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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of muscle and joint health
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Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Nov 2010
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Apr 2010
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Comparative Study of the Effects of Stretching Exercise and Aquatic Exercise Program
Choi, Hee-Kwon ; Cho, Kyung-Sook ; Kim, Jong-Im ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 5~13
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.005
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of stretching exercise and aquatic exercise program on flexibility, pain and quality of life (QoL) in patients with osteoarthritis. Methods: Fifty elderly women were assigned either to the stretching exercise (SEG, n=25) or to the aquatic exercise groups (AEG, n=25) after 6-week self-help education program. SEG carried out supervised stretching exercise and water exercise training program was conducted by AEG (60 min/day, 2 days/wk) for 8 weeks. Flexibility, pain, and quality of life were measured by Senior Fitness Test Manual (Rikli & Jones, 2gr5), pain rating scale (0-10) and the questionnaire by World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF (Min et al., 2gr0), respectively. Results: Both SEG (all, p&H;.05) and AEG (all, p&H;.05) increased left upper and lower-body flexibility, measured by a measuring tape. Pain significantly decreased both in SEG (p=.000) and AEG (p=.004). Quality of life was significantly improved only for the SEG. Conclusion: The 8-week stretching exercise program would significantly improve flexibility, pain control and QoL in patients with osteoarthritis.
The Effect of Ear Reflexotherapy on Back Pain of Working Women in Middle Age
Park, Kyung-Sook ; Ha, Eun-Ho ; Kim, Yu-Na ; Kwon, Soo-Jin ; Ru, Lee-Jung ; Song, Ju-Hyun ; Woo, Yong-Wha ; Lee, Jae-Yeon ; Chun, In-Hee ; Kang, Hyun-Kyung ; Park, Hee-Jung ; Lee, Eun-Joo ; Lee, Jae-On ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 14~24
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ear reflexotherapy on back pain of working women in middle age. Methods: The quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for the study. Total of 56 participants composed of experimental group (n=26) and control group (n=30), who were working in four hospitals in urban area. The degree of back pain after ear reflexotherapy was measured by VAS. The data were analyzed by frequency, percent, t-test and
-test. Results: The degree of back pain after ear reflexotherapy in the experimental group was significantly reduced, while there was no difference in control group. There was a significant difference between the experimental group and control group in the degree of back pain after ear reflexotherapy (t=3.702, p=.001). Conclusion: Application of ear reflexotherapy was effective for employed women in middle age and it needs to be further evaluated among the other population.
Effects of Aromatherapy on Pain and Inflammatory Responses in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Han, Seon-Hee ; Nam, Eun-Sook ; Uhm, Dong-Choon ; Kim, Keum-Soon ; Paik, Seung-In ; Park, Sung-Hwan ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.025
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of a 4-week aromatherapy on pain and inflammation in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: A quasi-experimental study using a nonequivalent control group, pretest-posttest non-synchronized design was used. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, independent samples t-test, and Fisher's exact test were used. Results: After a 4-week aromatherapy, tender joint count (M=5.67 to 4.17), swollen joint count (M=4.13 to 2.54), and patient's assessment of pain (M=43.33 to 31.08) decreased significantly for the aromatherapy participants compared to the control group. But there was no significant difference between the groups in erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Conclusion: These findings suggest that aromatherapy could decrease joint pain, tenderness, and swelling in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, but some modifications in aromatherapy intervention and research method will be required to examine the effects of aromatherapy on inflammatory level in this population.
Effect of 12-Week Tai Chi Exercise on Glucose Control, Peripheral Nerve Modulation, and Perceived Health for Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Neuropathy
Hwang, In-Ok ; Ahn, Suk-Hee ; Song, Rha-Yun ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~46
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.035
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effect of 12-week Tai Chi exercise on glucose control, peripheral nerve modulation, and perceived health for Type 2 diabetic patients with neuropathy. Methods: A pretest posttest design with a nonequivalent control group, 44 diabetic patients with neuropathy were recruited from an outpatient clinic of a university hospital and assigned into Tai Chi or Control groups. The Tai Chi exercise was based on Tai Chi for Diabetes program developed by Lam (2006) and performed one hour for each session twice a week for 12 weeks. Outcome variables were HbA1c, Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument scores and perceived health. A total of 25 patients completed both measures of pretest and posttest. Results: The study participants were 67 years old in average, diagnosed by DM for more than 15 years. Those who participated in 12-week Tai Chi exercise (n=13) significantly improved in HbA1c (t=2.23, p=.035) and perceived health (t=-2.28, p=.032) than the control group (n=12). Conclusion: Tai Chi exercise may improve glucose control and health status in patients with Type II diabetes. Further study with larger sample size would be necessary to confirm the effect of Tai Chi on peripheral nerve modulation.
