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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Volume 4, Issue 4 - 00 1998
Volume 4, Issue 3 - 00 1998
Volume 14, Issue E - 00 1998
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Factors Rerated to Absorption Ability of Foliage Plants Exposed to
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 537~544
We selected Spathiyhyllum patinii and Pachira aqkatica, since the former has high O3 absorption while the latter low absorption, and analyzed physiological factors such as diffusive coefficient, transpiration rate, photosynthetic rate, and CO2 absorption rate, which affected O3 absorption capacity There was significant relationship between gas absorption capacity and the other factors; photosynthetic rate, diffusive resistance, stomatal resistance and CO2 absorption rate. Therefore model formula for estimation of O3 absorption rate in plant was formulated by making use of these factors. There was difference for the estimation of O3 absorption rate according to plant species. In case of Spathiphyllum patinii, photosynthetic rate is an optimal factor for estimation of O3 absorption capacity. On the other hand, stomatal resistance and diffusive resistance are optimal factors of Pachira aquatica among various physiological ones. And we knew that CO2 absorption rate is a potential factor to evaluate gas absorption capacity regardless of plant species. But considering efficiency and practicality, diffusive resistance was the most effective factor for the estimation of O3 gas absorption.
The Study on the High Nocturnal Concentration of Ground Level Ozone
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 545~554
The diurnal variation of O3 concentration shows two peaks, the first peak at noontime and the secondary peak at night. In order to show why the secondary peak, high nocturnal O3 concentration, occurs without sunlight which is a essential factor of a photochemical response, the O3 concentration, several weather elements and synoptic weather map were used for June∼September at 1995, 1996. The mean concentration of high nocturnal O3 concentration days is higher by 5.4 ppb than that of low nocturnal O3 concentration days. The nocturnal O3 concentration is higher than that of diurnal O3 concentration during high nocturnal O3 concentration days, at July, 1995 and June, 1996. The high nocturnal O3 concentration is related to low air pressure, high cloud cover and high wind speed. The correlation coefficient, r. between nocturnal O3 concentration and wind speed, pressure and cloud cover is 0.387, -0.218, and 0.194, respeftiviely. It is interesting that the O3 concentration increases at Pusan when the typhoon passes by. The same result showed at Taegu when the typhoon FAYE passed by. According to the analysis of nocturnal O3 concentration for June∼September at 1995 and 1996, it seems that the high nocturnal O3 concentration relates to the trough and cyclones passing by Pusan.
Effects of Emission from Seoul Metropolitan Area on Air Quality of Surrounding Area Using MESOPUFF II Model
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 563~576
To study the influences of the emission sources during lune 13∼15 1997 in Seoul, MESOPVFF II model has been used. The MESOPVFF II model includes terrain effects, chemical transformation and removal processes. Data of 20 surface meteorological stations and the upper air station on mid-west area in Korea were used as a DWM (Diagnostic Wind Model) input data. This model is likely to be applicable because the predicted SO2 concentration was well matched with measured 502 concentration in Seoul and Kyonggido. In generally air pollutants in Seoul have major influence on the other cities but the result of modeling appeared also air pollutants of the other cities influence on Seoul. Finally, in the case of calculating the air quality by diffusion model, the influences of air pollutants emitted in metropolitan area as well as the emission rate in modeling area should be considered.
Seasonal Variation of Size Distributions of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Air Particulates
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 577~588
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are products of incomplete combustion and, in urban area atmosphere, are mainly traffic or heating in origin. Size-segregated aerosol samples were collected on the Eixth story of Shinchon on the Yonsei campus, using a high-volume cascade impactor, between August 1994 and September 1995. Ten PAHs were analyzed by GC/MSD. The size distribution of PAH-containing particulates followed approximately a log-normal relationship with the majority of PAH content associated with particles below 3.0mm. PAHs concentration in submicron particles increased during the winter months. The Mass Median Diameter (MMD) value of annual particulates in the heavy traffic area of Shinchon shows about 1.6 pm. The MMD values of air particulate in winter were the lowest values and similar to that in summer, while MMD values of seasonal PAHs were generally lower than 1.0 pm. Among the PAHs, MMD values of PAHs with the more than 5 benzen ring were averagely lower than those with 4 benzin rings. Especially MMD's of dibenzo (a, h) anthracene in winter was clearly lower than in summer. This reason may be caused by fuels used for heating. In this area, 50∼80% PAHs mass was particles smaller than 1.0mm aerodynamic diameter in size range, and the MMD values of PAHs lower than those of other country's area.
A Study on Chemical Characterization of Precipitation in the Central Part of Korea from 1994 to 1997
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 589~598
This study was conducted to investigate the chemical characteristics of Precipitation at Seoul, Yangpyong, Hongchon and Inje in the central part of Korean peninsula during the period from March 1994 to November 1997. The precipitation samples were collected by automatic wet-only sampler. The samples were analyzed for major anions (SO42-, NO3-, Cl-, F-) and cations(NH4+, Ca2+, Mg+, Na+, K+), in addition to acidity and electrical conductivity. The analytical instrument for water soluble ionic components was ion chromatography. The volume - weighted mean PH were 4.73, 4.87, 4.89 and 4.81 at Seoul, Yangpyong, Hongchon and Inje, respectively. The sums of cation concentrations was slightly greater than the sums of anion concentrations. Also, the highest ion component was SO42- in anions and NH4+ in cations. The mean equivalent ratios of SO42- to NO3- were found by 2.96, 2.71, 2.43 and 2.25 at Seoul, Yangpyong, Hongchon and Inje, respectively. The factor analysis was conducted in order to make the large and diverse data set as manageable levels and to qualitatively examine the relationship between the variables. It showed that major sources of pollutants in precipitation were from the anthropogenic in Seoul, the natural in Hongchon, and the anthropogenic and natural in Yangpyong and Inje.
