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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Changes of the Fatty Acid, Amino Acids and Collagen Contents in Domestic Broiler Chickens of Different Marketing Standard
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~7
Changes of the fatty acid, amino acids and collagen contents in domestic broiler chickens of different marketing standard range from 5ho to 16ho were assessed. There were no significant trend in total ratios of saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids between breast samples taken from chicken in different weight ranges. The n6 fatty acids/n3 fatty acids decreased as weight ranges decreased and the ratio was decreased down to 5:1. Eicosapentaenoic acids(EPA) were detected from chicken in 10ho and tended to increase thereafter. The contents of EPA were 0.43% in 15ho. Docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) were detected from chicken in 14ho and DHA contents of breast taken from 15ho chicken were 0.94%. The contents of glutamic acids were 2.94∼3.59% and they increased as chicken weight increased. The collagen contents were higher in thigh than breast or wings. The results from this experiments will provide a basic information for establishment of marketing standard of chicken.
Influence of Dietary Supplemental Sardine Oil on Storage and Processing Characteristics of Broiler
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 8~12
This study was conducted to investigate the influence of dietary sardine oil on storage and processing characteristics in meat sample of chicken meat. Broilers were randomly assigned to one of four dietary treatments: 1) Control(commercial feed) 2) T1(commercial feed supplemented with 1% sardine oil) 3) T2(commercial feed with 2% sardine oil) and 4) T3(commercial feed with 4% sardine oil). They were fed one of the experimental diets for five weeks and slaughtered. After that, the meat samples were vacuum packaged and stored at 4
. The storage and processing characteristics were analyzed for meat samples stored over a period of 0, 1, 3, 7 and 10 days. The pH of all treatments significantly increased during the storage periods (p<0.05). The TBARS(thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) af all treatments were significantly increased as storage period extended (p<0.05). After 1 days, the TBARS of treatment groups were significantly higher than that of the control (p<0.05). The T3 showed the highest TBARS among all treatments (p<0.05). The VBN(volatile basic nitrogen) of all treatments significantly increased during storage period (p<0.05). However, the VBN was not significantly different between control and treatment groups. The WHC(water holding capacity) and heating loss were significantly increased in both control and treatment groups during storage (p<0.05) and however, WHC was not significantly different among 3 treatment. The heating loss tended to increase in treatment groups compared to the control.
Antioxidative and Nitrite Scavenging Activity of Pine Needle and Green Tea Extracts
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 13~19
The natural sources extracted from green tea and pine needle were utilized to investigate the effects of extracts on free radical reaction, lipid oxidation and nitrite scavenging ability. The degree of lipid oxidation is very sensitive to kinds of oil emulsion reacted with iron sources and oxygen species. The antioxidants of extracts from green tea and pine needle were different depending on concentration of extracts, which were a lower TBARS value in 0.3% extracts concentration, compared to 0.1% extracts concentration. And also, the binding ability on iron sources was superior in hot water extracts, but oxygen scavenging ability was the lowest TBARS values in ethanol extracts. The hydroxyl radical scavenging ability of green tea and pine needle extracts had a little low TBARS value in 0.1% and 0.3% extracts concentration in deoxyribose. The ethanol extracts of pine needle were higher than those of hot water extracts on the basis of Fe
2+/ ion content. The ascorbic acid content of green tea showed 14.3 mg/100g in hot water extracts and 16.7 mg/100 g in ethanol extracts. Electron donating ability of extracts showed difference depending on extracts concentration, which were higher in ethanol extracts than those of hot water extracts. The nitrite scavenging effects were tended to be different depending on pH value, however they were decreased overall as pH value was increased. Especially, the nitrite scavenging ability of 0.3% extracts from green tea and pine needle were the mosts effective in pH 1.2 and pH 3.0, which were showed 95% nitrite scavenging ability.
