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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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Journal DOI :
CNU Journal of Agricultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of quality indices during fruit development and ripening in 'Wonhwang' and 'Whasan' pears
Lee, Ug-Yong ; Chun, Jong-Pil ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 405~411
In this study, we evaluated the changes of fruit quality indices during fruit development and ripening in Korean new pear cultivar 'Wonhwang' and 'Whasan' to determine appropriate harvest time and to enhance the marketability. The fruit of each cultivar harvested from 100 days after full bloom (DAFB) to 135 and 150 DAFB in 'Wonhwang' and 'Whasan', respectively. The fruit growth of both cultivars showed a typical single sigmoidal pattern. Flesh firmness of two cultivars decreased continuously with fruit development and ripening, reaching a final level of about 2.6 kgF at harvest stage. The starch content of fruit sap was much higher in the fruits of early development stage than the later stage of fruit ripening. In 'Wonhwang' pears, the starch level decreased coincide with fruit ripening (130 DAFB), while that of 'Whasan' decreased from very early stage of fruit development (120 DAFB), 30 days before full ripe. 'Whasan' pear showed much lower acidity level of about 0.13% during fruit development and ripening period compared with that of 'Wonhwang'. Therefore, the ratio of soluble solids to total acidity (TSS/acid) increased gradually with fruit development and ripening, reaching a final level of 80 and 98 in 'Wonhwang' and 'Whasan', respectively. There were no climateric rise of fruit respiration during fruit ripening periods in two oriental pear cultivar. The changes of skin color difference including hunter vale
which means loss of green color occurred only after onset of ripening in two cultivars.
Environmentally-friendly control of Riptortus pedestris (Hemiptera: Alydidae) by environmental friendly agricultural materials
Kwon, Hye-Ri ; Kim, Sae-Hee ; Park, Min-Woo ; Jo, Shin-Hyuk ; Shin, Hyo-Seob ; Cho, Hyeoun-Suk ; Seo, Mi-Ja ; Yu, Yong-Man ; Youn, Young-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 413~419
Recently, the rate of cultivation of such as hairy vetch was increased as a way of reducing the current soil problem. However, the occurrence of insect pest such as bean bugs, Riptortus pedestris, were increased in the field of green manure crops and their injuries to hairy vetch were observed. While minimizing insecticide use for the environmental friendly agriculture, the control of the bean bug can be utilized environmental friendly agricultural materials (EFAMs) in the green manure crop fields. The control effects of some EFAMs and most of chemical insecticides to the bean bug were significantly high. As a result of direct spray of EFAM that contained sophora extract or neem extract, the control effects of six EFAMs were higher than 70% at 120 hours after treatments. Among them, three EFAMs were showed over 90% of control effects. On the other hand, most of chemical insecticides were showed 100% of control effect against the bean bug at 48 hours after treatment. As mortality effects of EFAMs were sloely observed until 120h after treatment, we must use selected EFAMs at the beginnibgs of occurrence and entrance in the field of green manure for effective control of bean bugs.
The forestry-related legal system and permission procedure of forestation business in Indonesia
Yeom, In-Hwan ; Kweon, Hyeong-Keun ; Lee, Joon-Woo ; Kim, Se-Bin ; Park, Gwan-Soo ; Han, Man-Seong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 421~428
Of the countries where Korea has advanced for overseas afforestation investments, Indonesia might be the most important country. As the end of 2010, nine Korean companies have been implementing afforestation projects in Indonesia, covering a total area of one hundred and fifty thousand hectares roughly. Following the Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU) on afforestation investment covering five hundred thousand hectares (A/R CDM / industrial afforestation) signed between Korea and Indonesia, the two countries concluded in 2009 an additional MOU covering two hundred thousand hectares for biomass afforestation, thus securing a total afforestation area of seven hundred thousand hectares. Further it was guaranteed that afforestation license would have validity for maximum 95 years, which laid the foundation for long-term stable investments for afforestation projects. Forest law of Indonesia consists of Presidential decree and Governmental decree as superior regulations and Minister's decree as subordinate regulations, being made up of total 17 chapters. Forestry Minister's decree was amended at end of last year, as regards license for exploitation of timber and forestry products in afforestation area. In the past, such license to develop and use timber and forestry products had been granted under Forestry Minister's decree No. P 11 / Menhut-II / 2008. After the amendment in 2010, however, the ground was shifted to Forestry Minister's decree No. P 50 / Menhut-II / 2010, trimming the procedure to obtain afforestation license into a little simplified one.
