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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Dec 1996
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Nov 1996
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Oct 1996
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Volume 12, Issue E - 00 1996
Selecting the target year
A Study of CO,
oxidation for Diesel Emission Control over Pt, Pd, Pt-W and Pd-w Catalysts and their Characterization
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 121~130
The catalysts composed of Pt, Pd and W as active-components,
as supports, were perpared on the honeycomb type substrate and characterized by BET, SEM, TGA, FT-IR and XRD for diesel emission control. CO,
oxidation was carried out over these catalysts in a fixed bed continuous flow reactor at the temperatures between 100-500.deg.C and reactant gas was composed of 10 vol.%
, 1 vol.% CO, 0.8 vol.%
and 88.2 vol.%
. It was found that under these experimental conditions, the CO,
oxidation activity of Pt-W catalyst was higher than that of any other prepared catalyst, and this catalyst had also a good inhibition effect on
oxidation. Also it was show that the influence of
was more sever than that of
Flame Characteristics on Wall Recess Type Ceramic Combustor for Low Pollutants
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 131~139
The developent of ceramic combustor is being increased beca- use of the excellent physical properties of ceramic material, that is, high-resistant strength, high emissivity power and high corrosin-resistance. Ceramic combustor has been interested in the application of ultra-lean combustion for low NO
emission and gaseuos waste incineration with good combustion. This experimental study was conducted to investigate the combustion and emission characteristics of wall recess type ceramic combustor with equivalence ratio, mixture flow velocity and wall recess depth as parameters. The results in this study are as follows: 1. Wall recess played a important role to extend flame stability region. 2. The peak temperature of gas was peoportional to equivalence ratio, mixture flow velocity and wall recess depth. 3. The static pressure of mixing chamber and inlet temperature depended on the position of flame zone. 4. NO reduction was achieved by lean mixture without lower combustibility.y.
Estimation of Lateral Dispersion Parameter using Observed Wind Direction Fluctuation in Chunchon
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 141~149
Lateral dispersion parameter(.sigma.
) which is an important factor in atmospheric dispersion can be estimated byusing wind direction fluctuation(.sigma.
). In this paper, we studied the characteristics of the .sigma.
in the Chunchon basin and calculated the .sig- ma.
by using the .sigma.
. We could find some characteristics of the .sigma.
which showed small value, when the atmospheric condition was in weak unstable (C class) and neutral (D class). Moreover, when the atmospheric stability was neutral, there was no difference of .sigma.
with wind speed. On the other hand, .sigma.
showed large values at the strong unstable (A class) and strong stable (F class) condition with low wind speed. In this case, the .sigma.
increased as long as averaging time due to the long-period wind direction fluctuation by the terrain effect. In the result of calculation of .sigma.
, it was smaller than that of pasquill-Gifford curve. Especially, when the atmospheric condition was in a neutral and stable, .sigma.
showed small increment as the downwind distance increased.creased.
In-Vehicle Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 151~157
Vehicle occupant exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) continues to be the subject of active research because of higher levels of VOCs in vehicles than in the surrounding ambient atmosphere and because of potential health risk. This study identified in-auto and in-bus exposures to 6 selected aromatic VOCs during rush-hour driving. A bus service route was selected to include an urban route (Taegu) and a suburban route (Hayang-Up) to satisfy the specified criteria of this study. The most abundant VOC concentration measured in this study was toluene. In-vehicle target Voc concentrations of the urban route were significantly different from those of the suburban segment. On the sum of average of the target VOCs, in-auto VOC concentration was about 1.5 times higher than in-bus VOC concentration. Based on the sum of average, in-automobile target VOC concentrations of this study were within the range of previous studies conducted in several cities of the United States, while in-bus VOC concentrations of this study were much lower than those of Taipei in Taiwan. In-vehicle VOC concentrations of present study significantly varied with sampling days, while they did not varied with driving period.
Characterization of Atmospheric Aerosols Scavenged by Rain Water
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 159~165
In order to study the scavenging mechanism as a final goal, the characteristics of chemical components in the rain water were examined as a function of the amount of rainfall. The rain drops were collected sequentially with a rainfall interval amount of each 0.1 .sim. 0.5 mm from the beginning of rain. Rain water was separated into the soluble and insoluble components and the concentrations of 15 elements in both components were determined by the PIXE analysis. The elemental cencentrations decreased quickly till about 0.3 .sim. 0.5 mm of rainfall was obtained and then decreased gradually afterward. Fe, Ti, and Si in the aerosol particles caught in rain water were in high insoluble state. In contrast, almost whole of S and Cl were dissolved in rain water.
