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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Volume 4, Issue 4 - 00 1998
Volume 4, Issue 3 - 00 1998
Volume 14, Issue E - 00 1998
Selecting the target year
A Study on
Removal in Flue Gas by Semidry Flue Gas Desulfurization Method
Song, Ho-Cheol ; Lee, Yun-Gi ; Park, Jin-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 273~280
The investigation on the removal of 502 gas fro.In flue gas which causes serious air pollution was made by using a semi dry flue gas desulfurization method. Experiments were carried out as a function of process variables which would affect SO2 removal efficiency. Process variables inclilded SO2 inlet concentration, inlet temperature of simulated flue gas, sorbent weight fraction, and volume flow rate of sorbent slurry. In this study, used sorbent was Ca(OH), and simulated flue gas was prepared by mixing pure SO2 gas with air. Experimental conditions were varied at 140~18
of inlet temperature of the simulated flue gas, 500~2000ppm of inlet SO2 concentration, 0.4~1.0% of sorbent concentration, and 10~25 mL/min of flow rate of sorbent slurry. Among process variables, inlet concentration of SO2 was found to be the most significant factor to affect SO2 removal efficiency. The concentration of Ca(OH2) had a lower effect on SO2 removal than SO2 inlet concentration removal amount was 0.108, 0.141, 0.153 g SO2/g Ca(OH)2 respectively- As 200 mmol of HNO3 was added into slurry to improve removal efficiency, initial pH was maintained and solubility of slurry increased, so that removal efficiency elevated. Adding over 200 mmol of HNO3 into slurry caused removal efficiency lower. Therefore it could be concluded the optimum was 200 mmol of HNO3 input.
Concentrations of Water-soluble Particulate, Gaseous tons and Volatile Organic Compounds in the Ambient Air of Ulsan
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 281~292
Ambient concentrations of gaseous, particulate phase ionic species, and VOCs (volatile organic compounds) were measured at two monitoring sites in the City of Ulsan during August 1997: one in industrial area and the other in downtown area. At each site, a three- stage filter pack sampler was used to collect fine particles and gaseous species, and air for VOC analysis was collected in stainless steel canisters. Concentrations of the ionic species at both sites were similar to each other. The VOC concentrations at the industrial site were approximately twice higher than those at the downtown site. This might be mainly due to the release of VOCs from the petrochemical industries. Daily variations of VOC concentrations at the industrial site were higher than that at the downtown site. This might be explained by the fact that emissions from industries were more irregular than those in downtown. The VOC concentrations in downtown were affected by both the local emissions and the emission from the petrochemical industries. The concentrations of selected hazardous organic components (HAPs) at the industrial site were similar to those of Yocheon industrial area but slightly higher than other cites and industrial areas, while those at the downtown site were comparable to those in other urban areas.
The Behavior of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols in Fly Ash by Thermal Treatment
Sim, Yeong-Suk ; Lee, U-Geun ; Kim, Jin-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 293~302
This study was performed to investigate the behavior of chlorobenzenes (CIBZS) and chlorophenols (CIPhs) in a thermally treated MSWI fly ash. The experiment was carried out in a fixed bed reactor at the temperature range of 300~
. Reaction time range was between 30 and 120 minutes, and NB and 02 gases were used as carrier gas. The decomposition rate of CIBZS was more affected by reaction time than by the reaction temperature. The decomposition rate of CIPhs was affected by both parameters. Decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs reached 80.4% and 96.6% at
, 120 min, respectively. Considering the effect of O2 content, decomposition rate of CIBZS and CIPhs was the highest at 10% of O2 content. Declorination and decomposition reactions Pere investigated by analyzing homologue distribution. Higher chlorinated CIBZS and CIPhs homologue decreased but lower chlorinated compounds increased with the increase of temperature. Effect of O2 on the homologue distribution of these compounds was not clear in the range of our experiment conditions.
Analysis of Gravitational Coagulation of Aerosol Particles
Jin, Hyeong-A ; Jeong, Chang-Hun ; Lee, Gyu-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 303~312
To obtain the solution to the time-dependent particle size distribution of an aerosol undergoing gravitational coagulation, the moment method was used which converts the non linear integro-differential equation to a set of ordinary differential equations. A semi-numerical solution was obtained using this method. Subsequently, an analytic solution was given by approximating the collision kernel into a form suitable for the analysis. The results show that during gravitational coagulation, the geometric standard deviation increases and the geometric mean radius decreases as time increases.
