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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
CNU Journal of Agricultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Responses of nutrient uptake, carbohydrates and antioxidants against low temperature in plants
Lee, Suyeon ; Jung, Jungah ; Sung, Jwakyung ; Ha, Sangkeun ; Lee, Deogbae ; Kim, Taewan ; Song, Beomheon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 75~83
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.075
Recently, a quick drop of air temperature in plastic film houses by adverse weather conditions leads to the occurrence of low temperature damages to growing crops. Chilling injury, defined as a variety of growth restriction occurring below the optimal temperature, is one of environmental factors strongly affecting crop growth and yield. Low temperature causes the restricted evapotranspiration, reduced mineral uptake (P > K >
), and an increase in electrolyte leakage such as K. Despite being different with plant species, an accumulation of soluble carbohydrates such as glucose, fructose, sucrose and starch under chilling condition is well known. A variety of environmental stresses are known to cause oxidative damage to plants either directly or indirectly by triggering an increased level of production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and, to combat the oxidative damage, plants have the antioxidant defense systems comprising of enzymes, SOD, POD, CAT, GPX and APX, and non-enzymes, ascorbate, gluthathione,
-tocopherol, phenolic compounds, carotenoid and flavonoids. The aim of this review is to provide basic information to build chilling-indicators and optimal nutrition management under adverse temperature conditions as broadly considering mineral uptake, carbohydrate metabolism and antioxidative defense system.
Current status, mechanism and control of herbicide resistant weeds in rice fields of Korea
Park, Tae Seon ; Seong, Ki Yeong ; Cho, Hyun Suk ; Seo, Myung Chul ; Kang, Hang Won ; Park, Kee Woong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 85~99
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.085
Sulfonylurea (SU)-resistant weeds of eight annual weeds, Monochoria vaginalis, Scirpus juncoides and Cyperus difformis, etc., and four perennial weeds, Scirpus planiculmis, Sagittaria pigmaea, Eleocharis acicularis and Sagittaria trifolia as of 2013 since identification Monochoria korsakowii in the reclaimed rice field in 1998. And the resistant Echinochloa oryzoides to ACCase and ALS inhibitors has been confirmed in rice fields of the southern province, Korea in 2009. In the beginning, the M. vaginalis, S. juncoides and C. difformis of these SU-resistant weeds were rapidly and individually spreaded in different fields, however, these resistant weeds have been occurring simultaneously in the same filed recently. The resistant biotype by weed species demonstrated about 10-to 1,000-fold resistance, based on
values of the SU herbicides tested. And the resistant biotype of E. oryzoides to cyhalofop-butyl, pyriminobac-methyl, and penoxsulam was about 14, 8, and 11 times more resistant than the susceptible biotype base on
values. The products and applied area of SU-included herbicides have been increased rapidly, and have accounted for about 69% and 96% in Korea, respectively. In Korea, the main cause of SU-resistant weed is extensive use of these herbicides. The top ten herbicides by applied area were composed of all SU-included herbicides by 2003. The concentrated and successive treatment of ACCase and ALS inhibitors for control of barnyardgrass in rice led up to the resistance of E. oryzoides. Also, SU-herbicides like pyrazosulfuron-ethyl and imazosulfuron which effective to barnyardgrass can be bound up with the resistance of E. oryzoides. The ALS activity isolated from the resistant biotype of M. korsakowii to SU-herbicides tested was less sensitive than that of susceptible biotype. The concentration of herbicide required for 50% inhibition of ALS activity (
) of the SU-resistant M. korsakowii was 14-to 76-fold higher as compared to the susceptible biotype. No differences were observed in the rates of [
]bensulfuron uptake and translocation. Acetolactate synthase (ALS) genes from M. vaginalis resistant and susceptible biotypes against SU-herbicides revealed a single amino acid substitution of proline (CCT), at 197th position based on the M. korsakowii ALS sequence numbering, to serin (TCT) in conserved domain A of the gene. Carfentrazone-ethyl and pyrazolate were used mainly to control SU-resistant M. vaginalis by 2006 in Korea. However, the alternative herbicides such as benzobicyclone, to be possible to control simultaneously the several resistant weeds, have been developing and using broadly, because the several resistant weeds have been occurring simultaneously in the same fieled. The top ten herbicides by applied area in Korea have been occupied by products of 3-way mixture type including herbicides with alternative mode of action for the herbicide resistant weeds. Mefenacet, fentrazamide and cafenstrole had excellent controlling effects on the ACCase and ALS inhibitors resistant when they were applied within 2nd leaf stage.
