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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of muscle and joint health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Nov 1998
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Apr 1998
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The Effect of Self-Help Program for Promotion of Health for Arthritis Patients at various Health Centers in Seoul
Lee, Eun-Ok ; Suh, Moon-Ja ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Han, Sang-Sook ; Song, Kyeong-Yae ; Eum, Ok-Boon ; Lee, In-Ok ; Kim, Mi-Ra ; Choi, Hee-Jung ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 155~173
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of self-help programs which had been conducted at each health center of Seoul using the protocol developed by Korean Rheumatology Health Professionals Society(KRHPS). This program was developed to initially increase self-efficacy, and then to decrease the symptoms and finally to increase the functions of the patients. This study was designed as one group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires for 140 out of 303 program participants, and only 102 subjects were analyzed because of missing values. The subjects were composed of 25.5% of rheumatoid arthritis patients and 60.8% of degenerative arthritis patients. The results showed that arthritis self-help program was effective in increasing self-efficacy and then improving pain, fatigue, depression, and activities of daily living. But the number of pain sites was not decreased. This result explains that degenerative arthritis patients composed of more than half of the participants has less number of pain sites than rheumatoid arthritis, and their pain was not completely relieved. As a result, it was confirmed that arthritis patients' physical and psychological states can be improved by self-help program in the community. These findings emphasize the implication of this program for each institute to promote health of arthritis patients.
The Effect of the Health Belief and Efficacy Expectation Promoting Program on Osteoporosis Preventive Health Behavior in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 174~190
Osteoporosis has been known as a common complication of rheumatoid arthritis and a major preventable health problem. Lots of studios have demonstrated that changes in life style can help delay or prevent osteoporosis. Therefore nursing intervention related osteoporosis prevention have consisted of education programs aimed at changing dietary and exercise habit. However knowledge gained from education haven't always leaded to behavior change. Therefore it is important to consider other psychological variables in effecting behavior change. Numerous research have found self efficacy and health belief to be an important factor in individual decision making behavior. The purpose of the study was to develop health belief and efficacy expectation promoting program based on Health Belief Model & Self Efficacy Model and to investigate its effects in women with rheumatoid arthritis. For this purpose, one group pretest-post design was used. The subject of the study were 16 women with rheumatoid arthritis in Pusan city and data collection was carried out from April, 1997 to May, 1998. The intervention program was consisted of educating on osteoporosis and enhancing and reinforcing self efficacy by verbal persuasion during the period of 4 weeks. The instruments were used to collect data in this study were Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, Osteoporosis Self Efficacy Scale, and Osteoporosis Preventive Behavior Scale. Data was analyzed by Wilcoxon signed rank test using SPSS
program. The results are as follows : 1) The behavior should be increased after intervention was supported(Z=-3.5162, p=.0004, diet : Z=-3.2942, p=.0010, exercise). 2) The sub-hypothesis that perceived sensitivity should be increased after intervention was supported (Z=-2.3854, p=.0171). 3) The sub-hypothesis that perceived severity should be increased after intervention was rejected(Z=-1.4327, p=.1520). 4) The sub-hypothesis that perceived benefit should be increased after intervention was supported(Z=-2.6410, p=.0083). 5) The sub-hypothesis that perceived barrier should be decreased after intervention was supported (Z=-2.4138, p=.0158). 6) The sub-hypothesis that efficacy expectation should be increased after intervention was supported(Z=-3.5162, p=.0004). As a conclusion, it was found that health belief and self efficacy promoting program was an effective nursing intervention for preventing osteoporosis of rheumatoid arthritis.