Assessment of Long-Range Transport of Atmospheric Pollutants using a Trajectory Model with the puff Concept
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 167~177
To investigate the source-receptor relationships aerosol model has been used to simulate the distribution behavior of the yellow sand. Data for meteorological fields were obtained by Meso-scale Analysis and Prediction Model System/Seoul National University (MAPMS/SNU) for five days (10-14 April 1988). To obtain the distributions of concentration of yellow sand,the aerosol model has been modified to allow quantifications of relative concentration distributions of yellow sand. Source regions of yellow sand were delineated by soil maps of China and emission rate as a function of wind stress(Westphal et al., 1987). Using 3-dimensional wind fields the backward trajectories from 3 receptor grids at the layer of .sigma. =0.95, 0.9, 0.85, 0.8 were calculated. In order to facilitate quantitative assessment of source-receptor relationships, it was assumed that the perturbations in along-trajectory and cross-trajectory proceed linearly with time, in accord with Gaussian distribution characteristics. On the basis of this assumption, the probability fields were calculated from every grid point with source strength 1. Using these probability fields and emission retes, the potential contributions of upstream sources along the trajectories were estimated. The results of this study indicate that the application of trajectory modeling is useful in investigating the quantitative relationship between source and receptor regions.
Acidity Analysis of Precipitation Occurred at Woongchon, Choongnam
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 179~187
Sampling of precipitation occurred at Woongchon in Choongnam from the period between May 1994 and April 1995 was made, and analysis on the data was carried out on observed pH values of the precipitations. It was found that weighted mean pH values were .sim. 4.8 and that acid rain occurred at the site of the Yellow Sea's coastal area. The results agree well with the earlier observations made at other sites of a background monitoring network. The annual values observed at the background monitoring sites were too low in comparison with the mean pH values (5.3 .sim. 5.9) obtained from urban stations of the Ministry of Environment. It was observed that values of pH in rain water often changed with time during the event of precipitation, and the low values usually depended on an airflow and a cyclone that originated in the source region.
Environmental Geochemistry of Atmospheric Mercury: Its Backgriound Concentrations and Exchange Across the Air-Surface Interface
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 189~198
Mercury (Hg) is ubiquitous throughout the earth's atmosphere. The uniqueness of its atmospheric geochemistry is well-known with the high environmental mobility and relatively long atmospheric residence time (c.a., 1 year) associated with its high chemical stability. Despite a growing recognition of the environmental significance of its global cycling, the prexisting Korean database for atmospheric Hg is extremely rare and confined to a number of concentration measurements conducted under relatively polluted urban atmospheric environments. To help activate the research on this suvject, an in-depth analysis on the current development in the measurements of atmospheric mercury and the associated fluxes has been made using the most using the most updated data ests reported worldwide. As a first step toward this purpose, the most reliable techniques commonly employed in the measurements of its concentration in the background atmosphere are introduced in combination with the flux measurement techniques over soil surface such as: dynamic enclosure (or field flux chamber) method and field micrometeorological method. Then the results derived using these measurement techniques are discussed and interpreted with an emphasis on its mobilization across the terrestrial biosphere and atmosphere interface. A unmber of factors including air/soil temperature, soil chemical composition, soil water content, and barometric pressure are found out to be influential to the rate and amount of such exchange processes. Although absolute magnitude of such exchange processes is insignificant relative to that of the major component like the oceanic environment, this exchange process is thought to be the the predominant natural pathway for both the mobilization and redistribution of atmospheric Hg on a local or regional scale.
Measurement of Carbonyl Compounds in Ambient Air using a DNPH Cartridge coupled with HPLC Method
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 12, issue 2, 1996, Pages 199~209
The purpose of this study is to evaluate analytical method for the measurement of carbonyl compounds and to apply method to the measurement of indoor and outdoor concentrations of these compounds at public facilities. For sampling, 2.4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) coated DNPH-Silica cartridges were uwed in this study. DNPH reacts with carbonyl compounds and forms carbonyl hydrazone, The carbonyl hydarzone was eluted from the cartridge with acetonitrile and analyzed by reverse-phase HPLC with UV detection. Possible interference caused by ozone during sampling was eliminated by using KI trap commected in series with the DNPH-Silica cartridge. A number of experimental studies were undertaken to evaluate and validate the analytical method, including collection efficiency, recovery, repeatability, lower limits of detection, and effect of ozone. Indoor and outdoor measurements of carbonyl compounds were simultaneously carried out at 14 public facilities located in Taegu city and Kyungsan city from June to July, 1995. Except for one or two sites, the indoor concentrations were found to be higher than the outdoor concentrations for carbonyl compounds. And the concentrations of carbonyl compounds measured in the morning and afternoon were showed higher than the concentrations measured in the evening.