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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 1996
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jun 1996
Selecting the target year
Study on the Swine Farming Facilities by Survey for the Development of the Optimum Production System Models
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 2, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~11
This study was conducted to analyze the present status and the levels of mechanization and automation for raising, feeding, water supply, propagation, health management, ventilation and heat control, data analysis, and etc, and to establish the guide of the future study on development of the optimum production system models of swine facility from the results of this analysis. The scheme of the future study on the development of the optimum production system model of swine facility was established as follows : 1. A Korean and environmental control type slatted windowless swine housing model would be developed according to the following basis : \circled1 Boars, gilts and sows, delivery sows should be raised individually and piglets, growing pigs, and finishing pigs should be raised in group. \circled2 The arrangement of furrowing house were two rows of furrowing crates facing the center aisle. 2. The environmental control system and waste management system that are suitable to Korean and environmental control type slatted windowless swine housing model would be developed. 3. An electronic identification device would be developed. 4. The automatic individual wet feeding system by electronic identification device and computers would be developed. 5. The individual management system would be developed, which could manage individually the breeding pigs by the electronic identification device. 6. An expert system would be developed, which could manage the health and data base of pigs.
Study on the Technological Levels for the Industries Manufacturing the Machinery and Equipment for Livestock Production Facilities
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 2, issue 1, 1996, Pages 13~25
This study was conducted to analyze the technological levels of the domestic industries manufacturing the machinery and equipment for livestock production facilities and to lay out a scheme for upgrading the technical improvement. The results of this study are as follows : 1 . According to the study results, the technological levels of the domestic industries for livestock production facilities lag far behind those of the advanced countries in this field. 2. It was found that the ratio engaged in the areas of R&D was 10.7% and lower than that engaged in the other areas and the ratio of junior college graduated engineers engaged in the areas of research and design was 44.4%. Therefore, the amounts of investment for the areas of R&D and design should be increased. 3. In the design area, it was found from the study that the most weakness technologies which should be developed in near future were the universal harvester and the mechanical designing. Therefore, the multipurpose universal harvester suitable to the domestic farmland conditions should be developed and strength, hardness, and durability of materials in the mechanical designing should be improved.
Estimation of the Optimum Number of Machines and Equipments for Professional Dairy Farm
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 2, issue 1, 1996, Pages 27~39
A survey was conducted for dairy farmer to estimate the optimum number of machine and equipment in 1994. Labor hours, operation costs and operation methods for each dairy processing were investigated and analyzed for the farmers to find the expected numbers of machine and equipment on the basis of the desired farm scale. And also, the estimated models were compared and analyzed with the conventional models which more than half dairy farmers used bucket milker in tie stall barn. Some of the results are as follows : 1. Analysis results of conventional model showed that a dairy farm could raise to 15 heads of dairy cow with family labor of 1.5 men, labor hours of 2, 700 in you and total operation costs of 734 thousand won per head. 2. The result, used in conjunction with minimum operation costs in tie stall barn, showed that 28 dairy cows could be raised by using concentrates feeding by hoppers, water supply by water cups, milking by pipeline milker, and manure cleaning by barn cleaner with total operation costs of 520 thousands won per head. 3. The total operation costs of a loose barn system is higher than those of tie stall barn system to raise about 30 heads. For the loose barn system, the herringbone parlour was used for milking, concentrate feeding by automatic concentrate feeder, water supply by thermal insulation feeder, and manure cleaning by scraper with total operation costs of 582 thousands won per head every year.
