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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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Journal DOI :
CNU Journal of Agricultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Botanical characteristics in the developed CNU-Hinhchal waxy rice lines
Bok, Tae-Gyu ; Na, Woong-Hyun ; Ko, Hyuck-Soo ; Na, Seung-Yeon ; Jung, Jong-Tae ; Lee, Hee-Bong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 315~318
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.315
This study was carried out to find a botanical and antioxidant characteristics in CNU rice lines developed in the crop Genetics & Breeding Lab. At (CNU) the CNU lines including CNU-Hinhchal, were planted one plant per hill by hand by
density at CNU paddy rice farm on May 11, 2011. Clum length of Shinsunchalbyeo as check among used line was longest than others, while that of CNU-114 was shortest among lines. For the number of tillers per plant, CNU-Hinhchal was higher as 20 than other lines but CNU-112 and Shinsunchalbyeo were lowest as 12. The number of spikelets per plant was highest in CNU-Hinhchal as 1,800 but that of Milyang 225 was lowest among the used lines.
User's evaluation on the ecological trail in Gunsan reservoir area through importance-performance analysis
Kim, Sang-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 319~325
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.319
This study investigated the user's attitude to the nature trail called Gubulgil in Gunsan reservoir area and evaluated the quality of user's satisfaction of the trails and their facilities by importance-performance analysis (IPA). User's evaluation was achieved through questionnaire survey and total 283 pieces of subjects were used for the analysis. The results are as follows. Firstly, importance value of circularity of trails was very high, and it has great implication to ordinary trails which connect ecological, historical and cultural spots routinely and linearly. Secondly, through the IPA, relatively dissatisfied attributes were parking lots, direction boards, storytelling, convenient facilities and encountering of wildlife. Expansion of parking lots can cause the environmental disruption, so running a shuttle service from Gunsan downtown to the reservoir at weekends can be more reasonable. In case of ecological and historical information delivery, softwares like storytelling contents with sense of realism as well as hardwares of informative signboards are very important in nature trails. Encountering wildlife in trails is fascinating experience but it means visitors may disturb wildlife habitats. So route design should be done very carefully not to intrude their territories.
A study on the growth characteristics, seasonal anthesis distribution and botanical composition of native and introduced wildflower pastures
Lee, Byong-Chul ; Lee, In-Duk ; Lee, Soo-Kee ; Lee, Hyung-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 327~334
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.327
This study was carried out in the Chungnam National University grassland experimental field from October, 2007 to December, 2009 in order to find out the growth characteristics, seasonal anthesis distribution and botanical composition of the wildflowers which were altogether composed of 70% sheep fescue and 30% wildflowers. The experimental wildflower species contained 30 species in total to which sheep fescue (fundamental turfgrass), 8 native wildflowers, and 22 introduced wildflowers belonged. At the time of the anthesis of the wildflowers, the average length was 28.3 cm one year later and 34.5 cm two years later. They bloomed out into eight colors, but into simplified two colors during August, September, and October. The blooming season leant toward May and June and from August there was lots of difficulty in the wildflower blooming and the maintenance of their consistency. Especially, at the age of two (2009), the annual wildflowers after wintering were reduced but on account of domestic wildflowers the color, seasonal distribution, and consistency showed improved compared with those of one-year-old wildflowers. The annual ration of wildflowers, sheep fescue, and weed came to 25%, 61%, and 14% each one year later (2008) and 24%, 62%, and 14% each two years later (2009). Based on this result, cultivating wildflower grassland in the combination of native wildflowers and introduced wildflowers is estimated to be the proper method in the aspect of interaction.
