Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Effects of Singular Manner or Mixed Type Treatment of Proteases Isolated from Pear, Pineapple and Kiwifruit on Actomyosin Degradation
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 193~199
In order to investigate the meat tenderizing effects of pear, pineapple and kiwifruit, crude protease was prepared from each fruit and treated with actomyosin in a single manner or mixed type in several combination. Actomyosin was incubated with various proteases for 24 hrs under three different pH condition, and its degrading performance was evaluated by the SDS-PAGE. Pear extract showed an active degrading activity for actomyosin at pH 5.3 and 7.0. But, little actomyosin degradation was observed at pH 8.0. Actomyosin was strongly degraded by the treatment of protease from pineapple at all different pHs(5.3, 7.0 and 8.0). Kiwifruit protease extract has shown actomyosin degradation activity 1hr after treatment at pH 5.3 and pH 7.0. Meanwhile, the mixture of pear and pineapple extracts(l:l, w/w) showed much more degradation than the results of singular manner treatment at pH 5.3 and 7.0. When the pear protease was mixed with kiwifruit protease(l:l, w/w), the performance of actomyosin degradation was similar to the results of each single protease treatment. When the mixture was made of pineapple and kiwifruit extracts, actomyosin degradation was almost the same as the result of treatment of pineapple protease only. When those three proteases were mixed together(l:l:l, w/w/w), actomyosin degrading activities was in time dependent manner at pH 5.3. In summary, pear protease can be used potentially as a meat tenderizer when it was mixed with pineapple or kiwifruit rendering proper tenderization of the meat.
Effects of Dietary Germanium Supplementation on the Meat Quality of Duck
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 200~208
This study was carried out to investigate the influence of dietary germanium supplementation on the meat quality of duck. Ducks raised for 42 days were slaughtered and the ground meats were stored at 3
for 12 days under 1200 lux. Experimental treatments were divided into 3 kinds of meat from ducks fed germanium as follows; 1) Control(natural water + commercial feed), 2) T1(1～10 days: natural water + commercial feed, 11-42 days: natural water + commercial feed supplemented with 1 % germanium), 3) T2(1～10 days: germanium submersion water + commercial feed, 11～42 days: natural water + commercial feed supplemented with 1 % germanium). The pH of duck meat was not different among the treatments(p>0.05). The germanium treatments exhibited significantly higher crude fat content in both breast and thigh meat(p<0.05). In the fatty acid composition, T2 contained more unsaturated fatty acid than control or Tl. TPA(textural profile analysis) value such as hardness, gumminess, chewiness and adhesiveness decreased in meat from duck fed supplemental germanium. Cholesterol contents of duck meat decreased in dietary supplemental germanium treatment compared to control, but were not significantly different among them(p>0.05). Dietary germanium supplementation affected on lipid oxidation of meat during storage. TBARS of meat from duck fed germanium was lower than that of control(p
o.05). The CIE L*, b* and h
0/ values of germanium treatments were significantly(p
.o5) higher than those of control. Also a* value showed more stable in germanium diet treatment during storage. Therefore, dietary supplemental germanium to duck resulted in light brownish color formation, improvement tenderness and retardation of lipid oxidation of meat during refrigerated storage.
Effect of Dietary Lutein and Apocarotenoic Acid Ethyl Ester Supplementation on the Lipid Oxidation of Broiler Meat during Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 209~214
This study was carried out to investigate the influence of dietary xanthophylls(lutein and apocarotenoic acid ethyl ester) supplementation on the antioxidation of broiler meat. The broilers fed with 10 ppm or 20 ppm xanthophylls were raised for 6 weeks and then slaughtered. The broiler meats were stored at 3
for 9 days and frozen at -18
for 4 months until analysis, respectively. The pH of all treatments significantly(p<0.05) increased during the storage periods. The pH of the thigh was higher than that of the breast. TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) and POV(peroxide value) were higher in thigh than breast. All meats from broiler fed with lutein and apocarotenoic acid ethyl ester(apo-ester) had greater antioxidant properties during the storage period than control meat(p<0.05). Antioxidant activity of dietary xanthophylls supplementation was more effective in thigh than breast, and in broiler meats during frozen storage than chilled storage. The higher concentration of xanthophylls in feed, the more inhibition of lipid oxidation in meat during storage. The meat from broiler fed with 20 ppm of lutein showed the highest antioxidant property during both refrigerated and frozen storage although there was no significant difference between lutein and apo-ester(p>0.05). Consequently, this results indicated that the antioxidant activity of dietary xanthophylls(lutein and apocarotenoic acid ethyl ester) supplementation was more effective.
