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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Dec 2006
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Aug 2006
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Apr 2006
Selecting the target year
Effect of Stocking Density of Pigs on Body Weight Gain and Carcass Traits
Kim M.C. ; Kim K.I. ; Yang Y.H. ; Kim C.N. ; Kim H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2006, Pages 51~60
Studies were carried out using growing to finishing pigs to investigate adequate floor space (
) in Jeju environment. A randomized block design was used to compare the effect of pig performance on 3 stocking rates (low
, medium 0.70 and high 0.90). Liveweight gain and feed intake were measured over a 4 week(Growth stage 1 and Growth stage 2) period or a 3 week(Growth stage 3) period. In growth stage 1 (43 to 65 kg body weight ; BW), daily weight gain was significantly higher in the medium stocking rate than in low or high (P<0.05). However, no significant difference in daily weight gain was found among treatments in growth stage 2(65 to 91 kg) or 3 (91 to 105 kg). Dressing percentage, back fat thickness and carcass grade were also not different (P>0.05). In conclusion, daily weight gain of pigs reared in medium density appeared to be higher than in the other groups during the early growing period which is
and similar to that recommended by National Livestock Research Institute, RDA.
A Study on Physical Dimensions of Pigs' Ears to Develop Radio Frequency Identification for Pigs
Jeon J.H. ; Yeon S.C. ; Kim D.H. ; Chang H.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2006, Pages 61~66
This study was carried out to investigate the relationship between the physical dimensions of ear and age for swine. The physical dimensions of ear and weight for twenty pigs were investigated on 1, 20, 40, 90, 120, and 150 days of age, respectively. The thickness of ear was measured at the upper, middle, and lower part of fore perimeter, and the middle and lower part of hind perimeter. The length of ear was measured for width and height. The thickness of ear increased rapidly from 1 day to 20 days of age, then it developed gradually after that period of time. The thickness at the lower part of fore perimeter increased most rapidly from 1 day to 20 days of age. In the length of ear, width increased gradually whereas height increased rapidly from 1 day to 90 days of age and then they almost did not. All the regression equations between the physical dimensions of ear and age were best represented by
. These results suggest that RFID has to be installed on the middle part of hind perimeter and an ID chip has to be installed on the lower part of fore perimeter.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Complex Probiotics and Enzyme on Improvement of Farm Environment and Performance of Finishing Pigs
Kim D.H. ; Kim H.R. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2006, Pages 67~74
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of complex probiotics and enzyme on air quality in finishing pig building and the performance of finishing pigs. A total 117 crossbred
pigs were randomly arranged into nine groups and assigned to three treatments. Pigs were fed a basal diet supplemented with 0, 0.1% level of probiotics and 0.1% level of complex probiotics and enzyme until the market weight for 42 days of the experimental period. Ammonia and hydrogen sulfide concentrations in the finishing pig building were significantly (p<0.05) decreased by dietary supplementation of complex probiotics and enzyme compared with those of control, however, indoor carbon dioxide concentration was not affected by dietary supplementation of probiotics or complex probiotics and enzyme. Average daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio were significantly improved (p<0.05) with dietary supplementation of 0.1% complex probiotics and enzyme; however, average daily gain was not affected by dietary supplementation of probiotics or complex probiotics and enzyme. In conclusion, the results obtained from this experiment suggest that the dietary supplementation of complex probiotics and enzyme for finishing pigs may improve air quality in the finishing pig building and the performance.
Treatment of Swine Manure by Vermicomposting - Mixed Treatment of swine manure with food wastes -
Lee Ju-Sam ; Kim Man-Jung ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2006, Pages 75~84
The effects of the mixture ratios of swine manure and food wastes when vermicomposed on earthworm(Eisenia foefida) growth, the production amounts and the chemical properties of casts for plant growth media were evaluated to optimal mixture ratio. Earthworms were grown in swine manure, substituted with 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 50% and 100% food wastes. All of earthworm grown in swine manure substituted with 60%, 80%, and 100% food wastes died, therefore the process of swine manure substituted with 60%, 80%, and 100% food wastes by vermicomposting were impossible in this experiment. Worm cast produced from swine manure substituted with 0%, 20% and 40% food wastes after vermicomposting sufficiently contained required quantities of available phosphorus, exchangeable potassium, exchangeable magnesium, and cation exchange capacity. The survival rates of earthworm in swine manure substituted with 0% and 40% food wastes was significantly higher than those in swine manure substituted with 20%, 40% food wastes. Casts weight and proportion of casts weight in 100% swine manure were significantly higher than those in swine manure substituted with 20% food wastes, but was no significant difference between those in swine manure substituted with 40% food wastes. Therefore 100% swine manure was estimated to be superior than the others treatments. However an adequate mixture ratio of food wastes for processing mixture of swine manure by vermicomposting was estimated to be 40%. Because there was no significant difference in mean flesh weight, increasing rate, casts weight, proportion of casts weight, and reduction rate of volatile solids among 3 treatments and survival rate and conversion efficiency(CE) in swine manure with substituted 40% food wastes were significantly higher than the other treatments.
Effect of Compost Turning Frequency on the Composting and Biofiltration
Hong Ji-Hyung ; Park Keum-Joo ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2006, Pages 85~94
The effects of turning frequency of in-vessel composting on ammonia emissions during composting of separated solids from swine slurry/sawdust mixtures and performance of biofiltration using the chicken manure compost were investigated. Separated solids from swine manure amended with sawdust was composted in a 226 L laboratory-scale in-vessel reactors under various turning frequency and continuous airflow (0.6 L/min.kg.dm) for three weeks. Three laboratory-scale manure compost biofilters were built to treat effluent gas from the composting of separated solid from swine manure amened with sawdust process. These experiments were continued over a period of three weeks. The composting of separated solid swine manure amended with sawdust and manure compost biofiltration system were evaluated to determine the turning frequency type that would be adequate for the rate of decomposition and compost odour reduction. The compost odour cleaning was measured based on ammonia gas concentration before and after passing through the manure compost biofilter. The average ammonia odor reduction in the manure compost biofilter was 96.9 % at R1 (no turning), 99.4 % at R2(once a day turning) and 89.0 % at R3(twice a day turning), respectively. The efficiency of ammonia reduction was mainly influenced by the turning frequency.
A Continuous Process for Phosphorus Recovery from Swine Slurry with Forming Struvite
Oh I.H. ; Lee J.H. ; Choi B.H. ; Burns R.T. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2006, Pages 95~100
This study was carried out to develop a continuous process for recovering phosphorus in swine slurry. Magnesium chloride (
) was used in the test as a magnesium source and the pH was regulated by adding NaOH and aerating. The results showed that the recovery rate of soluble phosphorus (SP) has increased with the molar ratios increased. In case of pH regulated with NaOH, the recovery rates of SP with molar ratio of 1:1.5 were over 95% from both farms. The removal of ammonia-nitrogen was at levels of
. With aeration treatment, the SP recovery rate was 66% and the removal rate of ammonia-nitrogen was 15%. The treatment of NaOH to increase pH showed better SP recovery efficiency than the aeation treatment. However, in case of ammonia-nitrogen removal, the treatment of aeration showed better results than the NaOH treatment.