Characteristics of Exhaust Emission Reduction of Heavy Duty Diesel Engine by Oxidation Catalyst - Reactor Test -
Jo, Gang-Rae ; Kim, Yong-U ; Kim, Hui-Gang ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 313~320
The most desirable diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) should have the properties of oxidibing CO and HC effectively at low exhaust gas temperature while minimizing the formation of sulfate at high exhaust gas temperature. Precious metals such as platinum and palladium have been known to be sufficiently active for oxidizing CO and HC and also to have high activity for the oxidation of sulfur dioxide (SO2) to sulfor trioxide (SO3). There is a need to develop a highly selective catalyst which can promote the oxidation of CO and HC efficiently, but, on the other hand, suppress the oxidation of SO2. One approach to solve this problem is to load a base metal such as vanadium in Pt-based catalyst to suppress sulfate formation. In this study, a Pt-V catalyst was prepared by impregnating platinum and vanadium onto a Ti-Si wash coated catalyst in a laboratory reactor by changing the formulations and reaction temperatures.
Investigation of Atmospheric Diffusibility Using SODAR
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 321~332
Various meleorologlcal dada obtained by SODAR system in shoreline area surrounding Boryung power plant have been analysed to investigate atmospheric diffusibility. Important conclusion may be summarized as follows; (i) Stability classification scheme based on co (standard deviation of wind direction in degree for averaging time of 1 hour) appears to evaluate certain atmospheric velocity and : indicate horizontal mean wind speed. Thus different scheme for stability classification seems to be preferable in order to appropriately estimate lateral and vertical dispersion coefficients cy and cz, respectively. (ii) As a result of comparisons between 3 available schemes for estimating of mixing height, best one turned out to be the double height scheme where height corresponds to maximum cw.
The Characteristics of the Treatment of Pollutants (
, NOx) Using Surface Discharge Induced Plasma Chemical Process
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 333~342
Plasma process has great possibilities to remove SOx, NOx simultaneously with high treatment efficiency and is expected to be suitable for small or middle plants. It was accomplished to evaluate SO2, NOx control possibility and achieve basic data to control pollutants by use of Surface Discharge Induced Plasma Chemical Process (SPCP) in this study. O3 generation characteristics by discharge of a plate was proportional to O2 concentration and power consumption and inversely proportional to temperature and humidity, In case of dry air, NOx was highly generated by N2 and O2 in air during the plasma discharge process but it was decreased considerably as H2O was added. SO2 removal efficiency was very high, and removal rate was 170,350 mEA at 30,50 watt respectively in flue gas which is usually contain HIO. NOx removal efficiency was about 57% at 40 watt power consumption with 7.5% humidity. It is estimated that H2O has an important role in reaction mechanism with pollutants according to plasma discharge.
Characterization of Air Quality in Various Types of Indoor Environments in Urban Areas - Focusing on Homes, Offices, and Restaurants -
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 343~360
In this study, comprehensive air quality monitoring was undertaken with a variety of objectives to collect data on the levels of various indoor and ambient air quality parameters in the urban areas of Seoul and Taegu. The sampling sites were comprised of six offices, six residences and six restaurants in each city. The ambient air adjacent to the indoor sites was also simultaneously sampled for the same constituents. The sampling was conducted in two phases: summer of 1994 and winter of 1994/95. A range of air quality parameters were measured simultaneously, which include RSP, CO, COB, NOB, a range of VOC, airborne microbials, temperature, and relative humidity. The indoor and ambient levels of the pollutants measured in this study varied widely between the three types of environments studied. Comparison of median values for the three groups revealed that restaurants had higher indoor levels of most pollutants than homes or offices. There was also a clear pattern of the indoor levels of target pollutants being higher than those outdoors, particularly in restaurants. Concentrations of CO and most of the VOC were found to be significantly higher in the commercial districts, indicating the influence of vehicle exhaust emissions. A very wide range of VOC levels was documented in this study. Although median indoorloutdoor ratios indicated a generally increasing level of VOC indoors when compared to those outdoors, no statistically significant differences were found between indoor and outdoor VOC levels in homes and offices, implying the importance of ambient air quality in determining the quality of indoor air for homes and offices in urban areas. In addition, there was a general pattern of increasing concentrations from summer to winter, and similarly from outdoor to indoor air for nearly all target compounds. The seasonal differences in median levels were very clearly seen for fuel combustion related pollutants such as RSP, CO and VOC, this being attributed to the effects of increased fuel consumption during the cold season and to meteorological factors.