Characteristics of woodland changes in an agricultural landscape - The case of Gwangju
Lee, Young-Chang ; Jung, Woon-Joo ; Kim, Keun-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 429~436
Recent landscape changes from human activities, such as agricultural development and urbanisation frequently result in the loss of habitats, the reduction in habitat patch size and an increasing isolation of habitat patches. However, there is little information on woodland changes in agricultural landscapes. Therefore, the aim of this research was to assess spatial characteristics and changes of woodland in an agricultural landscape and how these may have had an impact on ecological process for 33 years. One of the agricultural landscape character units was analysed based on aerial photographs from 1976, 1983, 1994, 2002 and 2009 in Gwangju city. The results indicated that landscape ecological metrics clearly showed that they could be used to monitor changes of woodland ecological conditions during the past 33 years. The results imply that particularly human activities have been leading to the decrease of the mean size of woodland patches and finally result in woodland isolation. These changes may have a negative impact on woodland bird species in the study area. This woodland information can be used to identify the potential and specific needs for setting priorities for conservation planning.
A study on the food habits of Sika Deer (Saanen) fed with roughage sources
Gang, Byung-Ho ; Lee, In-Duk ; Lee, Soo-Kee ; Lee, Hyung-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 437~444
The object of this experiment was to investigate the food habits of sika deer fed with various roughage sources. The experimental trials were conducted at Unbong Animal Genetic Resources Station in 2008. The experimental roughages include five sources and 25 species in all; grasses and legumes: 5 species (mixed grasses, orchardgrass, tall fescue, alfalfa, white clover), native grasses and weeds: 5 species (mixed native grasses, Miscanthus sinensis Anderss, Arundinella hirta (Thunb.) Tanaka, barnyard grass, short awn, forage crops (hay, silages and straw): 5 species (barley + hairy vetch, Wheat + hairy vetch, rye silage, barley silage, baled rice straw), browse and fallen leaves: 5 species (mixed browse, oriental white oak, Quercus serrta Thunb., oriental cherry fallen leaves, Japanese chestnut fallen leaves), and imported hays and straws: 5 species (timothy hay, tall fescue straw, annual ryegrass straw, klinegrass hay, alfalfa hay). Five sika deer were used as experimental animals and the averaged body weight was 95+5.4kg. The chemical composition and dry matter digestibility of each roughage source and species were significantly different at the sampling area, plant species, growth stages and cutting period(p<0.05). The sika deer ate more roughages which had low fibrous contents, but high dry matter digestibility. Among all the 25 species of roughages, the favorite intake roughage sources ranking by sika deer was observed like this: browse and fallen leaves (32.2%), grass and legumes (27.0%), native grasses and weeds (22.0%), imported hays (12.9%) and forages crops (5.5%) respectively. Although, the sika deer ate more browse leaves, but ate more roughage which had low fibrous contents (NDF and ADF), but high drymatter digestibility. On the other hand, compared to each roughage source, total intake amount by sika deer was showed as browse and fallen leaves (32.2%). Based on the result, the food habit of sika deer seems to be closer to the typical browser.
