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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Sensory Evaluation, Fatty Acid and Amino Acid Composition of Longissimus Muscle between the Korean Native Pig and Landrace
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 183~191
Comparisons between the Korean native pig(KNP: 75kg of slaughter weight and 240 days of age) versus Landrace(110kg of slaughter and 180 days of age) in dressing and lean meat percentages, compositions of fatty acids and amino acids and sensory evaluations on longissimus muscle are as below. Compared with Landrace, KNP had smaller percentages in dressing and lean meat percentages and a smaller backfat thickness. In retail cuts, KNP had greater percentages in shoulder butt, belly and picnic shoulder and smaller percentages in spareribs, ham and loin muscle. The KNP had greater percentages in crude fat, palmitic(C16:0) and linolenic(C18:3) acids and smaller percentages in oleic(C18:1) and linoleic(C18:2) acids, but total cholesterol content and ratios of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids and essential fatty acids did not differ between the two breeds. In amino acid composition, KNP had a greater percentage in lysine, but smaller percentages in most other amino acids. The KNP had a greater a*(redness) value in longissimus muscle(LM) color and a greater L*(whiteness) value in attached backfat color. Moreover, sensory evaluations on cooked LM showed that KNP had greater flavor, tenderness and springiness, which resulted in a greater overall acceptability. In summary, KNP, compared with Landrace, had smaller dressing and lean meat percentages, a smaller backfat thickness, greater percentages in popular retail cuts, greater percentages in intramuscular fat and an
-3 component linolenic acid, with no difference in cholesterol content, which, altogether, is considered to be more beneficial for human health.
Effects of Carcass Treatments on Sarcomere Length, Drip Loss and Protein Solubility of Porcine Longissimus Muscle
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 192~199
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of hot- and cold-boning on sarcomere length, drip loss and protein solubility of post-rigor porcine longissimus muscle. A total of ten pigs(borrow, 100
5 kg) were randomly selected at a commercial plant and the carcasses were split in half after slaughter. The longissimus muscle of the left side was dissected and chilled at 0
after trimming of subcutaneous fat whereas the right side carcasses were served for cold-boning after chilling for 24 hrs. The temperature, pH and sarcomere length of porcine longissimus muscle were measured at postmortem 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours. Drip loss, cooking loss, Minolta L*a*b*, shear force and protein solubility were measured at postmortem 24 hrs. The pH of cold-boning samples was rapidly decreased whereas temperature and sarcomere length of hot-boning samples were rapidly decreased during 24 hrs of chilling. Hot-boning muscles showed significantly (P<0.05) higher pHu and shorter sarcomere compared with cold boning muscles because of cold shortening. However, there were no significant differences in drip loss, cooking loss and shear force value between hot- and cold boned samples. The samples of hot-boning showed lower Minolta L* value and higher sarcoplasmic protein solubility compared with cold boned samples. These results suggest that the pale color changing of porcine longissimus muscle could be inhibited by hot-boning due to rapid chilling of the muscle although sarcomere length could be shortened because of cold shortening. Also these results show that hot-boning of porcine carcass could have a high protein solubility without negative effects of drip loss or tenderness of porcine longissimus muscle.
The Effect of Chitosan Supplementation on pH, Shear Force, Moisture and Color of Pork
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 200~207
Effects of dietary chitosan on physico-chemical properties of pork were investigated. A total 24 pigs (55
5kg) were fed a control diet (a commercial feed) or chitosan-supplemented diets (T1: 0.2% chitosan, T2: 0.4% chitosan, T3: 0.6% chitosan) for 6 weeks. The 6 weeks later the initiated of the experiments, pigs were slaughtered and loins were collected from each treatment groups. The samples were stored at 0
for 15 days. Ultimate pH tended to higher in the control than those in the treatments, and that of T3 was significantly lower than those of the others (P<0.05). Shear force and the total moisture contents were not significantly different between control and treatments and they decreased with storage days (P<0.05). Hunter L* values of control, T1 and T2 were significantly lower than that of T3 at 1 and 10 days (P<0.05). Hunter a* values of control were significantly higher than that of others at 1 and 5 days (P<0.05). Hunter b* values of control were significantly higher than that of others at 5 days (P<0.05).
