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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Stomatognathic Function and Occlusion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study of Causes for Removal of Fixed Prostheses and Fate of Abutment
Mok, Won-Kyun ; Kim, Hee-Jung ; Jeong, Chae-Heon ; Oh, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~17
The purpose of this study were to report the reasons for removal of fixed prostheses and survival rate of abutment teeth. A total 192 fixed prostheses removed at Chosun university Dental Hospital and 308 abutment were investigated. The most frequent reason of removal was periodontal problem(30.7%), followed by caries(29.7%), then periapical problem(18.8%) and defective margins(14%). In metal ceramic crown, periodontal problem was the most frequent reason of removal. In complete cast crown, caries was the most frequent reason of removal. Periapical and periodontal problem was the most frequent reason people under forties and over fifties, respectively. Of the 308 abutment teeth, vital and non-vital teeth were 135(43.8%) and 173(56.2%), respectively. Of 135 vital abutment teeth, 39(28.9%) were extracted and of 173 non-vital abutment teeth, 85(49.1%) were extracted. Each risk factor for removal of fixed prostheses and extraction of abutment should be evaluated more clearly for prediction of prognosis of final prostheses and abutment teeth.
Gender Differences in Nasalance Scores in Korean Speaking Adults
Kwon, Ho-Beom ; Choi, Song-Un ; Chang, Seok-Woo ; Lee, Seok-Hyoung ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~27
The purpose of this study was to obtain normative nasalance scores for adult subjects speaking the Korean language and to determine whether significantly different scores exist for female and male speakers. Mean nasalance scores were obtained for normal speaking Korean adults while they are reading vowels, consonants, no nasal sentence, mild nasal sentence, and high nasal sentence. Thirty adults who had lived in Seoul area with normal articulation, resonance, and voice were included. Among the subjects 15 were male aged 24-38 years and 15 were female aged 19-33. Nasometer data were collected and analyzed using the Kay Nasometer 6400. Nasalance scores were evaluated to investigate the effect of gender by using statistical tests. Nasalance data showed that nasalance values varied accroding to speech stimuli, and there was no significant difference in nasalance scores between male and female speakers in most of the language samples.
Prevalence of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction and Malocclusion in 10 - 12 year Old Children
Lee, Nam-Ki ; Choi, Dong-Soon ; Lee, Hye-Mi ; Cha, Bong-Kuen ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 29~40
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of symptoms and signs of temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) and malocclusion in 10–12 year old children and to determine if a relationship exists between symptoms and signs of TMD and malocclusion. The subjects were composed of 465 school children (233 boys and 232 girls). Each subject was evaluated with simplified questionnaire and clinical examination to measure symptoms and signs of TMD and malocclusion. The results showed an elevated prevalence of headache (34.6%), which were more frequent in girls than boys. The most common cardinal sign of TMD was clicking (32.9%), which increased with age. TMJ lateral tenderness was present in 18.1% of the subjects and had a tendency to increase with age. Masseter muscle tenderness was found to be sensitive in 15.1%of the subjects and had a tendency to increase with age. Restriction of mandibular mobilitywas present in 30.3% of the subjects and had a tendency to increase with age. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of TMD signs between sex. The occlusal status showed Class I malocclusion in 73.3%, Class III in 12.9%,Class II division 1 in 11%, Class II division 2 in 2.8%. There was no significant difference in malocclusion traits between sex. There was statistically significant relationship between TMD signs and symptoms and class II division 1 and Class III malocclusion(p<0.05). The results indicate that the prevalence of TMD symptoms and signs in children is high, and the evaluation of TMD in children seems to be important.
Removal Torque and Histomorphometric Investigation of Surface Modified Commercial Implants: An Experimental Study in the Rabbit Tibia
Park, Jong-Hyun ; Kim, Dae-Gon ; Cho, Lee-Ra ; Park, Chan-Jin ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 41~56
The methods of surface modification of commercial implants were various according to the manufacturer. Surface modification of implant may produce diverse physical and chemical surface characteristics resulted from the treatment method and treatment condition. As a result, the bone response might be different. Even though surface modified implants have been used clinically, most researches are focusing on the bone response of surface modified implants comparing to machined implants rather than surface modified commercial implants. This study compare and analyze bone responses of 4 surface modified commercial implants with different shapes and surfaces. Eighty surface modified commercial implants with 4 different surface characteristics were installed in the tibia of white Newzealand rabbits. Biomechanical stability tests and histomorphometric evaluation were done. The results were as follows: 1. Surface modified commercial implants showed stable osseointegration at 6 weeks after installation. 2. Histomorphometric evaluation showed that there was no significant differences in bone to implant contact among 4 different commercial titanium implants. In comparing the implants with different shape the measurement of bone growth in subcortical area would be more reliable than entire bone to implant contact length. 3. Resonance Frequency Analysis showed that there was no significant differences among 4 types of implants, even though they were significantly different in installation. 4. There was significant differences in interfacial shear strength among 4 type of implants. 5. It is difficult to observe accurate bone to implant interface using Micro-CT. However, it is possible to measure the entire contact length of the implant to the bone.
