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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of muscle and joint health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Nov 2010
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Apr 2010
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Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Processes of Change, Situational Temptation and Decisional Balance in Male University Student Smokers
Kim, Ju-Sung ; Lee, Sun-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 113~123
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.113
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a smoking cessation program on processes of change, situational temptation, and decisional balance in male university student smokers. Method: Utilizing a quasi-experimental design, 78 male university students consisted of an experimental group (n=48) and a control group (n=30). A smoking cessation program was applied to the experimental group for a period of 6 months while no program was given to the control group. Study questionnaires were used to measure outcome variables before and after the program. Descriptive analysis,
-test, t-test, and ANCOVA were used with SPSS 18.0 program for data analysis. Results: After treatment with this program, the experimental group showed significantly higher scores for processes of change (experiential and behavioral processes of change) than the control group. The experimental group also showed significantly lower scores for situational temptation (positive social, negative affect, and habit strength). Conclusion: The smoking cessation program may have positive effects on process of change and smoking temptation for male university student smokers.
Effect of Taping Therapy on the ROM, Pain, and Discomfort of Adults with Ankle Pain
Jeong, Hyeon-Cheol ; Lim, Nan-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 124~131
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.124
Purpose: This study was intended to examine an effect of taping therapy for adults suffering from ankle pain. Method: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for the study. An experimental group had 32 subjects and a control group 23 subjects. Subjects from the experimental group were taped for 24 hours and thereafter their range of motion [ROM], pain, and discomfort in the injured ankle were evaluated. SPSS Windows was used for data analysis. Result: The degree of ROM of the taped experimental subjects was greater compared to that of non-taped control subjects. The score of ankle pain of the taped subjects was lower than that of non-taped subjects. The score of ankle discomfort of the taped subjects was lower than that of non-taped subjects. Conclusion: This taping therapy can be used independently by nurses as an effective nursing intervention to decrease ankle pain and discomfort after the injury of ankle, which would contribute to expanding a realm of nursing.
Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy on Stress and Anxiety of Patients from Traffic Accidents
Choi, Woon-Joo ; Eun, Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 132~141
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.132
Purpose: This study was to examine the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy on stress and anxiety of traffic accident patients. Method: Subjects of this study were 39 hospitalized patients at orthopedic ward. An experimental group received Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy five times each week for four weeks beginning from the fourth day following the injury, whereas a control group received regular care. A tape of Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy recorded in Korean by the Rheumatoid Health Academic Society was used for relaxation therapy. Data were analyzed using SPSS 13.0 for Windows. Results: Patients who received Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy experienced lower level of stress (t=-9.829, p<.001) and anxiety (t=-15.303, p<.001) than those who did not. Conclusion: Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy may be an effective nursing intervention to reduce levels of stress and anxiety of traffic accident patients.
Effects of Knee and Foot Position on EMG Activity and Ratio of the Vastus Medialis Oblique and Vastus Lateralis during Squat Exercise
Kim, Hyun-Hee ; Song, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 142~150
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.142
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine EMG activities and VMO/VL ratio of the vastus medialis oblique, vastus lateralis, and rectus femoris during squat exercise (knee angle: 15, 45, and 60 degrees; tibial rotation: internal rotation, neutral, and external rotation). Methods: Twelve subjects performed squat exercise at each knee angle and tibial rotation while electromyographic (EMG) activity was collected. Statistical analysis consisted of two-way repeated measures analysis of variance with post hoc analysis. Results: There were significant main effects of knee angles and foot positions and interaction effect on EMG activities of vastus medialis oblique and vastus lateralis. VMO/VL ratios were significantly different by tibial rotations and there was an interaction effect. A neutral position produced significantly more VMO/VL activity ratio than that from internally rotated position and externally rotated position at 60 degrees. Conclusion: Considering the interaction effects for EMG activity across quadriceps muscles tested, the 60 degrees knee angle with a neutral foot position may provide the most effective condition for patients with acute patellofemoral syndrome.
