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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of muscle and joint health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Nov 2000
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Apr 2000
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Correlation Between Perceived Family Support and Self-Esteem of Middle Age Women with Degenerative MusculoSkeletal Diseases
Kang, Kyung-Ja ; Lee, Eun-Jin ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 5~24
Middle age for women is one of the most important stages of the whole normal life span and has unique problems concerning the psychological and physical health, specifically degenerative musculoskeletal diseases. Therefore middle age women should prepare in order to lead a healthy and fruitful life as they enter/begin old age. As the population of middle age women increase, the demands of nurses who care for this age group also continue to glow. Nurses must be interested in this middle age group of women in Korea. This study was designed to identify the extent of family support and self-esteem of the middle age women with degenerative musculoskeletal diseases and the relationship between them and nurse's contribution to middle age women's health promotion that maintain and promote qualify of her life. The population of this study was 112 women aged 40-60, attending the out patient clinic one University Hospital and one Hospital, in Pusan. The data was collected from 1st August to the 30th of September, 1998 by using 36 items questionnaire. The instrument used for measuring family support was of Chai's(1983) FSS which was modified by Kang's(1984) Family Support Scale. And that for self-esteem was Rosenberg's(1965) Self-esteem Scale. The reliability of Chai's FSS and Rosenberg's instruments were tested by Cronbach's alpha and showed that they were 0.93 and 0.89 each respectively. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient using the SPSS computer program. The results of the study were summarized as follows : 1. The mean score of the perceived family support was
. 2. The mean score of the perceived self-esteem was
. 3. Statistically significant factors influencing the family support among sociodemographic variables was satisfaction of marriage(F=-3.069, p<0.003). 4. Statistically significant factors influencing the self-esteem among sociodemographic variables were age(F=3.992, p=0.000), education(F=2.260, P=0.026), housing (F=-1.987, P=0.049) and satisfaction of marriage(F=-2.305, P=0.023). 5. There was a significant correlation between family support and self-esteem (r=.621, p<.000). In conclusion, perceived the family support was important for middle age women to increase their self-esteem. Nurses should be aware of the necessity of family support in the supportive nursing of middle age women and should be able to make a plan to educate the family about supporting the wife/mother. The continuing study of the health promotion of middle age women to find out variables influencing middle age women' health must continue.
A Comparative Study on Symptoms, Living Activities, Self-efficacy and Family Support between Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients and Fibromyalgia Patients
Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Han, Sang-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 25~39
This study was conducted to compare symptoms, living activities, self-efficacy and family support between rheumatoid arthritis patients and fibromyalgia patients. The subjects were consisted of 150 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 125 fibromyalgia patients at H Rheumatism Clinic. Data were collected by means of structured interview with questionnaires. The results were as follows: 1. Fibromyalgia patients have more symptoms than rheumatoid arthritis patients have. But the latter has more difficulties concerning living activities. 2. Self-efficacy score of fibromyalgia arthritis patients was higher than that of rheumatoid arthritis patients, but both the scores were at moderate level. 3. The level of family support of rheumatoid arthritis patients was moderate, similar as that of fibromyalgia patients. As self-efficacy and family support are important factors to relieve symptoms of both diseases, their promotion holds a key post.
Analysis of Health Counseling by the Internet - on the Home page of Korean Rheumatology Health Professions Society
Lee, Eun-Ok ; Lee, Young-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 40~52
Recently with the development in computer technology and its communication system, many changes in medical informatics enable us to use various medical information regardless of time or place. There are many home pages on the web, which provide medical counseling and hospital information. On May 11th 1999, Korean Rheumatology Health Professions Society began its new service as a home page on the web with various rheumatologic health information, questioning/ answering, and so on. This study was undertaken to examine the content and the purpose of health counseling on the web. The data was collected from 173 questioners who visited questioning/ answering site in the KRHPS home page for May 11th, 1999 through November 10th, 1999. Most of the questioners consulted the health problems of their or their families. Over two thirds of them were already diagnosed medically. Rheumatoid arthritis was the most frequent one. Other diseases, such as, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Still's disease were also on the list. Most of the questioners wanted to know treatment strategies, to consult about their symptoms, and to make diagnosis. And many questioners wanted detailed explanations about their diseases or the informations regarding the hospital. These findings suggest that the health counseling on the web may be used to supplement the lack of direct medical interviews with doctors. It also is expected to guide the patients to the right direction.
