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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of muscle and joint health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Nov 2008
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Apr 2008
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The Effect of Tai Chi Exercise in Elderly Women
Park, Young-Ju ; Park, In-Hyae ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 2, 2008, Pages 119~129
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of Tai Chi exercise program on pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, and quality of life in elderly women. Method: A quasi-experimental design, a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest was the method of this study. Elderly women who agreed to participate in the study were conveniently placed into an experimental group (n=33) or an control group (n=34). The experimental group participated in Tai Chi exercise program, which was held for 60 minutes per session and 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Tai Chi exercise program consisted of a 10 minute warm-up, a 45 minute main session, and a 5 minute cooling down. In order to evaluate the effects of Tai Chi exercise program, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, and quality of life were measured with a questionnaire. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, t- test, and ANCOVA by SPSS WIN 13.0 program. Results: Compared with the control group, the experimental group reported higher level of quality of life (F=7.67, p=.007) and self-efficacy (F=20.9, p=.000) and lower level of pain (F=10.93, p= .002), fatigue (F=6.28, p=.015), and depression (F=10.02, p=.002). Conclusions: This study suggests that Tai Chi exercise program may be one of the effective nursing interventions for elderly women.
Effect of Tai Chi Exercise Program on Muscle Strength, Grip Strength, Flexibility, Pain, Depression and Self-efficacy in Patients with Osteoarthritis
Chang, Koung-Oh ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 2, 2008, Pages 130~139
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Tai Chi exercise on muscle strength, grip strength, flexibility, pain, depression and self-efficacy in patients with osteoarthritis. Method: With a quasi-experimental design, 46 persons with osteoarthritis were assigned into an experimental group (n=22) or a control group (n=24). Muscle strength, grip strength, flexibility, pain, depression and self-efficacy were measured both before and after the exercise. Data were analyzed with SPSS WIN using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANCOVA. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 68 years in the experimental group and 64 years in the control group. After controlling for age and pre-test outcome variables, muscle strength scores (F=-14.8, p= .00), grip strength scores (Rt: F=8.40, p= .01), and self-efficacy (F=47.3, p= .00) improved more in the experimental group than the control group. Joint pain scores (F=15.0, p= .00) and depression scores (F=14.7, p= .00) decreased in the experimental group. Conclusion: Tai Chi exercise is likely to be an effective nursing intervention to improve muscle strength, grip strength, and self-efficacy and reduce pain and depression for patients with osteoarthritis.
The Adjustment Process of Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Lee, Yoon-Kyoung ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Kim, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 2, 2008, Pages 140~154
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the adjustment process of patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(ALS). Method: The data were collected from May 2007 to February 2008 through individual in-depth interviews with 4 ALS patients. The data collection and analysis were performed according to grounded theory methodology, as suggested by Strauss and Corbin. Results: 'Accepting the sick role' was the central phenomenon, which was derived from 'perceiving an intial symptom'. Therefore, the adjustment pattern was represented by using the different strategies, which were 'raising hope' and 'hoping to dye comfortably'. For taking a view of the future, ALS patients adopted the strategies of 'living positively', 'being treated hardly', 'joining in the experience', 'depending on the absolute being', 'recognizing the dying process'. Conclusion: This study provides guidance for the development of nursing interventions for patients with ALS.
Development of a Progressive Exercise Program for Older Adults with Osteoarthritis
Park, In-Hae ; Lee, Eun-Nam ; Park, Sang-Youn ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 2, 2008, Pages 155~165
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a progressive exercise program based on clinical guidelines for exercise prescription for older adults with osteoarthritis, which was planned to improve the existing arthritis self-help program. Method: We analyzed the contents of the arthritis self-help program and closely reviewed the guideline of exercise prescription for elderly with osteoarthritis. Results: The major contents of the revised arthritis self-help program are as follows: 1) The weekly education is composed of one-hour exercise and one-hour health education about various subjects. 2) The weekly main exercise is composed of muscle strengthening and endurance exercise. 3) Endurance exercise consists of three steps. 4) Muscle strengthening exercise is performed by gravity at first, and then the Thera-Band muscle strengthening exercise is followed on the 4th week. Conclusion: It is necessary to verify the effect of the progressive exercise program for older adults with osteoarthritis. It is thought that this revised program could be adopted as a rehabilitation program for older adults with osteoarthritis.
Effect of Dynamic Yoga on Body Composition and Blood Lipids in Middle-aged Post-menopausal Women
Kim, Mi-Sook ; Park, Tae-Gon ; Kim, Jae-Ho ; Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 2, 2008, Pages 166~174
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 8-week dynamic yoga program on body composition and blood lipids in middle-aged post-menopausal women. Method: Twenty participants were allocated to the yoga group (YG, n=10) or the control group (CG, n=10). They were assessed for lean body mass, percent body fat, waist to hip ratio, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride both before and after intervention. The yoga group participated in the program lasting
minutes, five times a week for 8 weeks. Results: Unlike the control group, the yoga group showed a significant decrease in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, percent body fat, and waist hip ratio after the yoga training. However, changes in lean body mass, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride level during the intervention period were not different between the yoga group and the control group. Conclusion: The 8-week dynamic yoga program could be adopted to prevent cardiovascular diseases in middle-aged post-menopausal women by promoting body composition & blood lipids.
A Study on Low Back Pain Prevalence Rate and Related Factors among Emergency Medical Technicians Working at Fire Stations
Ham, Young-Lim ; Ahn, Yang-Heui ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 2, 2008, Pages 175~182
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify low pain prevalence rate and factors affecting low back pain in emergency medical technicians. Method: A descriptive relationship research design was utilized. The participants were 74 emergency medical technicians who worked at fire stations in W and J city and agreed to participate in this study. Data were collected between April and August 2008 using a questionnaire, which included demographic factors, severity of low back pain using a visual analog scale, factors related to low back pain and health behavior, and BMI. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression were performed for data analysis. Results: 85.1% of emergency medical technicians experienced low back pain. The mean score of low back pain was relatively low (M=4.0, SD=2.33). Significant factors affecting low back pain were found to be age, marital status, exercise, hours of standing work, and BMI. These variables explained 35.1% of variance in low back pain (F=8.45, p<.001). Conclusion: These results suggest that further research is needed to develop interventions for prevention and management of low back pain among emergency medical technicians.
The Effect of a Walking Program on Physical Health in Older Adults
Kim, Hee-Gerl ; Nam, Hye-Kyung ; Cho, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 15, issue 2, 2008, Pages 183~190
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a walking program on body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood glucose in community-dwelling older adults. Method: A quasi-experimental research design (one group pretest-posttest) was employed. Participants were recruited in Seoul and a total of 57 community-dwelling older adults completed the 10-week walking program. Descriptive statistics and paired t-tests were used in the data analysis by SPSS WIN 14.0. Result: The participants showed lower BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, cholesterol level, and blood glucose level after than before participation in the walking program. Body mass index significantly decreased (t= 2.911, p= .005) after completing the walking program. There were, however, no significant changes in blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood glucose after completing the walking program. Conclusion: Findings of this study indicated that the 10-week walking program had favorable effect on BMI. Future research needs to target various older adult groups during a long-term period.