Development of CAPS marker for identifying a Formosan lily (Lilium formosanum)
Chung, Sung Jin ; Lee, Ka Youn ; Yoon, A Ra ; Jang, Ji Young ; Kim, Jin Kug ; Lee, Geung-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 101~106
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.101
This study was conducted to identify lily species native to Korea from formosan lily (Lilium formosanum) belonging to Longiflorum section. Due to flowering time, flower color and orientation, long shelf life and resistant to diseases, the native lily species can be valuable genetic resources for interspecific hybrids. One of the chloroplast genes, matK, was used to clone and sequence to explore any base changes. The matK was successfully amplified into 1,539 bp (94% of the gene) and phylogenetic tree demonstrated 6 clades for those 11 lily species used in this study. There were one or two base substitutions among 10 lilies native to Korea, while formosan lily native to Taiwan exhibited 6 base substitutions in matK gene, rendering it genetically distant. A restriction enzyme NruI recognized one of the six base changes, and digested the matK gene of 10 native lily species only, but not in formosan lily. The confirmed cleavage characteristic of the target region in matK gene was designed into a CAPS (cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences) marker which will be available to estimate compatibility of interspecific hybridization and to trace the pedigree when those native lilies are crossed with the formosan lily.
Analysis of carotenoids and soluble sugars in the Rainbow carrots
Kim, Sa-Rang ; Kim, Yeun-Mi ; Jeon, Sang-Jin ; Park, Jong-Tae ; Kim, Jae-Han ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 107~112
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.107
Coloring agents in food materials plays important roles in the development of attractive products as well as in the functionality of food such as antioxidant or vitamin supplementation. Carrot has been used as an orange coloring agent in the decoration of food but also a major source of vitamin A complex. Though orange has been considered a typical color of carrot, the Rainbow carrot has been developed recently, which exhibit the various colors such as red, pale yellow, purple, orange or their mixtures. After categorization onto 8 groups by their colors, vitamin A complex (
-carotene, lycopene and lutein) and soluble sugars (glucose, fructose, and sucrose) have been analyzed in carrots. The
-carotene was abundant in the groups of orange (Group-O) or groups with the orange color (group-OP, and group-YOP). The content of lycopene content was exclusively high in the red color carrot (group-R). The highest lutein contents were observed from the yellow-purple (group-YP) group. Meanwhile, little amounts of lycopene and
-carotene were observed in yellow-purple (group-YP) nor yellow (group-Y) on yellow (group-Y). Among the reducing sugars in 'rainbow carrots', the amount of sucrose was two times higher than those of fructose and glucose. However, the content of glucose, fructose and sucrose as well as the total reducing sugars did not differ between color groups suggesting little variations on their tastes.
Application of remote-controlled aerial application to control weeds on the Paddy Field using benzobicyclon mixtures
Park, Su Hyuk ; Won, Ok Jae ; Eom, Min Yong ; Han, Sung Min ; Hwang, Ki Seon ; Seo, Su Jung ; Park, Kee Woong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 113~117
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.113
This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of benzobicyclon mixtures by using Remote-controlled aerial application (RCAA) to control annual and perennial weeds in rice paddy field. Eight annual weed species including Echinochloa crus-galli L. and three perennial weeds were dominated in the experimental field. Application of benzobicyclon mixtures using RCAA was highly effective to control both annual and perennial weed species. When compared with untreated control, no visual injuries were detected at single and double dosage of benzobicyclon mixtures. Finally, rice yield in the benzobicyclon mixtures was as much as that in the hand weeding. This study indicates that benzobicyclon mixtures using RCAA can be applied to control both annual and perennial weed species in rice paddy field.