A study on the food habits of Korean native goats fed with roughage sources
Gang, Byung-Ho ; Lee, In-Duk ; Lee, Soo-Kee ; Lee, Hyung-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 445~452
The object of this experiment was to investigate the food habits of Korean native goats fed with various roughage sources. The experimental trials were conducted at Unbong Animal Genetic Resources Station in 2008. The experimental roughages include five sources and 25 species in all; grasses and legumes: 5 species (mixed grasses, orchardgrass, tall fescue, alfalfa, white clover), native grasses and weeds: 5 species (mixed native grasses, Miscanthus sinensis Anderss, Arundinella hirta (Thunb.) Tanaka, Barnyard grass, short awn, forage crops and straw: 5 species (barley + hairy vetch, wheat + hairy vetch, rye silage, barley silage, baled rice straw), browse and fallen leaves: 5 species (Mixed browse, Oriental white oak, Quercus serrta Thunb., Oriental cherry fallen leaves, Japanese chestnut fallen leaves), and imported hay and straw: 5 species(timothy hay, tall fescue straw, annual ryegrass straw, klinegrass hay, alfalfa hay). Ten Korean native goats were selected which had nearly the same body weight (average
kg). The chemical composition and dry matter digestibility of each roughage source and species were significantly different at the sampling area, plant species, growth stages and cutting period (p<0.05). Among all the 25 species of roughages, the favorite intake species order by Korean native goat was observed like this: Quercus aliena, Querancas serrta Thunb and Mixed browse, which was a lower intake compared to other domestic herbivores. The Korean native goats ate more roughages which had low fibrous contents, but high dry matter digestibility. The Korean native goats ate more roughages which had low fibrous contents, but high dry matter digestibility. On the other hand, compared to each roughage source, total intake amount by Korean native goats was showed as browse and fallen leaves (33.1%) among trials roughage sources. Based on these results, the food habit of Korean native goats seems to be closer to the browser.
Analysis of MC1R genotypes in three different colored Korean cattle (Hanwoo)
Jin, Shil ; Shim, Jung-Mi ; Seo, Dong-Won ; Jung, Woo-Young ; Ryoo, Seung-Heui ; Kim, Jin-Ho ; Lee, Jun-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 453~458
The MC1R (Melanocortin 1 receptor) gene has been known as a causative gene of the coat colors in mammals and responsible for the E (Extension) locus which has three alleles (
, e) that determines coat colors. The dominant allele
produces black or brown colors due to the missense mutation and the recessive e allele has frameshift mutation which shows red or yellow coat colors. Whereas the wild type
produces variety of colors due to the interaction with A (Agouti) locus. In this study, PCR-RFLP was performed using two restriction enzymes (BsrF I and MspA1 I) in order to obtain MC1R genotypes in Korean brindle cattle and black cattle. The results showed that all of the animals have the
alleles, indicating the
allele might related with black coat colors. Later on, the experiments expanded to the 260 Korean candidate bulls whether these animals have the same
allele. Among 260 samples investigated, 5% (13/260) of the animals had
e genotypes, indicating the
allele is also present in the candidate bulls in a low frequency. Even though we expected that A locus also affect the black coat color in cattle, all the black coat color animals (brindle and black) have
alleles in this study. Therefore, the genotyping of the MC1R gene in candidate bulls will recommended be applied for eliminating of black coat colors in Hanwoo population, if the farmers need to have the brown coat colors only.
Theoretical molecular aspects of colloidal calcium phosphate in bovine milk
Choi, Jong-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 459~464
A simplified model for the colloidal calcium phosphate (CCP) nanocluster was developed from an active role of phosphate in the precipitation of casein (CN)/Ca mixtures and the composition of casein micelles (CM). The possible shape of the CCP nanocluster was selected as a tetrahedron, and we estimated that 4 CN molecules were involved in crosslinking a single CCP nanocluster. Similar values were obtained for the number of CN molecules involved in stabilizing the nanocluster when the number of CNs attached onto each nanocluster surface was deduced from the composition of CM. If one phosphoserine cluster consisted of 3 phosphoserine residues, the theoretical molecular weight and volume for the nanocluster were estimated to be 4,898 g/mol and 2.88
, respectively. It was also shown that the position of Ca present in our model were reasonably located to accommodate the serine phosphate in CN molecule.
