo than Ilpumbyeo, and that of root length was higher in check among used growing medias. Fresh and dry weight of shoot and root of two rice cultivar. Water time to absorption on each treatment of growing media concentration took similarly in SIPAN-BNH and check were similar. But 500 minutes did in 100ppm and did 370 and 470minute in 300 and 500ppm, respectively. Wilting time of rice seedling was appeared highly at 300ppm of SIPAN-BRL in Chuchungbyeo and 100ppm of SIPAN-BRL in Ilpumbyeo, while it prolonged at 300ppm in Chuchungbyeo and 500ppm in Ilpumbyeo, respectively. Water content at wilting stage was appeared highly at SIPAN-BRL 500ppm in both Chuchungbyo and Ilpumbyeo, while SIPAN-BNL was high in 300ppm of Chuchung-byeo and Ilpumbyeo, respectively. Plant and root length of SIPAN-BNL treated with 300ppm in 10day-rice seedling were highly appeared, while dry weight of shoot was high at 300ppm SIPAN-BNL.
Meteorological Response against Yield and Yield Component of Rice in Chungnam and Daejeon Area
An, Jong-Beom ; Cho, Jin-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 177~189
These studies were conducted to analysis for weather reaction on the growth and yield component according to meterological elements used Vector Autoregressive Regression(VAR) Model at Daejeon, Hongseong, Geumsan, Nonsan, and Yesan to core of center to Chungnam area in Rice. Reaction of cultivars according to change of meterological elements for growth and yield component effected on heading time in Gancheokbyeo and Mananbyeo, grain number of a spike in Gancheokbyeo, ratio of ripeness in Gancheokbyeo and Geumobyeo 1, amount of milled rice in Geurubyeo and Ansanbyeo, and 1,000 grains weight in Gancheokbyeo, Dasanbyeo, and Hwajinbyeo. An effect on the growth and yield components of meterological elements were influenced by heading date, 1,000 grain weight and ratio of repening as sunshine hours. The cultivars in sensitive reaction for change of weather condition were classified to 14 varieties including Gerubyeo et al., insensitive cultivars were classified to 66 varieties including Gyehwabyeo et. al.
Influence of Physico.Chemical Properties of Root Substrates on the Growth of Mother Plants and the Occurrence of Daughter Plants during the Propagation of 'Maehyang' Strawberry Using a Bag Culture System
Choi, Jong-Myung ; Park, Ji-Young ; Ko, Kwan-Dal ; Lee, Chi-Won W. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 191~197
The objective of this research was to determine the influence of the physical and chemical properties of root substrates used during the production of 'Maehyang' strawberry propaguleson the growth of the mother plants and the rate of daughter plant formation. Plants were cultured in plastic bags containing six different formulations of root substrates composed of: a) 50% coir dust and 50% perlite (5:5 by volume, A), b) 60% coir dust and 40% perlite (6:4, B), c) 70% coir dust and 30% perlite (7:3, C), d) 70% coir dust and 30% coconut chip (7:3 D), e) 60% coir dust and 40% coconut chip (60:40, E), or f) 50% sphagnum peat and 50% vermiculite (50:50, F). All media formulations contained a moderate level of base fertilizers. Physical and chemical properties of each formulation were determined before plant establishment and after 120 days of stock plant culture and runner production. Total porosity (TP) and container capacity (CC) of all substrate formulations were higher than 85% and 55%, respectively, allowing a suitable range of air and water holding characteristics. Formulation F provided the highest TP and CC values among the all substrate modifications evaluated. Substrate formulations A, B, C and F had higher electrical conductivity (EC) and
-N concentrations than formulations D and E, when determined before and after plant culture. Formulations A, B, C, and F, having higher EC readings, also performed better as root substrates thanthe formulations D and E in increasing fresh and dry weights of the runners as well as the production of daughter plants per plant. The 'Maehyang' strawberry plants grown in the formulation F had the highest tissue N content, followed by those grown in substrate B, A, C, or D for 120 days after transplanting. Formulation F also facilitated accumulation of higher tissue phosphorus (P) and copper (Cu) contents compared to other treatments. Results of this experiment suggest that the chemical properties, rather than physical properties, of root substrates had a major influence on the growth of mother plants and the occurrence of healthy daughter plants during the bag-culture phase of propagation.