Feeding Behaviors of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and Changing of Feeding Behaviors to Cyantraniliprole
Kwon, Hye-Ri ; Youn, Young-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 119~124
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.119
Feeding behaviors of the sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, and changing of their feeding behaviors were recorded and analyzed with an Electrical Penetration Graph (EPG) analysis against cyantraniliprole. The characteristic patterns of feeding behaviors investigated were as follows; NP (non probing), pathway phase waveform, waveform of feeding xylem. In results, B. tabaci did not almost feeding the phloem. And It was not appeared potential drop during recording time. It was predominantly indicated pathway activity waveform and waveform of xylem feeding. After treatment of cyantraniliprole with recommended concentrations to tomato plants, EPG waveforms were recorded during 3 hours. Cyantraniliprole treatment showed longer time to first feeding xylem than untreated (P=0.043). It was showed shorter duration of first feeding xylem than untreated (P=0.017). And it was showed longer NP (non-probing) time than untreated. Consequently, It was supposed that cyantraniliprole was effect of anti-feeding or avoidance to B. tabaci.
Variation of glucosinolate contents of 'Sinhongssam' grown under various light sources, periods, and light intensities
Lee, Geon-Ryoung ; Kim, Young Jin ; Chun, Jin-Hyuk ; Lee, Min-Ki ; Ryu, Dong-Ki ; Park, Suhyoung ; Chung, Sun-Ok ; Park, Sang Un ; Lim, Yong-Pyo ; Kim, Sun-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 125~133
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.125
The variation of glucosinolates (GSLs) in Chinese cabbage ('Sinhongssam') (Brassica rapa L. spp. pekinensis) cultivated under lights to control plant growth conditions was evaluated at different development stages. Under experimental conditions in plant factory system, plant growth conditions including light, temperature, and nutrients were designed to enhance GSLs. The variation of glucosinolates (GSLs) in Chinese cabbage ('Sinhongssam') (Brassica rapa L. spp. pekinensis) cultivated under lights to control plant growth conditions was evaluated at different development stages. Under experimental conditions in plant factory system, plant growth conditions including light, temperature, and nutrients were designed to enhance GSLs. The contents of GSLs were quantified in Chinese cabbage according to different light sources (Red+White, RW; Red+Blue+White, RBW, Fluorescence lamp, FL) at development stages (28, 42, and 56 days after sowing, DAS) using HPLC. Nine GSLs including five aliphatic (progoitrin, sinigrin, glucoalyssin, gluconapin, and glucobrassicanapin) three indolyl (glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin, and neoglucobrassicin), and one aromatic (gluconasturtiin) GSLs were identified based on peak retention time in previous results of our laboratory. GSL contents were higher in RBW (36.55) and lower in FL (
). Results revealed that GSL contents were higher under controlled photoperiods (20/4 h) (
) and controlled light intensity (
), respectively. Lower amount of progoitrin and comparatively higher amount of glucobrassicin and gluconasturtiin was noted in Chinese cabbage cultivated under FL light (2.38, 9.82, and 2.10) at 42 DAS, photoperiod 20/4 h (3.16, 2.52, and 1.30) at 28 DAS, and light intensity at
(2.28, 2.24, and
) at 42 DAS. Therefore FL light, photoperiod (20/4 h), and light intensity (
) were considered as most suitable for the enhancement of GSLs in Chinese cabbage.