Developments of Functional Sausage using Plant Extracts from Pine Needle and Green Tea
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 20~29
The functional sausage added to effective extracts are prepared to carried out to investigate functional and storage characteristics. This products were stored at different temperature. The changes of pH were tended to be a little ranged from pH 6.07 to pH 6.35 in control. At the same time, the pH changes treated with plant extracts showed the same tendency as control. The treatments using natural extracts revealed a little low TBARS value during storage at 10
. The nitrite scavenging ability of extracts from pine needle were higher than those of green tea extracts, irrespective of storage temperature. The VBN content was tended to be increased as storage time goes by, irrespective of storage temperature. The treatments using plant extracts revealed a little low VBN content, compared to control during storage. The changes of total bacteria were more increased to 2.2
6/ CFU/g during storage at 30
CFU/g in case of storage at 10
. The treatments using plant extracts revealed an antimicrobial activity until storage at 3 days, compared to control. The lightness of sausage color were a little more decreased gradually during storage at 30
than those of storage at 10
. Overall, the lightness of sausage color treated with pine needle extracts were a more bright than those of control. However, the redness of sausage color treated with pine needle and green tea showed the most lowest red color, compared to control. Sensory test suggested that the changes of sausage color, flavor, texture and taste were tended to be decreased gradually. In conclusion, pine needle extract was the most effective natural resources on the basis of the functional and physico-chemical properties of sausage of sausage.
Physico-chemical and Sensory Characteristics of Pork Bulgogi Containing Ginseng Saponin
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 30~36
As meat consumption increases, consumers have demanded meat products containing functional ingredients which beneficial health effect rather than a normal food. The objective of this study was to investigate the physico-chemical and sensory properties of pork Bulgogi product(PB) containing different concentrations of ground ginseng such as 0%, 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0%. The cooked PB containing ground ginseng had low TBA values when stored at 5
for 7 days and showed high L and b values (CIE) in meat color when compared to those of control. The PB containing ground ginseng had lower scores in hardness than control, but there were no significant differences in cohesiveness, springness, and chewiness. In fatty acid compositions, the percentages of PUFA/SFA were highest in the PB containing 2% of ground ginseng. The sensory panels preferred PB containing ground ginseng in flavor, tenderness, juiciness and overall acceptability to those of control. In conclusion, the addition of ginseng enhanced flavor and palatability of PB without any adverse effect on meat quality.
Effects of Dietary Supplemental Activated Carbon and Sardine Oil on the VBN, TBARS and Fatty Acid of Chicken Meat
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 37~43
This study was conducted to investigate the influence of dietary activated carbon(0.9%) and sardine oil (0, 1, 2, 4%) on volatile basic nitrogen(VBN), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance(TBARS), and fatty acid in meat sample of chicken. Broilers were randomly assigned to one of the file dietary treatments: 1) Control(commercial feed) 2) T1(commercial feed supplemented with 0.9% activated carbon) 3) T2(commercial feed with 0.9% activated carbon and 1% sardine oil) 4) T3(commercial feed with 0.9% activated carbon and 2% sardine oil) 4) T4(commercial feed with 0.9% activated carbon and 4% sardine oil). They were fed one of the experimental diets for five weeks and slaughtered. After that, the meat samples were stored over a period of 0, 1, 3, 7 and 10 days at 4
. The VBN of all treatments significantly increased during the storage periods(p<0.05). Also, the VBN was not significantly between control and treatment group. In VBN of breast was higher compared with that of thigh. The TBARS of all treatments were significantly increased as storage period extended (p<0.05). The TBARS of control and thigh tended to be higher than that of treatments and breast. Oleic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic acid, stearic acid were major fatty acid in chicken meat. Saturated fatty acid decreased and unsaturated fatty acid increased of all treatments during storage. Oleic acid, EPA, DHA contents was higher in treatment group than the control.
The Effect of Citric Acid and Sodium Chlorite Mixtures on the Growth of Microorganisms from Broiler Thigh Surface
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 44~49
The effect of citric acid and sodium chlorite(NaClO
) mixtures at 100, 200 and 500 ppd(w/v) on the growth of microorganisms from broiler thigh surface was investigated. Absorbance and aerobic plate counts(APC) of inoculated nutrient broth refrigerated storage at 4∼5
were measured after each additive was added. APC on thigh surface after immersion in each selected solution was enumerated during storage at 4∼5
Absorbance of all citric acid and sodium chlorite mixture(0:100, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25 and 100:0, w/w) except 200 and 500 ppm of 100:0 at Day 0 were lower than the control during storage (p<0.05). And higher concentration of mixture tended to have lower absorbance. APC on thigh surface treated with 500 ppm citric acid and sodium chlorite mixture at 50 : 50 and 75 : 25 ratio were lower than others (p<0.05). Similar antimicrobial activity of additives was found in nutrient broth and on broiler thigh surface.
