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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of muscle and joint health
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Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Nov 2009
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Apr 2009
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The Influencing Factors of the Bone Health Promoting Behavioral Change after the Bone Mineral Density Test in College Women
Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 105~115
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether college women would change their exercise and milk intake behavior after the bone mineral density (BMD) test, and to understand the influencing factors in the exercise & milk intake behavioral change. Method: A questionnaire survey which assesses the exercise and m ilk intake behavior was carried out to the 194 college women from June, 2007 to August, 2007, then they had BMD test in the distal radius site. One year later, 146 women have done a similar questionnaire including osteoporosis know ledge, osteoporosis self efficacy, exercise and milk efficacy, and their health belief. Results: The group that had begun regular exercises after the BMD test showed the lowest level of BMD and exercise barrier. And the other group that had been taking exercises before the test, showed the highest osteoporosis self efficacy, exercise efficacy and osteoporosis sensitivity. As for the behavioral change related to milk intake, only the group that had started to intake a cup of milk a day showed the lowest BMD. Conclusion: This study shows that the BMD testing can induce the behavioral change of exercise and milk intake in college women.
Effects of the Tai Chi Exercise Program on Physical Functional and Physiological Variables in Patients with Degenerative Arthritis
Lee, Yun-Jeong ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 116~124
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a Tai Chi exercise program on physical function and physiological variables in patients with degenerative arthritis. Methods: The study utilized a nonequivalent control group with pretest-posttest design. Data collection was done with the elders from two welfare institutions in C-city between July I and September 22, 2007. The participants were assigned either to an experimental group (n=24) or to a control group (n=22). The experimental group participated in Tai Chi exercise for 60 minutes per session, twice a week for 12 weeks and the control group received the education about arthritis for 3 weeks. Results: Except for
, weight, and body fat rate, the elders in the experimental group showed significant improvement in physical function (grip strength, flexibility, balance), and physiological variables (BP) compared to the control group. Conclusion: The results suggest that Tai Chi exercise would partially improve physical function, and physiological variables. Further studies are needed to determine the effects on physical fitness and physiological variables after Tai Chi exercise in this population.
Effects of the Rhy-Kwon Exercise with Motion Beat Music on Physical Fitness and Mood among Adult Women
Cho, Kyung-Sook ; Kim, Woo-Won ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 125~134
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of the Rhy-Kwon exercise with motion beat music program to the Rhy-Kwon with ordinary beat music program on physical fitness and mood in employed women. Method: Total of 29 women who did not have any particular disease were randomly assigned either to a Rhy-Kwon with motion beat music group or to a Rhy-Kwon with ordinary beat music group. Nine subjects in each group completed posttest measures (physical fitness and mood) in 8 weeks. Results: After the 8 weeks of the study period, there were significant improvement in sargent jump and mood especially for the subscale of vigor in the Rhy-Kwon with motion beat music group compared to their counterparts. But no significant differences were found between the groups in other physical fitness measures. Conclusion: The results showed that Rhy-Kwon with motion beat music program would partially improve physical fitness and mood (vigor). Further studies are needed to confirm the effects of Rhy-Kwon with motion beat music program with various populations.
Development and Effect of Exercise Program to Prevent Osteoporosis in Working Women
Lee, Ho-Yeon ; Wang, Mi-Suk ; Lim, Nan-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 135~144
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an exercise program to prevent osteoporosis in working women and to examine its effects on bone mineral density (BMD). Method: The subjects of the study were 55 working women. The experimental group participated three times per week for twelve weeks in this exercise program. T-test and ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. Results: The BMD of the experimental group prior to participating in the exercise program was 0.9301
. However, after the exercise program, the BMD increased to 0.9415
(t=-2.338, p=.026). Moreover, in relations to BMD and physiological variables, there were significant correlations between BMD and physical activity (r=.294, p=.030), as well as between BMI and physical activity (r=.267, p=.049). Conclusion: In this study, BMD in the experimental group had significantly increased after their participation, while the control group had decreased. Thus, this study showed that the exercise program developed for working women is effective in maintaining BMD and consequently preventing osteoporosis.
