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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Dec 2013
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Sep 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effect of the Addition of Carbohydrate on the Concentration of Odorous Compounds in Pig Slurry
Hwang, Ok Hwa ; Yang, Seung Hak ; Jeon, Jung Hwan ; Kwag, Jeong Hoon ; Choi, Dong Yun ; Yang, Seung Bong ; Kim, Doo Hwan ; Cho, Sung Back ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.001
Slurry treatments included peanut shell, palm golden fiber, almond hull, which was added 2% of the amount of slurry, and non-treatment control (n=4 each group). Levels of odorous compounds were measured from the liquid slurry incubated in
for 2 wk in chamber whose structure is similar to slurry pit. Concentration of phenols and indoles was higher (p<0.05) in control (48.4, 4.0 ppm) compared to almond hull (31.5, 1.4 ppm) or palm golden fiber (29.1, 1.6 ppm) group. Short chain fatty acid (SCFA) level was lowest (p<0.05) in control (2,121 ppm) but highest in peanut shell group (3,640 ppm). Branched chain fatty acid (BCFA) concentration was highest (p<0.05) in peanut shell (296 ppm), but lowest in almond hull (90 ppm). Taken together, concentration of odorous compounds was decreased by addition of almond hull in pig slurry by which crude fiber and non-digestible fiber (NDF) may act as a carbon source.
A Study on the Integrated Unrolling, Cutting, and Softening System of Round Bale Silage for Pig Feeding (I)
Hong, Jong-Tae ; Kim, Hyuck-Joo ; Yu, Byeong-Kee ; Hyun, Chang-Sig ; Kim, Sung-Kee ; Yoo, Ji-Soo ; Hong, Young-Sin ; Seo, Hung-Dug ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 9~18
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.009
Currently, there was no producing system of TMR for pig feeding in Korea. In this study, we examined unrolling, cutting, and softening for the round bale silage. We designed and developed the prototype system of round bale silage for pig feeding. Unroll method were lower chain conveying and upper belt conveying which includes an hydraulic vertical fodder knife. Gathering and cutting method were rotating auger and flywheel which have 10 cutters, input roller of 280 rpm, and cutter rotating speed of 1,750 rpm. Softening device was rotating hammer in inclined cylinder adjustable to
and rotating speed up to 1,300 rpm. The prototype system was integrated working for unrolling, cutting, and softening. We found that when the round bale silage in unrolling apparatus cut length of 20 cm to input cutting apparatus, the cutting performance was well in continuous working up to input rate of 1,000 kg/h, the softening apparatus was working well.
The Performance Analysis for Amounts of Sprayed Quantity by Using the Small and Medium-Sized Sprayer
Min, Byeong Ro ; Hong, Jun Taek ; Lee, Dae Weon ; Kim, Jea Youl ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 19~24
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.019
This study is to promote domestic environmentally appropriately conditions for the range 60~70 m, the development of the small and medium-sized sprayer ability measurement that can be used as a general-purpose paddy fields, orchards, and not consolidated areas. The sprayer designed and manufactured that can spraying effectively distance to within 60~70 m. Distribution of sprayed pesticides were obtained and analyzed by measuring the weight. Performance analysed using the buckets were placed horizontally 12.5 m, 70 m vertical intervals by
, so total 68 buckets were placed. Total amounts of sprayed quantity was
and maximum spray distance was about 70 m. Reasonably sprayed region was 5 m~10 m vertically symmetrical. Showed a lot of spraying water in 5 m~40 m distance, and in 45~60 m tended to spraying water decreased slightly. Maximum spraying distance was 70 m.
