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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of muscle and joint health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Nov 2004
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Apr 2004
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Health Problem and Joint Bleeding, Limitation according to Severity in Patients with Hemophilia
Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Won-Ok ; Song, Young-A ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 119~126
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify health problem and joint bleeding, disability according to severity in patients with hemophilia. Method: The research design was survey study for conformed severity in patients with hemophilia, health problem and bleeding of joint and degree of limitation. The subjects were 186 men in patients with hemophilia by convenience sampling. These results were analyzed statistically by frequency, percentage, t-test, chi-square. Result: 1. Health problem of severe hemophilia patients were significantly higher than moderate group(t=3.17, p=.002). A severe hemophilia patients were significantly higher than moderate group in health problem of socio-psychological, emotional, physical, interpersonal. 2. There was relation between severity and the frequency of bleeding(
, p=.054). 3. A severe hemophilia patients were more than moderate group in disability of ankle joint(t=2.52, p=.013). Conclusion: A severe hemophilia patients has more severe problems than moderate patient in case of health problem, joint bleeding and degree of disability.
Effects of Aquatic Exercise Program on Pain, Flexibility, Grip Strength, Self-Care Activities and Helplessness in Patients having Osteoarthritis
Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Chang-Sook ; Park, In-Hyae ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 127~135
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of aquatic exercise program on pain, flexibility, grip strength, self-care activities, helplessness in osteoarthritis patients. Methods: This program was carried out three times a week for 6 weeks by 3 groups of patients among 42 patients in regular swimming pool. Data were analysed by paired t-test for pre and post comparison. Results: There were significantly improved in pain flexibility, grip strength, self-care activities and helplessness after the program. However no significant differences were found in fatigue, difficulty of daily living activities and depression. Conclusion: Aquatic program was proved to be an effective nursing intervention to increase the self-care activities flexibility and grip strength, and to decrease pain and helplessness in osteoarthritis patients.
An Analysis of Trends in Nursing Research Utilizing Experimental Designs
Park, Kyung-Sook ; Choi, Eun-Hee ; Hwang, Yun-Young ; Ahn, Yang-Heui ; Chung, Hae-Kyung ; Paik, Hoon-Jung ; Ryoo, Eon-Na ; Lee, Eun-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 136~152
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to summarize trends and status of nursing research utilizing experimental designs in the Journal of Rheumatology Health over the past 10 years. Method: The Journal of Rheumatology Health published 37 experimental research articles between 1994 and 2004. These articles were included in a retrospective descriptive analysis. A checklist was utilized for data collection. Results: Qoasi-experimental researches were more frequent than pre-experimental research, but there were 8 research studies which had no hypothesis. The most frequently used nursing interventions were exercise/movement, and cognitive, followed by sensitive, and social interventions. There were very few research studies that used random assignment for internal validity. The rate of effectiveness of self-help interventions was lower than socio-psychological, cognitive, or motor-physical interventions. There was no research regarding families of patients with rheumatoid disease. Conclusion: Rigorous experimental research design is needed for internal and external validity in future research. Generalizing the effects of nursing interventions that are the results of rigorous experimental designs will contribute to promote the quality of life of patients with rheumatism and their families.
The Effects of Tai-Chi for Patients with Chronic Arthritis
Lim, Nan-Young ; Kim, Sun-Hee ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ; Kim, Myung-Sung ; Kim, Sung-Ae ; Jung, Kyung-Ran ; Choi, Mi-Yeon ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 153~164
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Tai-Chi for patients with chronic arthritis. This study was performed from 15th Sep. to 7th Nov. 2003, 57 arthritis patients were participated in the Tai-Chi program. Outcome measures were pain, fatigue, flexibility and balance. Data were analysed by
and t-test. There were statistically significant in fatigue, and knee flexibility, but no significant differences were found in pain and balance. In conclusion, Tai-Chi program was proved to be an effective nursing intervention to increase the fatigue and flexibility. And the 12 forms of Tai-Chi program has been found safely applicable to the patients with chronic arthritis for 8 weeks.