Ionic Composition of Early and Succeeding Rainwater in Pusan Area
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 361~368
Acid rainwater samples were collected during 4 years from 1992 in Pusan area nearby seaside. Ionic composition of early and succeeding rainwater were investigated to identify emission sources. pH and Electronic Conductivity of samples were measured immediately after sampling. Major ion concentrations of rain samples were Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, NH4+, SO42-, NO3-, Cl- which were analyzed by ion Chromatography. 55% of early rainwater and 90% of succeeding rainwater were identified below pH 5.6. Because, Na+, K+, Ca2+ were washed mostly in early rainwater, as a result, pH values were increased by increasing rainfall amounts. It was studied that pH value was varied from ambient ion component, rainfall, and rain intensity. From the principal component analysis result, the dominant components of acid rainwater were Na+, K2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, the elements were contributed soil and marine source, the second components nuts -SO42-, SO4a-, NO3-, nuts -Ca2+ originated from man - made source.
Preliminary Measurements of Mercury Exchange Rates Across the Soil-Air Boundary in a Residential Area of Seoul
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 369~377
To examine various aspects of Hg exchange processes, we measured Hg
concentration gradients over soil surfaces in a residential area of Seoul during Sept. 1997. From these measurements, we found that Hg
concentrations in lower(20 cm) and upper(200 cm) levels varied in the range of 3.15~14.38 (5.30
1.88: N=236) and 2.07~15.10ng/m
1.69: N=236), respectively. When our data were divided into emission and dry deposition, emission of Hg
was overwhelmingly dominant (up to 98% in frequency) over dry deposition. The concentration gradients for emission and deposition events were 1.29
0.86(N=231) and -1.0
(N=5), respectively. The observation of excessively high concentrations in both levels and development of strong gradients suggest that our study site be greatly affected by certain pollution sources of mercury. In face, those data were quite comparable to that had previously been observed from highly contaminated soil environs of Tennessee, USA. To provide some insights into the processes governing the Hg
exchange processes, we have conducted correlation analyses between Hg
data and other concurrently determined meteorological plus chemical data. In general, Hg
concentrations of both levels exhibited similarly the existence of strong correlations with parameters like windspeed, temperature, and relative humidity. Although its concentration gradient data showed similarly strong correlations with meteorological parameters, they showed somewhat unique patterns in that their correlations with Hg
concentration were noticeably stronger for the lower level than the upper level. To provide rough estimates of Hg
fluxes in this study, we computed its flux using our gradient data and the predicted K values from previous studies. According to this approach, Hg
emissions were generally in the range of 103
80(N=231), while its depositions, being scarcely found, were on the similar magnitude of -92
/hr(N=5). The findings of excessive emission of Hg
in residential area of Korea suggests that contamination of mercury be a significant process and hence be dealt more seriously.
An Approach to Estimate Daily Maximum Mixing Height(DMMH) in Pohang, Osan, and Kwangju Areas -Analysis of 10 years data from 1983 to 1992-
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 379~385
The Holzworth's method was applied to estimate the daily maximum mixing height (DMMH) in Pohang, Osan and Kwangju areas. The data-base were established with meteorological data collected at air bases in these areas during the period 1983∼1992. It was investigated the seasonality, monthly trends and occurrence frequencies of the estimated DMMH data in each area. The estimated mean DMMH were found in the range of 1,100 m (winter) to 1,450m (spring). These mean DMMH data showed a typical seasonality in which higher values are commonly seen during spring and fall, while lower values during summer and winter seasons. An occurrence of estimated mean DMMH which in the range of 1,000∼2,000m altitude was appeared to be about 60%.
An Experimental Study on SOx and PM Reduction by Sulfur Content in Light Duty Diesel Engine
Han, Yeong-Chul ; O, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 4, 1998, Pages 387~392
Recently, among after-treatment devices which have high possibility of utility, diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) is concerned over the world. DOC oxidizes pollutants by means of activate-reaction during by -passing in the catalyst, in doing so, conversion efficiency of PM, CO and HC is high, and this device does not have an effect on engine performance because back pressure is not nearly increased. But, as a small amount of sulfur content in fuel is oxidized, it makes sulfate, which is absorbed on the surface of catalyst. So, in this study, the experiment is carried out by means of using ordinary fuel (0.1wt%) and low sulfur fuel (0.05wt%) with DOC, and the emission gas of diesel engine is measured.