Changes of Lactulose Content during Heat Treatment of Milk
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 50~54
The aim of this work to determine the formation of lactulose during heat treatment process as a contribution to the estabilishment of limits of chemical indicators for different types of heat processed milk and analyze of lactulose for the reconstituted milk added samples. The HTST(75
/15s) and UHT(130
/2∼3s) treatment realized with a pilot plant and heat-treated samples were stroed at 4, 10, 30
for 4 weeks. Changes in lactulose was evaluated at 7 days intervals. The other heat treatment was sealed in glass tube and heated at 75
for 10 to 120s and heated at 130
for 2 to 60s in a thermostatically controlled constant temperature bath of glycerol. The reconstituted milk was made with full fat dry milk that reconstituted with deionized water to 10% total solid, and was added to milk at 10, 20, 30% respectively. The samples processed with a HTST pilot plant showed that lactulose was contained at 1.47∼1.52mg/10()ml and 8.19 ∼8.32mg/100ml for UHT-treated samples. Changes in the lactulose content of heat-treated samples during storage at 4 and 10
for 4 weeks caused a slight increase, however a noticeable increase was observed at 30
for 4 week. The glass tube samples showed that high correlations between relative increase in content of lactulose and increasing processing times(75
: r = 0.986, 130
: r = 0.987, respectively). Added with reconstituted milk would cause a increase of the lactulose content linear with increasing addition amount(r = 0.982). This results observed for lactulose in commercial milk samples would applied to the detection of chemical changes during heat treatment and illegal use of reconstituted milk.
Studies on the Calcium Phosphopeptide in Milk Casein
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 55~58
The economical producing method of casein phosphopeptide (CPP) and the physicochemical properties related to the solubilization of calcium were studied. Firstly, The compositions of the purified CPP-III were 13.1% of nitrogen, 2.3∼2.4% of phosphate and the ratio of N/P was 5.4∼5.6. In consideration of economic aspects, the preparation method of the CPP- I and II which were lower purity than the CPP-III was established. The physico-chemical property of the CPP was compared with the enzymically dephosphorylated CPP. CPP and polyglutamate effectively inhibited the formation of insoluble calcium phosphates at physiological pH.
Effects of Whey Protein Hydrolyzates Fractionated by Molecular Weight on the Growth of Bifidobacterium bifidum Bb-11
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 59~65
This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of whey protein concentrate-80%(WPC-80) and whey protein isolate(WPI) on the growth of B. bifidum Bb-11. Whey proteins(
-lactoglobulin) were digested with trypsin, then their hydrolyzates were separated into three fractions (>10,000Da, 3,000∼10,000Da, <3,000Da) by two-step ultrafiltration process with Centriprep 10 and Centricon-30. These three fractions by molecular weight were evaluate growth-promoting effects for the B. bifidum Bb-11. The results obtained were summarized as follows; The growth rate of B. bifidum Bb-11 tended to increase by supplementation of WPC-80 to basal medium, but decreased by supplementation of WPI. Two whey proteins were hydrolyzed by trypsin at 40
for 6 hrs, and three fractions were collected by UF treatment and concentrated by Centricon-30. Collected concentrations of protein of F-I and F-II and F-III from
-lactalbumin were 11.53mg, 7.79mg, and 5.21 mg and those of protein from
-lactoglobulin were 4.13mg, 5.30mg, and 9.351mg, respectively. Three fractions of
-lactalbumin hydrolyzates promoted the growth rate of B. dbifidum Bb-11. Growth promoting activities of hydrolyzates(F-I and F-II) with molecular weight below 10,000Da were stronger than that of hydrolyzate(F-III) above 10,000Da. However, there was no significant difference between the hydrolyzate F-I and F-II. Three fractions of
-lactoglobulin hydrolyzates improves the growth rate of B.bifidum Bb-ll. The growth of B.bifidum Bb-ll was decreased after 24 hr incubation by supplementation of either F-II or F-III fraction compared to basal Whey medium, but maintained the enhancement by supplementation of F-I.
Antimicrobial Activities of Korean Propolis
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 66~71
As extraction solvent, ethanol fraction was revealed the highest anti-microbial activities. The butanol, ethyl acetate and chloroform fractions were also revealed anti-microbial activities with less extent compared to ethanol fraction. All fractions exhibited to inhibition of bacterial growth regardless gram positive and negative, yeast and fungi, however, was not exhibited effectively to their growth. In the inhibition activities against E. coli, the complete inhibition concentration of Yecheon propolis were at 0.40mg/ml, respectively. Complete inhibition concentration of Youngwol was revealed at 0.25mg/ml after 12 hours incubation. In the inhibition activities against P. aeruginosa, the complete inhibition concentration of Youngwol propolis wat at 0.20mg/ml. Yecheon propolis was reveraled the inhibition at 0.20mg/ml after 12 hours incubation. In the inhibition activities against S. typhimurium, the complete inhibition concentration of Youngwol propolis was at 0.20 and 0.25mg/ml and Yecheon was 0.40mg/ml. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of ethanol extraction fraction of Yecheon propolis to P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and S. typhimurium were > 0.2, 0.25, 0.25 and 0.4∼>0.5mg/ml, and of Youngwol propolis to P. aeruginosa, E. coli, S. aureus, S. typhimurium, B. subtlis and C. utilis were 0.15, 0.25, 0.25, 0.3 and 0.4mg/ml, respectively.
