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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Effects of Chitosan Dipping Treatments with Different Molecular Weights on the Meat Quality of Hanwoo(Korean Cattle) Beef during Refrigerated Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~7
The effects of chitosan dipping treatments with different molecular weights on the meat quality of Hanwoo(Korean Cattle) beef during refrigerated storage were investigated. The beef(M. Semimembranosus) were dipped in 0.5% chitosan(in 1% acetic acid) with two different molecular weights(Mw=150 and 600 kDa) for 5 min and stored at 1
(90% RH). The pH was significantly(p<0.05) higher in chitosan(600 kDa) group than in the other groups. The L＊ value for 3 days was significantly(p<0.05) higher in chitosan (600 kDa) group, but it was not significantly(p>0.05) different after 6 days. The a＊ value of day 0(before storage) was not significantly(p>0.05) different among the treatment groups, however the a＊ value of day 12 was significantly(p<0.05) higher in chitosan(150 kDa) group. The metmyoglobin(%) was significantly(p<0.05) lower in chitosan(600 kDa) group. The total bacterial counts of day 0(before storage) were significantly(p<0.05) lower in chitosan(600 kDa) group, but during storage, the chitosan(150 kDa) group was effective in antibacterial activity. The chitosan(l50 kDa) group had significantly(p<0.05) lower shear force than the other groups over time.
Application of DNA Test for Individual Traceability in Hanwoo (Korean Cattle)
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 8~14
Identification of animals has been made with an ear tag with dummy code, and blood typing has been used for paternity and individual identification in live animals. As various genetic markers are for different cattle breeds vary, the discrete genetic markers are necessary to identify Hanwoo. A total of 740 progeny testing Hanwoo were used to identify Hanwoo specific markers. To examine traceability of individuals by using breed specific genetic codes, four animal were randomly sampled, and traced from live animals to post-slaughter processing stages. The candidate genetic makers used in the study were 16 DNA microsatellites which were identified in romosomes 1 and 14. The number of alleles of those DNA microsatellites ranged from a minimum of 3 to maximum of 12. The heterozygote frequency ranged from 0.022 to 0.824. Effective number of alleles for each DNA microsatellites were 3 to 6. Six selected candidate genetic markers were able ti trace individual cattle with an 100% confidence level.
Effects of Addition of Mugwort Powder on the Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Boiled Pork
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 15~22
The effects of carcass grade and addition of mugwort powder on the quality of the boiled pork were investigated. Four kinds of boiled pork were denoted as B
+/ or E
+/ boiled porks which were made with 0.3% mugwort powder to carcass grade B or E, respectively, and B
0/ or E
0/ boiled porks which were made without mugwort powder. The effect of carcass grade and the added mugwort powder on the pH, volatile basic nitrogen(VBN), bacterial count, calorie, essential amino acids, free amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids, color difference and palatability of boiled porks were not significant. Water holding capacity(WHC), springiness and Hunter's L
＊/ value of B
0/ boiled pork were higher than those of E
0/ boiled pork. Hunter's a
＊/ value of B
0/ boiled pork were lower than those of E
0/ boiled pork. Sensory taste and tenderness value of B
0/ boiled pork were higher than those of E
0/ boiled pork(p>0.05). WHC, 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) value and residual nitrite of boiled pork with mugwort powder were lower than those of boiled pork without mugwort powder.
Reduction of Tumbling Time and Improvement of Shear Value for the Manufacture of Restructured Hams using Transglutaminase
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 23~28
The objective of this study was to reduce the tumbling time with improved binding capacity for the manufacture of restructured hams(RHs) using a transglutaminase(TGase). The RHs had 73.9∼75.7% moisture, 3.63∼4.18% fat, 16.6∼20.6% protein with pH values of 5.95∼6.10 and water activity of 0.95∼0.96. No differences in hunter color values or functional properties were observed with the addition of 0.3% TGase or increased tumbling time. However, RHs without TGase had lower(p<0.05) textural profile analysis(TPA) values than those with TGase, regardless of tumbling time. Improved shear values were also observed with increased tumbling time only in RHs without TGase or with the addition of 0.3% TGase as well. This study indicated that 1 hr tumbling with the addition of 0.3% TGase improved the textural characteristics, as compared to the control 1(1 hr tumbling without TGase), resulting in similar shear values of the treatment, which tumbled for 4 hrs without TGase.