The Comparison of Concentration of Volatile Fatty Acids, Ammonia, and Volatile Organic Compounds in Pig Slurry
Cho, Sung Back ; Yang, Seung Hak ; Lee, Jun Yeop ; Kim, Jung Kon ; Jeon, Jung Hwan ; Han, Man Hee ; Han, Duck Woo ; Jeong, Gwang Hwa ; Kwag, Jeong Hoon ; Choi, Dong Yun ; Hwang, Ok Hwa ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 25~32
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.025
This study was performed to analyse the concentration of odorous compounds in the piggeries. Piggeries for different types of pigs include piglets, growing pigs, gestating and lactating sows. Slurry from these piggeries was sampled every month for chemical analysis. Short chain fatty acid (SCFA) was 9,862 ppm (piglet), 8,410 ppm (growing pigs), 6,791 ppm (fattening pigs), 3,508 ppm (lactating sows) and 1,687 ppm (gestating sows). Branched chain fatty acid (BCFA) was 1,634 ppm (piglet), 1,206 ppm (growing pigs), 868 ppm (fattening pigs), 493 ppm (lactating sows) and 185 ppm (gestating sows). Concentration of phenols was 209 ppm (piglet), 166 ppm (growing pigs), 127 ppm (fattening pigs), 85 ppm (lactating sows) and 36 ppm (gestating sows). Indoles was 18 ppm (piglet), 14 ppm (growing pigs), 8 ppm (fattening pigs), 6 ppm (lactating sows) and 4 ppm (gestating sows). Altogether, concentration of odorous compounds was decreased as pigs got aged.
A Farm on Broiler Chickens' Welfare in Korea
Cheon, Si-Nae ; Lee, Jun-Yeob ; Choi, Yang-Ho ; Park, Kyu-Hyun ; Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Song, Jun-Ik ; Jeon, Jung-Hwan ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 33~38
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.033
We conducted investigations of the information and welfare of broiler chickens in Korea. The livestock housing of all broiler chicken farms were windowless type, bell feeder and nipple waterer were used, and stocking density was relatively higher (ranging from 18.2
) than RSPCA's welfare standards for chicken hens (less than 19
). The ratios of sandwich panel, urethane form, slate, and steel plate in roofing materials were 61%, 21%, 13%, and 5%, respectively. The ratios of sandwich panel, urethane form, brick, and steel plate in wall materials were 61%, 21%, 13%, and 5%, respectively. The ratios of soil and concrete in flooring materials were 10% and 90%. The mist spray, fan, and cooling pad in cooling facilities were 42%, 32%, and 26%, respectively. Thus we believe that present data contribute to develop the animal welfare certification for broiler chickens and to improve animal welfare in Korea.
A Study on Filtration Effect of Anaerobic Digestion Wastewater by Composition of Filtration Layer Materials
Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Jeong, Kwang-Hwa ; Khan, Modabber Ahmed ; Kim, Jung-Gon ; Kwak, Jung-Hun ; Ahn, Heekwon ; Kim, Eun-Jong ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.039
This study was carried out to compare the filtration effect of anaerobic digestion waste water by compost filtration bed. Three types of filtration systems were set for filtration test following to composition of bedding materials. Two filtration systems were filled with sawdust, rice-hull and wood-chip. And the other was filled with sawdust and rice-hull. Anaerobic digestion waste water was applied evenly on the surface of the filtration bed with spraying nozzle. The concentration of nitrogen, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), suspended solids (SS) of anaerobic digestion waste water was decreased by filtration treatment. The total nitrogen content was decreased from 1,313 mg/L to 1,090~1,293 mg/L and BOD concentration was decreased from 529.7 mg/L to 125~162.3 mg/L, respectively. The SS content was decreased from 69~79% by filtration process. In addition, the electrical conductivity (EC) was decreased from 10.22 ds/m to 7.91~8.31 ds/m.
