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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Dec 2013
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Sep 2013
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The Effect of NaOH treatment-Citric acid neutralization of Korean Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) on Physicochemical Compositions of Domestic Swine Excrement for the Connection to Thermophilic Aerobic Oxidation (TAO)
Kim, Ha-Je ; Kim, Soo-Ryang ; Hong, In-Gi ; Jeon, Sang-Jun ; Kim, Cho-Rong ; Jung, Gwang-Hwa ; Han, Ho ; Kim, Dong-Kyun ; Lee, Myung-Gyu ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 81~88
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.081
We planned to study how the chemical disposal designed by SOP can affect on physicochemical compositions of the livestock excrement. According to Livestock Manure Management Scheme, we experimented in two steps; the first step, NaOH treatment-Citric acid neutralization, and then the second procedure, Thermophilic Aerobic Oxidation (TAO) system. Physicochemical compositions of the 3-days-old samples after NaOH treatment were pH 10.31, EC 24.54 mS/cm, SCOD 3,022 mg/L, T-N 4,315 mg/L,
1,960 mg/L, and not detected E. coli.. And those of one-day-old samples after citric acid neutralization were pH 7.36, EC 32.89 mS/cm,
12,733 mg/L, T-N 4,787 mg/L,
2,450 mg/L, and E. coli. not detected. In contrast, the physicochemical compositions of the treatment plots after the second treatment with TAO system (72hr) were pH 9.42 EC 24.21 mS/cm,
3,660 mg/L, T-N 3,616 mg/L,
1,190 mg/L, and no detection of E. coli.
Effect of Fermentable Carbohydrate in Diet on the Concentration of Volatile Fatty Acid and Volatile Organic Compound in Pig Slurry
Cho, Sung-Back ; Yang, Seung-Hak ; Lee, Jun-Yeop ; Kwag, Jeong-Hoon ; Choi, Dong-Yun ; Hwang, Ok-Hwa ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 89~94
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.089
This study was performed to investigate the effect of beet plup and IRG (Italian ryegrass) dry powder in fattening pig diet on reducing concentration of odorous compounds in the pig slurry. Fifty fattening boars [(Landrace
Duroc] were randomly assigned to one of 3 treatments (control, beet plup 5%, and IRG 5%). Pigs (BW 50~110 kg) were fed diets formulated to meet the Korean Feeding Standard (2012) and their excretion was collected from the slurry pits. Short chain fatty acid (SCFA) and branched chain fatty acid (BCFA) were higher in beet plup (31,786, 3,985 ppm) and IRG (32,755, 4,261 ppm) treatments, which was not different among treatments (p>0.05), compared to control (p<0.05). Concentrations of phenols and indoles were highest in beet plup (183.83, 168.59 ppm) and IRG (9.32, 8.92 ppm) treatments. Altogether, addition level of two contents was not appropriate to decrease concentration of odorous compounds.
Analysis of the User Requirements for Development of Integrated Livestock Excretion Management System applied with the Ubiquitous Technology
Koo, Jee-Hee ; Jo, Jin-Hyun ; Ahn, Ji-Yeon ; Jung, Tae-Woong ; Lee, Sae-Min ; Lee, Sang-Rak ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 95~100
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.095
Although the livestock excretion is a significant resource in providing nutrients to the crops as it is recycled, it has been perceived as the cause of environmental pollutions for its inappropriate treatment and quality control issues. The study is aimed to develop an integrated management system for efficient management of livestock excretion using the Ubiquitous technology, and the user requirements are analyzed for development of such system. As the result of analysis on the requirements, it has been proved that such system is perceived to be necessary and the demand for several main functions can be seen as well.
The Effect of the Addition Levels of Odor Reducing Contents on the Concentration of Volatile Fatty Acid and Volatile Organic Compound in Pig Slurry
Hwang, Ok-Hwa ; Yang, Seung-Hak ; Jeon, Jung-Hwan ; Kim, Jung-Kon ; Choi, Dong-Yun ; Cho, Sung-Back ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 101~108
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.101
This study was to investigate the effect of addition levels of odor reducing contents on reducing the concentration of odorous compounds. Slurry treatments included three levels mixture of horseradish powder (HP), mushroom waste (MW) and probiotics powder (PP), and non-treatment control (n=4 each group). Levels of odorous compounds were measured from the liquid slurry incubated in room temperature (
) for 2 wk in chamber whose structure is similar to slurry pit. Concentration of phenols and indoles was lower (p<0.05) in level 1, which was mixed HP 0.01%, MW 0.4% and PP 0.004% (98.69, 1.87 ppm) compared to control. Short chain fatty acid (SCFA) and branched chain fatty acid (BCFA) was lowest (p<0.05) level 1 (6,557, 1675 ppm). Taken together, lower level are effective in reducing odorous compounds in pig slurry.