Machining Tolerance of Various Implant Systems and their Components
Kim, Hyeong-Seob ; Kwon, Kung-Rock ; Han, Jung-Suk ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 57~65
Purpose: Misfit of implant components was very important in terms of prosthodontics. they has been linked to prosthetic complications such as screw loosening and fracture. Although there are many results about rotational freedom or machining tolerance between fixture and abutments, the data about domestic implant systems are lacking. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the rotational freedom of domestic external and internal connection implant systems between their fixtures/anlaogs and abutments comparing imported systems. Materials and Methods: Rotational freedom between abutments and fixtures/analogs was investigated by using digitalized rotational angle measuring device. (1) 1 domestic external connection system(Neobiotec) and 2 imported external connection systems(Nobel Biocare, Anthorgyr), (2) 1 domestic internal connection system(Dentium) and 4 imported external connection systems(Nobel Biocare, Anthorgyr, Straumann, Frident Dentsply), and (3) 1 domestic zirconia external connection abutment(ZirAce) were evaluated. Each group has 3 samples. Mean values for each group were analyzed. Results: The differences relative to rotational freedom between domestic and imported implant systems were observed but domestic external connection implant system showed about 2.67 degrees(in case of fixture) and internal connection system showed about 4.3 degrees(in case of fixture). Domestic zirconia abutment showed less than 3 degrees of rotational freedom in a situation where the abutment was connected to an implant fixture egardless of domestic or imported systems. Conclusion: Newly developed digitalized rotational angle measuring device has high measuring resolution. The rotational freedom of domestic implant systems were similar to imported implant systems
Finite Element Analysis of Stress Distribution around the Micro-Patterned Implants
Hur, Bae-Young ; Kim, Dae-Gon ; Park, Chan-Jin ; Cho, Lee-Ra ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 67~76
Implant requires long lasting, strong osseointegration using bio-mechanical interlocking by bone ingrowth. In regarding the size level for bone ingrowth, the micro-patterning would enhance bone response. Micro-patterning can increase the area contacting the bone tissues. Therefore, it may distribute the load to the surrounding bone tissue, more effectively. This study compared and analyzed the load distributing effect with the shape and number of micro-patterning. For the optimal comparison of threads, the assumptions different from general finite element analysis model were made. It was assumed that the implant was axisymmetric and infinitely long. The implant was assumed to be completely embedded in the infinitely long cortical bone and to have 100% bone apposition. The implant-bone interface had completely fixed boundary conditions and received an infinitely big axial load. The condition of threads were as follows. The reference model 1 had conventional thread. Model 2 had 2 micro-patterns on the upper flank of the thread. Model 3 had 2 micro-patterns on the lower flank of the thread. Model 4 had 2 micro-patterns on the upper and lower flanks of the thread. Model 5 had 3 micro patterns on the upper and lower flanks of the thread. The results were as follows: 1. The thread with micro-patterns distributed stress better than the conventional thread. 2. The thread with micro-patterns on the lower flank distributed stress better than that with micro-patterns on the upper flank. 3. The thread with 3 micro-patterns distributed stress better than that with 2 micro-patterns, However, an area with stress concentration occurred.