Establishment of a linear regression equation for quantification of beta-hemolytic Escherichia coli in different media and survival of hemolytic Escherichia coli after blending with three different media
Kim, Jae Cheol ; Pluske, John R. ; Yoo, Jaehong ; Heo, Jung Min ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 135~139
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.135
Pathogenic E. coli associated post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) and edema disease are common diseases in commercially-housed weanling pigs. An enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) oral challenge model has been used to mimic the physiological responses observed in commercial conditions. However, an oral challenge procedure has two major limitations: (1) the ETEC cell density is unknown at the point of oral inoculation, and (2) blending ETEC with traditional TSB (trypticase soy broth) is not palatable and hence decreases acceptability by piglets. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to (1) establish a regression equation that can be used for estimation of ETEC concentration in dilution media using the spectrophotometric measurement of cell density; and (2) examine survival of ETEC after blending either with TSB, sweetener or dextrose. A strain of ETEC (serogroup beta-hemolytic E. coli O149; K91; F4; toxins LT, STa, STb) was grown in TSB for 3.5 hours, centrifuged, the supernatant was discarded, and the ETEC pellet was then blended either with TSB (100 mL), sweetener (60 mL TSB + 40 mL fruit flavored concentrate), or dextrose (50 mL TSB + 50 mL dextrose; 0.5g/mL dextrose). Cell density was measured using the colorimetric method and also plated on a 5% sheep blood agar for counting of ETEC colony forming units at 0, 5, 35, 65 and 125 min after blending. The optical density at 600 nm explained 83% of ETEC colony forming units, indicating that the established linear equation (y= 6E+08x - 4E+07, P<0.004) can be used for robust quantification of ETEC cell density in TSB, sweetener and dextrose media. When ETEC was blended with sweetener and dextrose, survival of ETEC was decreased by 45% and 72% within 5 min post-blending. Therefore, further research is required to find out the suitable medium that has potential to improve palatability without compromising survival of ETEC.
Enzymatic modification of diacylglycerol with different type of fatty acids
Lee, Mi-Young ; Hong, Soon-Taek ; Lee, Ki-Teak ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 141~147
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.141
Diacylglycerol-oil (DAG oil) and four kinds of fatty acids [C16:0, C18:0, perillar oil-hydrolyzate(C18:3, 59.7%) and docosahexaenoic acid(DHA, C22:6, 63.7%)] were enzymatically esterified with 1:0.5, 1:1 and 1:1.5 molar ratio (DAG oil: fatty acids) to produce structured DAG. The reaction mixture were catalyzed by addition of sn-1,3 specific Lipozyme RMIM with 10 wt% of total substrates, and reacted for 1, 3, 6 and 24 hr at
with 220 rpm on the shaking water bath. The produced DAG were analyzed by TLC. In the result, the proportion of each fatty acid [(C16:0, C18:0, perilla oil-hydrolysate(C18:3, 59.7%) and DHA(C22:6, 63.7%)] on DAG products were increased as molar ratios of substrate increased. Among them, DHA showed the least reaction rate in which 24.2 % of DHA was found in the structured DAG molecules after 24 hr reaction with 1:1.5 molar substrate amount ratio.
Characteristic analysis of solar radiation and atmospheric transmissivity at Chupungryeong
Park, Jin Ki ; Kim, Bong Seop ; Park, Jong Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 149~155
DOI : 10.7744/cnujas.2014.41.2.149
The surface solar radiation is an important indicators for climate and agricultural research over the Earth system. For the climate and agricultural research, long-term meteorological data and accurate measured data are needed. The daily solar radiation from Jan. 2001 to Dec. 2010 have been employed in this study analyze atmospheric transmissivity for Chupungryeong. The corresponding daily value of atmospheric transmissivity is calculated for Chupungryeong meteorological data. In this paper, relationship analysis of daily solar radiation and atmospheric transmissivity is presented. It shows that atmospheric transmissivity over late December peaked in the 2000s, substantially decreased from the early-January, and changed little after that in summer. Reduction of solar radiation caused a reduction of more than 0.3 in atmospheric transmissivity during July to August. It was concluded that the atmospheric transmissivity could be very useful for evaluating solar radiation. Atmospheric transmissivity approach is suitable for daily-term simulation studies and useful for computing solar radiation.