Investigation of TYR and MC1R polymorphisms in Korean native chickens and the commercial chickens
Heo, Kang-Nyeong ; Choo, Hyo-Jun ; Seo, Bo-Young ; Park, Mi-Na ; Jung, Kie-Chul ; Hwang, Bo-Jong ; Kim, Hak-Kyu ; Hong, Eui-Chul ; Seo, Ok-Suk ; Kang, Bo-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 465~471
The commercial Korean native chickens (WR_CC) was developed by crossing a few native chicken breeds in Korea. In order to investigate the breed identification markers, SNPs from TYR gene and MC1R gene, which are associated with skin and feather colors respectively, were initially identified. In case of 3 identified SNPs in the TYR gene, yellow shank color was identified in Loss, Harvard, AA, RIR and CC, which have the fixed SNPs in most of the animals. On the other hand, SNP variations were observed in KNC_RB, C_B, WR_CC and HH_CC, which have the black, yellow and mixed color with black and yellow shank colors. Also, the investigation of 3 SNPs in the MC1R gene indicated that there were associations between shank and feather colors in RIR, SF, KNC_B, C_B and RIR. However, these results are not consistent among breeds. These SNP type inconsistencies within breeds suggested that the selection was performed based on the phenotypes, which is not include the genotype information. Thus, selection based on genetic information is required in the future.
Utilization of Makgeolli sludge for growth of probiotic bacteria
Kim, Wan-Sub ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 473~477
A number of health benefits have been claimed for probiotic bacteria such as Bifidobacterium (B) spp. Lactobacillus(L) acidophilus, and Lactococcus(Lc) cremoris. Viability of probiotic bacteria is important in order to provide health benefits. Only a limited culture media for the test purpose of probiotic bacteria are commercially available (MRS broth), but the media for large-scale propagation of viable cells which are able to be used as food additive are not available. The manufacture of a low priced and preferred novel medium for probiotic bacteria was therefore, attempted using whey protein concentrate(WPC) and Makgeolli sludge as a starting material. The effect of WPC and Makgeolli sludge on the growth of four strains (B. bifidum 15696, B. longum 15707, L. acidophilus CH-2, and Lc. cremoris 20076) was investigated. Medium prepared such as WPC, Makgeolli sludge, and WPC+Makgeolli sludge(WPCMs). It was observed that the growth of 4 strains (B. bifidum 15696, B. longum 15707, L. acidophilus CH-2, and Lc. cremoris 20076) was stimulated by Makgeolli sludge, WPC, WPCMs. Especially, Viable cell number of 4 strains in the WPCMs were higher than that of the single media. These result suggest the possibility that Makgeolli and WPC, acts as a growth factor for the growth of probiotic bacteria.
Lignan contents in Acanthopanax senticosus by HPLC
Kim, Hye-Min ; Cho, Seon-Haeng ; Kook, Soon-Ja ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 479~484
A reverse-phase system of HPLC using a linear gradient of acetonitrile and deionized water was developed for the quantification lignans, eleutherosides B and E, in Acanthopanax senticosus. The HPLC system consisted of linear gradient of acetonitrile and deionized water, and UV/VIS detection was set at 210 nm. Both eleutherosides B and E contents in different parts of A. senticosus were determined. As a result, the contents of eleutherosides B and E were measured in the leaves (trace amounts and 0.029 mg/g, respectively), stems (0.107 and 1.015 mg/g, respectively), roots (0.026 and 0.390 mg/g, respectively), and fruits (0.022 and 0.043 mg/g, respectively). Moreover, eleutherosides B and E in the water extract were found 0.011 and 0.171 mg/g, respectively.
Characterization of fermented milk added with green whole grains of barley, wheat, glutinous rice and common rice powders
Bae, Hyoung-Churl ; Renchinkhand, Gereltuya ; Ku, Ja-Hyeong ; Nam, Myoung-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 485~491
Yogurt was prepared from skim milk added with 2, 4 or 6% of green whole grain of barley, wheat, glutinous rice and common rice, respectively. Changes in pH, titratable acidity, viable cell counts and viscosity during fermentation were monitored and its sensory evaluation was also performed. The optimum level of additives such as green whole grain of barley, wheat, glutinous rice and common rice for yogurt manufacture was selected to 2%. The samples added with green whole grain of barley and wheat powders reached pH 4.5 in 12 hours. After 4 hours of fermentation, pH, the viable cell counts and viscosity in samples added with 2% green whole grain of barley, wheat, glutinous rice and common rice powders were the highest. Especially, in overall sensory evaluation using 5 parameters, the sensory scores of glutinous rice and common rice 2% yogurts were significantly high. From this experiment, the additives optimum level of glutinous rice and common rice powders was selected to be 2%.
