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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of muscle and joint health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Nov 2007
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Apr 2007
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Low Back Pain and Job Stress in Hospital Nurses
Kim, Yeon-Hee ; Kim, Young-Sin ; Ahn, Yang-Heui ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 5~12
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between low back pain and job stress in hospital nurses. Method: A descriptive correlation research design was employed. The participants were 355 nurses who worked in a general hospital in W city Kangwon-do and consented to participate in this study. The Visual Analog Scale and job stress scale were used in this study. Analysis included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and partial correlation coefficients. Results: Experience of low back pain for nurse in the past was 86.5% and in the present was 67.5% for low back pain which measured an average of 4.4 points for the level of low back pain. The mean score for job stress was relatively low(M=47.2). Job demand, organization system, job instability and conflict in relationships contributed to high stress scores, instead inappropriate compensation, job culture, and job autonomy contributed to low stress. There was a significant relationship between low back pain and job stress. Conclusion: These results suggest that further research is needed to develop programs to prevention and management of low back pain for nurses.
Effects of Tai Chi Self-help Program on Glucose Control, Cardiovascular Risks, and Quality of Life in Type II Diabetic Patients
Song, Rha-Yun ; Lee, Eun-Ok ; Bae, Sang-Cheol ; Ahn, You-Hern ; Lam, Paul ; Lee, In-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 13~25
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of Tai Chi self-help program on glucose control, cardiovascular risks, and quality of life in patients with type II diabetes. Method: The study subjects were 95 adults with type II diabetes recruited from five primary health centers and one outpatient clinic. The Tai chi self-help program was provided twice a week for 6 months. Outcome measures included blood glucose(HbA1c), cardiovascular risk checklist, and quality of life(SF36). Result: At the completion of 6-month program, HbA1c for Tai Chi group dropped from 6.79 to 6.59 without significant group differences. However, cardiovascular risk scores for Tai Chi group has been significantly reduced compared to the control group. In 6 months, quality of life (SF36) was significantly better for Tai Chi group especially in the areas of physical and social functioning. Conclusion: Tai Chi self-help program applied for type 2 diabetes patients has been partially effective to control cardiovascular risk factors, and some dimensions of quality of life. Tai Chi self-help program can be safely and easily applicable to primary care centers for diabetic patients and other people with chronic disease for their symptom management, and health promotion.
Effects of the Self-Help Program on Pain, Fatigue, Difficulty in Physical Activity, Joint Stiffness, Flexibility of the Joints in Arthritis Patients
Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Choi, Jung-Sook ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; Suh, Guil-Hee ; So, Ae-Young ; Choi, Sun-Ha ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 26~32
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if osteoarthritis patients would benefit in terms of pain, fatigue, difficulty with physical activity, joint stiffness, and flexibility of the joints from a structured self-help program. Method: This self-help program was carried out 2-3 hours once a week for 6 weeks in 2005-2006, and evaluated in one group pretest-posttest pre-experimental design. The subjects of this study who were diagnosed osteoarthritis were recruited at two different Community Health Centers in Kangwon. The subjects who agreed with the purpose of this study and participated both pretest and post-test were 55 patients. Mean age is 63.48 (9.48) years, mean duration of disease is 7.95 (7.66) years. The self-help program was consisted of weekly health contract, exercise, health education, group discussion, group counseling, and recreation. At every meeting, researcher and trained public health nurse evaluated the program, and prepared the next program. The measurement tools were pain rating scale (0-10), fatigue rating scale (0-10), Korean WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis) Index, ruler, and goniometer. Results: At the completion of 6 weeks of self-help program, the subjects reported significantly less pain and difficulty with physical activity and more flexibility in both shoulder and knee joints compared to pretest. Conclusion: The self-help program would be helpful on pain, physical activity, and joint flexibility for arthritis patients.
Pain Patterns and Factors Affecting of Low Back Pain in Middle-aged Women
Ham, Young-Lim ; Seo, Bok-Nam ; Ahn, Yang-Heui ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 33~41
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the pain patterns and factors affecting low back pain in middle-aged women with backache. Method: A descriptive research design was utilized. The participants were middle-aged women who visited to two back pain clinics in Wonju from October, 2006 through February, 2007. A total of 195 low back pain patients agreed to participate in this study, and data from 177 were analyzed. Data were collected using a questionnaire which included a modified short-form Korean pain rating scale, demographic factors, factors related to low back pain and health behavior. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis was utilized in the analysis. Results: The mean score for low back pain was relatively low(M=21.57, SD=11.44). Among pain patterns, scores for dull pain were the highest of all the dimensions. In the regression analysis, significant factors affecting low back pain were found to be age, level of education, religion, BMI, experience of pregnancy, delivery type and exercise. These variables explained 24.8% of variance in low back pain(F=3.79, p<.001). Conclusion: These results suggest that nurses need for assessment and intervention to take into consideration pain patterns as well as factors affecting middle-age women with backache.
