Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Dental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Dental Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 2014
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 2014
Selecting the target year
Study on Biocompatibility and Mineralization Potential of Capseal
Bae, Kwang Shik ; Chang, Seok Woo ; Kum, Kee Yeon ; Lee, Woo Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.5856/JKDS.2014.7.1.1
Purpose: Capseal I and Capseal II are calcium silicate and calcium phosphate based experimental root canal sealers. This study sought to evaluate the biocompatibility and mineralization potential of Capseal I and Capseal II. Materials and Methods: The biocompatibility and mineralization related gene expression (alkaline phosphatase [ALP], bone sialoprotein [BSP], and osteocalcin) of Capseal I and Capseal II were compared using methylthiazol tetrazolium assay and reverse transcription-polymerization chain reaction analysis, respectively. The results were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test. A P-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Result: Both Capseal I and Capseal II were favorable in terms of biocompatibility, influencing the messenger RNA expression of ALP and BSP. Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, Capseal is biocompatible, with mineralization promoting potential; thus, it could be a promising root canal sealer.
Comparison of Treatment Outcome Assessment for Class I Malocclusion Patients: Peer Assessment Rating versus American Board of Orthodontics-Objective Grading System
Hong, Mihee ; Kook, Yoon-Ah ; Baek, Seung-Hak ; Kim, Myeng-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2014, Pages 6~15
DOI : 10.5856/JKDS.2014.7.1.6
Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study is to investigate the degree of coincidence between the peer assessment rating (PAR) index and American Board of Orthodontics objective grading system (ABO-OGS) in the assessment of orthodontic treatment outcomes of Class I malocclusion cases. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 26 Class I patients. The PAR index was used for evaluation of pre-(T0) and posttreatment (T1) casts, and the ABO-OGS for assessment of T1 casts. If there was a reduction in PAR scores from T0 to T1 of more than 30%, the label 'PAR+' was given to the case, and if not, it was labeled 'PAR-'. If the ABO-OGS was less than 27, the label 'OGS+' was given to the case and if not, it was labeled 'OGS-'. 'A PAR-only qualified group' (PAR+), 'ABO-OGS-only qualified group' (OGS+), 'both indices qualified group' (PAR+/OGS+), and 'both indices disqualified group' (PAR-/OGS-) were compared with a Wilcoxon rank-sum test, sensitivity/specifi city test and Spearman's correlation test. Result: PAR scores for T0, T1, and percentage reduction were 21.1, 6.4, and 65.9%, respectively, and 35.4 for ABOOGS. The distribution of the 'PAR+/OGS+', 'PAR+', and 'PAR-/OGS-' group was 19.3%, 76.9%, and 3.8%, respectively. The T0-PAR, T1-PAR and PAR point reductions for the 'PAR+' group were significantly higher than those of 'PAR+/OGS+' groups (23.1 vs. 15.6; 6.7 vs. 4.6; and 16.5 vs. 11.0; all P<0.05). However, the PAR-percentage reduction and treatment duration between the two groups were not statistically different (70.0% vs. 67.0%, P=0.4325; 24.1 months vs. 25.0 months, P=0.4057). The T1-ABO-OGS score for 'PAR+' group was significantly higher than that of the 'PAR+/OGS+' groups (38.2 vs. 24.0, P<0.001). Conclusion: Since the fraction of the 'PAR+/OGS+' group was less than 20% and there was no significant correlation between PAR-percentage reduction and T1-ABO-OGS, development of a new index system for the accurate evaluation of treatment outcome is needed.
Effect of Gum-Chewing on Facial Appearance and Stomatognathic System
Kim, Joo-Hwan ; Park, Hae-Seo ; Kim, Moon-Young ; Kim, Kyung-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2014, Pages 16~24
DOI : 10.5856/JKDS.2014.7.1.16
Purpose: This study was planned to clarify a negative view of chewing gum due to the concern that continuous gum chewing might cause a change in the gonial angle and make the lower facial appearance look square. Materials and Methods: We had 25 adults (13 males and 12 females, with an average of 27.3 years) chew 6 g of gum (spearmint) evenly with both right and left posterior teeth for one hour per day for three months. We then measured their gonial angle, the inclination of occlusal plane, facial height, bone marrow density, and masticatory force before chewing, 1, 2, and 3 month after chewing to verify its significance statistically. Result: The results showed that the gonial angle increased from
(P>0.05), and thus the jaws became slightly slimmer. There was no change in the occlusal plane inclination and facial height. Meanwhile bone marrow density in the mandibular angle and ascending ramus increased from
(P<0.05), and masticatory force also increased by 0.5 kg on the right side and 0.8 kg on the left side (P<0.05). Conclusion: Continuous chewing of gum gives an appropriate exercise effect to the stomatognathic system. As chewing gum has effect on increase bone marrow density without changing the mandibular angle and facial appearance the claim that jaw bone changes to a square jaw through chewing gum is regarded to be groundless.