Seepage analysis of agricultural reservoir due to raising embankment
Lee, Dal-Won ; Lee, Kwang-Sol ; Lee, Young-Hak ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 493~504
This study was carried out to safety evaluation, the practical application and improvement of design method of the agricultural reservoir due to raising embankments. Also, it was to compare and analyze the pore water pressure (PWP), seepage (leakage) quantity and piping phenomenon according to high water table and rapid drawdown. The seepage analysis by finite element analysis was used for steady state and transient condition. The pore water pressure distribution for steady state and transient condition showed positive(+) PWP on the upstream slope, it was gradually changed negative(-) PWP on the downstream slope. The PWP in the core ranged from 100 ~ -33 kPa, the seepage line in the incline-type core suddenly decreased towards the lower levels from the higher levels. The PWP according to rapid drawdown is remained in the vicinity of the upstream slope, therefore, it is investigated to be in an unstable state by the slope stability analysis. The PWP after raising embankments showed smaller than in the before raising embankments. It was likely to be the piping phenomenon because the gradients in the before raising embankments showed largely at downstream slope, and the stability for piping in the after raising embankments increased stable state. The seepage quantity per 1 day and the leakage per 100m for the steady state and transient condition appeared to be safe against the piping. It reduced slightly regardless of the transient condition before the raising embankments and it decreased largely about 2.4 times in the early days after the raising embankments.
Comparison of single-span plastic greenhouse in Korea and high tunnel in North America
Nam, Sang-Woon ; Both, Arend-Jan ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 505~512
Structural characteristics for standard models of single-span plastic greenhouse in Korea and high tunnels in North America were analyzed, and comparative analysis for greenhouse environments measuring in Korean farmhouse and Rutgers high tunnel was carried out to find structural and environmental improvements of single-span plastic greenhouses that occupy most of Korean greenhouse. Widths of high tunnels are similar to single-span plastic greenhouses but their heights are high comparatively and their side heights are fairly higher than single-span plastic greenhouses specially. Rafters, which are main frames, section sizes of high tunnels are bigger and their intervals are wider than single-span plastic greenhouses. Relative bending resistances compared with representative Korean greenhouse were analyzed by 0.92 to 1.42 in single-span plastic greenhouses, and 1.38 to 2.96 in high tunnels. Frame ratios of single-span plastic greenhouses were 6.8 to 8.6%, and those of high tunnels were 5.5 to 8.7%. We analyzed air temperatures and solar radiations measured in single-span plastic greenhouse and high tunnel on clear days in late March. There were outside temperatures in generally similar range, and judging by rise of indoor temperatures, ventilation performance of high tunnel is more excellent than single-span plastic greenhouse. Solar radiations of two areas were no big difference but light transmittance of high tunnel was a little bit higher than single-span plastic greenhouse. Single-span plastic greenhouses are disadvantageous in environmental managements such as ventilation performance and light transmittance because distance between greenhouses is too narrow and length of greenhouse is too long compared to high tunnels. To get the environmental improvement effects as well as to increase the structural resistance of single-span plastic greenhouses are achievable by widening the width of greenhouse in possible range, widening the space between rafters, and enlarging the section size of rafters. Also, we need to secure enough distance between greenhouses and to restrict the length of greenhouse by maximum 50 m in order to improve the ventilation performance and the light transmittance.