The Evaluation of Tai-Chi Self-help Program for Osteoarthritis Patients
Choi, Mi-Kyung ; Won, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Yeoun-Ju ; Choi, Mi-Ok ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Song, Jung-Hee ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 42~51
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Tai-Chi self-help program for osteoarthritis patients. Method: This study was performed from 1th August. to 30th Dec. 2006. 27 osteoarthritis patients were participated in the Tai-Chi self-help program. Outcome measures were pain, flexibility and balance, self-efficacy. Data were analysed by SPSS WIN 12.0. Result: There were statistically significant in balance and knee flexibility. but no significant differences were found in pain and self-efficacy. Conclusion: In conclusion, Tai-Chi self-help program was proved to be an effective nursing intervention to increase the balance and flexibility. Also 12 forms of Tai-Chi self-help program has been found safely applicable to the patients with osteoarthritis for 8 weeks. A rigorous research design should be further considered to identify the long-term benefit for this population.
Perceived Stigma and Self-esteem of the Person with Physical Disability
Lee, In-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 52~60
Purpose: Perceived stigma may disrupt the ability of people with physical disability to successfully adapt to their situation. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between perceived stigma and self-esteem among adults with physically disabled. Method: The sample was drawn from August to October of 2006 at the rehabilitation centers and public health centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do, Korea. The data were collected from 314 persons with physical difficulty. Self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Perceived stigma was measured using the Perceived Stigma Scale for the person with physical disability developed by Lee. Result: There were significant differences of perceived stigma of the person with physical disability according to marital status and economic status. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between perceived stigma and self-esteem of the person with physical disability. Conclusion: The Findings of this study suggest that using nursing intervention to decrease the perceived stigma may promote self-esteem among persons with physical disability.
Factors Related to Fatigue in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Suh, Gil-Hee ; Kwon, Young-Eun ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 61~69
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate the degree of fatigue and its related factors in women with rheumatoid arthritis. Method: The subjects were 143 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Data were collected by questionnaires including Multi-Dimensional Assessment of Fatigue(Tack, 1991), Korean Health Assessment Questionnaire(Bae et al., 1991), numeric scale of pain(Lee & Song, 1987), Center for Epidemiologic StudiesDepression, and Korean Sleep Scale(Oh, et al., 1998). The data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0 program using descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation, and Stepwise Multiple Regression. Result: The result were as follows. 1. The scores of fatigue of subjects averaged
, degree of fatigue was
, and influence of fatigue was
. 2. The mean score of the degree of physical dysfunction, pain, sleep disorder, and depression were
points respectively. 3. The subject's total fatigue score, physical dysfunction, pain, sleep disorder, and depression was correlated positively(r=.44, r=.28, r=.29, r=.27, p< .01). 4. The main influencing factors on the fatigue were physical dysfunction and sleep disorder. These two main variables made it possible to explain 23.0% of the variance in fatigue. Conclusion: Therefore, nursing interventions for fatigue experienced women with rheumatoid arthritis would be focused to decrease physical dysfunction and sleep disorder.
A Study of Relationship of Pain and Fatigue in Elderly Women with Osteoarthritis
Kim, Sun-Ae ; Kim, Jong-Im ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 70~76
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of pain, fatigue, and illness duration in elderly women with osteoarthritis. Methods: The subjects of the study were one hundred and thirty five elderly women (age over 65years) who have an osteoarthritis. Data were gathered from September 2002 to June 2005 using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed with the SPSS Win 11.0 using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: Pain in the elderly women with osteoarthritis correlated with fatigue (r= .447, p= .00). Pain showed a significantly positive correlation to illness duration (r= .197, p= .02). Fatigue showed a significantly positive correlation to illness duration (r= .213, p= .01). Conclusion: It is suggested that we need to develop the pain and fatigue control program considering illness duration should be provided for elderly women with osteoarthritis.
Comparing Effects of Tai Chi Exercise, Tai Chi Self-help Program, and Self-help Management Program for Osteoarthritis Patients
Cho, Kyung-Sook ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Bak, Won-Sook ; Song, Rha-Yun ; Ahn, Yang-Heui ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Lee, In-Ok ; Choi, Sun-Ha ; Han, Sang-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 14, issue 1, 2007, Pages 77~84
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of Tai Chi exercise, Tai Chi self help program, and self help management program on arthritic pain, stiffness, fatigue and difficulties in performing daily activities in patients with osteoarthritis. Method: The pre-post experimental design was utilized with convenient sampling at Public Health Centers. Total of 38 subjects agreed to participate in the study with the inclusion criteria of being diagnosed as osteoarthritis and no previous regular exercise. The 12 subjects were assigned to Tai Chi exercise group, 13 subjects to Tai Chi exercise combined with self help management program, and the other 13 to self help management program. Tai Chi exercise group performed exercise twice a week for one hour per each session. Tai Chi self help management group came to the class twice a week, one hour for Tai Chi exercise, and another hour for self help management program. The third group came to the class once a week for one hour to participate self help management program. At the completion of 6 week programs, 10 subjects from Tai Chi exercise, 9 from Tai Chi self help, another 10 from self help management groups completed the post-test measures. The data were analyzed by SPSSWIN 11.0. The homogeneity tests for three experimental groups were conducted by
, Fisher's exact test, Kruskal-Wallis test. The final analysis of the post-test measures was conducted by ANCOVA with fatigue, pain, stiffness, and difficulties in daily activities of the pretest measures as covariates. Results: The results were as follows. There were no significant differences in fatigue, pain, and difficulties of daily activities among three groups for the pretest measures. The score of arthritic stiffness was significantly different among groups after controlled for covariates, but the post-hoc tests showed no group differences. Conclusion: The nursing interventions applied for osteoarthritis patients have been previously tested to show the cost effectiveness of symptoms management of this population.