Antitumor Activity of
-Lactalbumin on the Tumor Cells
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 72~76
Bovine serum albumin(BSA),
-LG) and bovine immunoglobulin G (IgG) were investigated the cytotoxicity on tumor cell lines.
-LA was showned a tendency of dose dependaent on cytotoxicity using WiDr. The growth of WiDr was inhibited 82% by 1mg/ml of
-LA. However, IgG, BSA and
-LG were not shown the cytotoxicity on WiDr. When
-LA was purified by using high pressure liquid chromatography(HPLC), the main component(
-LA) was eluted at 33.057 min and extremely small quantities eluted at 32.310 min. The cytotoxicity of main component (eluted at 33.057 min peak) was lower than commercial
-LA. And the cytotoxic activity of hydrolyzed
-LA treated with EDTA were lower than commercial
-LA on tumor cells.
Studies on the Antioxidant Effect of Korean Propolis
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 77~80
The studies was conducted to investigate the antioxidation effect of Korean propolis. Oxidation period of soy oil was 17.5 hr, soy oil with propolis(1,000 ppm) was extended the length of oxidation period. The length of oxidation periods of soy oil with Yecheon, Youngwol, Brazilian, Chinese, and Australian propolis were 33.5, 35.4, 32.0, 33.1, and 27.1hours respectively. The length of oxidation period of lard with propolis 1,000ppm of Yecheon, Youngwol, Brazilian, Chinese and Australian were 191, 167, 296, 230, and 207hours, respectively compared to control(22.5hours). When compared to tocopherol as natural antioxidant and BHT as synthetic antioxidant were revealed 16.7 and 20.5hours, respectively. The length of oxidation period was not different when compared to tocopherol and Youngwol propolis with soy oil. Ascorbic acid and citric acid had synergistic effect to propolis with soy oil when 200ppm of propolis was added.
Chnracterization and Inhibitory Activity on Staphylococcus aureus of a Bacteriocin Produced by Lactobacillus plantarum KU107
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 81~86
A bacteriocin producing lactic acid bacteria was isolated from ground beef and the strain was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum ssp. by use of API carbohydrate fermentation pattern and physiological tests. The bacteriocin produced by L. plantarum KU107 exhibited a good spectrum of activity against foodborne pathogens including Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Listeria ivanovii, Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas chlororaphis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus intermedius, Salmonella typhimurium and Yersinia enterocolitica. The bacteriocin was active over a wide pH range and stable of heat treatment, and inactivated by treatment with proteases. A bacteriocin from L. plantarum KU107 was effetive in reducing S. aureus in tryptic soy broth. On the ground beef containing S. aureus was added with the crude bacteriocin, S. aureus was inhibited during storage period at 4
Angiotensin- I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Properties of Bovine Casein Hydrolysates in Different Enzymatic hydrolysis Conditions
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 1, 2002, Pages 87~93
Angiotensiri-I converting enzyme(ACE) catalyst the removal of the C-terminal dipeptide from the angiotensin-I to give the angiotensin-II, a potent peptide that causes constriction of regulation of blood pressure. Recently, ACE inhibitor peptides have been isolated from enzymatic digests of food protein. The aim of this study was to identify bovine casein hydrolysates with ACE inhibitory properties in different enzymatic hydrolysis conditions. The casein were hydrolyzed neutrase, alcalase, protamax, flavourzyme, premed 192, sumizyme MP, sumizyme LP and pescalase alone and with an enzyme combination. Premed 192 produced ACE inhibitory peptides most efficiently. In order to ACE inhibitory peptide produced enzymatic hydrolysis condition were premed 192 added to casein ratio of 1:100(w/w), and incubated at 47
for 12hrs. Casein hydrolysate gave 50% inhibition(IC
50/ value) of ACE activity at concentration with 248ug/ml(general method) and 265ug/ml(pretreatment method) respectively.