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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Animal Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Livestock Housing and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Dec 2002
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Aug 2002
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Apr 2002
Selecting the target year
Performance Characteristics of Matured Compost Biofiltration of Ammonia Gas from the Agitated Composting
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~8
Real sized open type biofilter system was manufactured to control the odor generated from the agitated composting system which composted swine manure and sawdust mixtures. The aim of this research was to develop a biofilter system using matured compost and to evaluate the performance of the biofilter system. Average ammonia reduction rate through the biofilter was 84% during about two month period of composting. The maximum ammonia concentration after filtering was 45ppm lower than allowable value of 50ppm. It was concluded that compost can be used as a biofilter materials.
Development of an Solid Separation System for Pig Slurry
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 9~16
This study was conducted to develope the new solid separating system which can be efficiently and economically removed the solid parts in high pollutants concentration of pig slurry. The pollutants concentration, BOD
, COD and SS of the slurry used in this study was 15,990(
5,512)mg/l and 26,486(
5,935)mg/l, respectively. After removal of solid part in slurry, the pollutants concentration, BOD
, COD and SS was change into 5,617(
341)mg/l, respectively in the Fixed biological membrane tank. The reduction of the pollutants concentration of suspend liquid through membrane will be allowed to greatly improve the water purification by an Activated sludge method. This separating system consisted of a temporary storage, a circulating tank and a Fixed Biological membrane tank. A temporary storage which has a draining system of screw type and an aeration device played a tremendous role in draining the solid by filled an aeration of 0.3 l/min. A Fixed Biological membrane tank of which a styrofoam filled in a 2/3 volume as a Biological media was fixed by a stainless steel net (pore size : 0.5mm) to separate the liquid layer of influx in them. The separating system efficiency factors were the speed of screw motor, cycle number of slurries in a circulating tank and moisture contents of solid effluent through the screw path. Although the pollutants concentration was very variable in temporary storage, the final concentration of
and SS, except COD of the suspended liquid in a Fixed biological membrane were not different regardless of cycle number of a circulating tank. Moisture contents of effluent from temporary storage was 73% under the speed 1 ppm of screw motor and 62% under the 1/4rpm of it.
Effects Of the Inoculation Of Candida rugosa CY-10 OH the Reducing Odours in Pig Slurry Medium
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 17~24
This study was carried out to isolate and identify the yeasts from the the composts, which were effective to reduce odor of the pig feces, and to investigate their physiological properties. In yeasts, one of 30 isolates was obtained on 10% pig feces extract medium. Judging from the morphological and biochemical characteristics, the CY-10 isolated from the compost were identified as Candida rugosa. This isolated strain showed the deodorizing activity by reducing the concentration of
than that of the control. The CY-10 had completely utilizing butyric acid and iso-butyric acid including 10% pig slurry of the volatile fatty acids, which are the specific malodorous agents of pig feces. Compared to control, this yeast was found effective for decrease in
-N, Soluble-N and BOD, 20%, 12.6%, and 9.82% respectively.
Milk Production of Dairy Cattle from Organic Farming in Germany and Development Trends in Korea
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 25~34
In view of increasing environmental pollution, the organic farming in animal production is becoming increasingly urgent. The problems of veterinary medicine have not diminished through the most dangerous epidemic diseases. Organic farming attempts to function in harmony with the environment. The first criterion of the organic farm is that the animal must be self-sustaining. Their food must be produced to a large extent on the farm. The position of ruminants in biological systems is determined by the fact that this group of farm animals is provided with a digestive system which optimizes the utilization of the products of gut microfloral fermentation. The cattle do not require large amounts of concentrate feeling nor gross ugly farm building for intensive rearing. The economic profitability of a cow depends. on the first instance, on the level of milk production and the number of lactations. The length of life is an important factor since the tilde to maturing is relatively high in a cow. The result is that dairy cows in organic farming have greater length of live, and produce more milk in their life time than the shorter lived high input cow. This paper. therefore, discussed the problems of modern cattle farming and development trends of organic farming in Germany and Korea.
Effect of Fermented Pig Slurry Treated with Probiotics on the Productivity of Sorghum
Sudangrass Hybrid(Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 35~42
This study was carried out to determine the effect of chemical fertilizer and two fermented types of pig slurry on the total dry matter yield and quality of sorghum
sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and chemical properties of soil after harvest in Jeju area. Three treatments consisted of chemical fertilizer (CF) 200kg 7kg Nha
, aerobic fermented pig slurry (PS)200kg 7kg Nha
, and aerobic fermented pig slurry treated with probiotics (PS+P) 200kg 7kg Nha
were arranged in a randomized block design with three replications. The results obtained are summarized as follows. The heights of plant applied fermented pig slurry were slightly taller than those of plants applied chemical fertilizer during early growing stage, but there was no difference among treatments when the plants were harvested. The total forage dry matter yields were in the range of 14,848~ 15,42kg/ha, but they were not significantly different. Also, CP, NDF, ADF and mineral contents in the forage(% of DM basis) did not differ among treatments. The pH of soil was ranged from 5.35 to 5.63, but it was not significantly different. However, the content of available
of soil was higher(P<0.05) in chemical fertilizer treatment than that of soil in fermented pig slurry treatments. The content of K was higher(p<0.05) when ffrrmented pig slurry treated with probiotics was applied after the 1st harvest. but it was not different among treatments after the and harvest.
A Practice-Oriented Study on Application Level of Animal Slurry
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 43~53
The aim of the study is to describe the fate and transformation of nitrogen in grassland ecosystems. In the growing season from 1987 to 1993, 2 growing farmer in south Germany were studied the yield and nutrient balance of reduced input slurry application. The study includes 3 different slurry application levels. The levels are conventional slurry application, reduced slurry application, without slurry application. These levels are studied at 2 different experimental farms. The forage yield of zero slurry application plot has 14∼44% of the conventional slurry application, while the yield in the reduced slurry plot is only 0∼14% lower than that in the conventional slurry plot. The kalium and phosphorus contents of forage were tend to decrease with reduced slurry application N-uptake was increasing with the increase of slurry application level. The N-uptake of zero slurry plots was lower 40∼65% of the conventional plot, while in the reduced plot was only 6∼16% lower than in the conventional plot. The N-balance shows negative figures on all plots. The N-uptake in experiment site A was only a little bit more than the N-fertilizer plot, while in site experiment B the N-uptake is 2 to 3 times higher than the N-application amount of slurry.
Recycling of Liquid Manure
Journal of Animal Environmental Science, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~56