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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Quality Characteristics of Chukar Partridge Meat
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 103~107
This study was carried out to investigate the quality of chukar partridge meat. Chukar partridges raised for 60 days were slaughtered and stored at 3
for 24 hr. Broiler chicken(800g
20g carcass weight) after 24 hr postmortem were used as control, which obtained from local slaughter house. The chukar partridge meat had lower fat and cholesterol contents than broiler chicken did. The color of chukar partridge meat showed redder and darker than that of broiler chicken owing to lower L* and a* value. According to sensory evaluation, the flavor of chukar partridge meat was significantly better than that of broiler chicken. In conclusion, chukar partridge meat can be a preferable muscle food as well as a health food far consumer. Further, the development of cooking method must be improved meat quality characteristics in chukar partridge because the thigh of chukar partridge has tough texture and dark color.
Effects of Dietary Vitamin E and Selenium Supplementation on Meat Color Stability of Hanwoo(Korean Native Cattle) Bull Beef during Retail Display
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 108~114
The effects of dietary vitamin E and selenium(Se) supplementation on meat color stability in M. Longissimus of Hanwoo(Korean native cattle) bull beef during retail display(5
, 1,200 lux) were investigated. Experimental groups were divided into control(Vit E 27 IU/head/day, Se 0.09 mg/head/day), Vit E (2,500 IU/head/day), Se(20 mg/head/day), Vit E+Se(Vit E 2,500 IU/head/day, Se 20 mg/head/day) groups. CIE a*(redness), chroma(C*) values, oxymyoglobin(%) and R630-R580 were significantly (p<0.05) decreased among the 4 treatment groups during retail display, in particular, those values decreased more rapidly in the control group. The metmyoglobin (%) of 0 day(before storage) was not significantly (p<0.05) different among the 4 treatment groups. However, the rate of metmyoglobin accumulation during storage increased more rapidly in the control group. Therefore, discoloration in the control group was more accelerated compared to the other groups. TBARS(thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) which represent lipid rancidity was significantly(p<0.05) lower in Se and Vit E+Se groups than in the control and Vit E groups. Reducing ability of 0 day(before storage) was significantly lower in the control group than in the other groups, and it decreased more rapidly in the control group after 3 days of storage. Consequently, Se-supplemented groups(Se and Vit E+Se groups) were more resistant to lipid oxidation than were the control and Vit E groups. The stability of meat color and myoglobin forms(%) were significantly (p<0.05) higher in Vit E, Se and Vit E+Se groups than in the control group, but there were no difference among Vit E, Se and Vit E+Se groups.
Effects of Ultrasonic Treatment Time on the Quality and Palatability of fried Chicken Meat
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 115~121
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of ultrasonic treatmeat time on the quality and palatability of fried chicken meat. Moisture content, U-10 treatment (chicken meat treated by ultrasonification for 10 minutes) of breast and leg were lower than those of the control, protein contents were not different between samples. Fat content was higher with increasing ultrasonic treated time. Frying loss of ultrasonic treated breast and leg were lower than those of the control, water holding capacity of ultrasonic treated breast and leg were higher than those of the control with increasing ultrasonic treated time. Rheological textures between control and ultrasonic treated samples were not different. L* value(lightness) between control and ultrasonic treated samples were not different, but L* values of breast were higher than those of the leg. And a* value(redness) was not effect by ultrasonic treatment, but a* value of leg were higher than those of the breast. Amino acid composition has included many glutamic acid, aspartic acid, lysine, leucine and arginine. Oleic acid and linoleic acid occupied beyond 50% of fatty acid composition. And taste, texture, juiciness and palatability improved with increasing ultrasonic treated time.
Effects of Dietary Panax ginseng Leaves, Dioscorea japonica Hulls and Oriental Medicine Refuse on Physico-Chemical Properties of Korean Native Chicken Meat
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 122~129
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary Panax ginseng Leaves, (PGL), Dioscorea japonica Hulls(DJH) and Oriental Medicine Refuse(OMR) on meat quality and physico-chemical properties in meat sample of Korean Native Chicken(KNC). KNC were randomly assigned to one of the 4 dietary treatment : 1) control(commercial feed), 2) PGL(commercial feed supplemented with 5% Panax ginseng leaves) 3) DJH(commercial feed with 5% Dioscorea japonica hulls) 4) OMR (commercial feed with 5% oriental medicine refuse). They were feed one of the experimental diets for 12 weeks and slaughtered. 160 KNC raised for 20 weeks. In the proximate composition, moisture, crude protein and crude ash was no significantly difference. But fat content were tended to high in control. The heating loss of control, PGL, DJH and OMR were 28.44%, 30.44%, 28.83% and 25.71% and control, PGL, and DJH were higher compared with that of OMR. The WHC(whiter holding capacity) was contrary to heating loss. The shear value and pH did not show any difference among the treatment groups. There were no significantly different in meat color(L*, a*, b*) between control and treatment groups (L*=63.20∼70.67, a*=2.20∼4.15, b*=2.70∼6.01). In sensory evaluation, juiciness, tenderness and flavor were not detected to panelist. Among fatty acid, oleic acid of DJH and OMR were higher than that of control and PGL(p<0.05). Also, saturated fatty acid/unsaturated fatty acid of control, PGL, DJH and OMR were 1.58, 1.58, 1.64 and 1.67, respectively. DJH and OMR groups was higher than control and PGL groups(p<0.05). Total amino acid contents was control>OMR>DJH>PGL. Major amino acid of KNC was comprised to glutamic acid, lysine, aspartic acid, leucine and arginine.
