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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Volume 4, Issue 4 - 00 1998
Volume 4, Issue 3 - 00 1998
Volume 14, Issue E - 00 1998
Selecting the target year
Analysis and Simulation of SF6 Tracer Experiments for Tracking the Pollutant Transport
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 397~410
Tracer experiments were performed 4 times in December 1992 on the relatively flat terrain and nearby building area adjacent to the Taedok Science Town in Korea. Each experiment was continued for relatively short period of 1 or 2 hours with intermittent release of SF6 up to 2.07g/s at 10m height. Movement of tracer plume was tracked by a continuous tracer analyzer installed on an air monitoring van. Simulation with INPUFF was carried out to analyze and predict experiments. Measured profiles of tracer plume were narrow and sharp while predicted profiles by INPUFF were broad and slowly varied. Tracer plumes were detected at a short distance of 0.5 to 2.2 km mainly due to intermittent release and high value of lower detectable limit. Various experimental conditions were tested by INPUFF simulation in order to find desirable conditions. Higher wind speed and less variable wind direction could yield longer distance of plume tracking only when the lower detectable limit was sufficiently low. Distance of plume tracking was long and did not much depend on the lower detectable limit in stable atmospheric conditions.
Estimation of Atmospheric Dispersion Coefficients in A Coastal Area with Complex Topography
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 411~420
To estimate the dispersion coefficients in a coastal area with complex topography, several schemes using empirical equations expressed with and in lateral and vertical directions, respectively have been examined. Estimation results using these equations and meteorological data obtained from SODAR system were compared' with previously measured dispersion coefficients in other coastal areas. Validations of estimation results have been performed by comparing the measured concentrations with predicted ones empolying in Boryung coastal area. Important conclusions were drawn as follows; (1) Variations of lateral and vertical wind direction revealed different height dependency in upper and lower mixed boundary layer. (2) Because of turbulent constraint effect by large water body in a coastal region, the lateral and the vertical dispersion coefficients were smaller than those of P-G system. (3) As a result of examining the performance measure of these schemes through checking of coincidence between measured and predicted concentrations, vertical dispersion coefficients were smaller than those of P-G system, and the Cramer scheme was found to be more appropriate rather than others in the coastal area surrounding Boryung power plant.
A Simulation of the
Dry Deposition Velocity Considering Topographical Characteristics in Pusan
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 421~432
Deposition processes limit the life time of pollutants in the atmosphere and control the distance travelled before deposition. Thus the understanding about atmospheric deposition processes is essential for a proper assessment of the environmental impacts due to the anthropogenic pollutants. The dry deposition velocities are related to surface types, atmospheric stabilities, friction velocities, air pollutants and so on. In this study we simulated the dry deposition velocities of O3 in Pusan region. The calculated deposition velocities compared to the observed O3 data obtained during the summer of 1988 over a deciduous forest in Canada. The comparison showed that the model somewhat overpredicted deposition velocities for the average diurnal variations with maxima in daytime and minima in nighttime mostly due to the turbulence intensity.
The Numerical Simulation on the Wet Deposition of Particles
Kim, Yu-Geun ; Lee, Hwa-Un ; Hong, Jeong-Hye ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 433~442
The removal procedure of particles in the atmosphere was simulated in the saturated and dry conditions to know the effect of the saturated atmosphere on the size distributions of particles. The particles were divided into 5 ranges, 0.0mm, 0.0∼0.65mm, 0.65∼2mm, 2∼10mm and more than 10mm, and the gases were classified into the smallest range for calculation. At the dry condition, particles grew only by the collision -coalescence and were removed by gravitation. The particles in the range of 2.0∼10mm fell mostly at the 30 km distance from the pollutant source because of gravitation. The particles larger than 10 pm were removed at the 10 km distance from the pollutant source because of their gravity. But the particles larger than 10pm appeared again at more than 30km distance. It is considered that they have been grown during the smaller particles had been advected and diffused at that distance, and it needed about 1 hour from the moment of release. At the saturated condition, particles grew by both the collision-coalescence and condensation. The model showed that the condensation makes more number of particles larger than 10mm and then the particles were removed due to their large gravity. Only a few particles existed at the range of 0.65∼10mm and larger thats 10mm. It is concluded that the saturated atmosphere is effective on removing PM-10.