Effects of Sprinkler and Fan Cooling System in Loose Barn on the Physiological Parameter and Milk Productivity in Holstein Cows During Summer
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 2, issue 1, 1996, Pages 41~52
This experiment was carried out to study the effect of sprinkler and fan cooling system on the physiological parameter, milk production and milk composition for Holstein cows in hot, humid climates. Thirty cows were assigned to one of two sections of open-sided loose barn. Water nozzles of sprinkler system were spaced in line at 1.2m intervals. Forced air was provided by 85cm diameter fans at rate of 3.4㎥/sec. The results obtained from these experiments are as follows: 1. There was no significant difference in meteorological data between control and fan + sprinkler cooling system(treatment group). 2. Skin temperature and rectal temperature of the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group (32.96 : 39.53
vs 34.02 : 41.21
respectively) (P<0.05). 3. Serum cortisol concentration of the treatment group(0.90
/dL) was lower than that of control group(1.44
/dL)(P<0.05). 4. Milk production of cows cooled with a sprinkler and fan cooling system was significantly higher than that of no cooling system (P<0.0l). 5. Lactose, protein and solid-not-fat content of milk were not changed by the treatments. Milk fat content of the control(3.23%) was low compared with the treatment group(3.38%). Somatic cell count was reduced by 26.63% in the treatment. The results indicate that a sprinkler and fan cooling systems can provide an effective means to relieve heat stress and enhance productivity of lactating Holstein cows during hot and humid summer season.
Effect of Reusing Sawdust Fermented with Swine Excretion on the Growth Performance of Pigs
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 2, issue 1, 1996, Pages 53~62
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of the reuse of sawdust fermented with swine excretion as bed material on the growth performance of pigs. The sawdust which was already fermented with swine excretion in the pig house for eight months was transported to a fermentation facility for secondary fermentation. A total of 96 pigs with average 30kg of initial body weight were randomly assigned in the
factorial design with two levels(0%, 1.5%) of probiotics added for secondary fermentation and two levels(0%, 1.5%) of probiotics in feed. The results obtained are as follows : 1. Total-nitrogen(T-N),
, total-carbon(T-C), and carbon/nitrogen(C/N) in sawdust bed showed no significant difference within treatments, but phosphate increased by 57% in average compared to the initial. 2. There was no significant difference in temperature in the sawdust bed treatments. 3. The internal parasite eggs detected were Trichuris suis, Strong. ransomi, Ascaris suum, Coccidia and Balantidium coli. 4. The utilization period of sawdust fermented with swine excretion was 52, 26, 16, 4, 5, 3 days, respectively, with increase of body weight. 5. Average daily gain and feed conversion were significantly improved by adding probiotics in the feed(P<0.05), but there was no difference between fermented sawdust with or without probiotics. 6. There was no significant difference in carcass weight and backfat thickness of pig among treatments(P>0.05).
Present State and Strategies on Environmental Pollution by Animal Wastes
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 2, issue 1, 1996, Pages 63~78
The main purpose of this research project is to monitor the present state of agricultural environment and to develope the countermeasures for the protection of the environment from the pollution by animal wastes. The results of this research were described largely 3 parts, 1) Monitoring of present state of environmental pollution by animal wastes, 2) Monitoring of animal wastes treatment technology, 3) Strategies for the protection of environmental pollution from animal wastes in future. The current most important problems from animal wastes are water pollution and air pollution commonly regardless of domestic or foreign country. Especially, intensive livestocks breeding pattern in restricted area is actually a real reason of eutrophication, soil acidification, ground water contamination, irrigation water pollution. As a result from this research project, authors recommend the 3 type of strategies for the protection of environmental pollution by animal wastes, 1 . Development of non-discharge type of wastes treatment technology 2. Manufacturing local structure for animal waste recycling system 3. Development of new international environmental program for transfer bioresource and soil environment prevention.
Development of Solid/liquid Separation Technology for Stall Wastewater
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 2, issue 1, 1996, Pages 79~86
Solid/Liquid(S/L) separation is crucial for biological treatment of animal wastewater. Liquid portion from S/L separation has less BOD-load and proper post-strip treatment can be obtained. Screen or declined sieve was normally used to separate the solid parts. For better separating efficiency a vibration and a cylindrical separator were constructed and tested. The results are summarized as follows; Solids removal efficiency and moisture content of separated solid were 15~26% and 85~88%, respectively for the vibration separator. for the cylindrical separator, solid removal efficiency and moisture content of solid were 16~39% and 86~89%, respectively. The greatest amount of drymatter was obtained when operating vibration separator with 10
inclination and 100% vibrating power. For the cylindrical separator maximum efficiency was obtained with 40 rpm and 19
inclination. The vibration and the cylindrical separator have shown 21% and 26% in BOD removal, respectively. These two types of separator were proved to be applicable methods for animal wastewater separation.