Effects of Dietary Oriental Medicine Refuse and Mugwort Powder on Physico-Chemical Properties of Korean Native Pork
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 208~214
This study was conducted to investigate the influence of dietary oriental medicine refuse(OMR) and mugwort powder on physico-chemical characteristics of Korean Native Pork(KNP). KNP were randomly assigned to one of the three dietary treatments : 1) control (commercial feed) 2) T1 (commercial fed supplemented with 10% OMR powder) 3) T2 (commercial feed with 10% mugwort powder). 15 heads(♂) were feed one of the experimental diets for 5 months and slaughtered. In the proximate composition, moisture content showed slightly high in the T1, however, fat content were tended to be high in the control. The heating loss, shear value, WHC (water holding capacity) were not significantly between control and the treatments group. The T1 showed the lowest pH among treatments (P<0.05). In sensory evaluation, juiciness and tenderness of T1 and T2 were higher compared with that of control. Hunter a* did not show any difference among the treatments group. But Hunter L*, b* in treatment group(T1, T2) were higher than that of the control. Oleic acid, linoleic acid and unsaturated fatty acid contents of T1 and T2 were higher than the control. The total amino acid of the control, T1 and T2 were 18.290, 18.177 and 18.942mg%, respectively.
Effects of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Feeding Levels and Periods on CLA Content and Blood Characteristics of Pork
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 215~226
The CLA used to add in diet was chemically synthesized by alkaline isomerization method with corn oil. To investigated the effects of conjugated linoleic acid(CLA) added diet feeding on CLA accumulation and blood characteristics of pork, a total of 64 Landrace was fed both CLA-free and CLA-added(0.3, 0.6 and 0.9%) diet for 1∼4 weeks. Cholesterol compositions in blood and CLA contents and fatty acid compositions of loin, belly, bone and skin were determined at 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after CLA added at fed. The HDL content in blood of all treatments was higher(P<0.05) than that of control and that of treatment 3 was higher(P<0.05) than that of other treatments among the CLA feeding periods. Palmitic, stearic and linolenic acids composition of loin and belly was increased but oleic, linoleic and arachidonic acids composition of them was decreased according to increasing the CLA feeding periods. CLA contents of loin and belly were higher than that of control and increased according to increasing the quantity of CLA and CLA feeding periods. CLA contents of bone and skin were higher than that of control, too. CLA content of skin was higher than that of bone. It was suggested that CLA could be accumulated in loin, belly, bone and skin by dietary CLA supplementation, and the CLA concentration and fatty acid composition in muscle could be affected by CLA level in diet and feeding period.
Effects of Microperforated Film Packaging on the Improvements of Quality and Shelf-Life of Prok Bellies during Cold Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 227~234
This study was conducted to determine the effects of microperforated film on the quality and shelf-life improvements of pork bellies during cold storage. Samples were stored for 14 days at 0
10% r.h.. The packaging treatments were the unpackaged sample as control, the wrapped sampled with microperforated polypropylene film(MPF) and unperforated PP film(PPF), respectively. After 10 days, the counts of all kinds of microorganisms investigated tended to be the lowest in the control samples, and followed by MPF and PPF. The 'a' value for PPF was significantly lower than the values for control and MPF at 14 day. The 'L' values for MPF measured after 10 days were significantly lower than those of PPF and higher than those for control. After 4 days of storage, the 'b' values for PPF showed significantly lower than those of MPF. As storage time elapsed, percent weight loss was the highest in the control samples followed by those from MPF and PPF. Sensory analyses showed that MPF samples tended to be evaluated higher in all parameters than the control and PPF samples after 7 days. It is concluded that microperforated film wrapping can be used efficiently for maintaining the quality of fresh pork bellies during cold storage and retail display.
Storage and Quality Characteristics of Vacuum-Packaged Fresh Meat with Oxygen Barrier Second-Heat-Seal Film or Shrink Film
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 235~245
This study was conducted to evaluate the usefulness of Second-Heat-Seal film(SHS) as an alternative material to PVDC/EVA shrink film(VSP) being currently used by domestic meat packer for vacuum-packaging of fresh meat. The samples from pork loin and beef striploin and round were stored at 2
for 5 weeks and measured for the changes of microbial counts, color, pH, volatile basic nitrogen(VBN), purge loss and sensory parameters. The pork loins packed with SHS showed higher spermine contents during the whole storage period at 2
, and lower counts in total microbes and lactic acid bacteria after 28 days storage at 2
than those packed with SHS tended to be lower than those packed with VSP over the storage time. Nevertheless, no significant differences were observed between two packaging treatments in the other quality parameters evaluated. It is therefore concluded that SHS film might have a possibility to substitute for VSP film for vacuum-packaging of fresh meat at least from a materials point of view.