Influence of Physico.Chemical Properties of Root Substrates on the Growth of 'Maehyang' Strawberry Daughter Plants Produced by Bag Culture of Stock Plants
Choi, Jong-Myung ; Park, Ji-Young ; Ko, Kwan-Dal ; Lee, Chi-Won W. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 199~207
This research was conducted to determine the influence of physiological and chemical properties of root substrates on the growth of the daughter plants of 'Maehyang' strawberry produced by bag culture. The daughter plants produced by stock plants during bag culture were individually separated and grown in 10-cm diameter plastic pots containing six different formulations of root substrates: a) 50% peatmoss plus 50% vermiculite (5:5 by volume, A), b) 70% peatmoss plus 30% perlite (7:3, B), c) 70% coir dust plus 30% perlite (7:3, C), d) mixture of 35% coir dust, 35% peatmoss, and 30% perlite (3.5:3.5:3.0, D), e) mixture of 20% rice hull, 70% coir dust, and 10% perlite (2:7:1, E), and f) 30% rice hull plus 70% coir dust (30:70, F). The container capacity and air filled porosity of the growing medium varied greatly among the six substrate formulations evaluated. The substrates E and F had less container capacity and higher air-holding spaces than the rest of the formulations. Therefore, these two formulations (E and F) may cause a problem in water management during the production of healthy daughter plants. The substrate formulations A, B, and D retained higher nitrogen (N) concentrations than other formulations containing coir dust or rice hull. The substrate formulations E and F which contained rice hull had lower N, phosphorus (P), and potassium(K) concentrations than other substrate formulations containing coir. The quality of the daughter plants grown in all six different substrate formulations was good with the crown diameters at around 10 mm. Fresh weights of the daughter plants grown in substrate formulations A, C, and D were higher than those obtained from B, E, and F. Dry weights of the daughter plants showed a similar trend. The daughter plants having high fresh and dry weights and increased crown diameter are in demand by the industry. For this reason, the substrate formulations A, C and D can readily be used as potting mixes during the production of 'Maehyang' strawberry transplants utilizing the bag culture system.
Effect of 1-MCP and High
Treatment on the Firmness and Pectin Changes in Peach(Prunus persica) Fruit During Shelf-life
Kim, Myun-Surn ; Min, Jeong-Ho ; Chun, Jong-Pil ; Kim, Jin-Guk ; Lee, Eun-Mo ; Lee, Ji-Yong ; Hwang, Yong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 209~216
In order to understand the effects of a single or combined treatments of 1-MCP(
(100%) on the firmness of melting type peach fruit(cv. Chunjungdo), fruit were harvested at commercial maturity and examined physiological changes including flesh firmness during 10 days of shelf-life. Firmness loss of fruit was delayed by both single and combined treatments of 1-MCP and
. The treatment of 1-MCP was more effective than
treatment but no additive effective on firmness retention was found in the combined treatment. The upsurge of ethylene evolution occurred 5 days of shelf-life in air treated control but ethylene evolution gradually increased in fruit treated by 1-MCP and 1-MCP+
. The suppression of ethylene evolution seemed stronger in
treatment. The respiration of fruit significantly inhibited up to 10 days except control where climacteric increase of respiration was found at 10 days of shelf-life. A molecular shift of pectic polymers(an increase of chelator soluble pectins and decrease of water soluble pectins) was induced by both 1-MCP and
treatments. An increase of water soluble pectins was coincident with firmness loss. The delay of firmness loss seemed to be associated with the migration of calcium to wall matrix, especially pectins, resulting in the increase of wall bound calcium. The polygalacturonase activity was significantly reduced by 1-MCP alone 1 day after treatment and increased to similar level of activity 5 days after treatment compared to other treatment except air treated control whereas pectin methylesterase activity seemed not to be affected by both 1-MCP and
treatments. Thus, the molecular shift of pectic polymers appeared not to be related with pectin methylesterase. Further study is required to clarify the softening mechanism associated with molecular shift of pectic polymers and the inter- or intra-cellular movement of calcium ions induced by postharvest treatments of 1-MCP and
Effect of Fertilizer Composed of Dam Suspended Particle Sawdust and Sewage Sludge to Soil Properties and Tree Growth
Ryu, Ji-Hoon ; Park, Gwan-Soo ; Lee, Hang-Goo ; Lee, Sang-Jin ; Park, Bum-Hwan ; Lee, Jong-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 217~222
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of fertilizer composted of dam suspended particle sawdust and sewage sludge to soil properties and seedling growth. The Betula platyphylla var japonica, Zelkova serrata and Chamaecyparis obtusa were used for this study. The soil organic matter, total nitrogen, phosphorous, exchangeable calcium, magnesium, and potassium were increased with fertilizer treatment. Heavy metal concentration in soil was increased with fertilizer treatment, but the level was very low. With fertilizer treatment, growth, photosynthetic capacity, and chlorophyll concentration of seedling were improved.