Characteristics of Exhaust Emission Reduction of Heavy Duty Diesel Engine by Oxidation Catalyst - Engine Bench Test -
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 443~454
Pt-V catalytic converter was installed on a heavy duty diesel engine and the characteristics of the emission reduction were tested using a engine dynamometer at various operating conditions. The emission reduction performance of Pt-V catalyst was also compared with that of a commercialized Pt catalyst currently being used in some of the heavy duty diesel engines in advanced countries. The effects of Pt-V and Pt catalysts on regulated and unregulated emissions were investigated using a 0.05 weight percent sulfur content fuel with an engine dynamometer Experiments for gaseous emissions (CO, HC and aldehyde) as well as particulate emissions (TPM, SOF and sulfate) have been conducted at several operating conditions such as T-7 mode, D-13 mode and S-13 mode before and after installing the Pt-V and Pt catalysts in the exhaust system. The emission reduction performance of Pt catalyst with respect to CO, HC, SOF, PAHs and aldehyde was found to be a little higher than that of Pt-V catalyst, but the Pt catalyst showed innate disadvantage of causing an increase of PM due to the sulfate formation via high SO2 conversion at high exhaust temperature, especially above 45
A Study on the Removal of SOx and NOx Using Catalytic Ceramic Filters
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 455~464
Removal teals of Soxmox were performed using low density ceramic filters doped with various catalysts. Disc type (50 mmO.Dx10 mmt) low density ceramic filters were doped with three different catalysts such as Cu to remove SOx and NOx, and Mn and Co to remove NOx. The air permeabilities and specific surface areas were 40~50cc/min.cm2.cmH2O and 4.1~8.88 m2/g, respectively. Also, the peak pore sizes of catalyst support were 3~5nm. Tests were focused to search optimum operating temperatures for different catalysts. It was found that as the CuO content increases, SOx removal efficiency was increased. NOx removal efficiencies for Mn, Cu and Co, were 85% at 30
, 90% at 40
and 90% at 45
Seasonal Variations of
Dry Deposition Velocity Obtained by Sonic Anemometer-Thermometer
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 465~478
In this study, seasonal variations of the dry deposition velocity and deposition flux for the sulfur dioxide were analysed. The field observation was performed during one year (from November 1, 1995 to October 31, 1996) in Chunchon basin. The turbulence data were measured by 3-dimensional sonic anemometer/thermometer, and were estimated by mean meteorological data obtained at two heights (2.5 m and 10 m) of meteorological tower. Also, the estimation methods were evaluated by comparing the turbulence data. The results showed that the estimated dry deposition velocity and turbulence parameter such as uc and sensible heat flux using mean meteorological data were relatively similar to the sonic measurements, but all showed somewhat large differences. The dry deposition velocity was large in summer and small in winter mainly due to canopy resistance (rc). The major factor which affects diurnal variation of the velocity was aerodynamic resistance (rw). The SO2 dry deposition flux was large in winter and small in summer in Chunchon.
The Behavior of Particulate-Bound logic Components and Their Relationships with Meteorological Parameters: Air-Sea Geochemistry of Inorganic and Organic tons in Cheiu Island
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 479~490
The concentrations of ten inorganic (sodium, chloride, sulfate, ammonia, etc.) and three organic (acetate, formate, and MSA) ions associated with airborne particulate matter were measured from Cheju Island, Korea during the three field intensive campaigns conducted in (1) Sept./oct. 1997 (fall), (2) Dec. 1997 (winter), and (3) April 1998 (spring). The results of our measurements indicated that the concentration levels of most ionic species were decreasing significantly across the three experimental periods. The patterns of concentration reduction were clear as the sum of all cation and anion species changed dramatically across those periods such as 294> 144 > 65 and 193 >96>74 nequiv/m3, respectively. The changes were best explained in terms of the wind rose patterns of the study site. Since our sampling spot is located on the western-end point of Cheju Island, it is likely to reflect the effects of diverse sources such as natural, marine processes during NW and local non-maritime ones during SE winds. .Hence, the periodical changes in ionic concentrations may be accounted for by the comparable changes in wind direction. To further investigate environmental characteristics of these ionic components, correlation analysis was conducted not only between meteorological and ion data but between different ion-pairs. The results of these analyses confirm that the concentration levels of ionic species are strongly affected by wind speed and temperature and that there are certain patterns between ion species to which such effects apply. In light of the significance of the wind rose patterns in the area, we further extended these analyses into four data groups that were divided on the basis of wind direction. The results of these analyses showed that the strength of correlations between important pairs (e.g.:. between windspeed and most of major inorganic species including sodium and chloride) can be ranked on the distribution of major ions are very diverse, depending on data grouping scheme for such analysis. The results of this study thus suggest that environmental behavior of chemical components be analyzed in various respects, rather than simple standard, especially if measurements are made in complex environmental condition under which both natural and anthropogenic effects are competing each other.