Identification of Species-Specific Components between Hanwoo and Holstein Meat
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 246~255
Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of muscles extracted with distilled water, saline solution, SDS or Trition X-100 showed simular protein patterns between Hanwoo and Holstein meat, indicating that SDS-PAGE technique may not be useful for the identification between Hanwoo and Holstein meat. Lectine blot analysis of muscle extracted with distilled water demonstrated that Hanwoo and Holstein meat had similar affinities for concanavalin A (Con A), ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA-120), ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA-1) or peanut agglutinin (PNA) lectins. However, approximately 32.1 kDa component of Hanwoo meat showed high affinity for dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA) lectin. On the contrary, high molecular weight components of Holstein meat had the specific affinity for wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) lectin. Hanwoo meat-specific components were observed by lectin staining of heat-denatured meat at 100
for 30 sec. Also, the component of heat-denatured meat at 100
for 30 sec, which was slightly smaller than Hanwoo meat-specific component, was concentrated specifically in Holstein meat.
Pyrolysis/GC-Mass Spectrometry Analysis for Rapid Identification of Volatile Flavour Compounds of Accelerated Ripened Cheddar Cheese and Enzyme-Modified Cheese
;;;S.S.B. Haileselassie;V.A. Yaylayan;B.H. Lee;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 256~264
Pyrolysis/GC-mass spectrometry(Hewlet-Packard 5890GC/mass selective detector, 5971 BMSD), interfaced to a CDS Pyroprobe 1500 was optimized for rapid analysis of flavour compounds in Cheddar cheese. Twenty flavour compounds, including aldehydes(4), ketones(4), fatty acids(10), alcohol(1), and hydrocarbon(1), were identified from Cheddar cheeses. In total, Twenty-three flavour compounds aldehydes(2), ketones(8), alcohols(3), fatty acids(7), lactone(1), benzene derivative(1) and amide(1) were identified from two samples of accelerated-ripened Cheddar cheese treated with the proteolytic enzymes of Lactobacillus casei LGY. In total, Twenty-one flavour compounds; aldehydes(2), ketones(5), alcohols(2), fatty acids(11), and lactone(1) were identified from enzyme-modified cheese(EMC) treated with the combination of the proteolytic enzymes of Lactobacillus casei LGY and commercial endopeptidase or lipase. However, All the flavour compounds identified by pyrolysis/GC/MS in samples of ARC and EMC were not determined whether they are recognized as typical Cheddar flavour or not. More studies were requested on the development of methods for a rapid and convienent analysis of dairy fermented products using pyrolysis/GC-mass spectrometry.
Changes of Bovine Colostral Immunoglobulin G on Processing Conditions
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 265~271
We investigated changes of immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations by heating and drying condition. Also it is performed to group for commercial product by promoting of IgG preservation and reducing of protein denaturation. The result was that content of IgG in colostrum was higher than normal milk. Especially, IgG content of colostrum within 12 hrs after parturition was over 44.67mg/ml and it is 60 times of normal milk. IgG contents was reduced rapidly according as passage of the time. IgG content of the sample heating at 30min at 65
was still a little higher that heating for 10sec at 72
. IgG denaturation of heat treatment at 100
for 10sec was lower than at 85
for 30min. We investigated the changes of IgG concentrations of kinds of market milk different with heating processing. This result showed that IgG denaturation ratio by ultra high temperature pasteurization (UHT) was higher than long time low temperature pasteurization (LTLT). On the other hands, IgG content by spray drying was 14.5mg/g and freezing drying was 10.8mg/g. It showed that denaturation of protein content by freezing drying was more than spray drying.
Electrocardiograms in the Rats Fed Diets with Boiled Eggs
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 21, issue 3, 2001, Pages 272~277
Electrocardiograms in rats fed diets with boiled eggs for 30 days was investigated. Amplitudes of P,Q and R waves were not significant differences among treatment groups. Amplitude of S wave in rats fed the diet with 95% boiled eggs was significantly tended to be increased compared with other groups(P<0.05). Amplitude of T wave in the rats fed the diet with 0% boiled eggs showed the highest values, and there were significant difference among treatment groups fed diets with 0% boiled eggs, 25% and 95% boiled eggs (P<0.05). Durations of P and PQ(PR) waves were high in the rats fed diets with 25% and 50% boiled eggs (P<0.05). Duration of QRS complex showed low in the rats fed diet 0% boiled eggs but not significant difference among treatment groups. Duration of QT was high in the rats fed diet with 0% boiled eggs(P<0.05). This result is assumed that electrocardiograms in the rats is not changed to intake the boiled eggs.