A study on Location Condition for Erosion Control Dam - Focus on Chungcheong region and Kyeongsangbuk-do -
Park, Sae-Jun ; Lee, Joon-Woo ; Choi, Yeon-Ho ; Kim, Myeong-Jun ; Kweon, Hyeong-Keun ; Jeon, Yong-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 223~229
This study is to analyze location conditions for erosion control dams to be constructed in Chungcheongnam-do, Daejeon Metropolitan City, Chungcheongbuk-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do in order to establish proper conditions for erosion control dams in the future. 199 sites where erosion control dams are expected to be built in 2010 were chosen and investigated in terms of 12 factors including basin area, basin slope, and landslide risk. The results showed that erosion control dams for Chungcheongnam-do and Daejeon Metropolitan City are mostly impermeable gravity dams mainly composed of concrete. In contrast, Chungcheongbuk-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do are increasing the number of permeable or compound erosion control dams. Basin analysis at planned erosion control dam sites showed that at least 44.5% of the total area has high landslide risk. Gyeongsangbuk-do had the largest basin area for erosion control dam sites at 157.3ha, followed by Chungcheongbuk-do at 64.4ha and Chungcheongnam-do at 54.8ha. Analysis of sand deposits in the Chungcheongnam-do erosion control dam built in 2010 confirmed an average deposit of 971.8m3. The sand deposit capacity and amount of sediment control for erosion control dams have a very low correlation with basin area or flow path slope, and this needs to be addressed in future sand deposit capacity designs.
Association of Bovine CSRP3 and ACOX1 Genes with Carcass and Meat Quality Traits
Lee, Jong-Kwan ; Cho, Yong-Min ; Lee, Jun-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 231~238
There is no investigation has yet been conducted for ACOX1 and CSRP3 gene polymorphisms in Korean cattle (Hanwoo), and their associations with carcass and meat quality traits. In this study, SNPs in ACOX1 and CSRP3 genes were identified and their associations with carcass and meat quality traits were investigated in 227 Hanwoo animals. Two SNPs (g.224G> A and g.19491G>A) in ACOX1 gene and one SNP (g.14859C>T) in CSRP3 gene were identified in Hanwoo and sequence analysis indicated that these SNPs were located in the coding regions. The allele frequencies of ACOX1 g.224G>A and g.19491G>A SNPs were 0.57, 0.43, and 0.56 and 0.44, respectively, For CSRP3 g.14859C>T polymorphism, the C and T allele frequencies were 0.64 and 0.36, respectively. The Hanwoo cattle were used to detect PCR-RFLP patterns for estimating the allele frequencies. Single marker association analyses were performed between genotype of each SNP, and carcass and meat quality association traits to evaluate the relationships in Hanwoo. The g.224G>A SNP genotypes of ACOX1 gene, which was significantly associated with meat quantity grade at slaughter (P<0.03) and backfat thickness tended to be greater (P=0.06) in Hanwoo. The previously identified g.14859C>T SNP was used in this study and the obtained genotype and allele frequencies are almost similar with the previous results reported by Bhuiyan et al. (2007). However, no significant association was found between g.19491G>A SNP in the ACOX1 and g.14859C>T SNP genotypes of CSRP3 gene and considered carcass and meat quality traits. In conclusion, the information on the identified SNPs in CSRP3 and ACOX1 genes could be useful for further association study and haplotype analysis for the development of carcass and meat quality traits in Hanwoo.
