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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of muscle and joint health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Nov 2008
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Apr 2008
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Analysis of the Effectiveness of Tai Chi Exercise in Elderly
Lee, Hea-Young ; Kim, Kum-Ja ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 5~23
Purpose: This study aims to conduct a systematic review of the physical, psychosocial and physiological effects of Tai Chi exercise in elderly. Method: 37 articles from Medline search of foreign journals (1966-2006) were surveyed by the key words 'Tai Chi', 'Tai-chi program' and 'Tai-chi and elderly' limiting the range to age 65 or older, choosing clinical trial and randomized controlled trial research in English articles. Four articles were excluded due to methodological study, pilot study and review. The research was analyzed according to health status of the subjects, styles and forms of Tai Chi exercises, factors for physical, psychosocial and physiological measures. Result: A short forming Yang style was commonly used in chronic diseases and health for elderly. Variable outcome measures were used in Tai Chi studies relating to balance, muscle strength, walking and mobility, flexibility and cardiorespiratory function in physical measure, quality of life, depression, self-efficacy, health status, cognition and impact questionnaire in psychosocial measure, lipids, insulin resistance and hormone in physiological measure. Conclusion: Tai Chi exercise appears to have physical and psychosocial benefits and also appears to be safe for elderly and chronic diseases. It is suggested that future studies analyze statistical part of systematic reviews through meta analysis.
Development of Preliminary Advanced Aquatic Exercise Program for Persons with Arthritis
Kim, Jong-Im ; Park, In-Hyae ; Eum, Ok-Boon ; Choi, Hee-Kwon ; Jeong, Yeong-Hee ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 24~32
Purpose: This study was conducted to develop an advanced aquatic exercise program for the patients with arthritis. Method: This study subjects were six aquatic exercise program instructors of Korean Society Muscle and Joint Health. They withheld several meeting to develop advanced aquatic exercise program. Results: The basic aquatic exercise program which were used since 1996 in Korea consisted of 9 units of ROM exercise in water. The advanced aquatic exercise program for the patients with arthritis consist of 12 units with complex and resistive exercise. Conclusion: This preliminary advanced aquatic exercise program for the patients with arthritis should be investigate for the effectiveness to build a more concrete evidence and utilization.
Helplessness and Health Behavior of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Han, Jung-Won ; Park, In-Hyae ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 33~40
Purpose: This study was to find out the relationships between helplessness and health behavior of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Method: The subjects were 293 rheumatoid arthritis patients who visit 2 rheumatology outpatient clinics in G city. Data were collected by questionnaires including Arthritis helplessness index(Nicassio, Wallston, Callahan, Herbert, & Pincus, 1985)and health behavior assessment scale(Jo, Oh & Choe, 2000). The data were analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test, ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test. Results: The majority of the subjects were women and the mean age was 50.4years. The mean duration of illness was 8.9years. There were negative correlations between the degree of helplessness and the degree of health behavior. The degree of helplessness was significantly high in those who were older, female, less educated, out of workforce, and those who had no chances to attend any arthritis-related classes. The degree of health behavior was significantly low in those who were older, high school graduate, in higher economic status, married, and those who had chances to attend arthritis-related classes. Conclusion: To reduce the helplessness of rheumatoid arthritis patients, the nursing intervention which is to increase the health behavior should be developed and provided to the rheumatoid arthritis patients.
The Behavior Patterns of using Complementary and Alternative Medicine among Degenerative Arthritis Patients
Lee, Hee-Bok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 41~52
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to study Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) used among degenerative arthritis patients in Korea. Method: This study used a descriptive survey method. Study subjects of the study were 278 degenerative arthritics selected from hospitals located in Kyungpook province and Daegu city. Data were collected between February 15, 2007 and March 31, 2007. Results: 62.6% of degenerative arthritics had used CAM. Manipulative Methods has shown to be one of the most effective methods on CAM. The utilization of CAM may be interpreted mainly due to the desperate need find therapeutics of their disease by all possible means (57.5%). Major factors that affect the decision of the patient include family, relatives, friends(42%), and the other patients who were in the similar circumstance (32.8%). Effectiveness of CAM has shown the following result "for complete cure of symptoms(77.0%), for health promotion (42.0%) and for psychological stabilization (29.9%)". 43.7% of the patients answered that they stopped of using CAM because of non-effectiveness. Conclusion: This study found that CAM among degenerative arthritic patients was a popular alternative method. Therefore, some nursing-oriented intervention method is needed together with a systematic guidelines of CAM usage is required.