Effect of Tai Chi Exercise on Loneliness, Sleep Pattern, and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living in Elderly Women
Park, Young-Ju ; Park, In-Hyae ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 151~161
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.151
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of Tai Chi exercise on loneliness, sleep pattern, and instrumental activities of daily living in elderly women. Methods: A quasi-experimental design, a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest was used. Elderly women who agreed to participated in the study were assigned into an experimental group (n=20) or a control group (n=20). The experimental group participated in Tai Chi exercise program (Sun-style 12 forms) for 50 minutes per session, 2 times a week for 8 weeks. Tai Chi exercise program consisted of 10 minutes for warm-up, 35 minutes for main session, and 5 minutes for cooling down. Study outcomes were measured through study questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, t-test and Mann-Whitney test by SPSS WIN 14.0 program. Results: Compared with the control group, the experimental group showed significant improvement in loneliness (t=-2.733, p=.009), sleep pattern (t=2.552, p=.015), and instrumental activities of daily living (z=-2.171, p=.030). Conclusion: Tai Chi exercise program may be an effective nursing intervention for elderly women.
Life Satisfaction, Activities of Daily Living, Depression and Health Behavior of Low Income Elderly Living at Home
Seo, Soon-Yi ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 162~172
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.162
Purpose: This study aimed to identify the relationships among life satisfaction, activities of daily living, depression and health behavior in low income elderly living at home. Methods: Study participants were 455 elderly who were receiving home visit services from the Daegu Regional Office of Patriots and Veteran Affairs. Data were collected through personal interviews using questionnaires from July to August, 2010. Results: Average scores of ADL and IADL were 7.82 out of 21 and 12.67 out of 33 respectively, which indicate relatively independent to everyday life. Mean scores of depression, health behavior and life satisfaction were 8.61 out of 15, 88.14 out of 132 and 48.57 out of 60. There were significant relationships among the variables of life satisfaction, activities of daily living (ADL, IADL), depression and health behavior. A significant factor influencing life satisfaction was health behavior (
=.134, p=.020). Conclusion: The findings of this study would be a useful information for constructing an intervention program to care for elderly.
A Study of Pain, Depression, and Adjustment to Military Life of Soldiers with Low Back Pain
Lee, Ji-Hyun ; Kim, Jong-Im ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 173~182
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.173
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine levels of pain, depression, and adjustment to military life in soldier who experienced low back pain, in order to produce fundamental data for the development of health improvement programs to prevent and manage low back pain in soldiers with low back pain. Methods: Subjects of this study consisted of 317 soldiers who had low back pain. Study instruments were Visual analog scale (VAS), the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and adjustment to military life scale. Collected data were analyzed by the SPSS Win 14.0 program. Results: Mean score of pain was 4.16 points, depression was 8.58 points, and adjustment to military life was 69.15 points. The level of pain was negatively related to adjustment to military life (r=-.241, p<.001) and positively related to depression (r=.262, p<.001). There was a negative relationship between depression and adjustment to military life (r=-.442, p<.001). Conclusion: Soldiers who had low back pain experienced higher levels of pain and depression and lower level of adjustment to military life. Therefore, further study is needed to develop and examine a nursing intervention to manage low back pain for them.
The Validity and Reliability of a Korean Version of the Diabetes Self-Care Barriers Assessment Scale for Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
Chang, Sun-Ju ; Kang, Kyung-Ja ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 183~191
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.183
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the Diabetes Self-Care Barriers Assessment Scaler for Older Adults (DSCB-OA) in Korean older adults with type 2 diabetes. Method: To develop Korean version DSCB-OA used translation and back-translation method. Then, Korean version DSCB-OA was analyzed using data of 278 older adults with type 2 diabetes. Cronbach's alpha coefficient, item to total correlation and test-retest reliability was used for the reliability test, and factor analysis was used for the construct validity. Results: Cronabach's alpha of the DSCB-OA was.77, and item to total correlation coefficient ranged from -.13 to.56. The results of factor analysis showed DSCB-OA consisted of four factors(diet, exercise, blood sugar test, treatment) which explained 62.8% of total variance. Conclusion: The Diabetes Self-Care Barriers Assessment Scaler for Older Adults (DSCB-OA) was confirmed helpful tool for Korean older adults with type 2 diabetes.