A Study on the Behavior and Deposition of Acid Precipitation Chemical Composition of Fog Water at Chunchon (1996~1997)
Kim, Man-Gu ; Im, Yang-Seok ; Park, Gi-Jun ; Hwang, Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 491~498
Fog water samples were collected at Chunchon, Korea, by using active fog sampler during foggy Period in fall of 1996 and 1997. The average annual foggy days at Chunchon increased from 37 days, for the yearn 1963 ∼ 1973, to 63 days , for the year 1974∼1993 that followed the construction of Lake Soyang. Volume weighted mean pH of fog water was 5.5 with a range of 4.8 to 7.0 in 1996, and 5.0 with a range of 4.1 to 6.6 in 1997. These pH values were higher than those of rain water sampled in corresponding years. However the concentration of ionic species in fog water were 26 times higher than those of rain water. The major anions in fog water were in order of SO42-, NO3- and Cl-, and their average concentrations were 1770.6meq/ml, 346.2 meq/ml, 216 meq/ml in 1996, and 901.8meq/ml, 269.6meq/ml, 141.0meq/ml in 1997, respectively. The major cations were Ca2+, NH4+, Mg2+ and K+, and their average concentrations frere 408.5meq/ml, 280.0meq/ml, 43.8meq/ml, 45.2meq/ml in 1996, and 400.4 meq/ml, 299.0meq/ml, 73.1meq/ml, 44.5meq/ml in 1997, respectively. The fraction acidity of fog water was 0.006 and that of rain water was 0.2, which means fog water was much more neutralized than rain water.
A Study on the Estimation of Landfill Gas Emission by LAEEM in KOREA
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 499~506
Recently almost wastes except recycled garbage are dumped into landfill site in Korea. Landfills are significant compounds (NMOCS) are produced. NMOCS include reactive volative organic compound (VOC) and hazardous air pollutants. LAEEM (Landfill Air Emissions Estimation Model) developed by Control Technology Center, V.S. EPA is used to estimate a mount of landfill gas from all landfills. As the result, landfill gas 4,121,000 ton, carbon dioxide 2,951,000 ton, methane 1,1120,000 ton are estimated as emissions from all landfills in Korea.
Comparison of Sampling and Analysis Methods for Volatile Organic Compounds in Ambient Air
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 507~518
A field comparison study was carried out to quantify differences among various sampling and analytical methods for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at a site in Vlsan in June 1997. Air sampling containers (SUMMA canisters) were used by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) and adsorption tubes (carbotrap) were used by Yeungnam University (YN Univ.) for sampling ambient air. Duplicate samples obtained by KIST were analyzed by KIST with a GC-MS system for aromatics and halogenated hydrocarbons and by Atm AA with a GC -FID system for C2∼C9 hydrocarbons, respectively. The adsorption tube samples were analyzed by YN Univ. with a GC-FID system for aromatics. VOC levels for the duplicate canister sampls analyzed by KIST and Atm AA were in good agreement. Concentrations of aromatics by the adsroption tube method were generally higher than those by the canister sampling method by factor of 1.5 to 2.0. Differences between the two sampling methods were discussed.
Comparison of Chromotropic Acid Method and DNPH-HPLC Method for the Measurement of Formaldehyde in the Air
Hwang, Yun-Jeong ; Park, Sang-Gon ; Baek, Seong-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 5, 1998, Pages 519~524
Formaldehyde is known to have adverse health effects, and is also found to be a product of atmospheric. photochemical reaction%. Several methods have been employed for the measurement of formaldehyde. Among them, two common methods are comparatively evaluated in this study, i.e. the chromotropic acid method and the HPLC method coupled with 2,4- dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) derivatization of carbonyl compounds. Method evaluation and validation were performed with respect to repeatability, linearity, collection efficiency, and recovery efficiency. Comparison of formaldehyde concentrations measured simultaneously in the field using the two (n=20) and 35.8%, respectively. Overall, the measured levels by chromotropic acid method appeared to ice significantly higher than those by DNPH-HPLC method, indicating a positive interference due to the other aldehydes collected together with formaldehyde.