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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Stomatognathic Function and Occlusion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - 00 2009
Volume 25, Issue 3 - 00 2009
Volume 25, Issue 2 - 00 2009
Volume 25, Issue 1 - 00 2009
Selecting the target year
Characterization of the Stress in the Luting Cement layer Influenced by Material Properties of Full Veneer Crown
Lee, Jun-Young ; Lee, Kyu-bok ; Lee, Chung-Hee ; Jo, Kwang-Hun ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~12
The objective of this study was to test the effects of crown material, cement type, the direction in which stress is applied and distribution of luting cement that might lead to cement microfracture using 2D Finite Element Method. Twenty three finite element models with a chamfer margin configuration were generated for a mandibular first molar. Crown models exhibited four crown materials: type 3 gold alloy, Ni-Cr alloy, ceramic and composite resin, and two luting cements: zinc phosphate and glass ionomer cements with a thicknesses of 70 μm. Modeled crowns were loaded axially or obliquely at unit load of 1 N. Areas and levels of stress concentrations within the cement were determined. Stress in the cement layer at the margins of crowns were higher than those in the area away from the margin. Stress under oblique loads were much higher than under axial load. The stiffer crown material produced higher stress and similarly, higher stress were found in cements with the greater Young's modulus.
A Spectrophotometric Study on Color Differences between Various Light Cured Composite Resins and Shade Guides
Lim, Kyung-Min ; Lee, Min-Ho ; Song, Kwang-Yeob ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 13~22
The composite resin, due to its esthetic quality, is considered the material of choice for restoration of anterior teeth. To get a satisfactory result in the composite resin restorations, it is necessary to choose right shade. At present, most of the commercial composite resins are based on the Vita Lumin shade guides or shade guides that are provided by their company, but color differences among them might be expected even using the same shade in various materials. This study is to measure color differences between various light-cured composite resins and shade guides and to provide the clinicians with information which may aid in improved color match of esthetic restoration. Four kinds of light-cured composite resins (Gradia Direct (GD), Z250 (Z250), Clearfil AP-X (AP-X), Esthet․X (E․X)) and shade guides with A2 and A3 shade were used. Three specimens of each material and one specimen of each shade guide were made. Each composite resin was filled into the Teflon mold (1.35 mm depth, 8 mm diameter), followed by compression, polymerization and polishing with wet sandpaper. Shade guides were grinded with polishing stones and rubber points to a thickness of approximately 1.35 mm. Color characteristics were performed with a spectrophotometer(color i5, GretagMacbeth, USA). A computer-controlled spectrophotometer was used to determine CIELAB coordinates (
) of each specimen and shade guide. The CIELAB measurements made it possible to evaluate the amount of the color difference values (∆E*ab) between composite resins and shade guides. CIE standard D65 was used as the light source. The results were as follows : 1. Among the
values of most of 4 kinds of composite resin specimens which are produced by same shade, there were significant differences(p<0.05). 2. Among all 4 kinds of composite resin specimens which are produced by same shade, there were color differences that is perceptible to human eye(
>3.3). 3. Between most of composite resin specimens investigated and their corresponding shade guides, there were color differences that is perceptible to human eye(
>3.3). 4. In the clinical environment, it is recommended that custom shade guides be made from resin material itself for better color matching. Shade guides supplied by manufacturers or Vita Lumin shade guide may not provide clinicians a accurate standard in matching color of composite resins, and there are perceptible color differences in most of products. Therefore, it is recommended that custom shade guides be made from resin material itself and used for better color matching.
The Use of Ovate Pontics in the Maxillary Anterior Esthetic Zone: A Clinical Report
Choi, Mee-Ra ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 23~29
The ovate pontic was first described by Dewey and Zugsmith in 1933, but used clinically as a clinical alternative for esthetics in the late 1990s. The ovate pontic has been suggested as a more accurate duplication of emergence profile for natural teeth to provide an esthetic, cleanable prosthesis. If the resin temporary prosthesis with the ovate pontic is used during the healing period after the tooth extraction, it is possible to preserve the interdental papilla and eliminate or minimize the black triangle between the teeth. Ultimately it can become a esthetic final restoration without saliva leakage and phonetic discomfort. In this case we tried to treat the maxillary anterior area by the use of the ovate pontic and minimize the loss of the interdental papilla via duplicate the emergence profile of the natural tooth.
Comparative Study of the Rheologic Properties of Elastic Impression Materials
Hong, Jun-Won ; Ahn, Seung-Geun ; Park, Ju-Mi ; Song, Kwang-Yeob ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 31~40
The rheologic properties of elastic impression materials is a very important role as taking high accuracy impression. But, the studies that are focused on the rheologic properties of Korean elastic impression materials are not sufficient. The purpose of this study is to help clinical high accuracy impression taking by testing rheologic properties of elastic impression material that is made by Korea and other countries. Six type III elastic impression materials are tested. Subjects are 2 Korean polyvinylsiloxane(PVS), 2 imported PVS, 1 polyether, and 1 polysulfide. HAAKE RheoStress
(Thermo Electron Co. Germany)is used in measuring. HAAKE RheoStress
is plate to plate type rheometer. All subjects is tested 3 times and measuring time is 900 seconds. We measured G′ and loss tangent after mixing. All elastic impression materials had a sigmoid shape on increasing G′ by time and decreasing loss tangent after setting, maximum G' is appeared highest in polyether, and lowest in polysulfide. Initial loss tangent is highest in polyether, and is lowest in Koreans PVS. Significant difference is showed in initial loss tangent between Korean PVS and imported PVS.