Effects of Pigment of Red Beet and Chitosan on Reduced Nitrite Sausages
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 215~220
This study was carried out to produce reduced-nitrite sausages by using the red beet pigment and chitosan. The addition of red beet pigment affected the color of sausage and was effective in nitrite scavenging ability, water holding capacity, and tenderness. The addition of chitosan was effective in water holding capacity and tenderness, but was not effective in nitrite scavenging ability. On the other hand, the use of
-cyclodextrine was effective in water holding capacity and tenderness. Pyrophosphate was only effective in water holding capacity. The adding level of nitrite could be reduced by half by using red beet pigment and chitosan for the development of color of sausage.
The Effect of Different Electrical Stunning Method§ on Meat Quality in Broilers
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 221~226
This study investigated the effect of different electrical stunning methods on pH, water holding capacity(WHC), cooking loss(CL), meat color and blood spot rate in broilers. One-hundred and forty broiler chickens were slaughtered by 50, 65 and 90 voltage with the same electrical frequency(255 Hz) and stunning time(5 sec) in commercial abattoir. The ultimate pH of leg muscle and WHC of breast muscle decreased with increasing the stunning voltage. However, there were no significant differences in ultimate pH, WHC and CL of breast muscle, and ultimate pH of leg muscle. Lightness(L*) and yellowness(b*) values of leg muscle stunned with 90V, 255 Hz, 5 sec were higher than those stunned with 50V, 255 Hz for 5 sec(p<0.05). But there were no significant differences in color value on skin, breast and wing muscle. Our experiments showed that change of stunning voltage affected some broiler meat quality parameters. However, further research is necessary to examine the effects of stunning condition on broiler meat quality.
Effect of Feeding Dietary Oils on Physico-Chemical Changes of Pork during Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 227~235
The results were obtained from pigs which had been fed finishing pig diets containing 5% beef tallow(C) as control and 2% perilla seed oil(Tl), 3% beef tallow and 2% squid viscera oil(T2), 3% beef tallow and 2% CLA(conjugated linoleic acid, T3). All porks were stored at 1
for 28 days. pH value of control group was higher than other treatments. Water holding capacity(WHC) did not show any significant difference among treatments, however, WHC of C and T3 was increased as storage days increased. Protein solubility of T3 was higher than the other treatments, but that of all groups increased up to 14 days of storage and then decreased. The a* value of C was higher than the others, but b* value was low on 28 days of storage. Volatile base nitrogen(VBN) value of T3 showed the highest level, but that of Tl was the lowest. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) of T2 and T3 were' higher than those of C and Tl. In sensory analysis, meat color and overall acceptability of C were higher than those of the other treatments in raw meat, and meat appearance was higher than level in Tl.
Changes of Physicochemical Properties of Conjugated Linoleic Acid(CLA) Accumulated Pork during Storage Time
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 236~249
To investigate the effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid 011 changes of physicochemical properties of pork. Twenty pigs were divided into 5 treatment groups and subjected to each experimental diet(0, 1.25% and 2.5% CLA for 2 weeks, 1.25% and 2.5% CLA for 4 weeks, as total fed diet before slaughtering(about 110 kg). Pork loin samples were aerobically packed and stored for 14 days at 4
. Samples were then analyzed for general compositions, physicochemical characteristics and sensory evaluation. pH value of CLA fed group pork was significantly increased than that of control group(p<0.05). Crude fat content of CLA treated group pork was significantly higher than the control pork(p<0.05), but there were no significant differences in crude protein, crude ash and total moisture contents between control and CLA treated groups. AU CLA fed group pork showed higher WHC value than control pork. Drip loss was significantly lower compared to those of control porks. No significant differences in lean meat and fat color(CIE L*, a*, b*) were observed between control and the CLA treated group porks. Meanwhile, CLA pork tended to be lower in content of total heme pigment compared to control pork. No remarkable differences were found in sensory properties(color and drip loss) among control and CLA diet-fed group porks. Marbling score and acceptability were significantly increased in CLA diet-fed pork compared to the control pork.