Quality Changes and Shelf-life of Grill Sausages Re-pasteurized after Packaging during Chilled Storage
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 29~36
Changes in quality characteristics and shelf-life of two types of grill sausage manufactured by using pork hind leg and re-pasteurized after packaging were investigated during storage at 5
up to 30 days. The total aerobic plate counts(APC) of N rnberger style grill sausage(NGS) and vegetable added grill sausage(VGS) were initially 3.08 and 3.57 log
, respectively, and gradually increased during storage time. After 30 days, the APC of NGS stored at 5
maintained relatively low at the levels of 5.32 and 6.58 log
, respectively. However, the APC of VGS exceeded the level of 8 log
after 30 days at 5
and after 20 days at 10
. pH was decreased with storage period, however it tended to increase after 30 days. The values of TBA and VBN for both sausages tended to increase with storage time, and this trend was pronounced at 5
rather than at 10
. The purge loss was apparently increased in the VGS compared to the NGS sample as the storage period extended. According to the sensory evaluation, the marketing values of grill sausages stored at 5
were maintained until day 20 for NGS and day 14 for VGS, respectively.
Characteristic of Pork Quality during Storage Fed with Ginseng By-Products
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 37~43
The "Ginseng Pork" produced by feeding ginseng by-products can be a compatible product in the sense of increasing pork consumption and developing functional food in the international pork market. This experiment was conducted to produce "Ginseng Pork" with emphasis on growth performance and meat quality. Experiments were conducted in which 30 Landrace heads were fed with bark of ginseng root(BGR) or heating extracts ginseng leaves and stem(HEG). WB-shear force was not different among the treatment groups until 15 days of ageing, but pork fed with the 6% BGR showed a higher shear force at 20 day of storage at 4
. Cooking loss showed lower value for the 9% BGR group compared with the control group. At 15 day, the 3% and 9% BGR groups showed lower cooking losses than control. Pork groups fed HEG showed a significantly(p<0.05) lower TBARS values after 5 days of storage. As for VBN analysis, the feeding groups of 9% BGR and 5.5% HEG had significantly lower values at 5 and 20 days when compared to the other treatment groups. It might be concluded that the accumulation of ginseng saponin in the pork resulted in retarding the ageing and inhibiting the oxidation.
Effects of Dietary Non-Specific Immuno-Stimulator(NIS) on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Finishing Pigs
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 44~49
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of non-specific immuno-stimulator(NIS) supplementation on growth performance and carcass characteristics in finishing pigs. A total of eighty[Duroc
3.72 kg in average initial body weight) were used for a 9-week assay. Dietary treatments included as follows 1) CON(basal diet), 2) NIS1(basal diet for 6 weeks and 0.05% NIS for 3 weeks), 3) NIS2(basal diet for 3 weeks and 0.05% NIS for 6 weeks) and 4) NIS3(0.05% NIS for 9 weeks). Average daily gain during the feeding period was not significantly different among the treatments (p>0.05). However, average daily feed intake was higher in NIS2 than CON(p<0.05). Backfat thickness did not differ among the treatments(p>0.05). The appearance rate of A or B carcass grade was much higher in NIS1 (58%) and NIS3 (75%) than CON(50%) and NIS2(50%). L＊(lightness) value of loin was higher in NIS1 and NIS3 than CON and NIS2. However, there was no effect by dietary NIS(p>0.05). Although a＊(redness) value of loin was lower in CON than other treatments, there was no significant difference among the treatments(p>0.05). No remarkable differences were found in sensory properties(marbling, firmness and color) among the treatments. The results from the present study suggest that NIS could be an effective feed additive to improve pork quality. However, further research is needed to investigate effect of carcass characteristics.
Quality Comparison of Sausage and Can Products in Korean Market
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 50~56
The wienner sausage(natural casing, N), wienner sausage(collagen casing, C), frankfurter sausage(F) and can products[spam(S), luncheon meat(L), jangjorim(J)] were obtained from different Korean meat processing companies and investigated for their salinity, saccharinity, pH, moisture and fat content, meat color and sensory evaluation. In sausage products, the saccharinity percent ranged 4.9∼5.0 in N, 6.6∼8.0 in C, and 5.2∼6.5 in F. The salinity percent of C and F were slightly higher than that of N. The pH values of all sausage product were above 6.0. The L＊ values of N were ranged 49.8∼56.7, which were slightly lower than those of C and R The sausage with high content of crude fat and high L＊value earned the highest score in overall acceptability. In can products, saccharinity percentage was higher in J compared to the S and L. The salinity percentage of S was slightly higher than those of Land J. In meat color, L＊ and a＊ values were not different between S and L, although b＊ value of L was slightly higher than that of S and J. There were not significantly different among can products, however, the product containing low-salt had the highest score in overall acceptability.