) on the Growth of Young Calf
Lee, Se-Young ; Lee, Sang-Moon ; Kim, Jong-Hyeong ; Ki, Kwang-Seok ; Kim, Hyeon-Shup ; Kam, Dong-Keun ; Lee, Jae-Hwan ; Lee, Jung-Jin ; Bae, Gui-Seck ; Seo, Seong-Won ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 239~243
The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of supplementation of
, CTCBIO, Inc.) on feed intake, growth performance and fecal health of calves fed two levels (3% vs. 8%) of palm kernel meal (PKM). A total of nine Holstein calves were divided into three groups, and fed a conventional starter containing 3% PKM (CON), CON+0.1% CTCZYME
(TRT1), or a starter containing 8% PKM+0.1% CTCZYME
(TRT2). No clinical symptom of calves was observed through the trial. We did not find significant differences among the treatments on mean feed intake, growth performance, or fecal health during the four-week experimental period. Feed efficiency tended to be improved by adding CTCZYME
(0.46, 0.87 and 0.52 for CON, TRT1 and TRT2, respectively). Compared with CON (921 g/d and 786 g/d), TRT2 had lower feed intake (727 g/d) and average daily gain (ADG, 631 g/d) before weaning. However, feed intake (2300 g/d) and ADG (1012 g/d) were similar or even higher in TRT2 than CON (2269 g/d and 560 g/d) after weaning. This was probably due to the effect of a large amount of mannan-oligosaccharide released from PKM by
-mannanase. Salmonella was not detected any fecal samples. No significant difference was observed in the number of fecal E. coli or fecal properties including color, smell, and watery indexes among the treatments. We conclude that a calf starter containing 8% PKM with 0.1% CTCZYME
is comparable with a conventional starter in feed intake and growth performance of calf, which is beneficial in terms of reduction in feed cost.
Effect of Changes in Targeted Milk Fat and Protein Contents on Feed Cost: a Simulation Modeling Approach
Lee, Se-Young ; Bae, Gui-Seck ; Park, Jong-Soo ; Seo, Seong-Won ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 245~248
This study was conducted to investigate effect of changes in target fat and protein contents in milk on feed cost using a simulation modeling approach based on the 2001 dairy NRC. Two simulations were done; simulation I had a limitation (up to 20%), but simulation II had no limitation for the use of cottonseed hull in a diet. Using commonly used feed ingredients in Korea, we formulated least cost diets that meet nutrient requirement of a lactating dairy cow producing 36 kg of milk with combinations of 0.1% decrease or 0.1% increase in target milk fat or protein, respectively, from the national average milk fat (4.0%) and milk protein (3.1%). The contents of alfalfa and corn in a least-cost diet were decreased and those of tall fescue, whole cottonseed and rapeseed meal were increased with decreasing fat and/or increasing protein in milk. Scenarios that decreased target milk fat percentage from 4.0% to 3.9% reduced feed cost by 2 won per kg. Due to decrease in feed intake, daily feed cost was even more reduced (136 won per head) by decreasing target milk fat percentage. Increase in target milk protein percentage from 3.1% to 3.2% reduced feed cost by 6 won per kg. Among scenarios simulated, the least feed cost was obtained in scenario aimed for 3.9% fat and 3.2% of protein in milk. We conclude that a feeding practice for increasing milk protein percentage does not directly increase feed cost. In addition, feeding practices that increase protein content in milk is expected to improve economic life-span and reproductive performance of dairy cows.
Quality Characteristics of Bread Containing Mulberry Fruit Powder
Bae, Jae-Seok ; Lee, Eui-Suk ; Hong, Soon-Taek ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 249~254
This study was carried out to investigate the quality characteristics of bread containing mulberry fruit powder(0, 3, 6 and 9%, w/w). For color values, L, a and b values decreased with increasing the amount of mulberry fruit powder. In texture, increasing the amount of mulberry fruit powder resulted in hardness and chewiness to increase, while springiness and cohesiveness was decreased. Dough volume of bread containing mulberry fruit powder was reduced and specific loaf volume was also decreased with increasing the amount of mulberry powder. With addition of 6% mulberry powder to the bread, overall sensory score showed the highest rating, while it was minimum with 9% addition. In conclusion, it could be expected that a range of mulberry fruit breads can be developed, with good sensory properties.