Evaluation of nutritive value of chestnut hull for ruminant animals using in vitro rumen fermentation
Jeong, Sin-Yong ; Jo, Hyeon-Seon ; Park, Gi-Su ; Kang, Gil-Nam ; Jo, Nam-Chul ; Seo, Seongwon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 335~340
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.335
During the manufacturing process of chestnut, 50% of biomass is produced as chestnut shell (CS) or chestnut hull (CH), a forestry by-product. Due to its high fiber content and economic benefit, there is a possibility of using chestnut hull as a supplement for a ruminant diet. Few studies, however, have been conducted on evaluating nutritive value of chestnut hull for ruminant animals. The objective of this study were thus to analyze chemical composition of CS, a by-product after the first processing of chestnut, and CH, a by-product after the second processing, and access in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of them. For the in vitro fermentation using strained rumen fluid obtained from a fistulated Hanwoo steer, commercial total mixed ration (TMR) for dairy goat was used as a basal diet and was replaced with different proportions of chestnut shell and hull. A total number of 13 treatments were carried out in this study: 100% TMR, 100% CS, 100% CH, a mix with 50% CS and 50% of CH (MIX), TMR replaced with 5%, 10%, or 15% of CS, CH, or MIX, respectively. For each treatment, in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) and pH after 48 hours of rumen fermentation were measured. Gas production at 6, 12, 24, 48 hours of incubation was also analyzed. Compared to CH, CS contains higher level of fiber (NDF, ADF, lignin) and consequently has a lower amount of non-fiber carbohydrate, but no difference was observed in the other nutrients (i.e. crude protein, crude fat, and ash). IVDMD was significantly (p<0.05) the highest in 100% CH (71.97%) and the lowest in 100% CS (42.80%). Addition of CH by replacing TMR did not affect IVDMD, while an increase in the proportion of CS tended to decrease IVDMD. The total gas production after 48 hours of incubation and the rate of gas production were also the highest in 100% CH and the lowest in 100% CS (P<0.05). Likewise, the pH after 48 hours of fermentation was significantly (p<0.05) the lowest in 100% CH (6.33) and the highest in 100% CS (6.50), and no significant difference in gas production was observed when TMR was replaced with CS or CH up to 15% (P>0.05). In conclusion, CH may successfully be used for a supplement in a ruminant diet. The nutritive value of CS is relative low, but can replace, if not 100%, low quality forage. This study provides valuable information about the nutritive value of CS and CH. An in vivo trials, however, is needed for conclusively accessing the nutritive value of CS and CH.
Combined effects of electron beam irradiation and addition of onion peel extracts and flavoring on microbial and sensorial quality of pork jerky
Kim, Hyun-Joo ; Kang, Mingu ; Jo, Cheorun ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 341~347
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.341
The objective of this study was to investigate the combined effect of electron beam irradiation (EB) and onion peel extracts and selected flavorings on microbiological and sensory quality of pork jerky. Total aerobic bacteria were detected in the range of
log CFU/g in all samples. Addition of both onion peel extract and flavoring showed the decrease of total aerobic bacterial count in pork jerky. No viable cells were observed after EB at 4 kGy. Sensory evaluation indicated that the EB-treated pork jerky with 0.5% barbecue flavoring did not show any difference in overall acceptability compared with the control. Therefore, combined use of EB with onion peel extracts and barbecue flavoring may enhance the safety of pork jerky with proper sensory quality.
Identification of SNPs in TG and EDG1 genes and their relationships with carcass traits in Korean cattle (Hanwoo)
Cahyadi, Muhammad ; Maharani, Dyah ; Ryoo, Seung Heui ; Lee, Seung Hwan ; Lee, Jun Heon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 349~355
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.349
Thyroglobulin (TG) gene was known to be regulated fat cell growth and differentiation and the endothelial differentiation sphingolipid G-protein-coupled receptor 1 (EDG1) gene involves blood vessel formation and known to be affecting carcass traits in beef cattle. The aim of this study was to identify the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in both TG and EDG1 genes and to analyze the association with carcass traits in Korean cattle (Hanwoo). The T354C SNP in TG gene located at the 3' flanking region and c.-312A>G SNP located at 3'-UTR of EDG1 gene were used for genotyping the animals using PCR-RFLP method. Three genotypes were identified in T354C SNP in TG gene and only two AA and AG genotypes were observed for the c.-312A>G SNP in EDG1 gene. The results indicated that T354C SNP in TG gene was not significantly associated with carcass traits. However, the c.-312A>G SNP in EDG1 gene had significant effects on backfat thickness (BF) and yield index (YI). These results may provide valuable information for further candidate gene studies affecting carcass traits in Korean cattle and may use as marker assisted selection for improving the quality of meat in Hanwoo.
