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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Dental Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Dental Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
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Conventional Anchorage Reinforcement vs. Orthodontic Mini-implant: Comparison of Posterior Anchorage Loss During the En Masse Retraction of the Upper Anterior Teeth
Baek, Seung-Hak ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 3, issue 1, 2010, Pages 5~10
This study sought to compare the amounts of posterior anchorage loss during the en masse retraction of the upper anterior teeth between orthodontic mini-implant (OMI) and conventional anchorage reinforcement (CAR) such as headgear and/or transpalatal arch. The subjects were 52 adult female patients treated with sliding mechanics (MBT brackets, .022" slot, .019X.025" stainless steel wire, 3M-Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA). They were allocated into Group 1 (N=24, Class I malocclusion (CI), upper and lower first premolar (UP1LP1) extraction, and CAR), Group 2 (N=15, Cl, UP1LP1 extraction and OMI), and Group 3 (N=13, Class II division 1 malocclusion, upper first and lower second premolar extraction, and OMI). Lateral cephalograms were taken before (T0) and after treatment (T1). A total of 11 anchorage variables were measured. Analysis of variance was used for statistical analysis. There was no significant difference in treatment duration and anchorage variables at T0 among the three groups. Groups 2 and 3 showed significantly larger retraction of the upper incisor edge (U1E-sag, 9.3mm:7.3mm, P<.05) and less posterior anchorage loss (U6M-sag, 0.7~0.9mm:2mm, P<.05; U6A-sag, 0.5mm:2mm, P<.01) than Group 1. The ratio of retraction amount of the upper incisor edge per 1 of anchorage loss in the upper molar made for the significant difference between Groups 1 and 2 (4.6mm:7.0mm, P<.05). Group 3 showed a relatively distal inclination of the upper molar (P<.05) and the intrusion of the upper incisor and first molar (U1E-ver, P<.05; U6F-ver, P<.05) compared to Groups 1 and 2. Although OMI could not shorten the treatment duration, it could provide better maximum posterior anchorage than CAR.
Short-term, Multi-center Prospective Clinical Study of Short Implants Measuring Less Than 7mm
Kim, Young-Kyun ; Yi, Yang-Jin ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Cho, Yong-Seok ; Yang, Choon-Mo ; Liang, Po-Chin ; Chen, Yu-Yal ; I, Lee-Long ; Sim, Christopher ; Tan, Winston ; Ser, Go Wee ; Yue, Deng ; Yi, Man ; Ping, Gong ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 3, issue 1, 2010, Pages 11~16
Objective : This prospective study sought to verify the stability of three types of short implants measuring 7mm or less. Materials and methods : Implants measuring 7mm or less were placed in patients at multicenter dental clinics in Korea, China, Taiwan, and Singapore. Initial stability, intraoperative and postoperative complications, crestal bone loss, and survival rate of the implant were prospectively evaluated. Results : The primary stability of a 6-mm implant was lower than that of a 7-mm implant. The marginal bone loss of short implants measuring less than 7mm was minimal. Complications such as wound dehiscence, implant mobility, and peri-implant mucositis developed, and these were associated with initial implant failure. The short-term survival rate of 6-mm implant was 93.7%, and that of 7-mm implant, 96.6%. Conclusion : Short implant for the mandible with insufficient height for the residual ridge can be selectively used. Poor primary stability and wound dehiscence can cause osseointegration failure and alveolar bone loss.
Consideration of Clinically Related Dental Anomalies: Prevalence and Association
Kim, Young-Ho ; Kim, Seo-Hee ; Baek, Seung-Hak ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 3, issue 1, 2010, Pages 17~24
Objective : To investigate the prevalence of dental anomalies and to determine the associations between dental anomalies in permanent teeth Materials and methods : The samples were 1,240 patients (760 females and 480 males, mean age=15.1 years) who visited the Samsung Medical Center. Dental anomalies were diagnosed using pre-treatment dental casts, radiographs, clinical examinations, and medical/dental histories. Prevalence and association were investigated according to gender and sidedness. The Chi-square test was performed for statistical analysis. Results : The most common missing tooth was the lower lateral incisor, followed by the lower and upper second premolars. This particular dental anomaly is characteristic of the East Asian population (prevalence of congenital missing tooth=12.3%). The upper anterior area was the most frequently affected area (prevalence of supernumerary tooth was 1.5%). The presence of a supernumerary tooth was more prevalent in males than in females (p<.05, odds ratio=3.2). The most frequently affected tooth was the upper canine (prevalence of impacted tooth=4.3%). Unilateral impaction of the upper canine occurred significantly more often compared to bilateral impaction (p<.001). The prevalence of peg lateralis was 2.7%. The presence of congenital missing tooth was closely associated with peg lateralis (p<.01). If children aged 7~8 years have peg lateralis, the rest of the teeth should be checked for congenital absences. Conclusion : The early detection of dental anomalies and understanding of their associations help clinicians determine the appropriate treatment timing and methods of dealing with these anomalies.