Screening and Identification of Antibacterial Actinomycetes against Bacteria Causing Rusty Root on Ginseng
Han, Sung-Hee ; Ryu, Dong-Kul ; Choi, Seung-Hyun ; Choi, Jae-Eul ; An, Gilh-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 255~260
Rusty root, the browning disease on ginseng, decreases quality and value. Recent studies indicated that endophytic bacteria could be a possible cause of rusty root. Actinomycetes antagonistic to the rusty-root-causing bacteria were isolated from soil. Twenty nine out of 932-isolates of Actinomycetes from soil showed antibacterial activity against Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Pseudomonas veronii an endophytic isolate in ginseng. The strongest antibacterial strain(ATO4O104) was classified based on 16S rDNA sequence. The Actinomycetes strain, ATO4O104, isolated in soil of USA volcano national park was identified as Streptomyces adephospholyticus. To test plant toxicity, radish seeds were sprouted with the culture of S. adephospholyticus and it did not show any harmful effect. The butanol partition out of n-hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water partions showed the highest antibacterial activity.
Studies on the Fat Content and Fatty Acid Composition of the Black-bean-sauce Noodles in the Chinese Restaurants
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Jin, Juan ; Lee, Ki-Teak ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 261~266
In this study, we determined lipid content, total fatty acid composition, trans fatty acid(tFA) content, and acid value of twenty black-bean-sauce noodles collected in Seoul city area. Total lipid contents of twenty samples were determined to be 3.33~9.23% on wet base. Total unsaturated fatty acids were from 47.83% to 83.18%(mainly oleic and linoleic acid). Total saturated fatty acids ranged from 16.06% to 51.48%. Besides, tFA contents in total lipid of samples were ranged from 0.38% to 1.39%, equivalent to 20 to 80mg per 100g of black-bean-sauce noodles. Acid values of lipids extracted from samples ranged from 0.56 to 2.88.
Properties of Black Charcoal Board Manufactured from Domestic Wood Waste by Using Serum Protein Adhesive
Seo, In-Su ; Lee, Hwa-Hyoung ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 267~270
This study was carried out to manufacture black charcoal board from domestic wood waste by using serum protein adhesive which is natural, environment-friendly and human-friendly. For the preparation of the serum protein adhesive, pig blood from slaughterhouse was centrifuged and serum was separated from corpuscles and concentrated to 30% by dry weight basis. The particle size of charcoal from domestic wood waste for this study was #6-60. Hot pressing schedule was
(5 min). The black charcoal board made by the addition of 13% serum protein adhesive on dry weight basis gave 41.76kgf/
of bending strength, 8.12kgf/
of internal bonding strength, and excellent gas adsorption and workability.
Shear Load Performance Test in Accordance with Sheathing Materials of Shear Wall
Jang, Sang-Sik ; Shin, Il-Joong ; Kim, Yun-Hui ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 271~276
In this study, the light-frame wood shear walls according to the sheathing materials was carried out to investigate the shear load performance. Most common sheathing materials are the structural OSB and gypsum board used to consist wall of wood-frame house. Seven different type of specimens are composed of several sheathing materials and shear test was taken to evaluate shear performance by KS F 2154. As a result, shear walls(G12.5/G12.5 and G12.5/OSB) show that maximum shear strength and shear rigidity modulus are 7316N/mm
118.25 N/mm and 11129 N/mm
184.66 N/mm respectively. The shear wall using gypsum board 15mm improve maximum shear strength and shear rigidity modulus about 30%. The shear wall using 15mm gypsum board showed intermediate value in one side specimens. Different types of shear walls could be compared with the shear load performance. Also, nailed joint failure aspects are different to sheathing material and installing method.