Prediction of genomic breeding values of carcass traits using whole genome SNP data in Hanwoo (Korean cattle)
Lee, Seung Hwan ; Kim, Heong Cheul ; Lim, Dajeong ; Dang, Chang Gwan ; Cho, Yong Min ; Kim, Si Dong ; Lee, Hak Kyo ; Lee, Jun Heon ; Yang, Boh Suk ; Oh, Sung Jong ; Hong, Seong Koo ; Chang, Won Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 357~364
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.357
Genomic breeding value (GEBV) has recently become available in the beef cattle industry. Genomic selection methods are exceptionally valuable for selecting traits, such as marbling, that are difficult to measure until later in life. One method to utilize information from sparse marker panels is the Bayesian model selection method with RJMCMC. The accuracy of prediction varies between a multiple SNP model with RJMCMC (0.47 to 0.73) and a least squares method (0.11 to 0.41) when using SNP information, while the accuracy of prediction increases in the multiple SNP (0.56 to 0.90) and least square methods (0.21 to 0.63) when including a polygenic effect. In the multiple SNP model with RJMCMC model selection method, the accuracy (
) of GEBV for marbling predicted based only on SNP effects was 0.47, while the
of GEBV predicted by SNP plus polygenic effect was 0.56. The accuracies of GEBV predicted using only SNP information were 0.62, 0.68 and 0.73 for CWT, EMA and BF, respectively. However, when polygenic effects were included, the accuracies of GEBV were increased to 0.89, 0.90 and 0.89 for CWT, EMA and BF, respectively. Our data demonstrate that SNP information alone is missing genetic variation information that contributes to phenotypes for carcass traits, and that polygenic effects compensate genetic variation that whole genome SNP data do not explain. Overall, the multiple SNP model with the RJMCMC model selection method provides a better prediction of GEBV than does the least squares method (single marker regression).
Effects of different parities on productive performance of lactating sows
Song, Minho ; Kim, Do-Myung ; Choi, Kyu-Myung ; Seo, Seongwon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 365~369
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.365
Fast recovery of feed intake and milk production are very important in the management of lactating sows because they are directly related to sow and litter performance. It is also known that parity is one of factors affecting feed intake and milk yield during lactation. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate effects of different parities on productive performance of lactating sows fed diets containing different levels of DDGS. A total of 245 sows were divided into 3 parity groups of 1 to 2, 3 to 5, and over 5 parities. Within each parity group, sows were allottedto 1 of 4 dietary treatments that were prepared by inclusion of 0, 10, 20, and 30% DDGS in lactation diets. Diets were fed to sows during lactation. Sows with parities 1-2 had lower (p < 0.05) initial sow body weight, sow feed intake, sow weight change, and sow backfat change during lactation than sows with parities 3-5 as well as parities over 5. However, sows with parities over 5 had lower (p < 0.05) litter size at weaning, litter birth weight, litter weaning weight, and piglet average daily gain and higher pre-weaning mortality than sows with parities 1-2 as well as parities 3-5. In conclusion, parity influences productive performance of lactating sows.
Effect of dietary supplementation of wild grape (Vitis coignetiae) on the quality of egg
Yong, Hae-In ; Kim, Hyun-Joo ; Jung, Samooel ; Kang, Mingu ; Bae, Young-Sik ; Jo, Cheorun ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 371~376
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.371
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of wild grape (Vitis coignetiae) on egg qualities. Laying hens were randomly assigned to three different dietary groups containing 0, 0.25, and 0.5% of wild grape and fed for 8 weeks, respectively. Eggs were collected after feeding period and stored at
for 7 days. Egg quality traits and cholesterol level of egg yolk were measured at 0 and 7 days of storage. There were no significant differences in total cholesterol content of egg yolk and egg shell thickness among the treatments. However, egg weights of wild grape-fed groups significantly increased compared to that of control. Dietary supplementation of 0.25% wild grape increased the shell and yolk colors compared to the control. Dietary supplementation of 0.5% wild grape significantly increased albumen height and Haugh unit and decreased egg shell hardness and pH values at day 0. However, no differences were found after 7 days of storage. Consequently, the dietary supplementation of wild grape improved the egg qualities on some extent including egg weights, shell and yolk color, albumen height, and Haugh unit.