Abutment Sinking and Fitness of Conical Internal Connection Implant System according to Loading Condition
Lee, Hal-La ; Kim, Hee-Jung ; Son, Mee-Kyoung ; Chung, Chae-Heon ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 77~89
The purpose of this study was to evaluate internal conical abutment sinking and fitness according to the loading condition. In this study, Alloden implant fixture and two abutment(conventional, FDI) systems were used. Each abutment was applied 1 time of finger force, 3 times of malleting force, 5 times of 20kg and extra several times to the fixture until the amount of abutment singking showed no change. Then, the length of abutment to fixture which was binding lightly with no pressure state was measured by Vernier caliper. After loading application, the length was remeasured and the amount of sinking was calculated. The implant was buried in unsaturated polyester (Epovia, Cray Valley Inc. Korea) for making a comparison between the change of length and fitness of abutment-fixture connection part. Then All samples were cross-sectioned with high speed precision cut-off(accutom-5, Struers, Denmark). Finally, The result were observed and analyzed using FE-SEM (field emission scanning electron microscopy).
Mandibular Implant-Retained Overdenture: A Case Report
Lee, Hong-Seok ; Song, Kwang-Yeob ; Kim, Ja-Young ; Lee, Jung-Jun ; Park, Ju-Mi ; Ahn, Seung-Geun ; Park, Charn-Woon ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 91~104
Recently, osseointegrated implants have been used to improve denture support, stability, and retention. Several studies have been revealed that mandibular two-implant overdentures significantly increase patient satisfaction with the function of their prostheses. Use of a wide variety of attachment systems, including stud, magnet, and bar attachments, has proven both clinically predictable and effective. This article presents that two-implant overdenture can become the standard of care for treatment of the edentulous mandible.
Measurement of Contact Angle and Bond Strength Using 3 Different Self-Etching Primer
Chang, Seok-Woo ; Kwon, Ho-Beom ; Yoo, Hyun-Mi ; Park, Dong-Sung ; Oh, Tae-Seok ; Bae, Kwang-Shik ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 105~112
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contact angle made by 3 kinds of self etching primers (Clearfil SE Bond, AdheSE, and Tyrian) on dentin and to measure the microtensile bond strength of resin composite to dentin using these self-etching primers. Contact angle between each of 3 self etching primers and polished dentin surface was measured (n=30) by contact angle analyzer and the result was analyzed by One-way ANOVA. For the measurement of microtensile bond strength, polished dentin surface was treated with each of 3 self etching primers and dentin adhesives. Z-250 composite resin was built-up with a height of 5 mm on the adhesive-treated surface and light cured for 40s with a halogen light curing unit. Thereafter, each tooth was sectioned into slabs perpendicular to the bonded interface and trimmed (n=45). The microtensile bond strength was measured with universal testing machine and the result was analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis test. AdheSE group showed the highest contact angle followed by Clearfil SE group and Tyrian group (p<0.05). AdheSE group and Clearfil SE group showed significantly higher microtensile bond strength than Tyrian group (P<0.05).
Effect of Application of ZirLiner
and Blasting Treatments on Shear Bond Strength of Zirconia-Veneered Porcelain Interface
Shin, Young-Ho ; Lee, Yu-Na ; Lee, Hae-Hyoung ; Dong, Jin-Keun ; Oh, Sang-Chun ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2008, Pages 113~127
The purpose of this study was to evaluate effect of application of ZirLiner�� and blasting treatments on shear bond strength of zirconia-veneered porcelain interface. 60 uncolored zirconia plates and 30 colored zirconia plates were fabricated and divided into nine groups of 10 according to blasting treatment such as as-ground, glass blasting and alumina blasting and zirliner application. Veneering porcelains were built up over the center of the treated zirconia ceramic surface using jig and fired according to the manufacturers' instructions. Each specimen was completely embedded in acrylic resin. The specimens were placed in a mounting jig and subjected to shear force by a universal testing machine. Load was applied at a crosshead speed of 0.5㎜/min until failure. Average shear strengths were analyzed with two-way analysis of variance and one-way analysis of variance and the Duncan's post-hoc test. The fracture surfaces of the failed specimens were examined by SEM. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Depending on surface treatment by blasting, the degree of roughness is revealed in the order of Glass-blasted, As-ground, and Alumnia-blasted. The roughness average of uncolored and colored zirconia ceramic were not significantly different from blasting treatments. 2. In uncolored zirconia ceramic, the shear bond strength were not significantly different from blasting treatments. However, the shear bond strength were significantly different from Zirliner application. 3. Used ZirLiner, mean shear bond strength of colored zirconia was lower than uncolored zirconia. Especially, mean shear bond strength of colored zirconia was quite low with alumina-blasting treatment. 4. SEM analysis showed that veneered porcelain failed in zirconia ceramic interface and there was no cohesive failure.