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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Volume 4, Issue 4 - 00 1998
Volume 4, Issue 3 - 00 1998
Volume 14, Issue E - 00 1998
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Complex Terrain Dispersion Models
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 2, 1998, Pages 81~94
Six complex terrain dispersion models recommended by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency were investigated using a hypothetical case in which a plume approaches complex terrain. The six models considered were Valley, CTSCREEN, COMPLEX 1, SHORTZ, RTDM, and CTDMPLUS, the latter four being closely studied. Highest concentrations were predicted for 48 receptors and plume behaviors were compared for stable and unstable meteorological conditions. Under stable conditions, ground-level concentrations were determined by the height of the plume centerline above the terrain. The concentrations estimated by SHORTZ and COMPLEX I were higher than those estimated by CTSCREEN, with CTDMPLUS predicting the lowest concentrations. In particular, the height of the lift midpoint, as well as the co.nterline of the plume, are important in the model calculation of CTDMPLUS. Under unstable conditions, the vertical dispersion plays a key role in determining ground -level concentrations. For this case, concentrations predicted by CTDMPLUS were the 'highest, whereas those predicted by SHORTZ were the lowest. Concentration distributions predicted by CTDMPLUS are quite similar to typical Gaussian distributions even on complex terrain, except for a slight shift of the plume centerline due to the of(tract of the geostrophic wind. In addition,24-hour average concentrations were estimated for comparison with results from the Valley model. Among the four models studied closely, CTDMPLUS predicted the lowest 24-hour average concentrations, but the concentrations estimated by Valley were lower than those estimated by CTDMPLUS.
Volatile Organic Compounds in Ambient Air in Seoul
Na, Gwang-Sam ; Kim, Yong-Pyo ; Kim, Yeong-Seong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 2, 1998, Pages 95~106
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from Ca to C9 were investigated with nine ambient air samples collected in April 26, August 17, 1996 and January 23, 1997 in a Seoul site. On each sampling day, three 2-hr integrated canister samples were collected in early morning, early afternoon and late afternoon, respectively to study temporal . variation of VOCs. Most of VOC species showed diurnal variation with higher concentrations in the early morning and lower concentrations in the afternoon. The concentrations of light alkanes were high, probably due to the emission from liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and evaporation of gasoline. Especially, the concentration of propane was the highest in the morning samples. The concentrations of propane, ethylene, acetylene, and toluene were prominent in their hydrocarbon groups, respectively. These components were the main source of car exhaust, gasoline evaporization, LPG, or solvent usage.
Reduction of Nitrogen Oxide by Fuel Staged Technology on the Combustion of Gasification Fuel
Chae, Jong-Seong ; Jo, Seon-Hui ; Jeon, Yeong-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 2, 1998, Pages 107~116
Coal gasification fuel has generally a lower calorific values than natural gas and also contains ammonia which is a main source of fuel NOx. Such a fuel is in need of the advanced technologies for the NOx reduction with higher combustion efficiency. Therefore fuel staged combustion was investigated for the fuel NOx control using a bench scale gas combustoi for the fuel NOx control. Parametric screening studies were performed with the variation of air ratio, retention length and reburning fuel. The NOx reduction efficiency was increased with an increase of total air ratio having optimum reburning air ratio differently, The Increased retention length of the reburning zone was preferable for NOx reduction. Hydrocarbonic reburning fuels like propane and butane were more effective for the NOx reduction efficiency than hydrogen fuel. The NOx concentration at exit was linearly increased according to the fuel-N the fuel.
