Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Dec 1999
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Aug 1999
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Apr 1999
Selecting the target year
Field Survey of Structural and Environmental Characteristics of Pig Houses in the Central Provinces in Korea
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~15
The structural and environmental characteristics of typical pig houses in different growth phases were surveyed and analyzed. Based on the data for thirty six selected farms in four provinces, Gyonggi-do, Gangwon-do, Choongnam, and Chonbook, in Central Korea, the goal is to eventually establish standard pig houses of sow and litter, nursery pigs, and growing-finishing pigs. The survey included farm scale, production specialization, structural dimensions of the houses and their ventilation systems, cooling and heating systems, and floor and pit systems related to manure collection. The survey showed 90∼99% of growing-finishing curtain installation rate was lower by 10∼20%. The sidewall curtain system, although popular, is not well insulated which leads to excessive heating costs in winter. Regarding flooring and manure collection system of the house, there was quite a lot variability among provinces, with 30∼80% of the houses installing scraper systems with concrete-slat floors in comparison with 30∼60% using a slurry system. Gangwon-do and Choongbook Chungwoo-goon are the predominant regions that installed a scraper system. A general trend toward enlargement and enclosure of pig houses for all growth phases was gaining popularity in most regions in recent years. A steady shift to three site production from a lumped system was also observed to prevent a disease transfer. The structural design of a standard pig house with its environmental control systems including ventilation and heating/cooling system was suggested for further validation study. In-depth analysis of the survey data is presented in the Results and Discussing section.
Influence of Sawdust, Wood Chip or Dairy Cattle Manure Solid used as a Litter Material on Broiler Performance and Litter Characteristics.
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 17~22
This experiment was conducted to determine the influence of litter type on growing performance of broiler and litter characteristics. Sawdust, wood chips and solid part of cattle manure was used as a litter from 7 to 42 days of broiler age. The body weight was significantly (p<.05) higher in manure solid than those of sawdust and wood chips. The litter production was 2,134, 2,246 and 1,785g per bird on the sawdust, the wood chip and the manure solid during 35 days, respectively. Although the initial moisture contents of the litter materials were different 23.5% for sawdust, 16.26% for wood chips and 61.57% for cattle manure solids, the moisture were different 23.5% for sawdust, 16.26% for wood chips and 61.57% for cattle manure solid, the moisture contents became similar after 28 days of the experimental period. The nitrogen content of manure solid was higher than those of sawdust and wood chips. It was concluded that solid part of cattle manure and wood chips were potentially useful source of litter materials for broiler.
Relationship Between Suckling Behavior and Locomotor Play Behavior in Housed Goats of Early Age
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 23~28
Effects of Dietary Swine Manure and Food Waste on Feeding and Drinking Behaviour of Broiler
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~36
This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary swine manure and food waste on feeding and drinking behaviours in broiler chicks. A total of 240 birds with 40g of initial weight were randomly assigned in the 8
3 randomized complete block design and 10 birds per replicate. Extrusion recycled feeds(ERF) were prepared by extruding a mixture of 40% swine manure+40% food waste(FW)+20% corn. The birds assigned to one of the 8 dietary regimens; 0, 10, 30, 40% ERF of 20, 40, 60% FW in the place of a commercial boiler starter diet. Video recording were made after one week of adaptation period to the regimen. The tapes were played in a slow motion to examine feeding and drinking behaviour. Feeding and drinking times were greater in the day time at the night. Feeding times peaked at 4 hour intervals. Drinking time increased about 2 times on FW feeding compared to the other treatment groups. The results indicated that feeding and drinking behaviour could be influenced by the dietary regimens and that FW feeding increased drinking. The data also suggested that the FW could replace within 40% of broiler starter diet.