Changes in Pain, Fatigue, Perceived Health Status, Joint Stiffness, Disability in ADL, and Depression after Tai Chi for Arthritis Program
Lee, Kyung-Sook ; So, Ae-Young ; Choi, Jung-Sook ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; Yoo, Bo-BI ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~61
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to observe the changes of the pain, fatigue, perceived health status, disability in ADL, and depression after Tai Chi for arthritis. Method: The subjects were 19 osteoarthritis women enrolled at one primary health care post. They have agreed to participate in this study, and participated in the 12-week Tai Chi program from Dec. 2006 to Mar. 2007, and all the measurement processes in right after, 2 months later, and 4 months later after Tai Chi program. The measurement tools of this study were all self-reported questionnaires such as Numerical Rating Scale (0-100) for pain, fatigue, and perceived health status, Korean-WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis) Index for joint stiffness, Korean Health Assessment Questionnaire, and CES-Depression scale. Results: The repeated measure ANOVA revealed the significant differences on pain among the right after, 2 months later, and 4 months later the program. Especially 2 months later after program, pain was significantly increased than right after by t-test. There were no significant differences on fatigue, perceived health status, disability in ADL, and depression. Conclusion: Pain was increased after Tai Chi for arthritis program, but fatigue, perceived health status, disability in ADL, and depression were not changed until 4 months after Tai Chi program.
Effects of Self-help Tai Chi for Arthritis Applying the Nine Movement Tai Chi
Choi, Jung-Sook ; So, Ae-Young ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; Lee, In-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 62~72
Purpose: There has been a need to integrating the self-help program for arthritis with the Tai Chi for arthritis(SHTCA). The purpose of this study was to develop and to examine the effect of SHTCA for arthritis applying the nine movement Tai Chi. Method: This study was designed the pre-post test, quasi-experimental design. A total 47 participants were recruited in W-city in Korea, an experimental group(26) and a control group(21) at pre-test, but after the eight weeks the composition of the groups were changed to 22 experimental group and 15 control group. The experimental group participated in the SHTCA once a week for eight weeks. SHTCA program consisted of understanding of the arthritis, contracting of the promise, exercise for muscle strength and joint flexibility and the nine movements of Tai Chi exercise. The measures used to examine the effect of the SHTCA were shoulder flexibility, back flexibility, grasping power, balance, abdominal obesity rates, perception of health status, and EQ-5D standardized five dimensions, mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Results: At The completion of the eight weeks of SHTCA applying the nine movement Tai Chi, the experimental group reported a significance in a number of variables compared to those of the control group: the right shoulder flexibility(p=.018), left shoulder flexibility(p=.031), right grasping power(p=.014), left grasping power(p=.024), the perception of health status(p=.005) and abdominal obesity rates(p=.027). Conclusion: This SHTCA applying the nine movement Tai Chi would be helpful on right shoulder flexibility, left shoulder flexibility, right grasping power, left grasping power, abdominal obesity rates and the perception of health status for arthritis patients.
A Study on the Pain, Depression, Life Satisfaction of the Chronic Low Back Pain Patients
Jin, Kwi-Ok ; Lim, Nan-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 73~87
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among pain, depression and life satisfaction of the chronic low back pain patients. Method: The subjects are 98 adults that visit hospital regularly or are hospitalized for back pain in a general hospital from June 1st to August 30th in 2007. The data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0. Results: The mean score for chronic low back pain as measured by the VAS was 5.85(
). The mean score for depression as measured by BDI was 1.83(
). The average score for life satisfaction was 2.89(
). There was a significant positive correlation between pain and depression. But there were significant negative correlations between pain & life satisfaction, depression & life satisfaction respectively. Conclusion: Chronic low back pain can be occurred to all ages and there are significant relationships among the pain, depression and life satisfaction. Therefore, the nursing interventions to help for relieving the pain and depression for patients with chronic low back pain is required.
The Effect of the Elastic Band for Resistance Exercise Program on ADL and Bone Mineral Density in Arthritis Patients at Home
Lee, Sang-Sook ; Sohn, Ae-Ree ; Chun, Sung-Soo ; Lee, Wan-Hee ; Kim, Seong-Yeol ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 88~95
Purpose: This study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of the Resistance Exercise Program on pain, stiffness, ADL and bone mineral density in Arthritis Patients at home. Methods: Forty-two patients participated in this study and they were divided randomly into two groups (exercise and control group). Two subjects dropped during the study period. The exercise group had a structured training which was 50 minutes in duration, five times per week for a period of 16 weeks and the control group without any scheduled treatment. Data were gathered for 16 weeks (May 21, 2007- September 10, 2007) and were analyzed by using SPSS Win 12.0. Results: The pain, stiffness, ADL, balance and bone mineral density in the exercise group were improved significantly after the Resistance Exercise Program. However, a significant improvement on the above mentioned variables was not observed in the control group.