Preference Choice Survey of Pork Chop by French and Korean Consumers
Tania M. Ngapo ; Cho, Soo-Hyun ; Park, Beom-Young ; Kim, Jin-Hyeong ; Lee, Jong-Moon ; Lee, Sung-Ki ;
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 57~65
Digital photographs of 16 pork chops were each modified to give 16 treatments, such as two levels each of fat cover, color, marbling and drip, giving a total of 256 images. Consumers from three locations in France and six locations in Korea selected their preferred chop from 16 treatments in different chops and repeated this selection process eight times from different groups of chops, respectively. Respondents were asked to complete a questionnaire on socio-demographic information. Both the results of the French and Korean surveys gave four clusters of consumers, but they were not the same in terms of the choice strategies used, or in terms of their relationships with the socio-demographic items. The interesting apparent similarities (such as, both color levels being equally important to consumers in both countries) and differences(such as, the strong preference for lean meat in France; no fat preference in Korea) suggest a need to compare the results from the two countries. However, due to the difference of the socio-demographic make-up of the consumer panels from the two countries, a simple and direct comparison of the clusters based on choice and their relationships with the questionnaire items is not possible, but is currently being explored.
Effects of Dietary Onion Supplementation of on the Physicochemical Properties of Duck Meat
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 66~72
The study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary onion supplementation on physicochemical properties of duck meat. The ducks were raised for 38 days(1,500 g of live weight) in rice paddle and slaughtered. Samples including breast and leg were stored at 4
for 12hrs and then used as experimental materials. The ducks were allotted into 3 treatments(C-0%, T1-3%, T2-6%) according to dietary supplementation of onion. The ducks meat were stored at 4
for 12hrs. In proximate analyses, the moisture, crude protein and crude ash of breast muscle were significantly increased(p<0.05) with increasing onion percentages but crude fat content was significantly decreased(p<0.05). The moisture and crude protein of leg muscles were significantly increased(p<0.05) with increasing onion percentages but crude fat and crude ash were significantly decreased(p<0.05). The pH of breast muscle was significantly decreased(p<0.05) with increasing onion percentages, the pH of leg muscle was be highest in T1(p<0.05). Water holding capacity(WHC) significantly increased(p<0.05) with increasing onion percentage in both muscles. Hunter L＊ was significantly decreased with increasing onion percentage in breast muscles while Hunter b＊ significantly increased(p<0.05). In fatty acids composition of duck meat, mono-unsaturated fatty acid(MUFA) significantly decreased(p<0.05) while poly-unsaturated fatty acid(PUSFA) and EFA(essential fatty acid) were significantly high(p<0.05) with increasing onion percentage.
Meat Quality, Textural and Sensory Properties of Farm-Grown Pheasant Meat and Processed Products
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 73~79
Functional properties of farm-grown pheasant meat with different sex, age and cutting portion were investigated, and the textural and sensory characteristics of processed products were also evaluated. Chemical composition of pheasant meat was characterized to be high in protein and low in fat, and breast muscle showed more protein and less moisture than thigh muscle. Moisture/protein ratio of the pheasant meat was relatively low in a range of 2.82∼3.40, indicating the pheasant meat would be a good source of processed meat, and it had high water holding capacity and myofibrillar protein extractability with some variations depending on age and portion cut(p<0.05). Thigh muscle showed higher value of L＊ and b＊ and lower value of a＊ than breast muscle. However, no difference was observed in color of meat with different age and sex. The meat from the 6 months and the breast cut had lower shear force than those of respective 17 months and the thigh regardless of sex. The pressed ham and sausage manufactured with the pheasant meat had better score than the commercial products manufactured with pork or chicken in sensory and textural parameters.
Separation of Immunoglobulin G from Colostrum by Reverse Micelles of Cationic Surfactant
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 80~85
This study was carried out to separate immunoglobulin G(IgG) from colostrum using reverse micellar extraction of cationic surfactant and to suggest suitable extraction conditions. The reconstituted colostrum powder was solubilized into a reverse micellar phase containing CDAB(cetyldimethylethyl ammonium bromide) by mixing equal volume of the aqueous and organic phase with constant stirring. The solubilization of proteins from the aqueous to the organic phase was manipulated by pH and ionic strength of the aqueous phase and concentration of surfactant in the organic phase. Based on the SDS-PAGE and densitometry, about more than 90% of initial IgG was remained in the aqueous phase after reverse micellar extraction. Although the aqueous phase contained lactoferrin and bovine serum albumin as minor components, about 93% of the total protein was IgG. The efficient extraction was achieved by the reaction of sodium phosphate buffer(pH 8) containing 50 mM KCl and organic phase containing 100 mM CDAB. The separation of IgG using reverse micellar extraction was simple, highly efficient and easy to be scaled up.