Maxillary Sinus Grafts for Endosseous Implant Placement: A Literature Review
Park, Seung-Byung ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Baek, Sung-Moon ; Ahn, Yu-Seok ; Moon, Kyung-Nam ; Jeon, Woo-Jin ; Oh, Ji-Su ; Lee, Jeong-Hoon ; Im, Jae-Hyung ; Yoo, Kyung-Hwan ; Kim, Jin-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 3, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~31
This study sought to evaluate the effect of the type of grafts used in sinus lifting. A review of literature through MEDLINE search covering the period 1980 ~ 2006 was performed. After screening, this study was narrowed down to 2,452 patients receiving sinus lift grafts wherein 7,151 implants were placed. In this study, the types of grafts used in sinus augmentation were autogenous bone, allogenic bone, corticocancellous block bone, and various alloplastic materials. The success rate varied from 69% to 100% depending on the graft material type. The highest success rate was reported for the autogenous bone, with high success rates recorded for the most part in most studies.
Relationship Between the Dose of Clodronate and Serum Level of Alkaline Phosphatase, Calcium, and Phosphate During Orthodontic Tooth Movement
Choi, Josefina ; Baek, Seung-Hak ; Chang, Young-Il ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 3, issue 1, 2010, Pages 32~38
Objective : To evaluate the relationship between the dose of Clodronate and serum level of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), calcium (Ca), and phosphate (PO4) during orthodontic tooth movement MaterialS and MethodS: A total of 18 sex-matched Wistar rats (weight=180~230g, mean age=8 weeks) were allocated into the 2.5mM Clodronate (2.5C) group, 10mM Clodronate (10C) group, or control group (n=6 for each group). After the application of a nickel-titanium closed coil spring (force of 60g) between the upper central incisors and first molars (UFM), 2.5C, 10C, or saline was injected every third day into the subperiosteum of the alveolar bone adjacent to UFM for the experimental and control groups. The animals were sacrificed 17 days later. Trunk blood was quickly collected into a heparinized tube and centrifuged at 2,000 rpm for 20 min. The plasma was used for the biochemical assays of the serum level of ALP, Ca, and PO4. Kruskall-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test with Bonferroni correction were performed for the statistical analyses. Results : Dose-dependent increase in the level of ALP (P<0.01) and decrease in the level of Ca (P<0.001) were observed among the control, 2.5C, and 10C groups. Although there was no significant difference in PO4 between the 2.5C and 10C groups, the 10C group showed a significantly higher level of PO4 than the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion : Since Clodronate induced significant dose-dependent change in the serum level of ALP, Ca, and PO4 during orthodontic tooth movement, orthodontists should consider these biochemical markers not only as a diagnostic tool for bone turnover rate but also as a monitoring tool for orthodontic tooth movement.
Orthognathic Surgery Using Three-piece Segmental Maxillary Osteotomy to Correct Severe Facial Asymmetry: A Case Report
Kim, Seo-Yoon ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Oh, Ji-Su ; Ahn, Yu-Seok ; Moon, Kyung-Nam ; Jeon, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Jeong-Hoon ; Im, Jae-Hyung ; Yoo, Kyung-Hwan ; Kim, Jin-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 3, issue 1, 2010, Pages 39~42
This case report presents a case that underwent three-piece segmental maxillary osteotomy and sagittal split ramus osteotomy on a patient with severe facial asymmetry accompanied by maxillary prognathism, severe left scissor bite, and chin point deviation. The resulting facial appearance and occlusion were improved, thereby three-piece segmental maxillary osteotomy is regarded effective methed in treating severe facial asymmetry.
Rare Case Report on Nevus of Ota
Chandak, Rakhi ; Degwekar, Shirish ; Chandak, Manoj ; Bhowte, Rahul ; Rawlani, Shivlal ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 3, issue 1, 2010, Pages 43~47
Nevus of Ota is a hamartoma of dermal melanocytes. Clinically, Nevus of Ota is manifested as blue or gray patch on the face; such condition is congenital or acquired and is within the distribution of branches of the trigeminal nerve. The nevus can be unilateral or bilateral. In addition to skin, it may involve ocular and oral mucosal surfaces. The case of an 18-year old female with unilateral bluish black macule on the right side of the face since birth is presented. She also had a bluish patch on the right shoulder at birth, which disappeared when she turned 10 years. The pathogenesis of Nevus is unknown, and effective treatment has been realized with pigment-specific lasers.