Fermentation Properties of Yogurt Added by Lycii fructus, Lycii folium and Lycii cortex
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 250~261
This experiment was carried out to examine the fermentation properties of yogurt with Lycii fructus, Lycii folium and Lycii cortex powder, and extract additives at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, and 6.0%. Lactic acid bacteria was used in a mixed starter culture of Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus(ST36) and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus(LB12). When the boxthorn was added with extract types, the changes of pH, acidity and lactic acid bacteria counts of yogurt during the fermenation of 3 hours were pH 5.64, titratable acidity 0.85%, 5.80xl0
6/cfu/ml of viable cell counts for control yogurt, whereas those were pH 4.10∼5.06, titratable acidity 0.98∼1.27%, 1.80∼9.60x10
7/ cfu/ml of viable cell counts for Lycii fructus extract yogurt. The lactose hydrolysis ratio was better for 1.0% Lycii fructus extract yogurt(42.00%) and 1.0% Lycii folium extract yogurt(41.46%) than for control yogurt(28.40%). Also, content of lactic acid of 1.0% Lycii fructus(11.9 times) and 1.0% Lycii folium extract yogurt(10.6 times) produced more than control yogurt(7.3 times). The viscosity of yogurt was better for boxthorn extract yogurt(1,027∼1,382 cps) than for control yogurt(975cps). The sensory scores of color, taste and overall acceptability of yogurt with 0.5, and 1.0% Lycii fructus extract additive were better than other groups. The yogurts made with increased Lycii fructus extract concentration(0.5∼6.0%), showed the increase of lactic acid, titratable acidity, number of lactic acid bacteria, viscosity and lactose hydrolysis rate compared to the treatments of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0% Lycii folium and Lycii cortex extract and powder yogurt. We gained excellent results from the yogurt to which Lycii fructus extract was added with 0.51.0% concentration.
Studies on the Characteristics of Kefir Grains Collected from Korean
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 262~268
Kefir is a traditional fermented milk in Caucasusian area and is made mainly of milk fermented with lactic acid bacteria and yeasts. Six typical kefir grains were selected from ten kefir grains collected from different locals in Korea. Kefir grains were gelatinous in texture and had various shapes of villi, grapes, leaves, hulled millets, and towels. To investigate predominant microflora of kefir grains, SPC, MRS, M17, Rogosa, and APT agar media were used for viable cell count MRS, SPC, and Rogosa media were most acceptable for bacterial cell counts of the selected kefir grains. From one or two of the SPC agar plates which contained around 25∼50 colonies, all grown colonies were isolated and identified. Most predominant bacteria was identified as Lactobacillus fermentum by API 50 CHL kit. The proportions of Lb. fermentum and Lb. brevis among the total identified bacteria were around 41~88% and M4%, respectively. To select the best preservation method for kefir grains, refrigeration, freezing, and freeze drying were compared. Freeze drying was found most suitable for the preservation of kefir grains, based upon their acid-producing activities and production of off-flavors.
A Study on Microbial Aspects of Korean Human Milk by Collection Methods
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 269~277
This study was carried out to evaluate the safety of Korean human milk. The microorganisms were identified from human milk of 149 healthy mothers by two collection methods, hand and pump expression. The means of total bacterial counts were 2.33x10
cfu/mL on the samples collected by the pump expression and 7.83xl0
cfu/mL on those collected by the hand expression. Therefore, the total bacterial counts of pump expression samples was 9.80xl0
cfu/mL more than that of hand expression samples. The coliform counts of pump expression was 9.36xl0
cfu/mL more than that of hand expression. However, there was any significant differences of the lactic acid bacterial counts between the two samples collected by each methods. 100 strains of 5 patterns of total bacterial counts were isolated based on the morphology of colony in the standard plate count agar. 13 species were identified among the isolated strains. The dominant species in Korean human milk were Staphylococcus which 7 subspecies identified(81% in the rate of total bacteria, 1.07x10
cfu/mL). Other species identified were Micrococcus, Bacillus, Providencia, Pseudomonas, Yersinia and Acinetobacter. 36 strains of 6 patterns of lactic acid bacterial counts were isolated based on morphology of colony in the BCP agar. 7 species were identified among the isolated strains. The dominant species of lactic acid bacteria in Korean human milk were Lactobacillus brevis(50.9% in the rate of lactic acid bacteria, 4.72xl0
cfu/mL). Others species identified(49.1% lactic acid bacteria) were Lactobacillus curvatus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Leuconostic lactis and Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus.
Feasibility Study on the Use of Liposomes for Detecting Food-borne Pathogenic Bacteria
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 3, 2003, Pages 278~283
Feasibility tests on using liposomes for detecting food-borne pathogenic bacteria were studied with E. coli 0157:H7 as a model analyte. lmmunoliposomes, whose surface was conjugated with anti-E. coli 0157:H7 IgG and which encapsulated the marker dye, sulforhodamine B, were used for the detection label. Among the feasibility tests, the first test was to use a test-strip on which antibodies to anti-E. coli O157:H7 IgG were immobilized. In this format, immunoliposomes that did not bind to E. coli O157:H7 in sample were captured and then exhibited a visible signal which was inversely related with the number of E. coli O157:H7 in sample. The second test was a direct liposome assay followed by immunomagnetic separation. In this format, immunoliposomes which were bound to E. coli O157:H7 were lysed with detergent and produced a signal which was proportionally related with the number of E. coli O157:H7 in sample. The results from both formats indicate that liposomes can be utilized as a detection label.