Psychosocial Adaptation of Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Focusing on Physical Disability and Social Support
Lim, Seung-Ju ; An, Kyung-Eh ; Han, In-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 165~175
Purpose: To describe the psychosocial adaptation, physical disability and social support, and to examine whether the physical disability and social support influence the psychosocial adaptation of women with Rheumatoid Arthritis(RA). Method: This survey was conducted with 102 women diagnosed as RA using a structured survey tool between April 12th and 30th 2004. Results: The Physical disability ranged from 0 to 51, the average was 9.89(
), appearing that less severe than previous studies. The social support ranged from 29 to 168, and the average was 91.73(
). The age, marital status, and monthly income were associated with patient's perceived social support. The psychosocial adaptation ranged from 77 to 186 and the average was 132.12(
). Entering physical disability and social support into the model significantly improved the prediction of psychosocial adaptation: 45.1% of the variance of psychosocial adaptation was attributed by the physical disability (Beta=-.325) and the social support (Beta=.204). Additionally, the religion (Beta=.231) and monthly income (Beta=.381) were significant predictors of the psychosocial adaptation. Conclusions: (1) Programs to improve physical disability of the clients are needed. (2) Marital status and age should be considered when the programs are developed. (3) More social support should be provided to the women with RA. (4) Adequate financial support is essential for the psychosocial adaptation of women with RA.
Affecting Factor on Sleep Disorder in Patients with Fibromyalgia
Han, Sang-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 176~186
Purpose: The purpose this research was to provide with basic data in the control of the sleep disorder found in the patients with fibromyalgia by analysing the main factors that affect that. Method: At two university medical center, appointed 171 out-patients diagnosed of fibromyalgia according to the conditions by American College of Rheumatology(1990). The research instruments used in this study were VAS Scale(Anxiety, fatigue, pain, joint stiffness and depression), physical activity family support, the number of tender points and Self-efficacy scale. In data analysis, SPSS 11.0 program was utilized and data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Result: The main factors that affect the sleep disorder of patients with fibromyalgia were fatigue, physical activity, and depressions which explained 46.2% of the sleep disorder. Conclusion: It has been confirmed that the regression equation model of this research may serve as a sleep disorder prediction factors in patients with fibromyalgia.
A Comparative Study on BMI, Pain, Depression, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy between Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients and Osteoarthritis Patients
Hwang, In-Ok ; Kim, Jong-Im ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 187~198
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify differences of BMI, pain, depression, self-esteem and self-efficacy between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients. Method: The study subjects were 135 persons having chronic arthritis at rheumatology clinic and the department of orthopedic surgery of the C university hospital in D city. The data were collected from February 19th to April 7th, 2003. The data analysis consisted of
, t-test, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and multiple regression using SPSSWIN 10.0 program. Result: 1. There were significant differences in age(p=0.000), occupation(p=0.015), marriage(p=0.028), duration of illness(p=0.000), BMI(p=0.006) and Self-efficacy(p=0.017) between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients. 2. In rheumatoid arthritis, the BMI and self-esteem(r=-0.239, p=0.05) were significantly correlated and also pain and self-esteem(r=-0.402, p=0.01), pain and self-efficacy(r=-0.455, p=0.01) were significantly negatively correlated. The self-esteem and depression(r=-0.622, p=0.01), self-efficacy and depression(r=-0.729, p=0.01) were significantly negatively correlated and also pain and depression(r=0.432, p=0.01), self-esteem and self-efficacy(r=-0.476, p=0.01) were significantly positively correlated. In osteoarthritis, the pain and self-esteem(r=-0.225, p=0.01) were significantly negatively correlated and also pain and self-efficacy(r=-0.493, p=0.01), self-esteem and depression(r=-0.692, p=0.01), self-efficacy and depression(r=-0.566, p=0.01) were significantly negatively correlated. The pain and depression(r=0.290, p=0.05), self-esteem and self-efficacy(r=0.383, p=0.01) were significantly positively correlated. 3. The factors influenced by the self-efficacy, the depression and age in rheumatoid arthritis explained 56.2%, the depression and pain in osteoarthritis explained 43.9%. The factors influenced by the BMI, the self-esteem in rheumatoid arthritis explained 5.7%, but there was no significantly variable in osteoarthritis. Conclusion: The results support the importance of different nursing intervention focused on BMI and self-efficacy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. There is a need for further studies to identify relation of variables in different diseases related to arthritis.