Engineering Properties of Permeable Polymer Concrete for Pavement Using Polypropylene Fiber
Sung, Chan-Yong ; Lee, Seung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 277~283
Research on permeable pavement like asphalt and concrete pavement with porous structure has been increasing due to environmental and functional need such as reduction of run off and flood. This study was performed to evaluate void ratio, permeability coefficient, and compressive strength of permeable polymer concrete (PPC) using crushed and recycled coarse aggregate that is obtained from waste concrete. Also, 6 mm length of polypropylene fiber was used to increase toughness and interlocking between aggregate and aggregate surrounded by binder. Binder and filler used were unsaturated polyester resin and CaCO3, respectively. The mix proportions were determined to satisfy the requirement for the workability and slump according to aggregate sizes 5~10 mm. In the test results, regardless of kinds of aggregates and fiber contents, the void ratio, permeability coefficient and compressive strength of all types of PPC showed the higher than the criterion of porous concrete that is used in permeable pavement in Korea. Also, strengths of PPC with increase polypropylene fiber volume fraction showed slightly increased tendency due to increase binder with increase of fiber volume fraction. Accordingly, polypropylene fiber and recycled coarse aggregate can be used for permeable pavement.
Increase of Downstream Minimum Flow Followed by Increase of Water Storage Size in Yudeungcheon Upstream
Noh, Jae-Kyoung ; Kim, Yong-Kuk ; Lee, Jae-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 285~293
To secure instream flow at the Yudeung urban stream reach of Daejeon city in South Korea, Yudeung upstream diversion was designed with total water storage of
, and the upstream Seongol reservoir was planned to raise the bank with various sizes. Downstream streamflows were simulated by considering outflows from upstream diversion and reservoir, and after then flow durations were analyzed and compared with flows of no reservoir condition. In case of no diversion or reservoir upstream, flow durations were
. In case of upstream diversion, flow durations were
. The increase flow rates were
in 185th. In case of Seongol reservoir with effective storage capacities of
, flow durations were
flow. The increase flow rates were
. The more the sizes of upstream reservoirs increased, the
flows decreased in which coefficients of determination were 0.92, 0.99, respectively and the
flows increased in which coefficients of determination were 0.93 to 0.99.
Development of a Combine HST Electronic Control System (I) - Indoor Tests for Control Characteristics -
Seo, Sin-Won ; Huh, Yun-Kun ; Lee, Je-Yong ; Lee, Chang-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 295~302
Electro-hydraulic transmission (HST) and an electronic control system was designed, and performance of the components were investigated through indoor tests. When input values for HST swash plate control were given at 3 levels (5, 10, 13 degrees) in forward and reverse directions, the errors were less than 0.6 degrees. Response time was in ranges of 0.14 ~ 0.16 s and 0.16 ~ 0.2 s for forward and reverse direction controls while driving, and the values were 0.23 ~ 0.25 s and 0.18 ~ 0.23 s at static condition, respectively. Similar experiments for left and right steering resulted errors less than 0.5 degrees. Resonse time was in ranges of 0.16 ~ 0.22 s and 0.11 ~ 0.23 s for left and right turns while driving, and the values were 0.07 ~ 0.21 s and 0.09 ~ 0.14 s at static condition, respectively. From frequency response experiments, control system appeared to follow sine waves appropriately at frequencies less than 0.8 Hz with gain of 0.11 dB and 0.09 dB for forward and reverse direction controls, respectively, and the gain decreased above the frequency. Phase difference showed a gradual increase and were less than 45 degree up to 0.8 Hz. Similar experiments for left and right streering showed that the control system appeared to follow sine waves appropriately at frequencies less than 0.8 Hz with gain of 0.28 dB and 0.26 dB for left and right steering controls, respectively, and the gain decreased above the frequency. Phase difference showed a gradual increase and were less than 45 degree up to 0.8 Hz, which was the same as for the forward and reverse controls.