Comparison of streamflow runoff model in Korea for applying to reservoir operation
Noh, Jae-Kyoung ; Lee, Jae-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 513~524
To evaluate the applicability of inflow runoff model to reservoir operation in Korea, DAWAST model and TPHM model which are conceptual lumped daily runoff model and were developed in Korea, were selected and applied to simulate inflows to Daecheong multipurpose dam with watershed area of 4,134
, and water storages in Geryong reservoir with watershed area of 15.1
and total water storage of 3.4 M
. Evaluating inflows on an yearly, monthly, ten-day, and daily basis, inflows by DAWAST model showed balanced scatters around equal value line. But inflow by TPHM model showed high in high flows. Annual mean water balance by DAWAST model was rainfall of 1,159.9 mm, evapotranspiration of 622.1 mm, and inflow of 644.6 mm, from which rainfall was 104.8 mm less than sum of evapotranspiration and inflow, and showed unbalanced result. Water balance by TPHM model showed satisfactory result. Reservoir water storages were shown to simulate on a considerable level from applying DAWAST and TPHM models to simulate inflows to Geryong reservoir. But it was concluded to be needed to improve DAWAST and TPHM model together from imbalance of water balance and low estimation in high flow.
Design and performance evaluation of portable electronic nose systems for freshness evaluation of meats
Kim, Jae-Gone ; Cho, Byoung-Kwan ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 525~532
The aim of this study was to develop a portable electronic nose system for freshness measurement of meats, which could be an alterative of subjective measurements of human nose and time-consuming measurements of conventional gas chromatograph methods. The portable electronic system was o optimized by comparing the measurement sensitivity and hardware efficiency, such as power consumption and dimension reduction throughout two stages of the prototypes. The electronic nose systems were constructed using an array of four different metal oxide semiconductor sensors. Two different configurations of sensor array with dimension were designed and compared the performance respectively. The final prototype of the system showed much improved performance on saving power consumption and dimension reduction without decrease of measurement sensitivity of pork freshness. The results show the potential of constructing a portable electronic system for the measurement of meat quality with high sensitivity and energy efficiency.
Compression strength performance of multi-layer glued columns by using square lumbers produced from domestic small diameter logs
Shin, Il-Joong ; Kim, Yun-Hui ; Jang, Sang-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 533~540
This study is to develop a mulit-layer glued columns for construction of Korean-style houses by using domestic small diameter logs. Dried small square lumber glued each other to develop a multi-layer glued columns and evaluated its performance of strength. Then, predicted the design load of multi-layer glued columns and make a comparison between actual load and design load of multi-layer glued columns. In the results, allowable load by allowable stress of multi-layer glued columns was measured one-third of actual columns load and prediction load was measured less than 10~30% of the actual load. Therefore, muilt-layer glued member has a standard allowable stress of compressive of 13 MPa (Larix leptolepis) and 19 MPa (Chamaecyparis obtusa) when used as columns. Also, using compression strength of small diameter square logs could calculate maximum loads of multi-layer glued member as column.
Shear performance of green timber wall panels
Kim, Yun-Hui ; Shin, Il-Joong ; Jang, Sang-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 541~547
Korean building industry was developed by concrete and steel construction. However, concrete and steel have some problems which low carbon storage capability and difficulty of recycling. According to many studies, timber has high carbon storage capability, high recycling capability and sustainable supporting capability. Focus on this factors of timber, make new wall structure as Green Timber Wall panels and check the shear performance to use wall system in housing construction such as light-weight timber construction and nondearing wall on other construction. In the results, B-4-B and B-4-S show similar modulus of shear stiffness on the table. GH-4-GH has slip shape failure mode between Green Timber Wall boards. GH-4-GV has most stable characteristic curve than other specimens.
Study on the Chinese cabbage producers' using patterns about a new variety of seed
Hong, Seung-Jee ; Kim, Yong-Gyu ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 549~557
Chinese cabbage is a staple food to Korean, which has the high degree of self-sufficiency and worldwide breeding technique in the aspect of seed. However, the producers' competitiveness has been decreasing after the agricultural product market was open. In order to cope with this problem, the government introduced some policies for promoting seed industry in 2007 to reflect producer's needs for high quality seeds of Chinese cabbage. These policies will be a good opportunity for producers to secure and promote the producers' competitiveness against low-price importing Chinese cabbage. In this aspect it is very important to know how well these policies are established and what Chinese cabbage farmers want in regard to a new variety of Chinese cabbage seed. This study was carried out to look over the Chinese cabbage producers' using pattern about a new variety of seed and show some directions for efficient way of diffusion of a new variety of seed to producers using a survey research. The main results are as follows. The producers thought the characteristics of a new variety of seed most important factor compared to other factors such as the seed price, and easiness of cabbage sales when they choose a seed. Also, the 65% of respondents were willing to accept a new variety of seed and thought the government support for an exhibition field and diffusing public information about a new variety of Chinese cabbage seed are important in accepting a new variety of seed.
