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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Effects of the Dietary Boiled Eggs on the Antithrombotic Activity and Cholesterol Metabolism in Rats
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~7
The influence of the ditary containing boiled eggs on the plasma cholesterol level and antithrombotic activity in rats was studied. Rats were fed basal diet(0% boiled eggs) as a control group or diets containing 25% and 50% boiled eggs or a mixed diet with 95% boiled eggs plus 5%
-cellulose powder as a experimental groups for 30 days. The bleeding time and whole blood clotting time were significantly(P<0.05) increased by feeding diet containing 25% boiled eggs compared to groups of basal diet, 50% or 95% boiled eggs diets. The plasma clotting time was high in group of 25% boiled eggs diet. However, there were no difference in plasma clotting time among rats fed the dietary boiled eggs. The levels of plasma total cholesterol(TC) and low density plus very low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL, VLDL-C) were significantly(P<0.05) highest in group 95% boiled eggs diet compared to others. There were no differences in high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) among rats fed the dietary boiled eggs. The levels of plasma TC, HDL-C, LDL
VLDL-C and the ratios of HDL-C/TC were not significant among the basal diet, 25% and 50% boiled eggs diets. These results suggest that the intakes of the dietary boiled eggs have the antithrombotic activity and plasma cholesterol lowering effect.
Gelation Behavior of Ultra High Temperature Pasteurized Milk during Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 8~14
In order to examine physicochemical gelation behavior of ultra high temperature(UHT) pasteurized milk during storage at 4
, pH, electrophoresis, alcohol test, sialic acid contents and free amino groups contents were biweekly determined. The pH of UHT pasteurized milk decreased with increasing storage time. Gelation of the UHT milk occured faster at 25
than at 4
with larger decreasing rate of pH. The alcohol test showed positive results at lower pH than 6.5, which could indicate the casein instability and beginning of gelation. The electrophoretic patterns showed a decrease in the concentrations of all caseins. Degradation of k-casein was faster in all cases, while
-casein were also extensively degraded later. The sialic acid contents of the samples increased gradually during storage, and the increasing rate was higher before gel formation. The free amino groups of the samples increased gradually during storage. The increasing rate of free amino groups was faster at 25
than at 4
. The samples stored at 25
gelled earlier than those stored at 25
, with corresponding increase of free amino groups. The residual proteolytic enzymes, which survived during the UHT heat treatments and were reactivated during storage, could be responsible for UHT pasteurized milk gelation during storage. It is assumed that proteolytic degradation of caseins followed by aggregation would be attributable to complicated reaction mechanism.
Effects of Dietary Chitosan on Lipid Oxidation, Fatty Acid Composition, Blood Profile of Pork Meat during Storage Periods
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 15~20
The effects of dietary chitosan on lipid oxidation, fatty acid composition and blood profile of porks were investigated. A total 24 pigs(55
5kg) were fed a control diet (a commercial diet) or chitosan-supplemented diets (T1; 0.2% chitosan, T2; 0.4% chitosan, T3; 0.6% chitosan) for 6 weeks. After six weeks, pigs were slaughtered and bellies were collected from each treatment group. Samples were stored at 0
for 14 days. The thiobarbituric acid reaction substance(TBARS) values of all the treatments increased until 7 days of storage. The fatty acid and crude fat composition of all the treatments were not changed during storage significantly. The total cholesterol and triglyceride in blood chemistry tend to lower chitosan supplemented groups then control group.
Fermentation Characteristics of Set-Type Yoghurt from Milk Added with Mugwort Extract
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 21~29
This study was carried out to investigate the fermentation characteristics and storage of set-type yoghurt added mugwort extracts(AME) such as pH, growth of lactic acid bacteria, number of viable cells, viscosity, and sensory characteristics during 24 hours fermentation and 15 days storage. Addition of mugwort extracts was grown rapidly of lactic acid bacteria rather than that of control and also 4 or 8% AME groups were grown similar to control. The drop of AME pH of broth was less compared with control during incubation of lactic acid bacteria. The growth of lactic acid bacteria during incubation of AME yoghurt was not different of viable cell count between AME group and control in beginning time, but the viable cell count of AME groups were increased depended opon addition quantity of AME in ending time. Addition of mugwort extracts was not affect on pH change during yoghurt fermentation and increased a lactic acid bacteria number as well as no effect of yoghurt fermentation in ending time. The viscosity of yoghurt was almost not changed 3 hours after yoghurt mix and increased rapidly 6 hours after yoghurt mix. Although control and 0.5% AME group showed maximum viscosity at 18 hours of fermentation, 1 and 2% AME group showed linear increase until 24 hours of fermentation. Mugwort did not affect pH and viable cel number of lactic acid bacteria during 15 days storage 24 hours after fermentation. Sensory evaluation of the AME yoghurt showed that flavour, texture and acid taste were not affected by addition of mugwort. However, the appearance and taste were dropped by addition of mugwort.
-Cyclodextrin Used for Cholesterol Removal from Egg Yolk
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 30~35
The method used to remove cholesterol from egg by using
-cyclodextrin was relatively stable and efficient. The aim of this study was to cost down by recycling
-cyclodextrin used to remove cholesterol from egg yolk because
-cyclodextrin was expensive. The solvents used to separate
-cyclodextrin complex containing egg yolk cholesterol were butanol, chloroform, ether, hexane, methanol, 2-propanol and their mixture. The ratio of solvent and complex varied from 2 : 1 to 10 : 1. The condition of mixing time and temperature varied from 30 to 60
and from 10 minutes to 3 hours to remove cholesterol from
-cyclodextrin complex. When the ratio of choloroform and methanol was 1 : 1, the removal efficiency of cholesterol was 98.8%. The efficiency of cholesterol removal was improved when the ratio of solvent : complex increased to 4 : 1. When mixing time and temperature was up to for 1hr, at 50
respectively, the efficiency of cholesterol removal improved to 99%. It concluded that the efficiency of cholesterol removal of 50% renewed one contained
-cyclodextrin were 81.1% while the cholesterol removal efficiency of 100% renewed
-cyclodextrin was 24% if cholesterol removal efficiency of new
-cyclodextrin were 100%.
