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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
The Recent Progress and Trend of Major Milking Installation in Chungnam Province
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 63~76
A survey was conducted for dairy farmer to manage efficiently of a milking machine and equipment. Labor hours, operation costs, and milking cares for each dairy farmer to estimate the expected numbers of machine and equipment on the basis of the desired dairy farm scale. Based on the results of this research the following conclusions were made: Those who possessed a herringborn system and a tandem parlour system were relatively small portion 2% and 25% respectively of the whole dairy farmer. To improve dairy farmer\`s life, or to reduce his hard labor hours. it was necessary for most of dairy farmers to possess a herringborn system and a tandem parlour system. However, it was difficult for most of farmers to purchase a herringborn system and a tadem parlour system, because these system were very expensive. Only 20% farmers of the whole farmers repaired their milking system, which needed to be repaired quickly enough so that it might was used everyday. Among the parts of milking system, pulsator was found to have the highest breakdown ratio 59%, and vacuum pump was the breakdown ratio 27%. It took more than 2 hours to be milked twice a cow per one day. It means that milking spend so much time. Therefore, the auto milking system should be supplied to decrease hard labor hour.
Research on the Amount of Wastewater Produced from the Different Milking System
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 77~82
This research was carried out to investigate the daily amount and characteristics of wastewater produced from bucket milkers, pipeline, tandem ad herringbone milking system for washing operations after milking included 28 dairy farms. The average amount of wastewater produced from milking system was 9.8l/head/day. The amount of wastewater varied from a low of 8.2 litters/head/day(pipeline milking system) to 13.4 litter/head/day(herringbone milking system). The moisture content, Biochemical Oxygen Demand(
), Chemical Oxygen Demand(
), Suspended Solids(SS), Total Nitrogen(T-N) and Total Phosphorus(T-P) concentration of wastewater were 99.9%, 394mg/l, 417.3mg/l, 1,201.3mg/l, 3.78mg/l, 0.51mg/l.
An Animal-Industrial Review on Phytic Acid and Phytase
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 83~102
Phytic acid (myo-inositol hexaphosphate or IP6) is the major storage form of phosphorus in cereals and legumes, representing 18 to 88% of the total phosphorus. Phytate form of phosphorus is not readily utilized by monogastric animals and this result causes pollution problem by phosporus released in areas of intensive livestock production. The interaction between phytic acid and essential dietary minerals, protein, or vitamins is considered to be one of the primary factors limiting the nutritional values of cereals and legunes in monogastric animals. Attempts have been made to hydrolyze dietary phytic acid by phytases to improve the feed quality and to decrease the amount of phosphorus excreted by animals. Phytase(myo-inositol hexakisphosphate phosphohydrolase) hydrolyzes phytic acid to myo-inositol and phosphoric acid. Two types of phytases are known: 3-phytase (EC 22.214.171.124) and 6-phytase (EC 126.96.36.199), indicating the intial attack to the susceptable phosphoester bond. Because of its great industrial importance, there is ongoing interest in isolating new bacterial strains producing novel and efficient phytases.
Image Processing System for Measuring the Chromatophore Pollution Solution of and Animal Slurry Using Optical-Density
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 103~110
This study conducted to monitor decomposition process of the charomatophore pollution solution of an animal slurry by using a CCD camera. After the solution was put into test tube, the images(R, G, B, H, L, S) values of the solution were measured by the imgae processing system, and those of it\`s optical density were measured for three hours to be decomposed by microscopic organism. The values of measured for three hours to be decomposed by microscopic organism. The values of measured images(R, G, B, H, L, S) were analysed and compared with those of the optical density. Some of the results are as follows. 1. High correlation coefficients, which analyzed by using data on linear equations, were 0.9557 and 0.9672. They were decreased regularly in this R-value experiment of RGB level. The microscopic organism in this experiment was effective for decomposition of the red charomatophore pollution solution. 2. The values of all correlation coefficients from relationship between RGB-value and optical density were more than 0.95 except H-values. RGB-values, which were average values of summed R, G, B values, had correlation coefficients of 0.9863, 0.9937. These results showed so good relationship that decomposition process of charomatophore pollution solution could be monitored by a image processing system.
Measurement Emission of Greenhouse Gases from Composting Process for Pig Slurry
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 111~118
This study was performed for measuring the emission of greenhouse gases,
, from the composting process for pig slurry. For the experiment the benchscale pilot plant was designed by 1
volume reactor with a closed type and operated; sawdust 142kg filled before input slurry, slurry about 10~20l inputed per day (total 380l), air supplied 5l/min for 24 hours, mixing time 10 min./day and 1 time a day. From the total experiment period(30days), the amount of VS degradation and emission
were 10.9kg-VS and 1,582.4g-
respectively. Based on VS inputed the emission of
), and based on VS degradated were 145.2(g-
Effect of the Hose Slurry Spreader on Oder Reduction
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 119~126
For the odor test, it was chosen the conventional spreader, the hose spreader, and its combination with disk harrow and spring harrow as a slurry spreader. By the odor tester (Kalmor-
) with dairy slurry, the conventional spreader has the average
value of 270, which means that one fells substantial odor and torment. In the cases of hose spreader and its combination with disk harrow,
value was 217 and 182 respectively, which means a normal person does not smell any odor. Spreading the swine slurry with a conventional spreader shows
value of 440, which means one feels unpleasant. The hose spreader shows
value of 258, which lies in the limit one feels some odor and torment. Its combination with disk harrow has
value 184, which means that a normal person can not smell any more. For the conventional spreader, the odor intensity indices from air dilution sensual test and 3 point odor bag as a sensual test were 66.9 and 35.4 respectively. On the other hand, the indices were 9.65 and 11.10 by hose spreader and its combination with disk harrow, which were lower than that of the regulation for industry. Therefore, the developed hose spreader showed an excellent effect on decreasing odor. The correlation between the results from odor tester and 3 point odor bag has shown 0.997 by swine slurry.
Effect of supplementing phosphorus to Korean cow manure on the growth and cast production of earthworm (Eisenia foetida)
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 127~136
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of supplementing phosphorus to Korean cow manure on the growth and cast production of earthworm(Eisenia Foetida), and to estimate the optimal phosphorus level for the growth and cast production of earthworm and ratios of available phosphorus and calcium content of cast in optimal phosphorus levels. Phosphorus supplementing ratios to Korean native cow were 0, 1%, 2%, 4% and 8A%, respectively. The volume of raising box was 3375cm
15cm), and 500g of cow manure filled up to 10cm layer. Raising density was 90㎤ per worm during the experimental period(60 days). The maximum fresh weight and cast production of earthworm were obtained at 2~4% and 1% levels of phosphorus supplementation to Korea native cow manure. The total phosphorus and available phosphorus contents of earthworm tissues were not significant among in all treatments. There was a positive significantly differences between total phosphorus and available phosphorus of cast and residual matters. Available phosphorus content of cast were ranged from 9.3mg/g to 17.3mg/g at 1~4% levels of phosphorus supplementation. Ratios of available phosphorus and calcium contents of cast were 1.94~3.15:1 and 0.87~1.33:1 at 2~4% and 0~1% levels of phosphorus supplementation.
Isolation of Halototlerant Lactic Acid Bacteria for Fermentation of Food Wastes
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 137~140
The objective of this study was isolation of halotolerant lactic acid bacteria for fermentation of food wastes. 5 strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from fermented foods. Among isolated strains, the strain 5-2 was selected according to the growth characteristics in food wastes containing medium. The selected strain 5-2 was identified as Pediococcus acidilactici based on its biochemical characteristics.