Effects of Microwave Radiation on the Moisture Content and Subsequent Aerobic Composting of Pig Manure
Kwag, Jung-Hoon ; Jeong, Kwang-Hwa ; Choi, Dong-Yoon ; Kim, Jung-Gon ; Han, Duk-Woo ; Han, Man-Hee ; Yoo, Young-Hee ; La, Chang-Six ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 109~116
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.109
In this experiment, we hypothesized that pre-conditioning pig manure with microwave radiation can effectively eliminate moisture and consequently, cut down a need for expensive sawdust. For the experiment, pig manure/sawdust mixture of water content 79% was divided into 4 groups and each of them were treated with microwave for predetermined time periods, 5, 10, 15, 20 minutes. Subsequently, they were transferred to chambers (20 L) and aerobically composted. During the 2 weeks composting, air was supplied using blower (150 L per
) and temperature and other variables were monitored continuously. When the data were analyzed, it was found, (1) moisture content was significantly decreased as radiation period extended. (2) weight reduction of compost after completion of composting was noticeably bigger in 15 min radiated group(31%), compared with 5 min (24.6%), 10 min (21.4%), 20 min (27.2%) radiated groups.
Development of an Electronic Sow Feeder for Gestation Sows
Song, Jun-Ik ; Lee, Jun-Yeob ; Cheon, Si-Nae ; Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Park, Kyu-Hyun ; Jeon, Jung-Hwan ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 117~122
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.117
The study was conducted to develop an ESF (electronic sow feeder) for improving animal welfare of group housed gestation sows. Feed intake of both individual and group housed gestation sows was restricted 2 kg a day. ESF system was very effective in reducing feed loss. The amount of feed loss in treatment group (group housed gestation sows with ESF) was only about 55 g, while the amount of feed loss in control group (individually housed gestation sows) was about 200 g. In spend time to feed intake, there was no difference in the result between the control (about 30 min) and the treatment (about 22 min) group. The ESF system ran well without any mechanical problems throughout the entire experiment. These results suggest that the EST is expected to improve the performance feeding of sows.
A Survey on Current State of Odor Emission and Control from Livestock Operations
Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Lee, In-Bok ; Choi, Dong-Yoon ; Song, Jun-Ik ; Jeon, Joong-Hwan ; Ha, Duk-Min ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 123~132
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.123
This survey was conducted to investigate the current state of odor emission and control from 48 site of Hanwoo, dairy, swine and poultry farms in Korea. On-site complex odors assessment by the method of 6 step direct sensory evaluation and ammonia concentrations by portable gas detector on the boundary line of farms were evaluated and detected as 1.11 & 2.78 ppm, 1.67 & 2.56 ppm, 1.91 & 2.89 ppm, 1.8 & 2.4 ppm and 1.33 & 2.33 ppm, respectively. Almost of Hanwoo, dairy and poultry farms were nothing the complaints occurred for the last 2 years, however as 60% of swine farms were suffered odor complain. All of livestock operations were used the additives for improving the farm environment and spent the considerable costs for odor reduction. There were several plans almost farms, as a fortify maintenance, keep clean, tree planting, expansion facilities for manure treatment or odor reduction.
Behavioral Changes of Laying Hens in an Aviary System
Cheon, Si-Nae ; Lee, Jun-Yeob ; Choi, Dong-Yoon ; Park, Kyu-Hyun ; Song, Jun-Ik ; Jeon, Jung-Hwan ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 133~140
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.133
The aim of this study was to investigate the behavioral changes of laying hens in an aviary system. In this study, 500 laying hens (Hyline brown) were held in an aviary system in a open-type poultry house. The behaviors of laying hens were recorded using CCD cameras and a digital video recorder. The data were scanned every 2 min to obtain an instantaneous behavioral sample. In the behaviors of laying hens, 'Feeding' and 'Drinking' increased from 3 d placing chick and stabilized after 5 d placing chick. 'Perching' increased from 19:00 to 05:00, while 'Nest visiting' increased from 06:00 to 18:00. 'Aggressive behavior' decreased gradually after 5 d placing chick. These results suggest that the behaviors of laying hens are changed rapidly for about 5 days after placing chick and the behaviors of the laying hens are almost stabilized at 5 d placing chick.