Adhesion Ability and Inhibition of Enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 Adhesion to Intestinal Epithelial Cells in Lactobacillus acidophilus
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 86~91
The ability of probiotics containing Lactobacillus acidophilus to adhere to the intestinal epithelium may play an important role in colonization of the gastrointestinal tract and preventing enteric pathogen such as enterohemorrhagic E. coli(EHEC O157:H7. In the study, we investigated the adhesion to human intestinal epithelial cells(HT-29) of strains of L. acidophilus(3 from human, 2 from pig, and 1 from calf). All of the tested strains of L. acidophilus were highly observed adhesion ability(from 10
6/ to 10
7/ cfu/mL), compared to L. rhamnosus GG as control. Also, adhered strains of L. acidophilus were significantly preserved in serial wash-out steps. However, no correlation could be observed between cell surface hydrophobicity and adhesion abilities of the tested strains of L. acidophilus. Inhibition of adhesion of EHEC O157:H7 was also examined, a 2 log cycle reduction was observed by all of the tested strains of L. acidophilus. These results suggest that the strains of L. acidophilus with high adhesion ability are resistant to wash-out and adhesion ability inhibition by selected strains of L. acidophilus helps to prevent adhesion of EHEC O157:H7 to intestinal epithelial cells.
Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli of Broiler Viscera Silage added with Table Sugar
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 92~96
pH, Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli of under-utilized broiler viscera silage added with table sugar during storage at 25
were investigated. pH of silage with 0 and 1 %(w/w) table sugar increased continuously after day 2, but that of 3, 4 and 5% remained 4.0∼4.2 after decrease from 5.2 at day 0. The Campylobacter spp. count of 0% was 8.21 at day 4, however that of 3 and 5% showed 7.56 and 7.38 logCFU/mL, respectively. The Salmonella spp. of 0% maintained 5.8∼6.8 logCFU/mL during fermentation, but that of 3 and 5% was not detected after day 4. The initial E. coli count of silage without table sugar was 5.8 log CFU/mL, but reduced to 4.1 log CFU/mL at day 2, and maintained at the level between 4.0 and 5.0 log CFU/mL, thereafter. However, E. coli was not detected in the silage with 3 and 5% table sugar after day 2. The counts of Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli of under-utilized broiler viscera silage reduced markedly by adding table sugar. It was proved that the possibility of microbiologically safe broiler offal silage as a potential resource for animal feed materials was improved.
Use of Bacteriocin Produced by Lactococcus sp. CU216 with pH Sensitive Liposome Entrapment
Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, volume 24, issue 1, 2004, Pages 97~102
The objective of this study was to control Kimchi fermentation using pH sensitive bacteriocin entrapping liposome(bacteriocin-liposome). The liposomes were prepared by the reverse-phase evaporation method from a mixture of DPPC(dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine, DPPE(dipalmitoyl phosphatidylethanolamine), DOPC(dioleoyl phosphatidylcholine) and cholesterol in a molar ration of 4:2:1:4. The bacteriocin-liposome was disruptured at pH 4 of buffer and was stable at alkaline pHs(6 and 7). Irrespective of the addition of the bacteriocin-liposomes, the pH of every Kimchi sample decreased to 5 during 5 days storage at 5
. Kimchi samples treated with bacteriocin-liposomes maintained pH 4 or higher, while Kimchi samples not treated with bacteriocin-liposomes exhibited pH 3.58 or lower. In general, the pH of Kimchi samples stored at 20
decreased faster, compared to that of Kimchi samples stored at 5
. The pH of Kimchi samples treated with the bacteriocin-liposomes was 3.9 during 90 days storage, while that of the samples not treated with the bacteriocin-liposomes was 3.68 and 3.32 during 30 days and 90 days storages, respectively. Lactic acid bacteria in Kimchi treated with the bacteriocin-liposome grew relatively slow at 5
. The viable cell number of lactic acid bacteria increased up to 4
7/ cells/ml and then decreased to 8
6/ cells/ml during 90 days storage at 5