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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Effects of Carcass Grade and Addition of Mugwort Powder on the Storage Stability of Pork Sausage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 285~291
The effects of carcass grade(B and E) and containing mugwort powder(0.3％) on the pH, volatile basic nitrogen(VBN), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS), bacterial count and residual nitrite of the pork sausage were investigated during storage at 4
1 for 8 weeks. The pH value and VBN content of sausage containing mugwort powder were not significant different(p＞0.05) depending on the carcass grade as compared to sausage free of mugwort powder. The TBARS values of sausage containing mugwort powder were significantly lower than those of sausage free of mugwort powder up to 8 weeks of the chilling process. The sausage containing mugwort powder showed to have lower bacterial counts and residual nitrite contents than those free of mugwort powder depending on the carcass grade. However, those of sausage were not affected by the carcass grade.
Quality Characteristics of Sausage Prepared with Mugwort Powder and Different Carcass Grade
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 292~298
This study was carried out to clarify the effect of addition of mugwort powder and carcass grade on the quality and palatability of pork sausage. Pork sausage was prepared by four type such as grade B pork sausage without mugwort(A), grade B pork sausage with mugwort(B), grade E pork sausage without mugwort(C) and grade E pork sausage with mugwort(D). The chemical composition, calorie, water holding capacity, pH, residual nitrite, surface color, textural properties, free amino acid and sensory characteristics were evaluated. Moisture and crude ash were not significantly different among sausage. Crude fat of grade B sausage was higher than that of grade E sausage, and crude protein of grade E sausage was higher than that of grade B sausage. The calorie, water holding capacity and pH were not significantly different among four types of sausage, and the residual nitrite of sausage with mugwort powder was significantly lower than that of sausage without mugwort powder. In case of Hunter's L
*/ value, grade B sausage was higher than that of grade E sausage. In case of Hunter's a
*/ value, grade E sausage was higher than that of grade B sausage, and Hunter's b
*/ value was not significantly different among sausage types. Textural properties, hardness, cohesiveness and chewiness were not significantly different among sausage types, but springiness of grade B sausage was higher than that of grade E sausage. The gumminess of grade B sausage with mugwort powder was lowest among sausage types. Free amino acids of A, B, C and D sausage were 0.603, 0.515, 0.618 and 0.531％, respectively. Sensory color, juiciness and palatability were not significantly different among sausage types, but color, taste and texture of grade B sausage were superior to grade E sausage, and those of sausage without mugwort powder were superior to the sausage with mugwort powder.
Nitrite Contents and Storage Properties of Sausage Added with Green Tea Powder
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 299~308
Quality characteristics of sausage added with green tea powder was studied to investigate the substitutive effect of green tea for nitrite. Residual nitrite, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) and volatile basic nitrogen(VBN) contents of 9 different sausages prepared with 3 levels of nitrite(50, 100 or 150 ppm) and 3 levels of green tea(0, 0.5 or 1％) were measured during storage at l0
for 6 weeks or 20
for 14 days. Proximate compositions of the sausage were not affected by the addition level of green tea or nitrite. The lightness(L value) and redness(a value) of sausage decreased, while yellowness(b value) increased, with the addition of green tea powder. Residual nitrite content was lower in sausages containing green tea when prepared with same amount of nitrite, showing the addition of green tea powder has a beneficial effect on reducing the residual nitrite content in sausage. TBARS and VBN contents were lower in sausages with nitrite and green tea than those with nitrite alone. The TBARS and VBN lowering effects of green tea were higher in sausages prepared with low level of nitrite than those prepared with high amount of nitrite. The results suggest that the addition of green tea powder may reduce the residual nitrite content of sausage, and the use of green tea may also cut down the use of nitrite in the production of pork sausage with little deterioration in preservation.
Color and Its Stability in Venison from Cervus nippon yesoensis(Japanese Yeso Deer)
M. Sekikawa ; K. H. Han ; K. Shimada ; M. Fukushima ; T. Ishikawa ; C. H. Lee ; M. Mikami ;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 309~314
Color and its stability in venison, longissumus dorsi (LD) and quadriceps femoris (QF) muscles, from 8 wild Cervus nippon yesoensis (Japanese Yeso Deer) were investigated by means of the CIE L
measurement and autoxidation rate recorded using partially purified myoglobin. It was observed a common feature of the change of three mean values(
) in both LD and QF that mean value increased at 1 or 2 day post-mortem and then decreased during storage. The differences between 1 and 7 days was the largest in
value than those in
values. The mean differences among storage days were only significant in
of LD. It was same tendency that the mean difference of CIE
values during refrigerator storage was larger in
than both in
reported in beef(Sekikawa et al., 1995) and venison(Stevenson et al., 1989) during storage. The smaller
value was indicated that bright red of meat changed to dull red, brown red causing met-Mb formation. To compare of color stability with respects to the Mb autoxidation rate, we measured this rate of deer and horse muscles, because horse Mb was considered to have the fastest autoxidation rate among domestic animals, and we used crude Mb and pH 6.0, which might be reflected to the intact meat. Mean value of the autoxidation rate measured in this study in deer was 0.037 and that was 0.026 in horse(sigma). Although there was no significant mean difference and were different Mb purity between deer(A409/A 280 nm = 4.0) and horse(5.6), in generally Mb purity was the higher and the faster autoxidation rate, but this rate in deer was faster than in horse. These results might indicate that venison meat discolors at faster rate compared with beef.
