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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of muscle and joint health
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Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Nov 2011
Volume 18, Issue 1 - May 2011
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Influencing Factors of Bone Mineral Density in Men
Lee, Dong-Ha ; Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 5~15
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.005
Purpose: Osteoporosis is often considered as a women's disease, but men's osteoporosis is also increasingly recognized as an important public health problem. This study was carried out to identify the important modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis in men. Methods: Two hundred and fourteen men were selected among those who checked bone mineral density by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in lumbar vertebrae from June to September, 2009 at 3 general hospitals in Busan. Self-administrated questionnaires and BMD results of lumbar vertebrae were used for data. Collected data were analyzed by using SPSS 14.0 program. Results: The sports activity level in 30's, body weight, and fracture history of mother were the most powerful influencing factors on the bone mineral density of lumbar vertebrae. Conclusion: These results highlight the need to participate vigorously in sports activity during 30s as a means of increasing peak bone mass in lumbar vertebrae in order to prevent osteoporosis and fracture in men.
Effects of Visual Feedback-Based Balance Training on Balance in Elderly Fallers
Lee, Sun-Woo ; Lee, Kyoung-Jin ; Song, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 16~27
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.016
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a visual feedbackbased balance training, using force platform biofeedback, on the postural balance of elderly faller. Methods: Fifty one community-dwelling older adults (aged 66-88 years) with a recent history of fall participated in the study. Participants were randomized to an experimental group (EG, n=25) and to a control group (CG, n=26). The EG participated in training sessions three times/week for 6 weeks. Visual feedbackbased balance training with the a computerized force platform with visual feedback screen was used in the experimental group. Static balance (center of gravity) and dynamic balance (Functional reach test, Timed "Up & Go" test, Berg balance scale) were assessed before and after end of training. Results: A significant improvement in static balance and dynamic balance were demonstrated within the EG (p<.05), but not in the CG. Conclusion: Visual feedback-based balance training may be an effective intervention to improve postural balance of elderly fallers.
Effect of Laugher Therapy on Pain, Depression and Sleep with Elderly Patients in Long Term Care Facility
Lee, Kyeong-Im ; Eun, Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 28~38
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.028
Purpose: This paper was aimed to investigate the effect of laugher therapy on the pain, depression and sleep disturbance in elderly patients who admitted in long term care facility. Method: This study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. A sample of 40 elderly patients (20: experimental group, 20: control group, 65 or older) were recruited. Visual analogue scale was used to measure level of pain level, Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form Korea Version (GDSSF-K) for depression. Sleep Scale for sleep. The laugher therapy was given twice a week for four weeks (8 times). Each therapy consists of preparatory, action and finishing stage. Data were analyzed by PASW 18.0. Results: The pain score in experimental group was significantly different from that in control group (t=4.17, p<.001). The level of depression in experimental group was significantly different from that in control group (Z=4.12, p<.000). The level of sleep in experimental group was not significantly different from that in control group (Z=-1.43, p<.152). Conclusion: A laugher therapy is expected to be practical used an efficient method of a nursing intervention to elderly patients in long term care facility.
Effects of Structured Education Program Using CD-ROM on Anxiety and Self-Care Compliance in Patients Undergoing Orthopedic Spinal Surgery
Koo, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Ju-Sung ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.039
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of CD-ROM education on anxiety and self-care compliance in patients undergoing spinal surgery. Method: This study used a nonequivalent control time difference design. A sample of 51 participants received both CD-ROM education (n=25) or booklet education (n=26) regarding spinal surgery procedure and postoperative self-care. The data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire containing State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI Form Y-2), Visual analog scale, and self-care compliance. Result: The level of trait anxiety in the experimental group was not significantly different from that in the control group (t=-6.44, p=.523). The level of state anxiety in the experimental group was significantly lower than in that the control group according to time changes (F=4.17, p=.018). State anxiety showed significantly negative correlation to self-care compliance (r=-.30, p=.034). Conclusion: The education program using CD-ROM for spinal surgery patients can be applied to nursing practice for relieving state anxiety and promoting self-care compliance.
Incidence and Predictors of Falls in Institutionalized Elderly
Park, Ae-Ja ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ; Lee, Yoon-Kyoung ; Song, Jung-Hee ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 50~62
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.050
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and influencing factors of falls in the institutionalized elderly. Method: A descriptive survey design was used with a convenience sampling of 430 institutionalized elderly. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Results: The falls rate after admission in institution was 8.4%. Types of injury after falls were mostly contusion and fracture. Interventions for fall prevention were environmental management and regular evaluation of risk factors for falls. Fall experience was significantly different according to admission periods. Type of falls was significantly different according to state of ADL. Predictors for falls were longer admission periods and dependent state in ADL. Conclusion: Falls is important health related problem in the institutionalized elderly, so effective fall prevention program is needed for their health promotion.
