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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Dec 2008
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Aug 2008
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Apr 2008
Selecting the target year
Development of an Odor Abatement System for Swine Manure Treatment Facilities
Lee, S.H. ; Yun, N.K. ; Kim, G.W. ; Yum, S.H. ; Cho, Y.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~8
This study was conducted to solve the problem of public grievance owing to odor of a pig farm. Odor emissions from pig production systems mainly originate from liquid manure storage and solid manure fermentation. The low-cost odor abatement system (OAS) for application at liquid manure storage tank and solid manure fermentation facilities was developed in this study. The OAS adapted odor removing principles of a biofilter and biotrickling filter. The OAS is very simplified in structure. The appearance of the OAS had a form of cylindrical or cubical shape. The system performance was monitored for about one year after stabilization. A 7 seconds empty bed contact time for the OAS was adapted to achieve the odor reduction levels. The commercial type of OAS was constructed with media comprised of wood chips. Moisture content always remained above 50% wet basis. Average ammonia removal efficiency for the developed design was 89% at the liquid manure storage tank. Also, the removal efficiency at a solid manure fermentation facility was 86% on ammonia.
Behavioral Characteristics on Season and Group Size of Hanwoo Steer
Ha, J.J. ; Rhee, Y.J. ; Cho, J.H. ; Jang, W.J. ; Kim, Y.W. ; Li, Shao-Gang ; Song, Y.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 9~14
This study was carried out to determine the behavioral characteristics on season and group size of Hanwoo steer. Forty eight Hanwoo steers were video-recorded at 15, 17 and 19 months of age for behavioral measurement. Space allowance was kept consistence with either group. The results showed that eating behavior of Hanwoo steers was strongly influenced (p<0.05) during seasonal transition, being the lowest in summer and the highest in autumn. With seasonal transition, standing time would linearly increase (p<0.05). In summer, steers spent more (p<0.05) time tying down but relatively less (p<0.05) time walking and fighting, meanwhile they much less (p<0.05) scratching and rubbing. In autumn, steers showed more grooming behavior (p<0.05) contrasted to the other seasons. Steers spent more (p<0.05) walking time when raised in large group and increased (p<0.05) grooming frequency when raised in small group.
Effects of Enzyme Complex on Odor Emission from Swine Slurry and Swine Buildings
Jung, K.H. ; Han, J.C. ; Kwack, S.J. ; Jung, J.D. ; Lee, J.W. ; Kim, D.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 15~22
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of enzyme complex on odor emission from swine slurry and the process of making swine liquid manure. Ammonia and hydrogen sulfide concentrations were significantly decreased by using the enzyme complex of liter per ton level of liquid swine slurry in the manure storage tank according to the time. Characteristics of liquid swine slurry were affected by the enzyme complex, total nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen contents were reduced compare with control. Ammonia and hydrogen sulfide concentrations in the finishing pig building and offensive odor compound on the boundary line of swine farm were significantly decreased by spraying in swine finishing building. In conclusion, the results obtained from this study suggest that using the enzyme complex of liter per ton level of liquid swine slurry for making liquid swine manure may improve the quality of swine liquid fertilizer and reduce odor emission. Also farm scale enzyme complex treatment may improve air quality in finishing pig building and deduce offensive odor compound of swine farm.
Estimate on Economical Optimum Scale of Public Livestock Manure Treatment Plant
Kim, J.H. ; Park, C.H. ; Kwag, J.H. ; Choi, D.Y. ; Jeong, K.H. ; Chung, U.S. ; Chung, Y.B. ; Yoo, Y.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 23~30
The objective of this study was to estimate the optimum scale of PLMTP (Public Livestock Manure Treatment Plant) for the efficient management of public sector by long-run cost function. An economic analysis was performed using the survey of 52 PLMTP records collected by Ministry of Environment in 2007. The main results obtained in this study can be summed up as follows. The optimum scale under given environmental conditions turned out to be
/day which is almost
times of the average scale of sample plants,
/day. This gap between the optimum and current scale suggests that there remains the possibility of further expansion of scale.
Effects of the Odor Abatement System in a Naturally Ventilated Growing Finishing Pig House
Lee, S.H. ; Yun, N.K. ; Kim, K.W. ; Yum, S.H. ; Cho, Y.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 31~38
Ammonia gas is one of the malodorous gases from swine production facilities, such as manure storage tank, manure fermentation facilities, and livestock houses, etc. Ammonia gas from swine house is being emitted at relatively low concentrations throughout the year. Therefore, livestock facilities were continuously ventilated to supply fresh air for respiration of the animals internal the livestock facilities. The swine facilities need very high ventilation rate to control the inside environmental conditions. The deodorization system of the livestock facilities must be developed considering the ventilation rates. The odor abatement system was installed in order to improve the internal environment of the naturally ventilated growing-finishing pig house. The system which distributes the deodorized air into inner space of the swine house by using plastic duct was installed. Since the internal environment, effected by the operation of the odor abatement system, is monitored by closing the winch curtain installed on the side wall of the pig house, the experiment was practiced at the season when the internal environment becomes aggravated, winter. The effects on the improvement in the internal environment of swine house by operating the odor abatement system are as follows ; 1. By re-distributing the air which was deodorized by the odor abatement system installed in the pig house, the result showed that the concentration of ammonia gas is decreased approximately 33.3% compared with that before operating odor abatement system. 2. The effect on the pig house's ammonia gas reduction was found that the ventilation rate was less than
/min head. The effect of the operation of the odor abatement system showed to be scarce when the ventilation rate increases because of the influx of external fresh air makes the quantity of diluted air more than those of the odor abatement system. 3. The perishment rate of the pigs which were brooded until slaughtering decreased about 3.8% by operating the odor abatement system in the growing-finishing pig house. Also, after operating the odor abatement system, the stinging of the eyes, suspension dust, etc were decreased when going into swine house for management.