The study on Fatigue, Pain, and Efficacy on Pain of Chronic Arthritis and Lupus
Lim, Nan-Young ; Lee, Eun-Young ; Yang, Yong-Sook ; Chung, Soon-Ae ; Cha, Gyeong-Ok ; Yi, Yeo-Jin ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 53~62
This study was designed to distinguish by the characteristic difference and the degree of symptoms such as fatigue, pain, coping to pain, and efficacy on pain, and to offer descriptive data for nursing intervention for improving coping ability to pain along each characteristics of disease in chronic arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. The subjects were 135 outpatients in the hospital for rheumatic disease in H-university, Seoul. The data were collected by structural questionnaire, from April 29 to June 29, 1999. The results were that the fatigue score was high in the OA patients while the RA patients and SLE patients experienced middle range of fatigue score, but which was not statistically different. Although the RA patients felt higher pain than other diseases, they have well coped with their pain than the others. In efficacy on pain the SLE patients had higher score than others but all of the disease showed lower score. No statistically significant difference among the three group was recorded in efficacy on pain. Therefore, pain management in the RA patients was primary nursing intervention because they felt severe pain and have well coped with pain while they had lower pain efficacy score than the others. It is also important that fatigue management and coping strategies on pain for the OA patients and SLE patients are specially supportive in the nursing intervention.
The Influence of Family Support on the Activities of Daily Living & Quality of Life among the Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Park, Sun-Young ; Park, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 63~76
The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in the level of ADL & QOL by family support in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The subjects of the study consisted of fifty-six outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis at a university hospital in Taegu. The instrument used in this study were the family support scale developed by Kang(1984), the ADL scale by Katz et al.(1970) and Barthel(1973), the QOL scale developed by Jo(1993). Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation, Chi-square, ANOVA with SPSS program. The major findings are as follows : 1. There was not significant differences in the level of ADL by family support in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis(F=.436, p=.649). 2. There was significant differences in the level of QOL by family support in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis(F=3.782, p=.029). This study showed that the higher level of family support contributed to the better level of QOL in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It is recommended to promote the level of family support of rheumatoid arthritis patients with low family support QOL.
A Study on the Relationship between the Meaning of life and Spiritual distress in Arthritis
Han, Joo-Eun ; Kang, Kyoung-Ah ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 77~88
The arthritis patients suffer from psychological, social and spiritual problems as well as physical problems because the arthritis is not curable and has chronic pain, joint deformity, limitation of activity and physical dysfunction for all of his life. Especially if they do not find the meaning in their lives, they will experience spiritual distress seriously. Therefore, it is important that nurses help the patients to find the meaning in their lives and to reduce spiritual distress. The purpose of this study is to provide a basis for nursing intervention strategies to minimize the arthritis patients' spiritual distress and understand the relationship between the meaning of life and the spiritual distress in arthritis patients. The samples were composed of 157 arthritis patients. Data collection was carried out from October 1, 1998 to February 28, 1999. Data were analyzed using a SAS program for descriptive statistic, Pearson correlation, t-test, ANOVA, linear regression. The results were as follow; 1. The scores on the meaning of life scale ranged from 51 to 130 with a mean of 93. 2. The scores on the spiritual distress scale ranged from 26 to 91 with a mean of 60. 3. There were significant correlations between the meaning of life and the spiritual distress(r=.53, p=.00). 4. The linear regression analysis showed that the meaning of life explained 13% of the spiritual distress. 5. In the degree of the meaning of life and the spiritual distress according to the general characteristics, the level of the meaning of life in arthritis patients was different by the duration of incidence(F=2.71, p=.03). In conclusion, the nursing intervention strategies to reduce the spiritual distress in arthritis patients must take into account the meaning of life.
Comparison of Bone Mineral Density and Risk Factors of Osteoporosis between Normal and Rheumatoid Arthritis in Postmenopausal women
Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 89~101
This study was carried out to compare the bone mineral density and risk factors of osteoporosis between normal and rheumatoid arthritis in postmenopausal women. Sixty-eight postmenopausal patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) were compared with 124 postmenopausal normal women. Data were collected from october, 1998 to April, 1999 at Dong-a university hospital in Pusan. From all subjects, individual characteristics such as age, body weight, height, age of menarche, duration of menopause, gravity, parity, and breast feeding period and factors of life style such as milk consumption, exercise, alcohol intake, cigarette smoking, coffee consumption were identified as influencing factors of osteoporosis by questionnaire. From RA patients, health assessment score, Ritchie articular index, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein and steroid dosage were measured by rheumatologist on measuring bone mineral density. Bone mineral density was measured at the Lumbar spine, femoral neck, femur Ward's triangle, and femur trochanter using dual x-ray absorptiometry. The data was analyzed by using a frequency, t-test, Chi-square, ANCOVA with SPSS PC program. The results could be summarized as follows : 1) There was a significant difference in age and breast feeding period between RA patients and normal women. 2) RA patients took less calcium in the past and practiced less regular exercise in past and present than normal women. 3) There was no difference in lumbar bone mineral density between RA patients and normal women. 4) There was a significant difference in femur Ward's triangle and femur trochanter between RA patients and normal women after adjustment for age and breast feeding period. 5) The prevalence of osteoporosis of all subjects was the highest in femur Ward's triangle. In summary, our findings suggest that the bone mineral densities of femur Ward's triangle and trochanter in postmenopausal women with RA is significantly lower than normal women. Also the exercise participation rate of postmenopausal women with RA is lower than normal women. For the further study, we recommend to develop exercise program that improve the bone mineral density in femur Ward's triangle and trochanter and to test the effect of that exercise program.
