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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
Development of an Automatic Liquid Feeder for Early Weaned Piglets
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~12
This study was conducted to develope an automatic liquid feeder for early weaning piglets and to test the efficacy of the system. The liquid feeder consists of water heating and discharge unit, dry diet storing and discharge unit, mixing and discharge unit, mixed liquid feed-delivering unit, and the central control part which control each unit, feeding frequency and the amount of feeding. For investigating the possibility of practical use, a feeding trial was carried out using eighteen three way crossbred piglets weaned on 19 days of age for the experimental period of six weeks. Experimental diet was provided in liquid form using the automatic liquid feeder for the first three weeks and in dry form for the later three weeks. The water heating and discharge unit exactly supplied warm water by 27
/s, into the mixing unit. The dry diet storing and discharge unit supplied dry feed by 3.7g/s, into the mixing unit. Being compared with the standard growth rate suggested by NRC, average daily gain of the piglets during the first three weeks of liquid feeding was lower by 10%, while it was higher during three weeks of dry feeding and over the whole experimental period by 24 and 17%, respectively. Feed/gain was 1.09, 2.14 and 1.89 for the first 3 weeks, later 3 weeks, and whole period, respectively. Diarrhea was observed for three days from day 3 to day 7 after feeding liquid diet, but no pig died of it. In conclusion, a preliminary test for the newly developed an automatic liquid feeder using 19 days of age weaning piglets showed that the unit was successfully operated without any major problems. Piglets raised on a liquid diet through the unit developed grew less during the first three weeks, but their growth and feed intake were greatly improved thereafter, indicating the developed automatic liquid feeder may be practically used in swine industry.
A Study of Investigation the Actual conditions on Housing and Facilities for Korean Native Goat
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 13~20
This study was conducted to investigate the actual conditions on housing and facilities for goat. This investigation of the actual conditions was investigated by the style of farm which was divided into sideline scale and speciality scale included 47 farms. The results are summarized as follows: Rearing scale was 48.9% for 50-100 heads per farm. Rearing type was 46.8% for grazing type and 53.2% for barn type. Housing type was 27.7% for simple frame housing and 72.3% for permanent housing. Pipe was used 80.8% with Pillar and Girder as the housing frame at farm. For the pipe used in farm, 27.7% of them was used for simple frame housing. Side wall was composed of cement and winch curtain to be 29.8%, slate roof to be 40.4%, pipe partition to be 38.3%, and cement floor to be 51.1%. Materials of feeding trough were wood and Zinc grater to be 41.5%, respectively. Type of feeding trough was square to be 70.2%. The feeding trough was located in barn to be 48.9%. Material of water supply facilities was plastic to be 87.2%. Type of water supply facilities was mostly square to be 76.6%. Water-trough was located in playground to be 48.9%. Parturition facilities were consisted of partition structure by group to be 42.5% and were mainly composed of pipe and wood. 46.8% of the barn did not have delivery room in the farm.
Utilization of Porcine Blood and Liver in Yeast Culture for Animal Diets and Effects of Yeast Culture on the Growth of Broiler Chicks
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 21~28
Optimal conditions for utilizing the slaughtered porcine blood and liver for yeast culture and the effects of the yeast cultures on the growth of broiler chicks were investigated. The quantity of yeast cultured for 24hours in the BSG medium containing blood extracts containing 5% glucose and in the LSG medium containing liver extracts containing 5% glucose were higher by 4% and 10%, respectively, than that in the YEPD medium containing 1% yeast extracts, 2% bacto pepton and 2% glucose. Optimal concentrations of ammonium sulfate supplementation to the BSG medium to increase the quantity of yeast cultured for 24 and 48 hours were 100 mM(1.3%) and 50 mM(0.65%), respectively. The optimal pH for yeast culture in BSG medium ranged from 6 to 7. One percent supplementation of either ammonium sulfate or taurine to LSG medium increased the quantity of yeast by 18% and 9%, respectively, compared to no supplementation. The body weight of chicks fed with 2% and 4% yeast culture supplementations cultivated increased at the 4th week by 10%, with relative to no supplementation. The results from this study suggest that the slaughtered porcine blood and liver can be utilized for yeast culture which is used in animal diets.
Effects of Porous Calcium Silicate and Zeolite on Noxious Gas from Poultry Manure
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 29~32
In this experiment porous calcium silicate (PCS) powder prepared by using a 50 mesh sieve was spread on top of chick droppings to investigate the odor from the manure. Zeolite was used as a comparative purpose. Reduction in ammonia production from chick droppings shortly after the PCS and zeolite application was evident (P<0.05), but there were no difference among treatments afterwards. hydrogen sulfide level was significantly lowered by both PCS and zeolite treatment(P<0.05).
Research on Quantity and Characteristics of Excreta Produced by Broiler
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 33~38
This research was carried out to determine the quantity and characteristics of broiler excreta produced in different age and different types of broiler house. Daily feed intakes of broiler chicks ranged over 160.1~165g/d in the sixth week of age. Female and male broiler consumed 211.3 and 252.9
/d of water in the period, respectively. The amount of excreta produced by female and male broiler was 164.3 and 176.3g/d/bid in the sixth week, but average daily excreta production from birth to the sixth week of age was 90.5g/bird. Accumulated excreta production of broiler per bird in the sixth week was 3,800g. The contents of N,
in broiler excreta were 4.49, 1.28 and 2.02% in DM basis, respectively. The average moisture contents of litter produced from windowless broiler house, open-sided and vinyl house type broiler house were 18.3, 29.7 and 30.1%, respectively.
Research on Quantity and Characteristics of Excreta Produced by Laying Hen
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 39~44
This research was carried out to determine the quantity and characteristics of layer excreta produced in different age and different types of layer house. Daily feed intakes in the growing stage were 60.8 and 92.9g/d the 6th and 12th week of age, respectively. Daily feed intakes in the early laying stage (19th wk of age) and the ending period of laying(55th wk of age) were 105.1 and 122.0 g/d, respectively. A laying hen consumed 193.1~222.5
of water per day. The amount of excreta produced by laying hen were 143.3~144.8g per day. The moisture contents of excreta produced by laying hen ranged over 74.7~80.5% in laying period. The average contents of N,
in layer excreta were 4.88, 1.92 and 1.71% in DM basis, respectively. In the laying period, CaO contents of excreta were 7.42~9.02%. The moisture contents of excreta produced by windowless poultry house, open-sided poultry house applied mechanical ventilation and open-sided poultry house applied natural ventilation were 65.4, 75.7 and 81.3% in summer, respectively.
Classification of Livestock Raising Area and Spatial Mobility
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 45~56
The following statistics are the results of a survey that analyzed the classification of livestock area and spatial mobility based upon the number of livestock and an area of 151 towns and cities from 1975 to 1995. 1. As a results of analysis about the degree of location concentration using C.V., Korean native cattles (HanWoo) and swines are becoming more centralized while dairies and chickens are becoming decentralized. 2. 49 regions, that is 32.5%, were classified as growing regions, 30 regions (19.9%) were stagnant regions and 72 regions (47.7%) were withering regions. The classification was based upon the calculation according to the numbers of converted grown animals and growth index. Kyonggi-do and Chungchongnam-do, specifically, took up 26.6% and 24.5% of the developing regions which shows that these two regions are the dominant regions for livestock. 3. Kyongsangbuk-do and Chungchongnam-do play significant roles for overall livestock, and Chollanam-do is considering a transition from swines to Korean native cattles and Kyongsangbuk-do is shifting from Korean native cattles to swines.