Effect of Pig Slaughter Weight on Pork Quality
S. S. Moon ; A. M. Mullen ; D. J. Troy ; H. S. Yang ; S. T. Joo ; G. B. Park ;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 315~320
A total of 240 crossbred(Landrace
Duroc) pigs were housed from 70 kg live weight and slaughtered at weights of 95, 105, 115 and 125 kg. The left side loins of carcass were obtained at 24 hr postmortem to measure pork quality. There were significant differences(p<0.01) in eye muscle area of pork loins between the slaughter weights of 95 and 105 kg. However, no differences were observed in pork than 105 kg of slaughter weight. Ultimate pH values were decreased with increasing slaughter weight and cooking loss was also reduced(p<0.01) at the heavier weights. Slaughter weights did not affect the shear force and intramuscular fat. However, dry matter(DM) and crude protein(CP) contents of loin were increased, and cooking loss and sarcomere length were decreased with increasing slaughter weight. The lightness(L
) and redness(a
) of pork loin were increased with increasing slaughter weight. Results suggested that pork quality may be improved when pig slaughter weight is increased from 95 to 125 kg.
Characterization of Restructured Meat Products Manufactured with PSE Pork Hams as Compared to Those with Normal Pork Counterparts
Mueller, Wolf-Detrich ; Koo B. Chin ;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 321~326
The objectives of this study were to develop restructured meat products(RMPs) using a transgluta-minase(TGase) and to improve the textural characteristics of RMPs manufactured with pale, soft, exudative(PSE) pork hams. The pH values of RMPs with PSE and normal pork were 5.94 and 6.07, respectively, and their water activity value was approximately 0.981. The RMPs had 70∼72％ moisture, 4∼5％ fat, 19∼20％ protein, and approximately 3％ ash contents. No differences in pH, water activity, chemical composition, and hunter color values were observed between RMPs manufactured with normal and PSE pork(p＞0.05). However, RMPs containing PSE pork hams had higher drip loss(％)(p＞0.05) than those with normal pork hams after 10 days of refrigerated storage. Although no differences were observed in the texture profile analysis(TPA) hardness and sensory evaluation, RMPs with PSE pork hams tended to have more pores and lower binding capacity those with normal pork. This result indicated that additional substrates or longer tumbling time(＞4 hr) for the manufacture of RMPs containing PSE pork were required for the products to have similar palatability to those with normal pork.
Comparative Characterization of the Bacteria Isolated from Market Milk Treated with ESL and Conventional System
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 327~332
This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of strains which were isolated from market milk treated with ESL(extended shelf life) and conventional system, and to compare the microbiological quality of ESL milk with conventional milk. In order to characterize the isolated strains, purification, Gram staining, spore staining, catalase, oxidase, motility test, and identification by means of automatic identificator were performed. The results obtained are as follows: total 364 selected strains were analyzed in this study. Depending upon the isolated source, the number of strains from conventional milk was found to be Higher than ESL-milk. By means of grouping of total strains, Bacillus ssp. and Staphylococcus ssp. showed to be predominant. But most of strains were distributed with various groups except Lactobacillus ssp. When the isolates were compared with milk process methods, Enterococcus ssp. was detected much on market milk treated with LTLT pasteurization. Also, Pseudomonas ssp. was detected much on conventional milk treated with UHT pasteurization. By comparison with genus groups depending upon storage temperature of market milk, the higher milk storage temperature increased, the most frequency detected Bacillus ssp. increased. Also, Pseudomonas ssp. was detected most frequently at 10
storage condition. Generally this genus derived from post-contamination during milk processing and related to the quality of market milk during chilled system. In conclusion, it was shown that ESL system reduced post-contamination during milk process, following the improvement of product quality and life cycle during the distribution of market milk.
Effect of Water Extract of Omija(Schizandra chinensis) on Growth of Yoghurt Starter
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 333~341
The effect of water extract of Schizandra chinensis on the growth of yoghurt starter was investigated in order to manufacture the drink type yoghurt added with water extract of Schizandra chinensis. It was the most desirable extraction conditions for Schizandra chinensis to soak in 50 times of water for 15 hours at 20
. The water extract of Schizandra chinensis showed pH 3.07, 2.39％ acidity, 1.10％ total sugars, and 0.15 optical density for color. The water extract of Schizandra chinensis was added to MRS broth medium from 0.1％ to 1.0％ and the medium was fermented by 4 types of lactic acid bacteria such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, and Streptococcus thermophilus. The addition of water extract of Schizandra chinensis inhibited the growth of the lactic acid bacteria. The maximum addition amounts of water extract of Schizandra chinensis was 0.9％ for Lac. acidophilus, 0.8％ for Lac. casei, 0.2％ for Lac. bulgaricus and 0.1％ for Str. thermophilus in order to maintain the propagation of the lactic acid bacteria. When the drink type yoghurts added with 0.4％, 0.6％, 0.8％ and 1.0％ water extract of Schizandra chinensis were kept at 4
for 15 days, it was showed that the number of lactic acid bacteria was not significantly changed during the storage. The viable cell counts of the drink type yoghurts by addition of 0.4∼l.0％ of water extract of Schizandra chinensis were 1.13
9/ CFU/mL, and these bacterial counts were still more than the legal standard(1.0
8/ CFU/mL) even at 15 days of storage.