Women's Calcium Intake during Late Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Ahn, Suk-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 63~72
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.063
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the amount of calcium intake during late pregnancy and breastfeeding and compare the differences in the amount of calcium by subjects' characteristics. Methods: With a descriptive survey design, 121 Korean breastfeeding women were recruited in a community setting. The list of foods and drinks with calcium extracted from the study of Song and So (2007) was used to measure the amount of calcium intake during pregnancy and lactation. The subjects' characteristics were collected to identify differences in the amount of calcium intake. Results: Mean age of the women was 31 years old. Amount of calcium intake was 568mg per day during late pregnancy and 431mg per day during breastfeeding. These amounts were quite lower than a recommended dose that adult women should consume a daily minimum of 1,000mg of calcium. Women who had higher household income and attending experience for nutritional education took more calcium during breastfeeding and late pregnancy, respectively. Conclusion: More than a half of the breast-feeding women do not consume the recommended dose of calcium. Education for proper calcium consumption during pregnancy and lactation should be an additional subject in the prenatal and breastfeeding education program for women's bone health.
Effects of a 12-Week Tai Chi on the Bone Mineral Density and Bone Metabolic Markers in Postmenopausal Women
Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 73~82
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.073
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi on the bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers in postmenopausal women Methods: Data were collected from March to July, 2009. Fifty postmenopausal women were recruited for the study. Twenty two women were allocated to experimental group, and 28 to control group. The experimental group underwent Tai Chi exercise twice a week for twelve weeks. The control group was only notified with results of bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers. Bone mineral density was measured by using of DTX-200 (Osteometer MediTech, Hawthorne, CA, USA) at distal radius site and bone metabolic markers were measured by radioimmunoassay method. Collected data were analyzed by t-test,
-test, and Mann-Whitney test. Results: After 12 weeks of treatment, the Tai Chi group showed a significant difference in bone mineral density compared to control group but no significant effect on osteocalcin and deoxypyridinoline level. Conclusion: Our results suggest that 12 weeks of Tai chi may delay bone loss in postmenopausal women.
Development and Evaluation of Functional Group Activity Program on Institutionalized Aged
Bang, Yo-Soon ; Kim, Hee-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.083
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the changes of physical function, perceptual and cognitive function, emotional function, and functional independence in the institutionalized aged according to functional group activity program (self help Tai Chi exercise plus functional task). Methods: Study subjects were 20 institutionalized aged from June to October in 2010. The subjects received functional group activity program two times a week for 15 weeks. Physical function (grip strength, coordination, lower extremity strength, balance, gait, trunk flexibility), perceptual and cognitive function, emotional function(depression, social skill), and functional independence were measured before and after the program. Results: The subjects showed significantly increased physical function (coordination, lower extremity strength, gait, trunk flexibility), perceptual and cognitive function, emotional function (depression, social skill), and functional independence. The functional group activity program may be an effective strategy for institutionalized elders to enhance their functions. Conclusion: The functional group activity program may be effective on elderly institutions which have limitation in human, material, environmental resources.
The Effects of BeHaS Exercise Program on Muscle Strength and Flexibility in Institutionalized Elders
Kim, Sun-Ae ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 93~102
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.093
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the BeHaS exercise program, developed by Jong Im Kim (2006), consisting of exercise, education and cognitive support on muscle strength and flexibility in elders who live in elderly facilities. Method: This study was designed using one group pretest-posttest experimental design, 19 elders, the subjects of the group participated in the BeHaS exercise program. The BeHaS exercise program was provided for 60-80 minutes per session once a week for 8 weeks. Data was collected by research assistants using structured interview and measurement tool, from January, 2011 to March, 2011. Data were analyzed using the SPSS Win 17.0, general characteristics were analyzed with real number and percentage, muscle strength and flexibility were analyzed with Mean and SDs. Results: There were significant increase pre and post test for the left shoulder flexibility (p=.000) and waist flexibility (p=.030). Conclusion: In conclusion, this study confirms that BeHaS exercise program played a useful role in partial improving flexibility in the Institutionalized Elders.
Effects of Tai Chi Exercise and Auricular Acupressure in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Lee, Hea-Young ; Hale, Claire ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 18, issue 1, 2011, Pages 103~112
DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2011.18.1.103
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a program of Tai Chi and auricular acupressure in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: The study design was a one-group pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 14 outpatients with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis based on the American College of Rheumatology Standards. The setting was a Academic Section of Musculoskeletal Disease in the Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine in United Kingdom. The program was Tai Chi exercise with auricular acupressure per two times a week, for twelve weeks. Results: A program of Tai Chi with auricular acupressure showed significant improvements in amount of pain of RADAI, 28 Joint count swollen, fatigue, physical, affect and symptom of AIMS2, function and symptom of ASES (p<0.05). However, no differences were found in the score of self-efficacy relate to the pain, and quality of healthy related life to social interaction. Conclusion: In order to improve the quality of healthy related life and self-efficacy relate to the pain, it requires long-term intervention. Also different research designs are needed to confirm the effect of this study.