Analysis of Airflow Characteristics in an Enclosed Growing-Finishing Pig House
Song, J.I. ; Choi, H.L. ; Choi, H.C. ; Lee, D.S. ; Jeon, B.S. ; Jeon, J.H. ; Yoo, Y.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 39~46
Experiments were carried out to evaluate the air speed distribution of an enclosed growing-finishing pig house in summer and winter. The data taken by experiments were compared to validate with the calculated air speeds by a commercial CFD code, FLUENT. Air basically enters into the house through Baffled slot Inlet and leaves through a exhaust fan attached on the Exhaust fan in exiting wall of the house. Air speeds were measured as
at the two side slot in winter and 0.8 m/s in summer. The validation showed that a CFD simulation is one of feasible methods to predict airspeed distribution in the growing-finishing pig house.
Analyses on the Status of Eggshell Breakage in the Step of Egg Conveyer System of the Laying Hen House
Oh, K.Y. ; Ruy, B.G. ; Noh, J.S. ; Choi, D.S. ; Choe, K.J. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 47~52
Broken eggs not only cause the economic loss in the egg producing industry, but also may not be good for the consumer's health. In order to identify the causes of eggshell breakage in laying hen houses, analyses on the status of eggshell breakage in the step of egg conveyer system of the laying hen house were conducted. The survey of eggshell breakage rate was implemented by four different stages egg conveying system. In the results, the breakage rate showed 4.7% in the egg collection belt, 2.5% in the egg elevator, 1.7% in the egg grading system and 0.9% in the egg conveyor belt. In particular, to Hy-line Brown variety, as the hens' raising week old increased, the breakage rate of eggshell increased while the strength of eggshell decreased. In the regression analysis between the breakage rate of eggshell and the strength of eggshell, the coefficient of determination (
) by the test of significance was computed as 0.7, therefore the changes of the strength of eggshell affects the breakage rate of eggshell. However, between the strength of eggshell and thickness of egg shell, and between the strength of eggshell and strain of eggshell, there was no significant difference detected in the regression analysis.
Study on Vibration Characteristics for Reducing Vibration of the Hopper-type Feeder
Lee, S.J. ; Chang, D.I. ; So, J.K. ; Chang, H.H. ; Yoon, T.J. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~60
This study was carried out to measure and analyze the vibration levels and modes produced by a hopper type feeder used at laying hen farms, to prevent the vibration resonance and to reduce the vibration of the hopper type feeder (6-tier). The most vibration in a layer house were produced by hopper type feeder as shown the previous study. According to the measurement results, the ratio of transmissibility was as high as 100-638% for natural frequency of 170 Hz or less. And vibration simulations were taken by the results of vibration mode analysis and the weakest points to vibrations were determined accordingly. Then measurement and analysis were taken for those points. The quantities of vibration were 4.6354-4.9118 g(
) by axis. In this study, it was found that hopper type feeder generated vibration as much as to influence the ratio of laying eggs of layer. And by the analysis of vibration on the weakest points, design methods and equipment were suggested for isolating/reducing of vibration by each axis.
Development of a Closed Roof Model for Liquid Manure Storage Tanks to Prevent Corrosion and Atmospheric Diffusion of Oder Gases
Yun, N.K. ; Lee, S.H. ; Kim, K.W. ; Yum, S.H. ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2008, Pages 61~68
The roof structural model of liquid manure storage tank was designed to improve a structural safety and an ability of resistance to corrosion by the bad environmental condition with high humidity and high gas concentration. Due to corrosion of a general steel, the 5 years used materials were reduced to one-third of a new material in the result of a bending strength test. Some structural materials were tested to evaluate a strength and an anti-corrosion, and stainless steel pipe (STS439), steel angle with zinc hot dipping, rectangular steel pipe covered with FRP (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics) resin were selected finally. A stainless steel is more expansive about
times than general structural steel. But its durability under heavy corrosive environment is expected twice as long as general steel. The roof models were designed as closed cone type for each of the three structural materials. In the result of a FEM (Finite Element Method) structural analysis for the developed models, the safe snow depth was higher 2.3 times than a general roof structure, when elements of equal section modulus were used.