The Effects of Different Housing with Automatic Feeder on Sow Performances and Growth Performances of Piglets during Gestation
Lee, Jun-Yeob ; Jeon, Jung-Hwan ; Kim, Hycuk-Joo ; Song, Jun-Ik ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 141~148
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.141
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different housing systems on the performances of sows and their piglets during gestation. A total of 90 sows (Landrace
Yorkshire) were employed into 3 experimental farms to give 3 treatments, stall housing, group housing in either slatted floor or litter floor. Individual sow was used as an experimental unit. Group housed sows were fed with electronic sow feeder during gestation. Performance measures were taken on sows and piglets. Back-fat thickness and body condition score of sows were not affected by housing systems for pregnant sows. There was no difference of estrus interval of pregnant sows between housing systems. The lower number of still-birth was observed in group housing type. The number of wounded sows in slatted floor was remarkably increased compared with sows in litter floor. This study showed that the housing systems could fairly impact sow and piglet performances.
A Study on the Expression of Harmful Social Behaviours in Breeding Pig
Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Ha, Duk-Min ; Jeon, Jung-Hwan ; Song, Jun-Ik ; Moon, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 149~154
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.149
This study was conducted to investigate the expression of harmful social behaviours in breeding pigs. Totally 64 pure breed pigs were assigned to determine the effect of breed (Yorkshire and Duroc) and sex (male and female) on the expression of each harmful social behaviours at the GGP level commercial breeding farm. Sucking, bothering, fighting and pushing behaviour were selected the notable harmful social behaviour. The most prevailing and the highest proportion of time spent in harmful social behaviours were bothering and sucking, respectively. Total frequency of bothering and fighting were more in Duroc than Yorkshire. Yorkshire had more proportion of time spent in sucking whereas fighting was more in Duroc. According to sex, female pigs had more frequency of sucking and pushing whereas fighting was significantly more in male pigs. The female pigs showed more time spent in sucking whereas bothering and fighting was more in male pigs.
Effects of Cynanchum Wilfordii Extract on In vitro Ruminal Fermentation Characteristics and Methane Production
Yang, Seung-Hak ; Lim, Joung-Soo ; Kim, Byul ; Hwang, Ok-Hwa ; Cho, Sung-Back ; Choi, Dong-Yoon ; Choi, Seok-Geun ; Hwang, Seong-Gu ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 155~162
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.155
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of Cynanchum wilfordii (CW) on cell viability, anti-oxidant activity, volatile fatty acid (VFA) production and methane gas production. Collected rumen fluid incubated with CW powder (1% w/v) for 12 and 24 hours were analyzed for pH, VFAs and methane. Alamar blue assay showed no significant difference on the viability of 3T3-L1 and C2C12 cells treated with CW for 24 hours. TBARS data showed a dose dependent increase on the antioxidant activity of CW. VFAs increased in the CW-treated groups compared to the control group. In addition, propionate increased more than other VFAs by the treatment with CW. There was a significant decrease in methane gas production in batch culture treated with CW in 12hrs. In conclusion, it was suggested that Cynanchum wilfordii could manipulate rumen fermentation considered by increasing VFA production and inhibition of methanogenesis.
A Comparative Study on Correlation Through Physiochemical Property Comparision of Livestock Liquid Fertilizer
Jeon, Sang-Joon ; Kim, Soo-Ryang ; Hong, In-Gi ; Kim, Ha-Je ; Kim, Dong-Gyun ; Lee, Myung-Gyu ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 163~168
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.163
Today, a desirable way to manage livestock manure is to activate its utilization as a resource. The production of high quality liquid fertilizer of livestock manure is very important because it increases the use of various liquid fertilizer. However, the result of mature evaluation with a maturity measuring instrument for liquid fertilizer showed that the deviation of concentration between liquid fertilizer did not bring into uniformity. The result is also making sure that quality management for liquid fertilizer is not smoothly made. Quality evaluation for compost and liquid fertilizer includes physical, biological, chemical and microbiological methods, but a chemical method is mainly being implemented due to fairness and field application. Therefore, this study figured out correlation in feces and urine through regression analysis of livestock manure and tried to create a research plan to carry out efficient quality analysis of managing livestock manure.