The Impacts of Difficulty on Daily Activities, Grip Strength, and Activities of Daily Living on Perceived Health in Community-living Older Adults
HongSon, Gwi-Ryung ; Lee, Yoon-Kyoung ; Park, Young-Sun ; Oh, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 192~202
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.192
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the predictive relationships between predictors [(difficulty on daily activities due to arthritis, falls, and pain, grip strength, and activities of daily living (ADLs)], and perceived health in community-living older adults in Korea. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were obtained from Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing conducted in 2006. A stratified sample was selected of 5,545 older adults who were over 60 years old for analysis of this study. Descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regressions were used. Result: Mean age was 70.27 years (SD=7.27) ranged from 60 and 105 years old. Perceived health was significantly associated with grip strength, and ADL. With multiple regression, all main variables explained 22.1% for perceived health. Difficulty on daily activities due to pain was the strongest predictor on perceived health. Grip strength, ADLs, gender, and difficulty on daily activities due to arthritis and falls were also significant predictors on perceived health. Conclusion: When developing nursing intervention to improve perceived health in older adults, their difficulties on daily activities, grip strength, and ADLs should be assessed.
A Validation Study of EQ-5D in the Patients with Osteoarthritis
Lim, Nan-Young ; Lee, In-ok ; Lee, Eun-Nam ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Cho, Kyung-Sook ; Rhee, Seon-Ja ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Keum-Soon ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Bak, Won-Sook ; Lee, Yoon-Kyoung ; Chon, Mi-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 203~211
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.203
Purpose: We aimed to test the validity of the EQ-5D (Euro-Quality of Life-5 Dimension), a brief and simple instrument, in measuring health related quality of life in the patients with osteoarthritis. Methods: 183 participants attending the education programs for osteoarthritis patients at the Health Centers located in Seoul and Gyunggi province area during the periods of June to December in 2009 were interviewed with the EQ-5D and KWOMAC (Korean version of Western Ontario and McMaster Scale). The data were analysed with Spearman correlation coefficents and t-test by using of SPSS/WIN 12.0 version. Results: There was a negative correlation between knee pain, stiffness and difficulty in usual activity of sub category items of KWOMAC and EQ-5Dindex, while there was no correlation between these categories and EQ-VAS. Moreover, as a result of comparing the score of physical function measured by KWOMAC according to the severity degree of the EQ-5Dindex, the group of advanced stage having moderate and severe symptoms reported significantly higher scores of physical function than those of groups having no health problems. Conclusion: The EQ-5D is an acceptable and valid instrument for measuring health-related quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis.
Effect of Jang-Gu Program and Self-help Management Program on Depression, Stress, Pain and Body Discomfort in Women with Osteoarthritis
Jeong, Yeong-Hee ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Kim, Sun-Ae ; Lim, Keum-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 212~221
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2010.17.2.212
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music therapy (Jang-Gu) on depression, stress, pain and body discomfort in women with osteoarthritis. Methods: The study is designed using one group pretest-posttest experimental design. 31 arthritis patients, the subjects of the group participated in the music therapy program. The program was provided for 12 weeks (two times per week). The questionnaires were used to measure the outcome variables before and after the program. Data were analyzed with the SPSS 17.0 using descriptive statistics, paired t-test. Results: Depression, Stress, Pain did not decrease. But body discomfort decreased (p=0.001). Conclusion: Therefore this program was effective in body discomfort and can be a community based self-help management program for arthritis patient.