Fractionation with acetone or hexane to reduce the saturation level of lard
Lee, Koo ; Lee, Kyoung-Su ; Shin, Jung-Ah ; Lee, Yong-Hwa ; Lee, Ki-Teak ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 377~386
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.377
To reduce the saturation level of lard, solvent fractionation with hexane and acetone was carried out. The fatty acid compositions of lard were 1.5% myristic acid, 26.0% palmitic acid, 2.2%, palmitoleic acid, 12.1% stearic acid, 44.7% oleic acid, and 12.7% linoleic acid. Lard was fractionated by various conditions such as different fractionation temperatures (-15, 5, 10,
), solvent ratios (1:1, 1:3, 1:5, 1:10, lard : solvent, w/v), and fractionation time (3, 6, 24 hr). At
, acetone was better for reducing the content (11.2%) of saturated fatty acids (SFA) than hexane (10.8%) when the 1:5 solvent ratio was used at 24 hr. Triacylglycerol (TAG) profiles were analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography based on the partition number (PN) of TAG molecules. The PN of major TAG species in lard were 46 (24.4%), 48 (55.7%), and 50 (19.9%). However, after fractionation (1:5,
and 24 hr), TAG species with a PN of 46 (34.2%), 48 (54.4%), and 50 (6.9%) were major components in acetone-fractionated lard (liquid part), while TAG species with a PN of 46 (26.0%), 48 (50.3%), and 50 (19.0%) were in hexane-fractionated lard, suggesting that fractionation with acetone resulted in maximal reduction of saturation level in lard.
β-Glucanase-assisted extraction of starch from glutinous barley
Bae, Jae-Seok ; Lee, Eui-Suk ; Jeong, Yong-Sun ; Kim, Jeong-Won ; Lee, Mi-Ja ; Hong, Soon-Taek ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 387~393
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.387
In the present study,
-glucanase-assisted extraction of starch from glutinous barley(Hinchal ssalbory) was investigated.
-glucanase was added to a coarse starch suspension obtained after wet milling in the starch extraction process. It was found that in the isolated starch with enzyme treatment, protein content was lower by 0.03%, compared to that with non-enzyme treatment. More importantly it was observed that the extraction yield of starch from enzyme treatment was found to be about 12% higher than the one from non-enzyme treatment (enzyme treated: 90.56%, non-enzyme treated: 78.46%). In order to elucidate this finding, the mass-balance determination of starch in each extraction step was carried out and found that the enzyme treatment might influence on the insoluble residues(R3 and R4 fractions) to hydrolyze
-glucan and other materials (e.g., mucilages etc.), thereby facilitated the separation of starch from it and a next filtration process. With a phase-contrast microscope it was observed that the isolated starch with enzyme treatment contained small starch granules more than the one with non-enzyme treatment and this might result in higher extraction yield observed with the former. In order to confirm this hypothesis, further experiments would be necessary.