Determinant factors of Exercise behaviors in Patients with Arthritis
Suh, Gil-Hee ; Lim, Nan-Young ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 102~130
The aims of this study were to understand and to predict the determinant factors affecting the exercise behaviors and physical fitness by testing the Ponder's health promotion model, and to help the patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis perform the continuous exercise program, and to help them maximize the physical effect such as muscle strength. endurance, and fuctional status and mental effects including self efficacy and quality of life, and improve the physical and mental wellbeing, and to provide a basis for the nursing intervention strategies. We analyzed the clinical records of 208 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative arthritis who visited the outpatient clinics at H university hospital in Seoul between October 5, 1999 and October 24, 1999. Data were composed of self reported questionnaire and good of fitness score which were obtained by pedalling the ergometer of bicycle for 9 minutes. SPSS Win 8.0 and Window LISREL 8.12a were used for statistical analysis. 24 Of 54 hypothetical paths were supported in modified model, which was considered as a proper model with improved fit index. The physical fitness was directly influenced by exercise participation behavior and education level, and indirectly by physical fitness, while fatigue, physical disability, pastexercise behavior, life-style, self-efficacy, which explained 20% of physical fitness. The exercise participation were directly influenced by perceived benefits and self-efficacy, and indirectly influenced by life-style, fatigue and physical disability, and directly and indirectly by past exercise behavior, which explained 53% of exercise participation. Exercise score were directly affected by perceived health status, perceived benefits, self efficacy, and past exercise behavior, and were indirectly affected by fatigue, physical disability, and life-style, which explained 50%. Perceived health status were directly influeced by level of education, depression, sleep disorder, and physical disability, which explained 34% of perceived health status. Perceived benefit was directly influenced by fatigue, sleep disorder, physical disability, and life-style, which explained 45%. Perceived barriers was directly influenced by fatigue, sleep disorder, and lifestyle, which explained 9%. Self- efficacy was directly influenced by fatigue, physical disability, past exercise behavior, and level of education, which explained 61%. In conclusion, important variables for physical fitness were exercise participation and level of education, and variables affecting exercise participation were perceived self-efficacy, benefits, and past exercise behavior. Perceived self-efficacy of exercise was a significant predictor of exercise participation. Life-style, fatigue, and physical disability showed direct effects on perceived benefit, perceived barriers, and self-efficacy, and indirect effects on exercise behavior. Therefore, disease related factor should be minimized for physical performance and well being in nursing intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and plans to promote and continue exercise should be soaked to reduce disability. In addition, Exercise program should be planned and performed by the exact evaluation of exercise according to the ability of the patients and the contents to improve the importance of exercise and self efficacy in self control program, dedicated educational program should be involved.
The Comparison of Fatigue of the Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, and Fibromyalgia
Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Song, Kyung-Ja ; Lee, Eun-Ok ;
Journal of muscle and joint health, volume 7, issue 1, 2000, Pages 131~147
Almost all patients with rheumatic disease experience fatigue. The fatigue affects the patient's life extensively at home and at work, therefore it is necessary to investigate the nature of the fatigue which the patients perceive. The purpose of this study is to explore the nature and pattern of fatigue of the patients with rheumatic diseases. Rheumatoid arthritis is typical disease for its joint involvement which leads to deformity. Whereas lupus is a characteristic systemic autoimmune disease and the fibromyalgia is characterized by the general bodyache and multiple local tenderness. The prevalence of these diseases and the fatigue was known to be higher in women than men. Therefore the subjects were woman patient diagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus or fibromyalgia, and they were recruited from the H-Rheumatic Disease Hospital. The two instruments, the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue by Belza(1995) and the Piper Fatigue Scale by Piper, et al(1995) were used to explore the nature and pattern of self-reported fatigue. In total, the data from 157 patients were analysed by the SPSS-PC program for statistical analysis. The results were as follows: 1. Most patients with rheumatic disease experienced fatigue and the degree of fatigue was at the middle range by the scores of the two instruments. 2. The degree of fatigue of the patients with fibromyalgia was the highest and the next was that of the patients with lupus and the fatigue of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis. But there were no statistically significant differences among the patients with three rheumatic diseases, except the subcategory, the meaning of fatigue of the Piper Fatigue Scale. 3. Even when the period of the symptom and pain were covariated, there were no statistically significant differences among patients with three rheumatic diseases. The fatigue of the patients with lupus and fibromyalgia is rarely investigated in Korea and this study can be the base for the further understanding of the patients with rheumatic diseases. Therefore repeated studies are required to identify the factors to affect the fatigue and to understanding the nature of the diseases and to develop the nursing interventions to alleviate the fatigue.