Effects of Adding Polyphosphate on the Water Holding Capacity and Palatability of Boiled Pork Loin
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 130~136
Four kinds of polyphosphate solution(0. 1.5, 3.0 and 4.5%) were injected by 10% into pork loin such that polyphosphate could be added by 0% (water, control), 0.15%, 0.30% and 0.45%, respectively. Then, the effect of adding polyphosphate to pork loin was investigated after it was refrigerated at 4
for 2 days and boiled until its internal temperature became 75
. The pork loin that was boiled with polyphosphate added showed better water holding capacity, texture, and sensory juiciness than control group, but it produced lower pork flavor and strong abnormal flavor. As the internal temperature became higher, the pork loin showed higher cooking loss, worse tenderness and juiciness, and better pork flavor. This study demonstrates that the water holding capacity and palatability of boiled pork loin can be improved by the addition of about 0.15-0.30 g of polyphosphate per 100 g of meat.
Effect of Irradiation, Packaging and Storage on the Oxidation of Cholesterol and Lipid in Pork Longissimus Meat
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 137~144
Pork loins that retailed in market were used as experimental samples. Some pork samples in raw state were packaged with PVDC in either aerobic or vacuum condition. The other pork samples were cooked until core temperature reached at 70
and then packaged immediately in the same way with the raw samples. After these samples were irradiated by electron beam 6 kGy, the samples were stored in a refrigerator (2∼4
). Identification and quantification of cholesterol oxides were performed at 0 and 7 days. The results were following. During the early stage of storage, cholesterol oxides were not produced from the raw meat samples, but with the passage of storage time,7
-hydroxycholesterol, 7-ketocholesterol, 20
-epoxide, which were not produced during the early stage of storage, were produced. The production of cholesterol and lipid oxidation products were significantly higher (P<0.05) in the meats with aerobic packaging than those with vacuum packaging, Cooked meat after irradiation showed 7
-epoxide and cholestanetriol on the 7th day of storage, although those chemicals were not produced during the early stage of storage. Production of cholesterol oxides was significantly increased (P<0.05) with the passage of storage time for all treatments, and showed significantly lower value (P<0.05) with the vacuum packaging than these for aerobic packaging. Species of cholesterol oxides from irradiated meat after cooking were similar to those from cooked meat after irradiation. Collectively, it was found that the production of cholesterol oxides was more easily affected by packaging condition than irradiation.
Effects of Dietary Activated Carbon on Physico-Chemical Characteristics and Fatty Acid Composition of Pork
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 145~150
Effects of dietary 0.6% activated carbon on pork quality were investigated with six pigs (Landrace
Duroc) that were randomly selected from uterine brothers. Three pigs, for control group, were fed with a commercial pig diet for 4 weeks before slaughter whereas the others were fed a diet added 0.6 % activated carbon for treatment group. Pork loin and belly cuts were collected at 24 hrs postmortem, and transfered to laboratory to measure quality characteristics. There were no significant differences in muscle pH and cooking loss % of pork loin and belly. Also there were no significant differences in adhesiveness, cohesiveness, gummness and brittleness between thed treatment and control. However, hardness and springiness of samples from the treatment were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of control. There were no significant differences in scores of aroma, color and off-flavor assessed by a penal test. Treatment group showed a significantly higher acceptability (p<0.05) compared to the control group. Samples of the treatment had higher concentrations of oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid, wheres samples of control showed a higher concentration of palmitic acid (p<0.05). Belly cuts of control group showed a significantly higher concentration of stearic acid compared to the treatment group. These results suggested that hardness, springiness and acceptability of pork could be improved, and concentration of unsaturated fat acid in pork muscle might be increased by dietary 0.6 % activated carbon.
Composition and Physico-Chemical Properties of Vacuum Packaged Korean Pork Loins for Export during Cold Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 151~157
The Korean fresh pork loins in vacuum packaged were obtained from three different Korean export companies and investigated for their proximate composition and physico-chemical characteristics. The fresh pork loins were stored at 2
for 50 days and analyzed with an interval of 5∼10 days. In proximate analyses, the moisture contents of pork loins from the company I were higher, the protein contents from the company II were higher, and fat contents from the companies II and III were higher compared to those from the other companies. The pH of loins increased as storage period increased. The shear value of loins from company II showed significantly lower level and tended to decrease during storage. However, the water holding capacity and the purge loss of loins from company II increased during storage periods.