Study on Quality Factor Measurement for Cherry Tomato using Color Imagery
Kim, Dae-Yong ; Oh, Hyun-Keun ; Lee, Nam-Keun ; Kim, Young-Sik ; Cho, Byung-Kwan ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 303~308
Surface color is the most important quality factor for the grade evaluation of cherry tomato. Color is one of the representative indicators for the maturity which is closely related to the internal quality of cherry tomato, such as firmness, sugar content, and acidity. This study was carried out to investigate the relationship between surface color and internal quality of cherry tomatoes harvested from both hydroponic and soil culture at different ripening stages. To calculate the color values of cherry tomatoes an automatic color imaging system was constructed. A specially designed image processing algorithm for the color measurement was developed. The color values of L*, a*, b* were calculated from the initial color values of RGB and then compared with the internal quality. Statistical analyses indicated that the internal quality was more highly correlated with the surface color than size of cherry tomatoes. Color image features were also investigated to detect external damage of cherry tomatoes. The value of (R value - R mean value)/R mean value was the most effective image feature for the detection of damaged areas on the surface of cherry tomatoes. The results of this study demonstrated the feasibility of color sorting process as an alternative of the conventional drum type size sorting system for cherry tomato industry.
Performance Evaluation of a Round Baler Attachable to Medium Agricultural Tractors
Chang, Dong-Il ; Chung, Sun-Ok ; Cho, Byoung-Kwan ; Cho, Nam-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 309~314
Bale is an operation of collecting livestock feed materials from field crop residue, and mechanization demand on the operation has been increased. Bailers imported from foreign countries such as Japan and European countries have been used, but those models showed improper performance in Korean situations. In recent years, a steel-roller type round baler attachable to medium size tractors(40 to 60 HP) for effective bale operation in Korea was developed. This study was conducted to evaluate field performance of the baler. For proper baling operation, engine speed was greater than 1,800rpm, average traction force and PTO torque were about 4kN and in a range of 380-671Nm, and maximum values were about 7kN and 3,000Nm, respectively. Performance evaluation tests for sudan grass, rice straw, and blue barley showed that field capacity was 0.59ha/h for blue barley and 0.99ha/h for sudan grass and rice straw. Bale weight, diameter, width, and bulk density were in ranges of 176.1~418.4kg, 1.07~1.12m, 1.02~1.04m, and 175.3~454.1kg/
. Noise sound level during the baling operation was 4dB greater than idle operation condition, which was considered to be ignorant.
Estimation of Income Distribution for Domestic Grape-producing Farms Based on the Subjective Simulation Process
Koo, Seung-Mo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 315~321
Decision-makings or the related policies regarding domestic grape production heavily depends upon the known market price data and official statistics periodically announced by government, at national level. However, usual adaption of the 'simple means' from these data may bring seriously biased decision-makings when the original data are biased, especially when the data are not convinced to be normal distributions to decision makers. In this regards, this study employs Monte Carlo simulation technique to overcome the limitations, based on the decision makers' subjective assumptions on the known data, and, tries to come up with flexible range of business information regarding grape-producing farm income. The approach used in this study also provides possibility that it may be useful when adapting subjective assumptions from various statistical distributions.
Strategy for the Promotion of Exportation of Korean Processed Food
Kim, Soung-Hun ; Hong, Seung-Jee ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 323~330
Korean government has endeavored to increase the exportation of agro-food, and the exporting processed food is one of the main concerns. However, there is little research to promote the exportation of Korean processed food, which is discussed in this paper. This paper analyzed the current situation of the exporting processed food and the government policy in Korea, and presents the strategy to increase the exporting. First, government programs should consider the market efficiency. Second, specified marketing strategies need to be developed after the overall analysis about the world market. Third, governmental support for product development and promotion should be expanded. Forth, efforts to increase the efficiency of logistics and food safety need to be magnified.
A Study on Relationship between Local Agricultural Products Brand and Consumer Purchasing Intention: the Case of Andong City
Lee, Yong-Gun ; Park, Seok-Doo ; Park, Jae-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 37, issue 2, 2010, Pages 331~339
The purposes of this study were to analyze the effect relationship between local agricultural products brand and consumer purchasing intention and then to find some influencing factors for them. This study tested three hypotheses as follows: brand personality, consumer personality, and brand equity for Andong agricultural products would be influenced by socio-demographic characteristics; brand power of Andong agricultural products would have a positive effect on consumer purchasing intention; consumer personality would have a effect on consumer purchasing intention. According to the survey of the metropolitan area residents on Andong agricultural product brand, brand image had the biggest influence on consumer purchasing intention. Raising consumer's trust and ability-orientation on Andong agricultural products would have a positive effect on consumer purchasing intention. Also brand acknowledgement was positively related to consumer purchasing intention.