Technique for Using Fly Ash as a Bedding Materials at Livestock House
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 37~44
This study was carried out to improve utilization of substitute fly-ash in bedding material of animal waste treatments. The amount used of fly-ash used in a pigpen or beef stall was 50% lower than that of existing bedding material of animal waste treatments. From the results, substitution effect of fly-ash put over the floor of the stable became much better. Effects of processed fly ash as a spread straw decreased ammonia(NH3) and Hydrogensulfide (H2S) gas at beef stall, but there was no benefit of replacement terms. Effect of processed fly ash as a spread straw increased 4∼5 times replacement terms more than control NH3 and H2S gas was decreased. A lot of maggots and porasites were grown at sawdust pig farm, but fly ash inhibited to grow maggots and paraeters. In conclusion, as substituting fly-ash for 5% sawdust(DM basis) in making animal waste into a compost with fly ash, we can reduce the sawdust purchasing costs and produce the high quality of a compost, especially a pollutant as NH3 and H2S gas, etc. from the process of biodegradation, and as substituting fly-ash(1,540 won per ton ; can be extended the replacement period of spreading straw approximatively 4∼5 times) for sawdusts(111,000 won per ton) will increase a real income in livestock house.
The Effects of Amendments on Composting of Swine Carcass
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 45~52
The purpose of this study is to provide information for the livestock for the livestock carcass composting operation in agricultural waste management. Burial, landfilling and incineration of livestock carcass may have environmental regulatory and economic liabilities. Dead animals amended with agricultural residues can be composted and used to promote soil fertility and reduce environmental pollution. In this study we evaluated the effect of amendments on the primary and secondary composting reaction and stability of compost. The full-scale composting bin of swine carcass in roofed system with three amendments was adequate in reaching sufficient temperature above 55
long enough to kill the pathogen. The average temperature of the compost material in dead swine amended with corn stover increased rapidly to 64
on the 2nd day after primary composting and dropped to near ambient temperature on the 140th day of composting. The composting with of corn stover and wheat straw are more efficient for swine carcass composting than that of sawdust. Therefore, the amendment property is an important factor in the design of composting facility.
Study of the Utility Value and Decide of the Mixture Ratio of Fly Ash for Livestock Waste Composting
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 53~62
This study was carried out to investigate how to reuse the livestock waste and develop fly ash as a subsitution of sawdust which is used commonly to make compost. Fly ash and sawdust were mixed the ratio of 8 to 2, 7 to 3, 6, to 4, 5 to 5, 4 to 6. 3 to 7 and 2 to 8 after fermentation for 60 days the change of temperature, moisture, pH, organic matter, nitrogen content and C/N ratio were analyzed. The results are as follows; Temperature was reached to maximum (63.5
) more quickly in scraper type than in slurry type with adding large sawdust. When fly ash and sawdust were mixed same amount at scraper type and slurry type, moisture was 46.6~53.7% and maintained a good condition for fermentation. pH was showed the range of 7~10 as a mixture of fly ash. Organic matter contents were increased with increasing the added sawdust but did not show any tendency. Nitrogen content was also increased with increasing the amount of added sawdust but did not show any tendency. C/N ratio was increased to 20~60 with increasing the added sawdust, but when sawdust and fly ash were mixed 50:50, there was no significant during fermentation periods. In conclusion, supplementation of fly ash at the level of 50% of sawdust maintained a good condition for fermentation as a livestock waste composting.
Effects of Fly Ash Supplementation on the Corn, Rye and Alfalfa Yields by Fertilization of Livestock Waste Composting
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 5, issue 1, 1999, Pages 63~72
This study was carried out to improve utilization of fly ash. Each animal waste was mixed with fly ash and composted This compost used at forage crops with corn, rye and alfalfa to examine to examine the fertilized efficiency and investigated productivity of forage crops, composition of this copmost and effect of fly ash on soil characteristics and composition. Content of organic matte, P2O5, K2O, CaO, MgO, Mn and B at the soil, which is given fly ash, increased. After the test crops were harvested, pH of the soil was maintained about 7 and contents of organic matter, phosphoric aicd, K, Mg, and B was increased at the soil of used fly ash. As fly ash was mixed, each DM yield of corn and rye was increased 10∼13% and 14∼21% especially alfalfa was increased 35% at the soil which is mixed fly ash with cage layer manure. As fly ash was mixed, each Crude protein (CP) of corn and rye was increased 6∼17% and about 29%, especially, as fly and cage layer manure was mixed CP of alfalfa was increased 33%. In conclusion, as fly ash is mixed with anlmal waste and use at forage crops, It makes the soil good and improve the productivity of forage crops.