Enzymatic synthesis of structured lipids containing conjugated linolenic acids extracted from pomegranate seed oil and their physicochemical characteristics
Lee, Koo ; Shin, Jung-Ah ; Lee, Ki-Teak ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 395~405
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.395
Lipozyme TL IM-catalyzed esterification was carried out to produce functional hard fat (structured lipid, SL) using palm stearin (PS) and hydrolysate of pomegranate seed oil (HPSO) of 1:6 molar ratio. HPSO contained conjugated linolenic acid (CLnA, about 80%). The reaction was performed at non-solvent system and solvent (n-hexane) system using Lipozyme TL IM (10% of total substrates, w/w) for 12, 24, and 72 hr in a shaking water bath (
and 185 rpm), respectively. SL synthesized in non-solvent system (NH-SL) and SL synthesized in n-hexane system (H-SL) were refined after deacidification, respectively. Their physicochemical properties were compared to obtain desirable functional hard fat. The content of CLnA in NH-SL increased from 34.38% to 40.63% with increasing reaction time. Similar results also observed in H-SL resulting in 36.81~45.83% of CLnA. In triacylglycerol (TAG) composition, the main molecules of LnLnLn (Ln=linolenic acid, PN=36) and the LnLnP (P=palmitic acid, PN=40) were newly synthesized in NH-SL and H-SL with increasing reaction time. After 72 hr reaction, iodine values of NH-SL (136.49) and H-SL (140.37) showed high values because of the high content of CLnA. Solid fat index (SFI) in NH-SL was higher than that in H-SL at each measured temperature. The predominant polymorphic forms of NH-SL and H-SL obtained after esterification for 72 hr were the desirable crystalline structure of the
Effect of light illumination and camera moving speed on soil image quality
Chung, Sun-Ok ; Cho, Ki-Hyun ; Jung, Ki-Yuol ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 407~412
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.407
Soil texture has an important influence on agriculture such as crop selection, movement of nutrient and water, soil electrical conductivity, and crop growth. Conventionally, soil texture has been determined in the laboratory using pipette and hydrometer methods requiring significant amount of time, labor, and cost. Recently, in-situ soil texture classification systems using optical diffuse reflectometry or mechanical resistance have been reported, especially for precision agriculture that needs more data than conventional agriculture. This paper is a part of overall research to develop an in-situ soil texture classification system using image processing. Issues investigated in this study were effects of sensor travel speed and light source and intensity on image quality. When travel speed of image sensor increased from 0 to 10 mm/s, travel distance and number of pixel were increased to 3.30 mm and 9.4, respectively. This travel distances were not negligible even at a speed of 2 mm/s (i.e., 0.66 mm and 1.4), and image degradation was significant. Tests for effects of illumination intensity showed that 7 to 11 Lux seemed a good condition minimizing shade and reflection. When soil water content increased, illumination intensity should be greater to compensate decrease in brightness. Results of the paper would be useful for construction, test, and application of the sensor.
Non-destructive quality prediction of truss tomatoes using hyperspectral reflectance imagery
Kim, Dae-Yong ; Cho, Byoung-Kwan ; Kim, Young-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 413~420
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.413
Spectroscopic measurement method based on visible and near-infrared wavelengths was prominent technology for rapid and non-destructive evaluation of internal quality of fruits. Reflectance measurement was performed to evaluate firmness, soluble solid content, and acid content of truss tomatoes by hyperspectral reflectance imaging system. The Vis/NIR reflectance spectra was acquired from truss tomatoes sorted by 6 ripening stages. The multivariable analysis based on partial least square (PLS) was used to develop regression models with several preporcessing methods, such as smoothing, normalization, multiplicative scatter correction (MSC), and standard normal variate (SNV). The best model was selected in terms of coefficient of determination of calibration (
) and full cross validation (
), and root mean standard error of calibration (RMSEC) and full cross validation (RMSECV). The results of selected models were 0.8976 (
), 6.0207 kgf (RMSEP) with gaussian filter of smoothing, 0.8379 (
(RMSEP) with the mean of normalization, and 0.7779 (
), 0.1033% (RMSEP) with median filter of smoothing for firmness, soluble solid content (SSC), and acid content, respectively. Results show that Vis / NIR hyperspectral reflectance imaging technique has good potential for the measurement of internal quality of truss tomato.