Meat Color, TBARS and VBN Changes of Vacuum Packaged Korean Pork Loins far Export during Cold Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 158~163
The Korean fresh pork loins in vacuum packaged were obtained from three different Korean export companies and investigated for meat color, TBARS(thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) and VBN(volatile basic nitrogen). The fresh pork loins were stored at 2
for 50 days and analyzed with an interval of 5~10 days. The L* values of meat from the company II and III were relatively higher than those from the company I. The L* values of loins from the companies II and III were increased until 35 days of storage and decreased after that period. The TBARS values were increased as the storage time increased for meat from all companies. Although the TBARS values of all loins were similar at the beginning stage of storage, those from the companies II and III were higher than loins from the company I after 40 days of storage. There were no significant difference in VBN among loins from three companies during the storage.
Antimicrobial Effects of a Bacteriocin Mixture from Lactic Acid Bacteria against Foodborne Pathogens
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 164~171
The purpose of this study was to evaluate inhibitory activity of a bacteriocin mixture from lactic acid bacteria(LAB) against foodborne pathogens. Each bacteriocin solutions were prepared by growing nine strains of bacteriocin producers in MRS broth for 18~24 h followed by centrifugation(8000
g, 20 min, 4
). Bacteriocins were purified from ammonium sulfate precipitation and were resuspended in 50 mM phosphate buffer(pH 7.0). Nine bacteriocins were mixed together and then allowed to freeze at -2
. The mixture of nine bacteriocins showed enhanced inhibitory activity compared to each of bacteriocins and inhibited the Gram negative pathogens including Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas chlororaphis and Shigella sonnei. The mixture of bacteriocin solutions was significantly lower than controls when a freeze-dried bacteriocin mixture was added to frank sausage, Mozzarella cheese and pork loin. With addition of bacteriocin mixture, total mesophilic bacteria in pork loin were constant over storage period, whereas total mesophilic bacteria in Mozzarella cheese and frank sausang slightly increased. Total viable cells of control group increased during storage without bacteriocin treatment. Volatile base nitrogen content of pork loin during storage also increased significantly without bacteriocin treatment. The bacteriocin mixture was capable of inhibiting pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms and extending the shelf-life of cheese and meat products during storage.
A Study on the Vitamins Contents in UHT Milk according to Fortification Methods
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 172~178
Vitamins are bio-active materials and essential elements in our body but some of them are very low in milt Various vitamin-fortified milks are developed by the help of milk processing technology. However, heat treatments can affect vitamins contents in milk. Total loss of vitamins during the UBT(ultra high temperature) treatment was investigated. UHT treatment caused 60∼70% loss for vitamin C, and 30∼40% loss for vit. D3 and vit. E which are well-known as heat stable materials. On the contrary, degradation of water-soluble vitamins is relatively very low in the capsule-coated state. The capsule could reduce the loss of vitamins by protecting vitamins from the degradation factors such as heat, oxygen, lights etc. The fortification method using capsule can be thought as a new way to reduce the loss of vitamins during milk processing. Further study about heat treatment time and temperature, and capsule coating and materials will be required to minimize the loss of vitamins in milt.
Heat-Induced Reaction of Bovine Whey Proteins
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 179~182
Using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), changes underwent by a mixture of
-Lg) during heat treatment were studied, yielding useful information for the dairy industry. Results of the DSC showed that the heat denaturation temperature of the hobo-
-La was higher than that of apo-
-La, suggesting hole-
-La‘s greater stability. The denaturation temperature of a mixture of holo-
-Lg was also slightly lower than that of holo-
-La alone. The denaturation temperature of an apo-
-Lg mixture was higher than that of holo-
-Lg, suggesting that the heat stability of apo-
-La was increased by
-Lg. Based on these results, it is possible to conclude that a mixture of holo-
-Lg is more intensively affected by an increase in temperature than other samples, and that free sulphydryl groups seem to take part in this heat-induced denaturation.
Traditional Dairy Products by Lactic Acid Bacteria in Mongolia
Inhyu Bae ; Sedkhun Burenjargal ; Kang, Kook-Hee ; Yang, Chul-Ju ; Kong, Il-Keun ;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 22, issue 2, 2002, Pages 183~191
The Mongolian milk processing technology has a specific characteristic as a result of the living habits of Central Asian nomads. There are many kinds of milk products in Mongolia due to their processing activity used milk from various dairy animal species. Mongolia has over 30 kinds of dairy products and fermented milk products which are occupied more than 36% of the Mongolian dairy products. Herdsmen who engaged extensive livestock production have specific methods to conserve and prepare the starter culture of fermented milk products in nomadic condition. Specifically, Mongolian lactic starter cultures were prepared from keeping milk products and specific wild plants. Nowadays, over 5 kinds of wild plants such as Rheum undulatum L. Rheum ribes L, Rumex acetosa L. Artemisa sibersena L, Artemisa vulgare are used for lactic starter preparing. Traditional processing methods of the Mongolian fermented milk products are based on the scientific basis and there are easy to learn and operate.