Effect of Aeration on Fertilization and Sludge Accumulation of Pig Slurry
Jeong, Kwang-Hwa ; Khan, Modabber Ahmed ; Lee, Myung-Gyu ; Kim, Jung-Gon ; Han, Duk-Woo ; Kwag, Jung-Hun ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.047
Two types of reactors were set to investigate the change of characteristics of pig slurry by aeration during fertilization period. One system was equipped with air diffuser to supply oxygen to pig slurry for liquid fertilization, but there was no air diffuser in the other system. Air supply to the experimental systems was regulated by air flow meter. The reactors were set up in the laboratory to protect the pig slurry from external condition such as temperature and humidity changes. Maintaining optimal pH range in the experimental reactors is an important factor for liquid fertilization of pig slurry. In this study, pH ranges of aerobic reactor and anoxic reactor was 7.04~7.19 and 7.34~7.81, respectively. The temperature of aerobic reactors was
higher then indoor temperature. The amount of sludge accumulated at the bottom layer of non-aerated reactors was 4~5 times more than that of aerated reactors.
Callus Induction and Plant Regeneration Efficiency According to Tissue Culture Conditions in Teff grass (Eragrostis)
Lee, Ki-Won ; Moon, Jin Young ; Park, Hyung Soo ; Choi, Gi Jun ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Ji, Hee Chung ; Hwang, Tae Young ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.055
Teff grass is a warm season C4 annual grass that is used for dry hay, silage and haylage. We have developed a high-frequency plant regeneration system for teff grass via callus culture using mature seeds. It was revealed that mature seeds cultured on MS medium supplemented with 2 mg/l 2,4-D, 0.5 g/L proline, 0.5 g/L casamino acid and 3 g/L Gelrite under light condition produced the highest percentage of callus formation (91.9%). Addition of cytokinins (BA) at 0.0~0.5 mg/L to media containing 2 mg/l 2,4-D enhanced callus growth. The most suitable medium for plant regeneration from dehydrated calli was MS agar medium supplemented with 0.1 mg/l NAA, 1 mg/l BA, 0.5 g/L proline, 0.5 g/L casamino acid 3 g/L Gelrite which induced the highest percentage of calli forming shoots (47.0%). The shoots were rooted at the highest rate (100%) when transferred onto 1/2 MS medium and acclimated in greenhouse conditions.
In vitro Technique for Selection of Radiation Induced Mutants of Tall Fescue
Lee, Ki-Won ; Moon, Jin Young ; Ji, Hee Chung ; Choi, Gi Jun ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Hwang, Tae Young ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 63~68
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.063
In vitro culture and radiation techniques were used for obtaining mutants tin tall fescue. Endophyte free and friendly tall fescue cultivars Kentucky-31 and Jesup were used for induction of genetic variability through in-vitro mutagenesis. Mature seeds was used for callus induction on 6 mg/L 2,4-D. Actively growing and compact callus was treated with three different doses of gamma rays (10 Gy, 30 Gy and 50 Gy). Maximum proliferation and plantlets regeneration growth was observed in control and minimum at 10 Gy. Furthermore, the maximum number of tiller in the irradiated population was observed in 10 Gy. The treatments 30 Gy and 50 Gy exhibited negative impact on the tillering potential of the tall fescue plant. The object of this study was to develop protocols for mutation breeding in tall fescue through radiation techniques.
Effect of Conditioning Methods and Tedding Frequency on the Drying Rate and Quality in Italian Ryegrass Hay
Park, Hyung Soo ; Kim, Ji Hye ; Seo, Sung ; Jung, Jong Sung ; Lee, Sang Hack ; Lee, Ki Won ; Choi, Gi Jun ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 1, 2013, Pages 69~74
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.1.069
A field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of conditioning methods and tedding frequency on the drying rate and quality of Italian ryegrass hay. Italian ryegrass was cut with three types of mower conditioners (un conditioned, impeller, roller) and tedded with rake-tedder once or twice daily during field curing. The field drying rate of Italian ryegrass hay was the highest in roller conditioner. Conditioning treatment shorten the date from 1 to 1.5 compare with unconditioned. Drying rate of Italian ryegrass plant had been affected by tedding frequency within 3 days after it was cut, but it was ineffective after 3 days. There is no effect on acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) but effect crude protein (CP) and relative feed value (RFV) by conditioning treatment in nutritive value of Italian ryegrass hay.