Effect of Omija(Schizandra chinensis) Extract on the Growth Inhibition of Food Borne Pathogens in Yoghurt
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 342~349
Escherichia coli O157：H7, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enteritidis are food borne pathogens involved in food poisoning in numerous countries. This study aimed to obtain knowledges on the survival of Esc coli O157：H7, Sta aureus and Sal. enteritidis in the yoghurt added with water extract of Omija(Schizandra chinensis). The growth inhibition of Schizandra chinensis extract on the food borne pathogens were measured by total microbial count and effect of growth inhibition was correspondent to the concentration of Schizandra chinensis extract. The highest growth inhibition effect of Schizandra chinensis extract was shown on the Sta aureus followed by Sal. enteritidis and Esc. coli O157：H7. The number of surviving Esc. coli O157：H7 cell(3.55
5/ CFU/mL) was decreased to 1.00
CFU/mL after 24 hours incubation by the addition of 0.4∼l.0％ of Schizandra chinensis extract in the yoghurt. And also the viable cell counts of surviving Sta. aureus cells (initial inoculum 1.24
5/ CFU/mL) were decreased gradually to 4.00
CFU/mL after 48 hours of incubation, but the viable cells of Sal. enteritidis were not detected after 24 hours of incubation. Growth of the food borne pathogens was strongly inhibited by the addition and incubation of Schizandra chinensis extract for 48 hours in the yoghurt.
Electron Microscopical Property of Transglutaminase Added Milk
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 350~355
Raw skim milk and colloidal calcium phosphate-free skim milk were treated with microbial transglutaminase (TGase), ultracentrifuged at varying rates and were observed to contain textural properties using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Skim milk showed irregular signs of conformation at lower centrifugal rate, and associated regular (10,000
g) and thin with broad holes (20,000
g). The associated texture became thick and irregular (40,000
g), and fine particles were regularly associated (100,000
g). When skim milk was incubated for 1 hr with TGase, casein micelles aggregated and broadened as centrifugation rate increased. When skim milk was incubated for 8 hrs with TGase, casein micelles associated to large widened aggregates, and were associated regularly which then became irregular (100,000
g). When colloidal calcium phosphate-free skim milk incubated for 1 hr with TGase showed no sediment, the milk incubated for 8 hrs with TGase associated together, yielding broadened and regular layers as the centrifugation rate increased. It is assumed that such phenomena could be caused by protein crosslinking reaction with TGase and conformational change of casein molecules, as well as dependencies on reaction time, temperature and ultracentrifugation rate.
Determination of Selenium in Milk by ICP-OES
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 356~360
The purpose of this paper was to determine the quantity of selenium in milk by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The sample was digested in teflon vessel containing nitric-hydrogen peroxide acid mixture. After digestion, the sample is treated with additional hydrochloric acid. Total selenium was reduced with sodium borohydride and concentrated hydrochloric acid in a simplified hydride generation(HG) manifold. The optimum conditions of HG are 2 M for HCl, 1.5％ for NaBH
, 1.2 mL/mim for sample flow. Recovery rates by the standard addition method were 88.0％ at 10 ppb and 92.2％ at 10 ppm. The relative standard deviations were 4.8 and 3.2％, respectively. This method showed a good accuracy and precision. And so it was highly suitable for determination of small quantity of selenium in milk.
Production and Microbiological Characteristics of Fermented Sausages
Benno Kunz ;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2003, Pages 361~375
In this study, significant factors influencing on the quality and stability of fermented sausage, such as materials, processing conditions, and microbiological characteristics as well as topography during ripening, were documented. Since most fermented sausages are not heated during manufacture or before consumption, a strict control of the growth of pathogens and the selection of favourable conditions that encourage the specific growth and development of desirable microflora are particularly important. With respect to microbiological safety, hurdles, i.e., preservations(nitrite), redox potential, competitive flora, acidity(pH), and water activity(
) are matters of importance to prevent proliferation of bacterial pathogens. Today, for ensuring the safety and quality of the final product, the application of starter cultures in combination with the proper processing is subsequently used in practice. For improving the efficiency of microbiological utility in the production of fermented sausages, the understanding of their topography is essential. The documented different points must be taken into account when HACCP systems set up for the manufacture of fermented sausages. There are continuous researches concerning desirable improvements to sausage fermentation with health enhancing properties.