Removal Torque of Mg-ion Implanted Clinical Implants with Plasma Source Ion Implantation Method
Kim, Bo-Hyoun ; Kim, Dae-Gon ; Park, Chan-Jin ; Cho, Lee-Ra ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 41~52
The surface treatment of titanium implant could bring out the biochemical bonding between bone and implant. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical bone response of Mg-ion implanted implants with plasma source ion implantation method. Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were included in this study. Each rabbit received one control fixture (blasted with resorbable blasting media, RBM) and three types of Mg ion implanted fixtures in tibiae. The implants were left in place for 6 weeks before the rabbits were sacrificed. Removal torque value and resonance frequency analysis (ISQ) were compared. The repeated measured analysis of variance was used with P≤0.05 as level of statistical significance. ISQ was not different among all groups. However, the ISQ was increased after 6 weeks healing. The group had lowest ISQ value showed the greatest increment. Mg-1 implants with 9.4% retained ion dose showed significantly higher removal torque value than that of the other implants. From this results, it is concluded that the Mg-1 implants has stronger bone response than control RBM surface implant.
Influence of Tungsten Carbide/Carbon Coating on the Preload and Tightening Torque of Implant Abutment Screws
Shin, Hyon-Mo ; Cho, Wook ; Jeong, Chang-Mo ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 53~59
The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical efficiency of tungsten carbide/carbon coating on obtaining optimal preload of abutment screw compared with non-coated screw in external-hex implant system. In the present work, rotational value and the compressive force between abutment and fixture of abutment screws without coating and with coating tightened to 30Ncm were measured. Mean compressive force of coated screw was 504.6N. Then uncoated screw was tightened to clamping the abutment and the implant to 504.6N, and the tightening torque value and the rotational value was recorded. The following conclusions were drawn within the limitation of this study. Compressive force of coated screw was higher than that of uncoated screw after tightening at 30Ncm. The tightening torque that was nedeed to clamping the uncoated screw equal to coated screw tightened to 30Ncm was 55.6Ncm. In case of equal compressive force, there was no significant difference in rotation value between coated and uncoated screw.
Miniscrew Installation Area and Condition on Maxillary Palatal Side
Lee, Ki-Yeon ; Lee, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 61~71
Anchorage control is important in orthodontic treatment. Recently miniscrew is widly used as maximum anchorage in orthodontic treatment, and then it is important to install miniscrew safely without damaging adjacent anatomic structure. In a view of Miniscrew‘s stability, maxilla is unfavorable than mandible, and moreover maxillary soft buccal bone has disadvantage on stability. so palatal area comes into notice for installation area. We measured distance between palatal roots and bone thickness at midpalatal area using 3D computed tomography, and have found following results. 1. On the comparison of distance between palatal roots, the distance between 2nd premolar and 1st molar was significantly longest and the distance between premolars was significantly shortest. 2. Going toward lateral area from midpalatal suture and posterior area from zero point, bone thickness significantly became shorter and shorter. And 5.0mm palatal sagittal plane has more significance decrease of bone thickness than 2.5mm palatal sagittal plane. According to these results, we can conclude that the palatal installation of miniscrew between 2nd premolar and 1st molar is safest. And it is more safe that comes closer to midpalatal suture and to anterior area in regard to incisive canal.
The Effect of Temperature and Concentration of Setting Solution on the Rheological Properties of Injectable Calcium Phosphate
Yu, Hyun-Mi ; Chang, Seok-Woo ; Park, Dong-Sung ;
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 73~82
Injectable calcium phosphate cement (CPC) has been used as bone substitute successfully due to good biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. One of the important mechanical characteristics of CPC is flowablility, which can be evaluated by measuring rheological parameters. However, there have been few studies that measured rheological properties of CPC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of temperature and concentrations of 2 kinds of setting solutions, hydroxyprophyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and polyacrylic acid (PAA), on rheological properties of CPC. The CPC used was dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD). Rheological properties of CPC paste were measured using rheometer. The effect of concentrations of each solution (2% and 1% HPMC and 35% and 17.5% PAA) was evaluated. The effect of temperature (25
) on the rheological properties of CPC was also investigated. The statistical analysis was carried out with Mann-whitney test with Bonferronis collection. CPC with both setting solutions showed shear thinning behavior. Higher concentrations of setting solution (2% HPMC and 35% PAA) produced significantly higher viscosity than lower concentrations of setting solution (1% HPMC and 17.5% PAA). CPC with HPMC showed significantly higher viscosity at 37
that at 25
. CPC with PAA showed lower viscosity at 37
than at 25
, although the difference was not statistically significant. The results showed that CPC with HPMC or PAA solutions are pseudoplastic and the concentrations of setting solutions and temperature may have an effect on the rheological properties of CPC paste. These results showed that the flowability of injectable CPC could be improved by use of increasing frequency of oscillation. In clinical practice, the use of ultrasonic vibration would be helpful in application of injectable CPC. CPC with HPMC could be more easily applicated at 25
. The use of lower concentrations of HPMC and PAA solution would be beneficial in terms of flowability.