Subcutaneous Emphysema and Pneumomediastinum during Extraction of Maxillary Third Molar: A Case Report
Jung, Da-Woon ; Yoon, Hyun-Joong ; Lee, Sang-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2014, Pages 25~30
DOI : 10.5856/JKDS.2014.7.1.25
Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum is a relatively uncommon phenomenon. It may occur secondary to dental treatment using high-speed air turbine handpieces, especially after extraction of tooth. Subcutaneous emphysema is often limited only to the areas of head and neck, but also can involve deeper structures. Thorough examination and conservative treatment of these problems are essential in preventing life-threatening complications such as airway obstruction and mediastinitis. The subject of this report is a 57-year-old woman with subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum during the extraction of maxillary third molar using high-speed air turbine handpiece. If there isn't any appropriate measure, severe complications may occur. Therefore it is important to be well-informed of proper diagnosis and treatment. This article shall present a case report with literature review.
Conservative Treatment Using Marsupialization for Cysts Occurring in the Jaw of Adolescents: A Case Report
Yun, Sun-Ung ; Jung, Hai-Won ; Cho, Byung-Yong ; Choi, Byung-Joon ; Lee, Baek-Soo ; Kwon, Yong-Dae ; Ohe, Joo-Young ; Lee, Jung-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2014, Pages 31~37
DOI : 10.5856/JKDS.2014.7.1.31
Dentigerous cyst (DC) is an odontogenic cyst associated with the crown of an impacted, embedded, unerupted, or developing tooth. It is the second most common type of odontogenic cysts, accounting for 14% to 24% of all jaw cysts. Although these cysts occur more frequently during the second and third decades of life, they can also be found in children and adolescents in the mixed dentition stage. Treatment of the odontogenic cyst involves enucleation or marsupialization/decompression methods. The latter approach is preferred for larger cysts, and it is especially helpful in adolescent patients in conserving the unerupted permanent successors. The aim of treatment for DC is the complete elimination of pathology and maintenance of dentition with minimal surgical intervention. Recently defined criteria for the selection of treatment modality include the cyst size and location of the cyst, patient age, dentition involved, stage of root development, position of the tooth involved in the jaw, and relationship with the surrounding vital structure. Marsupialization or decompression technique has been advocated by several authors for treating DCs among young patients. In this conservative technique, the creation of an accessory cavity helps relieve intra-cystic pressure and accelerate the healing of cystic lesion. This technique has been successfully performed and is indicated for growing children and adolescents. Here, we report a large cyst lesion in the mandible treated by marsupialization for conservative management. In conclusion, successful reduction in size was achieved, and intraoperative complication could be prevented.
Successful Epithelialization Using the Buccal Fat Pad Pedicle in Stage 3 Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
Lee, Sangip ; Jee, Yu Jin ; Lee, Deok-Won ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2014, Pages 38~42
DOI : 10.5856/JKDS.2014.7.1.38
Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is defined as exposed necrotic bone without evidence of healing for at least 8 weeks in the maxillofacial area in a patient with history of bisphosphonate use. Obtaining complete coverage of the hard tissue by soft tissue in BRONJ patients is especially important. Therefore, managing the mucosa is one of the key factors in a successful outcome, but this is especially hard to achieve in BRONJ patients. Various applications of buccal fat pad in oral reconstruction-including the closure of surgical defects following tumor excision, repair of surgical defects following the excision of leukoplakia and submucous fibrosis, closure of primary and secondary palatal clefts, coverage of maxillary and mandibular bone grafts, and lining of sinus surface of maxillary sinus bone graft in sinus lift procedures for maxillary augmentation-have been studied. Eliminating all potential sites of infection and post-operative infection control is crucial in BRONJ. We present a case using the buccal fat pad pedicle for a stage 3 BRONJ defect. Uneventful total epithelialization of the buccal fat pad regardless of size was noted. In summary, the buccal fat pad has versatile application and various recipient sites for surgical utilization. It is an easy technique, with promising overall success rates. With careful selection and handling, buccal fat graft can resolve problems with soft tissue coverage in stage 2 or 3 BRONJ patients.
Acute Airway Obstruction Secondary to Lingual Hematoma after Lower Third Molar Extraction: A Case Report
Yi, Sangmin ; Oh, Je-Seok ; Youn, Gap-Hee ; Chung, Kwang ; Jung, Seunggon ; Park, Hong-Ju ; Oh, Hee-Kyun ; Kook, Min-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Dental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2014, Pages 43~47
DOI : 10.5856/JKDS.2014.7.1.43
Few dental procedures are potentially life-threatening. Note, however, that a dental extraction can result in preventable death. Severe post-extraction bleeding can occur, which may give rise to an alarming situation if there is any delay in detecting and managing the problem. The most immediate danger for a healthy patient with severe post-extraction hemorrhage is airway compromise. Acute airway obstruction from post-extraction hematoma is relatively uncommon, but it may occur with fatal consequences if there is any reluctance to maintain the airway clearance. Therefore, dentists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons should have clear understanding of the problem and measures to control it. Active bleeding that is not controlled by local measures in a dental office should be referred to the nearest hospital emergency department as soon as possible for appropriate management.