Improvement of the detection limit of rapid detection kit for Salmonella Typhimurium using image analysis system
Lee, Sangdae ; Kim, Giyoung ; Park, Saet-Byeol ; Moon, Ji-Hea ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 421~425
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.421
The objective of this study was to improve the detection limit of rapid detection kit for Salmonella Typhimurium by image analysis system. The rapid detection kit was comprised of four elements: sample pad, conjugate pad, nitrocellulose pad and absorbent pad. Gold nanoparticle and Salmonella antibody were used as a tag and a receptor. Salmonella antibody and goat rabbit IgG antibody were used as test and control lines on nitrocellulose membrane. The color intensity of test line began to increase from
of Salmonella sample. A multiple linear regression analysis was employed to explain the relationship between predicted and measured number of Salmonella cells. The developed model could successfully predict the cell number of Salmonella with validation against extra-experimental result.
Behavior of failure of agricultural reservoir embankment due to overtopping
Lee, Dal-Won ; Noh, Jae-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 427~439
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.427
In this study, an experiment with large-scale model was performed according to raising embankment in order to investigate the behaviour of failure due to overtopping. The pore water pressure, earth pressure and settlement by high water level, a rapid drawdown and overtopping were compared and analyzed. Also, seepage analysis and slope stability analysis were performed for steady state and transient conditions. The pore water pressure and earth pressure for inclined core type showed high value at the base of the core, but they showed no infiltration by leakage. The pore water pressure and earth pressure by overtopping increased at the upstream slope and core, it is considered a useful data that can accurately estimate the possibility of failure of the reservoir. The behavior of failure due to overtopping was gradually enlarged towards the downstream slope from reservoir crest, and the inclined core after the raising embankment was influenced significantly to prevent the reservoir failure. The pore water pressure distribution for steady state and transient condition showed positive (+) pore water pressure on the upstream slope, it was gradually changed negative (-) pore water pressure on the downstream slope. The pore water pressure by overtopping showed a larger than the high water level at the downstream slope, it was likely to be the piping phenomenon because the hydraulic gradients showed largely at the inclined core and reservoir crest. The safety factor showed high at the steady state, and transient conditions did not show differences depending on the rapid drawdown.
Efficiency analysis on advertising media for animal welfare egg - Focused on ranked logit model -
Ohh, Sang Jip ; Jung, Yun-Pil ; Oh, Kyung-Tae ; Hong, Seung-Jee ; Lee, Jong-In ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 441~450
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.441
The object of this study is to establish proper consumer-oriented advertisement strategies of animal welfare egg. Data were collected by consumer survey on November 4th, 2011 at Hanaromart in Chunchon area. SAS 9.1 and Excel 2007 were used as statistical package and ranked logit model was used to analyze the data. From the results of the study the following advertisement strategies were suggested for animal welfare egg considering the effects of advertisement media. First, internet based media were most preferred. For effectively using the internet based media the message should be succinctly and clearly transferred to consumers. Therefore if phrases and pictures emphasizing the difference between animal welfare egg and general egg were used, then positive effects could be attained from consumers in a short period. Second, advertisement media should be used differently based upon the consumers' income level. In the case of consumers under three million won income level the advertisement in the purchasing site was most effective regarding the advertisement effects. Therefore if the advertisement showing the breeding surroundings between animal welfare egg and general egg was used, positive effects could be attained. For consumers over three million won income level the homepage of egg producers was most effective in advertisement. So if more accurate information were distributed to consumers visiting the homepage and high quality egg were sold via the homepage, positive effects could be attained.
Economic analysis on the adoption of management system for irrigation facilities
Choi, JungYul ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 39, issue 3, 2012, Pages 451~458
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2012.39.3.451
Irrigation facilities such as reservoir, sluice, and waterways are managed for preparing flood or drought. It is necessary to efficiently measure water level, flow rate, and related data in national-wide scattered irrigation facilities and to systematically manage data obtained from the facilities. This paper presents a management system for irrigation facilities in order to fast and exact measure their states. The management system consists of mobile device with QR-code function, sensors and gateways, a monitoring system and telecommunication networks. In order to present the benefits of the adoption of the management system against the legacy hand-writing way, this paper presents a economic analysis and its illustrative result.