Effects of Aroma Massage on Pain, Activities of Daily Living and Fatigue in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis
Kim, In-Ja ; Kim, Eun-Kyung ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 145~153
Purpose: The effects of aroma massage on pain, activities of daily living, and fatigue were investigated in the patients who have knee osteoarthritis. Method: A quasi-experimental design with non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest measures was used. Twenty one and twenty subjects were included in control and experimental group, respectively. Subjects in experimental group had aroma massage which used lavender, chamomile, and ginger oil on painful knee. They were encouraged to implement aroma massage at least two times a day for 2 weeks. Subjects in the control group had conventional oil massage implementing by exactly same method as did in the experimental group. GRS(graphic rating scale), Korean version of WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster) osteoarthritis index, and MAF(multidimensional assessment of fatigue) were used to measure the outcome variables such as pain, activities of daily living and fatigue, respectively. Results: After 2 weeks, those in the experimental group reported significantly less pain and fatigue and better activities of daily living than those in the control group. Conclusion: Based on these results, aroma massage could be recommended as a self managed intervention for the patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Effect of an Osteoporosis Prevention Health Education for Women in an Urban Area
Yang, Seung-Ae ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 154~164
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of an osteoporosis prevention health education on know ledge, health beliefs, self-efficacy and preventive health behaviors of women in an urban area. Methods: A one- group pre-test-post-test design was conducted to identify the effects of an osteoporosis prevention health education. The study was conducted between April and November 2008, and recruited 98 women in Seoul. All participants completed the pretest and posttest measures with self-administered questionaire: Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale and Osteoporosis Preventive Health Behaviors Survey. Results: The result of the paired t-test revealed statistically significant difference in the perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits of osteoporosis and osteoporosis preventive behaviors between pretest and posttest measures. However, the difference in knowledge and self-efficacy between the pretest and posttest measures was not statistically significant. Conclusions: These finding indicate the need for further health education to increase osteoporosis knowledge, health beliefs, self-efficacy and osteoporosis preventive health behaviors and provide guidance for developing effective osteoporosis prevention health education strategies.
The Effects of Sling Exercise on Fall Risk Score, Ankle Dorsiflexion and Balance in Community-Dwelling Elderly Women
Hahm, Kyoung-Lim ; Lee, Wan-Hee ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 165~173
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of sling exercise on fall risk score, ankle dorsiflexion and balance in community-dwelling elderly women. Method: A 6-week prospective study was conducted to examine the effects of sling exercise. Participants were required to attend their assigned exercise classes three times a week for 6 weeks. Result: After the 6 week study period, PPA fall-risk scores were reduced by 0.90 for the exercise group, which was a significant change (p<.001). Dorsiflexion strength increased significantly (p<.01) by 1.56 kg after the sling exercise. There was a 2.0 cm-increase (p<.05) in FRT and 0.38 second-improvement (p<.01) in TUGT. A 7.88 second-increase in One-leg standing with Eyes Open and a 3.12 second-increase in One-leg standing with Eyes Closed were reported during the 6-week intervention period. Conclusion: The 6-week sling exercise reduced falls risk score significantly (p<=.001) in community-dwelling elderly women by improving fall risk related factors such as reaction time, balance and strength.
Effects of the Self-help Tai Chi Program for Arthritis with Supportive Follow up Phone-Calls
Choi, Jung-Sook ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; So, Ae-Young ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 174~183
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to develop and examine the self-help and Tai Chi program for arthritis, and to identify the effect when combined with a supportive follow up phone-calls. Method: The design for this study was a 3*2 quasi-experimental design. Sixty-six participants were recruited in W-city, and assigned to Exp 1 group (n=21) or Exp 2 group (n=24) according to supportive follow-up phone call method, or to the control group (n=21). Fifty-two subjects (17 and 20 in Exp 1 and 2, and 15 in the control group) completed pretest and posttest. Both experimental groups participated in the self-help and Tai Chi program for arthritis once a week for 8 weeks. Exp 1 received automated follow up phone-calls made up in KT-SHUT program, and Exp 2 received follow up phone-calls made up by researchers. The control group received no education and no phone call. Measures used to examine the effect self-help and Tai Chi program for arthritis were joint flexibility, hand muscle strength, balance with closed eyes and self-efficacy. The final analysis of the post-test measures was conducted by ANCOVA with age and self efficacy as covariates. Results: Both experimental group had significantly increased right shoulder flexibility (p=.002), left shoulder flexibility (p=.000), right hand grip (p=.024), and self efficacy (p=.008) compared with the control group. But there were no significant differences between two experimental groups in any physical indicators and self efficacy. Conclusion: Automated follow up phone-call would be helpful in managing the self-help and Tai Chi program for arthritis as well as researcher's phone call. The automated follow up phone-call program which was a new method could be recommended for use to encourage home exercise practice and the program participation.
Effects of the Progressive Exercise Program on Flexibility, Grip Strength, Pain, and Fatigue for Osteoarthritis Patients
Kim, Sam-Sook ; Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 184~192
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a progressive exercise program for osteoarthritis patients. Methods: This study was performed from 24th March. to 7th July. 2009. Thirty six osteoarthritis patients were participated in the progressive exercise program. Outcome measures were shoulder flexibility, knee flexibility, grip strength, pain intensity, number of pain site and fatigue. SPSS/WIN Version 14.0 was used for the data analysis. Results: At the completion of 6 weeks of progressive exercise program, there were statistically significant differences in shoulder flexibility and knee flexibility. But no significant differences were found in grip strength, pain, number of pain site and fatigue between pretest and posttest. Conclusion: Progressive exercise program was proved to be an effective nursing intervention for improving the shoulder and knee flexibility. However, progressive exercise program did not increase pain & fatigue.