Relational Analysis between Family support, Knowledge, Self-efficacy, Syndrome and Physical disability of Fibromyalgia Patients
Han, Sang-Sook ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 191~205
This study was conducted to identify the relations between the factors influencing syndrome and physical disability of fibromyalgia patients. The subjects of this study were 125 outpatients selected at H. Rheumatism clinic from February to July in 1997, The Collected data were analyzed by Frequency, Pearson correlation using SPSS Windows and Path analysis using LISREL 7.16. The results were as follows. 1. General characteristics of subjects About 2/3 of subjects were over 40years of age and most of them were graduated from high school. The Christian were over a half (54.0%) of subjects. 2. Correlation between Family support, knowledge, Self-efficacy, Syndrome and physical disability. As knowledge was positively related to self-efficacy(r=.306), the family support was positively related to self-efficacy(r=.217), and family support was negatively to syndrome. Self-efficacy showed negative relation with syndrome and Physical disability. Syndrome as physical disability represent positive relation. Therefore all hypotheses were supported. 3. Causal relations between research variables. Family support influenced on syndrome, as syndrome on physical activity, as well as knowledge on self-efficacy & physical disability. The model also showed a good fit to the data[
=1.21 df=1(p=.546), GFI=.996, AGFI=.971, RMSR=.023]. 4. Correlation between symptoms of Fibromyalyia. Having analyzed the relations between tender point, pain, stiffness, functional disturbance, sleep disturbance, depression, fatigue, anxiety, the results were as follows ; All relations show statistically positive correlation, which means close relationship between symptoms, except between pain and depression, pain and anxiety. As a result, symptoms of Fibromyalgia had close relation. Therefore, these were common, rather than individual symptoms. This syndrome influenced on physical disability, and self-efficacy on the both, as knowledge on self-efficacy. In conclusion, to improve syndrome relief and physical disability of fibromyalgia, nursing interventions such as education, self-efficacy increasing stratagy, and family counseling are needed.
Validity and Reliability of Translated Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale for the Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Lee, Eun-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 206~221
The purpose of this study was to validate translated Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue(MAF) scale. The scale is a 16-item scale that measures four dimensions of fatigue : severity, distress, impact, timing. Fourteen items are numerical rating scales and 2 items have multiple choice responses. Data were collected from the 137 patients with rheumatoid arthritis after content validation. Criterion validity was tested by correlation coefficient with Piper Fatigue Scale, which resulted in 0.7573(p<.0000). Construct validity was tested by item analysis and factor analysis. Corrected item-total correlation coefficients were 0.63-0.88. And factor analysis showed 2 factors : fatigue degree factor and fatigue impact factor. These two factors explained 73.5% of total variance. Reliability of internal consistency was 0.96 in Cronbach's alpha. Further validation study is necessary in each factor in other settings with other subjects.
Effect of Aquatic Exercise Program on Lower Limbs, Muscle Strength, Knee Joint Flexion and Pain Changes of Arthritis Patients
Lee, Young-Ok ; Choi, Myung-Han ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Lee, Tae-Yong ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 222~237
In an attempt to investigate the effect of long-term aquatic exercise program on lower limbs' muscle strength, knee Joint flexion, pain reduction and weight changes with aquatic exercise program. Forty three women with arthritis were pre and post tested for changes of muscle strength, range of motion, weight and pain. This data was collected from April 1, 1997 to February 24, 1998. The mean age was 52.5. Statistically significant in lower limbs' muscle strength with an aquatic exercise program by age, BMI, education, rheumatic drug use, illness duration until 12 weeks after experiment. Statistically significant in knee joint flexion with aquatic exercise program by age, BMI, education, rheumatic drug use, illness duration until 12 weeks after experiment. Statistically significant in pain reduction with aquatic exercise program by age, BMI, education, rheumatic drug use, illness duration until 12 weeks after experiment. Statistically significant in weight changes with aquatic exercise program by age, BMI, education, rheumatic drug use, illness duration until 6 weeks after experiment. As a conclusion, aquatic exercise programs for the patients with arthritis require at least 12 weeks and a variety of aquatic exercise programs for the effective control should be developed.