Effect of Ambient Temperature on the Distribution of Atmospheric Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Vapor and Particulate Phases
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 2, 1998, Pages 117~132
The main purposes of this study are to investigate the distributional characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the vapor and particulate phases in the ambient atmosphere, and to evaluate the effect of ambient temperature on the vapor-particle partitioning during the sampling period. A total of 64 samples were collected during a period of 1995 to 1996, using a medium-volume sampler with XAD-2 adsorbents and quartz fiber filters. Analyses of PAH were carried out using HPLC with UV and Fluorescence detections. In this study, a significant seasonal variation in the distributions was observed, reflecting the effect of ambient temperature on the vapor-particle partitioning of PAH. The relationship between the vapor-particle distributions of the 3 to 5 rings PAH and ambient temperature is considered to be well described using the Langmuir adsorption concept. The estimated empirical constants for each PAH in the relationship, particularly for the more volatile compounds, were also comparable with results from other studies. However, it is still difficult to accurately estimate the initial vapor-particle distribution of PAH in the ambient air, since it is not known to what extent the trapped vapours originated from the particles laden in the filter by being volatilized or from the air samples initially present in the vapour phase. The distribution factors for volatile PAH with 3 to 4 rings appeared to be comparable with those in the literature. It should be noted, however, that these distribution factors give information only about the distribution of PAH between the two phases under a specific sampling condition, and hence may provide only semi -quantitative information on the vapor-particle distributions in the atmosphere.
Adsorptive Separation of Freon by Microwave Irradiation
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 2, 1998, Pages 133~142
Gas adsorption on adsorbents depends on temperatures and pressures. When these parameters are fixed, the adsorption capability and selectivity can not be changed. If the gas adsorption is controlled by another factor like electromagnetic field, the adsorption and desorption can be managed by much intentional way. The microwave has characteristics to excite particular components such as water without destroying it. In this study, microwave was irradiated to the adsorbent of an NaY zeolite which is almost transparent to microwave. As vapor of 1, 1, 2- trichloro-1, 2, 2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113) and water flowed simultaneously on the zeolite packed in a column at room temperature, only water was adsorbed. The . adsorbed water was removed from the zeolite and then replaced by CFC-113, since the microwave was irradiated. Greater the power of microwave was, more CFC-113 was adsorbed. The water adsorption took place again after a latent period by stopping the microwave irradiation.
Aerosol Chemistry in the Marine Environment: Inference of Inter-logic Relationships from the Concentrations and Ratios of Sonic Constituents
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 2, 1998, Pages 143~152
The aerosol concentrations of ionic components were measured on a daily basis from a coastal monitoring site located at Kosan, Cheju Island from 26 September to 5 October 1997 as a field-intensive for a LRTAP project The chemical species we investigated include most of important inorganic species (i.e., Cl-, NO3-, F-, SO42-, Na+, NH4+, and K+) and some organic species (i.e. formats, acetate, and methanesulfonate (MSA) ions). The concentration data of those important inorganic and organic species obtained during this study were evaluated to properly address their chemical and physical characteristics. Most of major inorganic components including sulfate, sodium, chloride, and potassium ions exhibited very conservative relationships with each other such that the concentration ratios of any pair are quite analogous to that of seawater ratio. Since the oceans serve as the major sources of ionic constituents, their concentration changes appear to be senstively reflected by the factors affecting air-sea processes such as an increase in wind speed or changes in wind direction. A comparative analysis of sulfur-containing species such as seasalt (SS) and nonseasalt (NSS) sulfate and MSA were also made to assess the factors influencing the S cycling. An evaluation of NSS/SS ratios suggests that most of sulfate be associated with NSS fraction rather than 55 one. The finding of lower MSA/NSS-SO42- ratio along with a line of physical evidence such as intrusion of anthropogenically affected air mass suggests that the oxidation of S species have been promoted under the conditions encountered during the study period. Finally, the concentration data of carboxylic species (such as formats and acetate ions) were also analyzed. Although the existence of temporal trends were difficult to assess, these data indicate that their contribution to the precipitation acidity may not be significant enough.
Comparative Study of Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in the Yochon Industrial Estate during Spring and Fall
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 2, 1998, Pages 153~160
The concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere were measured from the Yochon Industrial Estate and compared with those from Tongkwangyang and Seoul. The first important phenomenon observed in the air of Yochon was high concentrations of alkenes and in particular, ethylene and propene. For most dominant species, their means and standard deviations were high simultaneously. Concentrations of several major aliphatic species exhibited a similar pattern of diurnal variation, however, with different species combination on each day. Concentrations of several hazardous aromatic species also exhibited a similar pattern of diurnal variation on the same day, which was different from that observed in the diurnal variation of major aliphatic species. It was interpreted that some species were intermittently released from relevant processes. It was also understood that high concentrations and variations of VOC species in Yochon were localized and not related to high average concentrations of ozone in Yochon and Tongkwangyang areas.