Separation and Purification of Cholesterol from By-product of Low Cholesterol Egg Yolk
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 36~43
-cyclodextrin adsorption and saponification methods were applied to isolate and purify cholesterol from the by-product of the low-cholesterol egg yolk product. They by-product was prepared from processing low-cholesterol egg yolk followed by extracting with chloroform to remove
-cyclodextrin and concentrated to 3,069 mg% cholesterol. When
-cyclodextrin method between two purification methods was applied, 50% ethanol as a solvent showed higher cholesterol concentration of 5.82% rather than the other solvents. Repeated purification of 3 times could not improve the cholesterol concentration significantly(p<0.05). In case of purification using saponification method, hexane as a solvent for extraction of unsaponificated materials was more efficient to increase cholesterol concentration than chloroform and ether. 60 times(v/w) saponification solution (95% ethanol:33% KOH = 94:6) of sample weight was most effective to increase the cholesterol concentration of 35.7%. Repeated purification process by saponification method could increase cholesterol concentration to 95.7% by 4 times repetition.
Critical Aspects in Adoption of Ultra High Pressure Technology for Food Processing - An Overviews
H. M. Jayaprakasha ; ; H. Brueckner ;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 44~55
Studies on the Manufacture of Adlay Yoghurt I. The Physicochemical and Microbiological Properties of Adlay Yoghurt
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 56~63
This study was investigated the effects of the addition of adlay with levels of 1%(T1), 2%(T2), 3%(T3) and 4% (T4) in skim milk substrate on the physicochemical and microbiological properties of yoghurt during fermentation and storage period at 4
. Adlay yoghurt were fermented with the mixed cultures of YC-380, ABT-4 and ABT-D. Titratable acidity and pH values of all treatments were increased and decreased significantly(p<0.05) with fermentation period, respectively and increased and decreased slightly during the storage period, respectively. There were increased and decreased in order of all treatments fermented with YC-380, ABT-4 and ABT-D. Viscosity of adlay yoghurt increased rapidly in order of T4, T3, T2 and T1 during fermentation and slowly in order of T1, T2, T3 and T4 during the storage period. There were increased in order of all treatments fermented with ABT-D, YC-380 and ABT-4. The counts of viable cells of lactic acid bacteria in all treatments were rapidly and slightly increased during fermentation and storage period, respectively. There were increased in order of fermented with ABT-D, ABT-4 and YC-380 in all treatments. The counts of E. coli were not found in adlay yoghurt. In all treatments, T1 showed slightly high compared to that of control. Based on the results of this experiment, the optimum level of addition of adlay were 1% (w/v) for production of acid production, pH, viscosity and the counts of viable cells of lactic acid bacteria.
Studies on the Manufacture of Adlay Yoghurt II. The Volatile Flavour Compounds and the Sensory Properties of Adlay Yoghurt
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 64~71
The volatile flavour compounds such as acetaldehyde, acetone, ethanol, diacetyl and acetoin were detected by gas chromatography in adlay yoghurt during fermentation and storage period at 4
, but acetoin was trace. The contents of acetaldehyde of adlay yoghurt showed maximum immediately after fermentation and decreased significantly(P<0.05) with storage period and were in order of adlay yoghurt fermented with YC-380, ABT-D and ABT-4. The contents of acetone were shown similar trend to acetaldehyde and those of adlay yoghurt fermented with YC-380, ABT-4 and ABT-D, decreased rapidly from 6 days, 9 days and 12 days of storage, respectively. The contents of ethanol increased during the storage period and those were significant differences(p<0.05) between 6 days and 9 days of storage period in control and treatments. The contents of diacetyl were detected in control and treatments at 9 days of storage and increased slightly during the storage period. The contents of volatile flavour compounds of T1 showed similar to that of control and slightly high compared to those of treatments, and decreased gradually with increasing the level of addition of adlay in treatments. The taste, flavour and texture of T1 immediately after fermentation and during the storage period at 4
were slightly higher than those of control and treatments. The scores of sensory evaluation of treatments except T1 were lowered significantly(p<0.05) with increasing level of addition of adlay. Adlay yoghurt fermented with YC-380 and ABT-4 and ABT-D were superior to both of taste and flavour, and texture, respectively. From the results mentioned above, the addition of taste and flavour, and texture, respectively. From the results mentioned above, the addition of adlay at 1% (w/v) level in skim milk substrate were suitable for quality of adlay yoghurt such as volatile flavour compounds and sensory property.
Quality and Storage Stability of Hamburger during Low Temperature Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 20, issue 1, 2000, Pages 72~78
This study was conducted to investigate the storage period and quality characteristics. The L- and b-value of hamburger patty added significantly during storage, but the color of hamburger bread was not changed. The springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness of hamburger patty added significantly during storage. The cohesiveness of hamburger bread was added but the chewiness decreased significantly during storage. The pH of hamburger showed 5.66∼5.69 during storage. The TBA of hamburger patty added from 0.19 to 0.36 malonaldehyde mg/kg, and the VBN added from 3.58 to 7.83mg% during storage. The viable bacteria to 8 days storage was 5.1
105 CFU/g. The coliform group, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella and Vibrio parahaemolyticus was not detected during storage. The taste, aroma, color and texture was not changed, and was not appearance of mold and slime during storage.