A study on knowledge, self-efficacy and compliance in Reumatic arthritis Patients
Kim, Soon-Bong ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 238~252
Reumatic arthritis is a disease with joint pain being one of the key symptoms. The patient suffers from the pain, stiff sensation and edema due to the inflammation taking Place In one or more joints. Accompanying these problems are fatigue, unusual exhaustion, fever, tachycardia and weakness. Inaddition, joints are often deformed and muscles shrink along with the progress of edema, coupled with depression and psychological instability resulting from the loss of the mobile function and limitations on the daily life. Some patients become fed up with the long and hard flight with the disease and just give up, which aggravates the symptoms. Others come to the hospital only when the conditions have become serious. We need to prevent these and guide the patients in the right direction. Against this backdrop, this study aims to look into the relations between the knowledge on the part of the patients together with their feeling of self-efficacy and the compliance. The results are expected to help the patients improve their life, In addition to providing useful materials for setting up appropriate plan for nursing intervention. The study was conducted by distributing questionnaire to 88 patients selected from the out-patient department of a university hospital in Inchon, from April 6 to 27, 1998. The following tools were used the yardstick of self-efficacy, developed in 1997 by the Society for the Health of Rheumatism Patients, was used for measuring the levels of knowledge and the feeling of self-efficacy. The degree of compliance was measured by the data collected from documents in addition to the results of the analysis of the interviews with the patients. The reliability of the tools was confirmed. In the analysis, the general characteristics were expressed in figures and percentages. The levels of knowledge, feeling of self-efficacy, and compliance were expressed in the average values and standard deviations. The relations among the variables following the general characteristics were analysed by the t-test and one-way ANOVA. The Pearson correction coefficient was used for the analysis of factors. Multiple-loop analysis was used to identify the variables affecting the compliance. The following are the results of this study. 1. Among the 88 patients, 18 were men and the remaining 70 were women, with a ratio 1 : 3.87. Regarding the age groups, 23 were between 50 and 59 years old, with those between 50 and 69 accounting for 51.1% of the total. High school graduates or higher amounted to 58%. Religious patients was 67% or 59 persons. Fifty nine percent were unemployed, and 58.3% (49 persons) had two children or fewer. The period of suffering from rheumatism varied between 2 months and IS years, with 70% less than years. 2. The average figure In relation to the of knowledge was 17.63 points over 30 or 58. 76%, which means a medium level. 3. The average figure of the feeling of self-efficacy was 60.06 points. 4. The level of compliance was 3.26, which was above average. 5. The relation between the feeling of self-efficacy and compliance showed an "r" value of 0.37, which was significant. It means that the higher the feeling, the greater the compliance points. 6. The analysis of the knowledge level revealed that the difference is found only between the college graduates and junior-high graduates or lower. 7. The feeling of self-efficacy varied along with the age and education level. 8. The general characteristics of patients as discussed above did not show significant difference with the compliance. 9. Regarding the elements influencing the compliance, the number of children, period of suffering, income, age, feering of self-efficacy, knowledge, and compliance had 54% of significance. In conclusion, rheumatism victims can lead a better life if they are appropriately educated, based on efficient training program from the early days of the disease ; if they become able to manage themselves thanks to the training ; and if they are helped by a program focusing on the increase of the feeling of self-efficacy aimed at changing patient's behavior.
The Relationship among the degrees of pain coping strategies, Pain and Depression of patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Park, Gyung ; Choi, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 253~264
This study has done for the purpose of investigation among the degrees of pain coping strategies, pain, and depression of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The subjects of this study were 214 patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. The data were collected from september 4 to 16, 1995 by questionnaires. The data were analysed by the use of frequency, t-test, Pearson Correlation Coefficients, ANOVA, and Duncan test. The results Were as follows ; 1. The mean score of pain was 213.5(range : 4-390) and that of depression was 21.4 (range : 1-50). The mean score of passive pain coping strategies was 30.2(range : 11-48) and that of active pain coping strategies was 18.6(range : 7-33) 2. The passive pain coping degree showed a positive correlation with the pain degree (r=.475, p=.0001) and the active pain coping degree showed a inversive correlation with that(r= -.296, p=.0001). The passive pain coping degree showed a positive correlation with the depression degree (r=.425, p=.0001) and the active pain coping degree showed a inversive correlation with that(r=-.299, p=.0001). The pain degree showed a positive correlation with the depression degree(r=.374, p=.0001).
A Phenomenological Perspective and Meaning of joint-pain's Experience of Women's in an island
Kim, Gan-Woo ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 5, issue 2, 1998, Pages 265~285
This Qualitative nursing research was made with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach to find out the meaning and nature of human's experience. The purpose of the inquiry is to find out the meaning and to understand the nature of Joint pain's experience of women in the island and to apply the result to nursing practice. The study was guided by Shin Kyung Rim's four step that revised van Manen's method for doing research. The method of inquiry included : turning to interesting phenomenon. inquiring and investigating experience as it was lived rather than as conceptualized ; reflecting and analyzing essential themes which characterize phenomenon ; and describing phenomenon through art and literature. Multiple strategies for data collecting were needed : deep face to face interview ; analysis of joint pain of women's writings ; describing and analysis of examples of the phenomenon in art, literature. Through this process essensial them of the experience was emerged : Misery that I would like to cut off my body, Sea wind soaking deeply into the bones, Dull pain from the postpartum cold wind, The another suffer I should endure by myself, Recrudesce despite all the try I have made, Often forgetting the pain of every Joint for hardship of life. Findings from artistic and creative inquiry further was validated and meaning was discovered. The study illuminated meaning and simultaneously validated the phenomenological research process. Essential themes for understanding women joint pain's experience, implications, for education, research and practice, direction and need for continuing inquiry were identified.