Effects of a 9-week Self-help Management.Aquatic Exercise Program on Pain, Flexibility, Balance, Fatigue and Self-efficacy in the Patients with Osteoarthritis
Jeong, Yeong-Hee ; Kim, Jong-Im ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~57
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.047
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of a 9-week self-help management aquatic exercise program on pain, flexibility, balance, fatigue and self-efficacy in the patients with osteoarthritis living in the suburban area. Methods: Utilizing a quasi-experimental design, 43 osteoarthritis patients consisted of the experimental group (n=20) and the control group (n=23). Due to the busy schedule of the patients working in the farm, the program was provided for 9 weeks instead of 12 week program under the guidance of professional advice. The questionnaires and physical measurements were used to measure the outcome variables before and after the program. Data were analyzed with the SPSS WIN using descriptive statistics, t-test and ANCOVA. Results: The age was significantly different between the groups. After controlling for the age, pain and fatigue in the experimental group decreased significantly more than the control group. Flexibility, balance and self-efficacy in the experimental group improved significantly more than the control group. Conclusion: This 9-week program could be an effective nursing intervention to be used especially for osteoarthritis patients in the suburban area during the leisure seasons of the farmers to improve their arthritic symptoms and self-efficacy.
The Effect of the Tai Chi Exercise Program on the Physical Function, Self-Esteem and Social Behavior of Patients with Chronic Schizophrenia
Oh, Kyong-Ok ; Park, Young-Hee ; So, Hee-Young ; Kim, Dal-Sook ; Park, In-Sook ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Kim, Tae-Sook ; Kim, Hyun-Li ; Song, Rha-Yun ; An, Suk-Hee ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 58~67
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.058
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the Tai chi exercise program on the physical function, self-esteem and social behavior in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Methods: This study utilized a nonequivalent control group with pretest-posttest design. The 45 subjects were recruited from a mental health care facility in D city and randomly assigned either to the experimental group (n=23) or to the control group (n=22). The experimental group participated in the Tai chi exercise program, twice a week for 12 weeks. Data were analyzed with SPSSWIN V. 11.5 program, using
-test and t-test. Results: After 12 weeks, there were significant differences in flexibility (p=.027), balance (p=.011), self-esteem (p=.005) and social behavior (p=.003) between the experimental and the control groups. Conclusion: The findings of this study revealed the positive effects of Tai-Chi exercise program in patients with schizophrenia. Further studies are required to determine the effects on physical and social variables.
Effects of Tai-Chi Exercise and Self-help Management Program Applying Laughter Therapy in Patients with Osteoarthritis
Kim, Keum-Soon ; Yu, Jeong-A ; Kim, Jin-A ; Lee, Yim-Sun ; Lee, In-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 68~78
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.068
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effects of Tai-Chi exercise and self-help management program applying laughter therapy in patients with osteoarthritis. Methods: This quasi-experimental study recruited a sample of 61 patients with osteoarthritis (experimental group: 30, control group: 31) through the community healthcare centers located in Seoul and Kyung Gi area. The primary outcome measures included symptoms of osteoarthritis, basic physical performance, fatigue, and depression assessed before and after the study. The data were analyzed using SPSSWIN V. 12.0. Results: At the end of the six-week intervention, left shoulder flexibility (t=2.011, p=.049), 6m walking speed (t=3.639, p=.001), and right balance (t=-2.30, p=.025) were significantly improved in the control group. Fatigue (t=3.012, p=.004), stiffness (t=2,093, p=.041), right shoulder flexibility (t=2.138, p=.037), right balance (t=-2.065, p=.043), and 6m walking speed (t=2.683, p=.009) were significantly improved in the experimental group. Conclusion: A twice a week, 6-week tai-chi exercise self-help management program applying laughter therapy is effective in decreasing fatigue and stiffness. Osteoarthritis is one of common chronic diseases that the patients should be required to continue self management for the rest of their life. Therefore, there is a need to develop the more effective self-help management program and nursing intervention to motivate them to maintain their own self-help management.
The Analysis on Published Research in the Journal of Muscle and Joint Health
Lim, Nan-Young ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Lee, Eun-Nam ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Lee, In-Ok ; Cho, Kyung-Sook ; Bak, Won-Sook ; Lee, Yoon-Kyoung ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Keum-Soon ; Chon, Mi-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 1, 2010, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.1.079
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the published research in the Journal of Muscle and Joint Health and to suggest the future perspectives. Methods: In this study, we reviewed the contents of 195 articles published in this journal from the first issue of the year 1994 to 2007. Results: The majority of subjects were adult, mostly with arthritis. The position of the authors was mostly professor (73.3%). Most of studies did not clearly describe about ethical consideration. The data collection was mostly conducted in the hospital (53.8%) or community (36.9%), with the questionnaire (62.6%). The types of research design were correlational study (36.4%), experimental study (31.8%), survey (18.5%), and qualitative research (4.6%). Physical variables included pain, fatigue, activities of daily living, joint flexibility, muscle strength, etc., psychosocial variables were measured by self-efficacy, depression, quality of life, etc., and cognitive variables by knowledge, education, etc. The most utilized nursing intervention for experimental study were exercise, self-help, and education. Conclusion: Further research is needed to extend the target population research design from multidisciplinary perspectives.