Removal of Toluene Vapor by Porous Ceramic Biofilter
Im, Jae-Sin ; Gu, Ja-Gong ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 599~606
Removal of toluene vapor from airstreams was studied in a biological reactor known as a biofilter. The biofilter was packed porous ceramic inoculated with thickened activated sludge (MLVSS 17,683 mg/L). The lab-scale biofilter was operated for 42 days under various experimental conditions including inlet toluene concentrations and flow rates of the contaminated air streams. Removal efficiency reached up 96.6% after 4 days from start up. Nutrient limitation was proposed as a reason for the decrease in biofilter performence. Biofilter performance decreased substantially, coincident with the buildup of back pressure due to accumulation of excess VSS within the medium bed. Practically, the bed needs to be backwashed when the overall pressure drop is greater than 460.6 Pa at SV (Space Velocity) 100 h-1. Periodic backwashing of the biofilter was necessary for removing excess biomass and attaining stable long -term high removal efficiency The removal efficiency of toluene in the biofilter decreased as the gas velocity and toluene concentration in the inlet gas increased. The maximum elimination capacity of ceramic biofilter could reach up to 444.85 g/m3. hr. When the loading of toluene exceed this critical value, substrate inhibition occurred.
A Study of Concentration Prediction of Automobile Air Pollutant Near the Highway
Park, Seong-Gyu ; Kim, Sin-Do ; Kim, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 607~620
The influence of transportation on air quality has been elevating in urban area. Air pollutants from automobiles cause primary and secondary air pollution, and need to be tightly controlled. In this study, the effect of automobile air pollutants on highway vicinity area was evaluated by the comparison of field measurement. and target was for modeling using CALINE3, NO2 was the target for this work. It was found that the concentration predicted by CALINE3 is overestimated at low wind speed and input data of wind speed requires correction. Based on the measured data, the wind speed was modified by effective wind speed equation [Ue=U+0.24·EXP(-pxU)], and there after the accuracy of CALINE3 calculation was improved neighborhood area of highway. It was also observed that weather conditions and traffic volume affect the concentration of air pollution. Finally, the NO2 effect of automobile air pollutants on the vicinity area of highway proved to be up to 400∼600m from the highway.
Measurement of Carbonaceous Species in Fine Particles at the Background Sites in Korea During 1996 and 1997
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 621~630
The concentrations of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) in fine aerosols were determined from the samples collected at the two background sites of Kosan in Cheju Island and Kangwha. Samplings were carried out during the spring and winter of 1996 and the fall and winter of 1997. PM25 particles were collected on the prefired quartz filters for 24 hours and analyzed by the selective thermal oxidation method. The concentrations of OC at the sites were higher than those commonly observed from clean areas around the world, but those of EC at both sites were lower than, or comparable to, other clean areas in the world. Both the OC and EC levels at Kangwha were higher than those at Kosan. According to backward trajectory analysis, most air pollutants collected at the two sites were from China. It was found that the OC and EC concentrations in air masses from southern China were higher than those from northern China.
Statistical Analysis for Chemical Characterization of Fall-Out Particles
Kim, Hyeon-Seop ; Heo, Jeong-Suk ; Kim, Dong-Sul ;
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 631~642
Fall-out particles were collected by the modified British deposit gauges at 35 sampling sites in Suwon area from January to November, 1996. Twenty chemical species (Al. Ba, Cd, Cr, K, Pb, Sb, Zn, Cu, Fe, Ni, V, F-, Cl-, NO3-, 5042-, Na+, NH4+, Mg2+, and Ca2+) were analyzed by AAS and If. The purposes of this study were to estimate qualitatively various emission sources of the fell-out particle by applying multivariate statistical techniques such as factor analysis, multiple regression analysis, and discriminant analysis. During the study, outlier sites were determined by a z-score method. Cl-, Na+, Mg2+, and SO42- were highly correlated due to their common marine related source. Wind speed was the most influential factor for the deposition fluxes of the particle itself and all the chemical species as well. When applying the factor analysis, 8 source patterns were qualitatively obtained, such as marine source, soil source, oil burning source, Cr related source, tire source, Cd related source, agriculture source, and F- related source. As a result of the multiple regression analysis, we could suggest that some chemical compounds may possibly exist in the form of CaSO4, NaN03, NaCl, MgC12, (NH4)2SO4, NaF, and CaCl2 in the fall-out particles. Finally, spatial and seasonal classification study performed by a discriminant analysis showed th.at SO42-, Ca2+, Cl-, and Fe were dominant in the group of spatial pattern; however, SO42-, Cl-, Al, and V were in the group of seasonal pattern.
Enhancement of Vertical Atmospheric Dispersion Due to Roughness
Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, volume 14, issue 6, 1998, Pages 643~650
Many atmospheric dispersion models have been based on the Gaussian distribution concept of plume spread. In application of Gaussian plume dispersion models, vertical dispersion coefficient 3 has been known as a sensitive variable. Vertical diffusivity K2 (=Oz2/2t) tends to increase with surface roughness, and the value of K3 in urban area is larger than that in rural area due to heat emission as well as increased roughness. Though Pasquill proposed a modification scheme for qz vs x system of Pasquill-Gifford under consideration of roughness effect in 1976, there appears not to be realistic reexamination on the modification scheme. In this study literature review on the effect of terrain or roughness on venical plume dispersion has been carried out in order to improve the prediction results of atmospheric pollution concentration. Again a few research objectives on vertical atmospheric dispersion in complex terrain were Proposed.