A Survey on Present Conditions of Operational Management in the Animal Manure Public Resource Center
Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Ha, Duk-Min ; Shin, Yong-Hwan ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 169~176
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.169
This survey was conducted to investigate the present conditions of operational management in the 45 animal manure public resource center (APRC) in Korea. The regional distribution, processing capacity per year, capacity of liquid fertilizer storage tank, solid-liquid separation, utilization of facilities, odor reduction facility, on-site odor strength, complained in the community, liquid fertilizer sprayed area, use the Agrix, land application recipe, composting degree, quality management and general grading were surveyed and evaluated. General grading was divided with 5 stages (very good, good, fair, lack and bad). The number of evaluated "very good" animal manure public resource center was 7, and "good" was 5 and more than "fair" was 27. However, the number of evaluated negatively including "lack" and "bad" was occupied as 40% of the 45 animal manure public resource center.
Application of TAO System and RDF for Treatment of Cattle Manure
Kim, Soo-Ryang ; Hong, In-Gi ; Kim, Ha-Je ; Jeon, Sang-Jun ; Lee, Jeong-Soo ; Lee, Myung-Gyu ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 177~182
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.177
We studied the possibility to produce solid fuel using cattle manure and to apply TAO (Thermophilic Aerobic Oxidation) process of solid-liquid separation fraction. The physiochemical compositions of cattle manure solid fuel chip were analyzed as water 0.12%, low calorific value 3,510 kcal/kg, ashes 11.9%, chlorine 0.82%, sulfur dust 0.5%, mercury non-detection, cadmium 1.0 mg/kg, lead 2 mg/kg, arsenic non-detection. In treating cattle manure with TAO reactor the internal temperature of the reactor was increasing higher and
and over was maintained after 20 hours on. The physiochemical compositions of liquids increased from pH 7.3 to pH 9.18 and EC decreased from 4.6 to 3.48 mS/cm in treating process of cattle manure with TAO reactor. COD and SCOD decreased from 16,800 to 10,400 mg/L, from 4,600 to 2,040 mg/L respectively, which showed about 38% and 56% of remove efficiency respectively.
A Study to Draw a Plan of Liquid Fertilizer Quality Certification Standards for Livestock Manure Management
Jeon, Sang-Joon ; Kim, Soo-Ryang ; Hong, In-Gi ; Kim, Ha-Je ; Kim, Dong-Gyun ; Lee, Myung-Gyu ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 183~190
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.183
Establishment of a new concept of environmental friendly livestock manure management is required based on the facts. But now liquid fertilizer quality in korea shows a large difference among regions and the regulations are uncertain. Focusing on precedent study on main level-grading factors of liquid fertilizer quality certification, the study collected laws and standards related to liquid fertilizer of livestock manure at home and abroad and produced evaluation standards. Liquid fertilizer was divided into four factors (fertilizing value, harmfulness, stability and uniformity). According to each item, scores were awarded based on 16 details: fertilizing value (Nitrogen concentration, the whole concentration of Nitrogen, Phosphoric acid and Kalium), harmfulness (heavy metals, pathogenic microorganism and antibiotics), stability (maturity degree and odour), uniformity (EC, BOD, SS, moisture content and salt). The grade of liquid fertilizer, A (42~48), B (34~41), C (26~33) were rated using total scores.
Anaerobic Co-digestion of Dairy Manure and Crude Glycerin
Lee, Sae-Min ; Lee, Sang-Rak ;
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 191~196
DOI : 10.11109/JAES.2013.19.2.191
In this study, the mixture ratio included 20% (GLY 20), 40% (GLY 40), and 60% (GLY 60) based on VS with the control group (GLY 0) with no crude glycerin added. Maintaining stable pH, GLY 20 and GLY 0 showed the highest total output of biogas (1.24 L/L/d) and methane(0.78 L/L/d) as its volatile solids reduction rate was 53.56%. In case of GLY 40 and GLY 60, their pH was rapidly reduced after seven days of the study, so that their anaerobic digestion was all stopped.In the results of the study, it is desirable to add crude glycerin less than 20%, and it would be necessary to have the future researches on more detailed organic loading rate of each ratio, and analysis on economic feasibility.