The survey analysis on the recognition of agro-food exporter to promote exportation in Korea
Kim, Kyung-Phil ; Kim, Soung-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 559~569
Korean government has introduced various programs to support exporters for the promotion of agro-food, including subsidizing the part of cost of transportation which is one of main supporting programs welcomed by exporters. However, the circumstance of global trade requires the change of government policy to promote exportation. The goal of this paper is to conduct the survey to analyze the recognition of agro-food exporters about the current promotion programs, and to suggest the findings to improve the Korean government program. The survey was conducted for 200 Korean agro-food exporters and 55 samples were taken for analysis. The results of analysis suggests followings: First, most of exporters still prefer the direct subsidy program, Second, however, many exporters also understand the necessity of the program to enforce the infrastructure for exportation and require that program, which will be the main promotion program in Korea.
Development of a mid-term preceding observation model for radish
Cho, Jae-Hwan ; Lee, Han-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 571~581
This study develops a mid-term preceding observation model of radish to complement an existing short-term agricultural observation model. The first purpose of the study is to extend a three seasonal classification(spring, summer, fall) of fruit-vegetables to a four seasonal classification that involves the winter additionally. This allows us to verify the reason for demand and supply unbalance and unstable price of radish. The second purpose is to construct a mid-term preceding observation model that would be used to forecast planted areas, output, monthly shipment and price. To achieve these purposes, several multiple regression models are estimated. A system is consisted of a planted areas equation, a yield equation, monthly shipment distribution equation, and monthly price equation. To calculate output an auxiliary equation is involved in the system and the consumer price index etc are considered as exogenous variables.
Status survey on short-term agricultural machinery rental system for efficient operation
Hong, Soon-Jung ; Huh, Yun-Kun ; Chung, Sun-Ok ; Shin, Seung-Yeoub ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 583~591
Status survey on short-term agricultural machinery rental business was conducted to provide basic data for effective and sustainable implementation of the rental system. Selected survey samples were 34 rental management institutions such as city and county level government offices and agricultural technology development centers, and Primary Agricultural Cooperatives. Survey was conducted through mailing of questionnaire papers and direct interviews with the officers in charge of the agricultural machinery short-term rental management. Number of agricultural machinery retained by the 34 management institutions for the machinery rental business was 3,699, and numbers of the machinery were 1630 for upland crops, 929 for rice, 542 for orchard farming, 274 for animal husbandry, and 324 for common use. Regarding size of warehouse for rental agricultural machinery, 50% of the institutes were less than 660
, 26.5% were greater than 993
, and 23.5% were between 663 and 990
. Institutes maintaining machinery washing facilities were only 10 (29%) among the 34 rental management institutions. Agricultural machinery rental business was advertised to farmers by 91% of the institutes, and the methods were leaflet (35.2%), village broadcasting (26.5%), call-up education (23.6%), and TV and radio (14.7%). Major contents of the advertisement were rental procedure (52.9%), rental machinery (26.5%), and rental cost (20.6%).
Critical success factors and management strategies for fruit brands : lessons from Sunkist and ZESPRI
Yoon, Byung-Sam ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 593~606
Brand is becoming more important as a way to achieve differentiation since consumers tend to buy brands not products. This study primarily aims to determine the critical success factors of two world famous fruit brands, Sunkist and ZESPRI, and to present management strategies to enhance the value of domestic fruit brands. The lessons learned from the case studies of Sunkist and ZESPRI reconfirm the importance of essential factors for a successful fruit brand, that is, quality control, steady supply, advertising and promotion, recipes and processed products, handling items and regional boundaries.